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1

As stated in the comments, any loss in the system will contribute to the Johnson noise, so you are right about the skin effect and the Eddy current. I want to add that, interestingly enough, this apply not only to electric circuits, but to other linear dissipative systems. A very interesting paper from 1951, Irreversibility and Generalized Noise, proves it ...


2

A single measurement like this has a lot of noise on it - and random signal is always going to have some random correlation. You should definitely not pay too much attention to the stuff that is in the tail of the correlation distribution - it's all noise. The fact that the built in function does not produce negative values is related to you only looking at ...


4

There are several ways I can interpret the question, so my main focus is going to be on the autocorrelation of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (O-U) process. So what is an O-U process and how is it different from regular Brownian diffusion? Brownian diffusion The stochastic differential equation (SDE) for Brownian diffusion of a particle can be written as ...


1

The wikipedia page on Shot noise, probably answer your question: It is known that in a statistical experiment such as tossing a fair coin and counting the occurrences of heads and tails, the numbers of heads and tails after a great many throws will differ by only a tiny percentage, while after only a few throws outcomes with a significant excess of heads ...


6

The situation you are describing is an example of Fresnel diffraction (or near-field diffraction). In general, when a wave propagates every point of the wave front can be thought of as its own source of waves traveling in all directions (called Huygens construction). It turns out that neighboring point sources along an infinite straight wave front reinforce ...


1

You will benefit by finding some tutorials on wave theory. In brief, assuming a spherical wavefront from the emitter, you are correct there's no direct path to the receiver. However, the edge of yourabsorber there causes diffraction (Huygen's principle), so thatsome of the sound wave (energy) will make its way to the receiver. You can see a demo of this, ...



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