New answers tagged kinetic-theory
The velocity vector is changing all the time. The magnitude is constant, but the direction is changing all the time (circular motion). So, the Lorentz force, which is perpendicular changes $\vec v$ without changing its magnitude $v$, which is prohibited as the energy increase is $\vec F . \vec v =0$.
Then an electron moves non-parallel to a magnetic field it get deflected. But the curve the electron describes is not a circle. The electron moves on a spiral path and this time it slows down to zero velocity. To be precise the spirale path is a path made from "tangerine slices". How does this happens? The reason for the so called Lorentz force is based on ...
The power (work per unit time) of a force $\vec F$ on a particle with velocity $v$ is given by: $$ P = \vec F \cdot \vec v.$$ If this number is positive, then the force tends to speed the particle up. If it is negative, it tends to slow the particle down. You can see this in the Work-Energy theorem, the differential form of which consists of applying ...
The smoke is a mixture of air and tiny 'dust' particles, which are much larger than the air molecules and undergo Brownian motion. Watching the dust particles under a microscope in a smoke cell (where the smoke is at rest), one can directly observe this Brownian motion.
I don't know if it will help you, if it doesn't, sorry for wasting your time. But this is the best explanation I have at this moment. The gas must be flowing faster because of the lower cross sectional area. Assuming no density change, the only way to maintain the same volumetric flow rate is to increase the flow speed. Now consider the perspective of a gas ...
Intuitively, the moment of inertia of a single atom is far smaller than a diatomic molecule because the nucleus is at the origin, while in a diatomic molecule the nuclei are half the bond length from the origin. The minimum excitation energy for rotation is then much higher, well above room temperature, so it doesn't contribute, because $E=\frac ...
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