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You raise an interesting point about the role of experiment and falsifiability in science. Despite a long-standing anomaly in Mercury's perihelion, Newton's theory of gravity itself wasn't heavily questioned, let alone rejected or falsified. Rather, auxiliary assumptions were concocted that saved Newton's theory, such as an erroneous mass of Venus, a planet ...


1

I've found this computer generated picture of the engravings in an article in the CERN document server about the sculpture. You can't see everything, but it's quite high resolution and you can make out a lot of the writing if you zoom. I'm not convinced that that computer generated image, however, matches the sculpture that was built in these photos in the ...


4

A brief history of what science thought about the sun can be found here . It is reasonable that once thermodynamics advanced to the point of measuring and calculating energies the discrepancy between heat output of the sun and the age of the earth had to be explained. They tried with gravitation, but until the discovery of nuclear energy and E=m*c^2 it ...


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Even if what you said were true (which seems not to be the case, see comments on your question), it would have no practical application. If the angle is always the same, it means that it is not related to other variables that could be of interest.


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In respect to above answer, although you are correct but there is a little discrepancy in your last line " a bigger leap was to try the Sun's location at a focus and not the center." A circle is a ellipsoid with a special case having the two foci at same point, so there could not be so chance putting in centre because it was observed that planets near ...


2

Newton actually calculated, using a lot of obscure geometry and limiting concepts, the orbits that various force forms would generate. One of those forms was the inverse square force. If you want to know what the others were, find a copy of the Principia and wade through it. The result wasn't published until Edmund Halley asked Newton if he knew the nature ...


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Did physicists immediately realize Newtonian mechanics was incorrect after special relativity was published? Of course not. Physicists did not immediately realize that Einstein's description of electromagnetism (the second part of his 1905 paper on special relativity) was correct after special relativity was published. I can't think of a single ...



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