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If a string has multiple waves expressed in it, this is done by adding the waves individually. Each frequency in the harmonic series can be expressed by a wave, a guitar string is the sum of these waves in different proportions. The resulting wave is significantly different than the others. See below for the sum of the first three frequencies in the ...


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You have the correct conclusion, and I think you have the correct analysis, but I don't fully understand your presentation. Think of it this way: If the displacement occurs only between "neutral" and "forward", then the average density (air molecules per volume, or spring coils per length) over the entire system (air chamber or spring) must increase. But ...


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The equations of motion for the position determine the accelerations: they are second-order differential equations in time: $$\vec F = m\vec a = m\ddot{\vec x }$$ So the acceleration, the second derivative of the location in time, has to be determined from the state of the physical system in some way. Typically, it is determined using the $F=ma$ formula ...


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Imagine a body moving with velocity $\vec{v}$ in the $\hat{x}$ direction and now imagine having it losing speed (decelerating, so $\vec{a} \propto -\vec{v}$) the friction force should be opposite the $\vec{a}$ (acceleration) or the $\vec{v}$ (velocity)? if you think carefully about it, you'll convince yourself that it should oppose velocity and not ...



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