Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

6

Backspin! Those shots in which the cue ball "draws" backwards after hitting the target ball involve backspin. Without backspin, the cue ball cannot reverse direction. Consider what happens when the cue ball is not spinning at all when it hits the target ball. The cue ball will come to a dead stop if it hits the target ball straight on. Think of Newton's ...


5

First of all, if the collision is elastic, the distribution of momentum in between the components is completely determined by momentum and energy conservation! This statement is most obvious in the center-of-mass frame where the total momentum is zero and the two objects are moving in opposite directions. The momentum conservation (the total momentum is ...


4

There is no such thing as a physical quantity that is small or large in an absolute sense. Quantities can only be small or large compared to other quantities. Furthermore, comparisons must be between quantities with the same physical dimensions (which can be unitless). For example, sometimes a velocity is much less than the speed of light: $v \ll c$, or ...


4

You seem to be saying that friction couldn't speed it up, because nothing else is moving that fast. Well, how fast is it moving? We can imagine the gyroscope axis parallel to the z axis, and the casing to be aligned such that the x axis goes through it. If the casing is tipped slightly, the gyroscope resists that turning and one side of the shaft has firm ...


3

Many students confuse the term work in physics with the conventional term of work. Your body wastes energy when you push something, and when that something doesn't move... 100% is wasted in the biological efficiency. 1st step: forget the concept of how hard it would be for you to do it. How much work is a table doing by holding up a 1kg weight? zero. It ...


2

There is, effectively, only gravitation and friction acting on the pack of gum. However, the friction is not that strong (it is mostly independent of the velocity of the book, and dynamic friction is weaker than static friction) and it doesn't have that much time to act. Hence it doesn't affect the momentum of the gum noticeably. This is very related to the ...


1

Friction forces act as a response, and opposite, to velocity, not force (that would be normal forces). The car has a liner velocity in the forward direction, and it keeps moving indefinitely, ignoring any residual friction. Then, if the steering wheel is turned left, the front tires are rotated to the left, thus there appears a frictional force ...


1

One word really: friction. Surfaces that are "slippery" or difficult to walk on have much smaller coefficients of static and kinetic friction. Static friction is why its hard to get things moving and kinetic friction is what slows things down once they start moving.


1

Here's my explanation (hopefully it's right but I'm no expert): Consider the simpler example of pushing a really heavy box; if we push on it there's a static friction force, but if we don't push on it there's no force. Similarly for a cylinder on a horizontal plane, if we push on it the static friction force causes it to rotate, but when we stop pushing ...


1

The direction the ball will take depends on the angular momentum. The velocity with which the ball moves or bounces backwards but the chief determinant is the spinning effect of the incoming ball.



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible