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6

There is indeed a nett force on the body owing to the electrostatic attraction / repulsion. Therefore, there is nonzero four acceleration, and the body will have a different orbit from the ones defined by the spacetime geodesics for the metric describing the massive body's neighborhood. From the standpoint of an observer stationary with respect to the ...


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Recall the difference between the weak and strong Newton's third law, cf. e.g. this Phys.SE post. If the internal forces satisfy the weak Newton's third law (but not the strong Newton's third law, i.e. without the collinarity assumption), then it is not guaranteed that the internal forces do no work. It is relatively easy to cook up counterexamples. If the ...


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You can't get away from special relativity, which is what "unifies" electric and magnetic phenomena. The electromagnetic field really is a single field (actually a tensor, but don't worry about that), and its components mix together in the Lorentz transform in a similar way to how the x,y,z components of a usual vector field mix together in a rotation. ...


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For a good reference, try Landau and Lifshitz book on Elasticity. Suppose you have a wheel (approximated by an infinite cylinder) that is coming into contact with the flat ground. By symmetry, the area of contact will be a rectangle that will be very thin in one direction and very long along the length of the cylinder. Call the long length $a$ and the small ...


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Which way does the y axis point? If the y axis is chosen to point up, (having the positive direction upwards) then you are right, normal force should be positive (it points upwards as well) and weight negative. Is it chosen to point down, then normal force is negative (points in the negative direction along the axis) and weight positive. Remember that ...


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The centripetal acceleration always points toward the center of the circle. In this case, the center of the circle is below the car, so the centripetal acceleration points downward. Now, you'll notice that, in the given solution, the centripetal acceleration term is positive. That means the writer has chosen a coordinate system where positive is downward, ...


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A deodorant can contains a liquid hydrocarbon, typically a propane/butane mixture, and the pressure inside the can is due to the vapour pressure of this hydrocarbon. The pressure can be set to any desired value by varying the composition of the propellant - more propane makes a higher pressure while more butane makes a lower pressure. For a deodorant the ...


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This used to be covered in textbooks. A fairly recent article about it is "Why do forces add vectorially? A forgotten controversy in the foundations of classical mechanics" by Marc Lange in the American Journal of Physics 79(4) 380-388 (2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.3534836 And there are two common answers. In dynamics you can used Newton's Second ...


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I don't think that "satisfying the laws of vector addition" is necessary for something to be a vector, depending on what you mean by that. Take velocities in special relativity. They are vectors; the vector sum of velocities is well defined. But it's rarely useful. More commonly, when you have two velocities and need to combine them somehow, the combination ...


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There is no acceleration in Y direction. If you consider the X and Y axis like this. Maybe this will help. Work done is P*d. Remember the net force will always be zero because there is no acceleration.


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Gravity is acting upon every object on the earth, and it is pulling everything towards its center. But everything does not collapse to its center because the surface on which the object stands provides the reaction force upward (away from the center) and balances the weight of the object. If it can't balance the weight of the object, then certainly the ...



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