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I like this video by MinutePhysics on this topic. It can clarify things as a primer. When you state that the universe expanded at a speed higher than the speed of light, you have to stop and ask what is actually meant by such a statement. What is moving with respect to what? In standard cosmology, we describe the universe expansion by the Hubble rate ...


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You've completely misunderstood the impact of adding a potential to an entangled state. Atoms a and b should roughly have the same distribution ... because each single measurement of position for each entangled pair in the ensemble should yeild $x_a=x_b$ with respect to their local axes ... because this is what it means to be entangled. (Need a check ...


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You describe a communication protocol exploiting EPR/Bell-type setups. If I understand your protocol correctly, you envisage a 'stream' of entangled ensembles, and preagreed measurements being performed on each block of the stream to yield a 'bit'. There are various ways we could do this: you use harmonic oscillator potential. Fine. We could do the ...


0

The Transactional Interpretation of QM suggests that Maxwell's equations work backwards in time, carrying the information of one test back to the point of entanglement, where it can affect the entangled particle. This explanation bypasses any issue of violation of SR.


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Your thought experiment does have a major flaw. According to quantum mechanics in any measurement of two spatially separated atoms a and b what happens to b has absolutely no effect at all on the probabilities of measurement outcomes on b. I'm not going to work out exactly what the flaw is in your proposed experiment, but just indicate why quantum theory ...


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The idea is that the object generating the "pit" in the front is in the center of the flat region in the middle. What happens is that the object in the middle begins to "fall" into the "pit" in front of it, due to gravitational attraction. The "pit", however, moves forward because it is a fixed distance away from the object in the middle. Basically, as ...


2

The speed of light in vacuum is invariant in any inertial reference frame. In your reference frame (if you could of course ride along the car) the light beam leaves the car at speed $c$. From the point of view of your friend who is watching you sitting on the pavement he will see the light leave at a speed which is given by the relativistic addition formula: ...


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It is my understanding that instantaneous "communication" between a and b can be possible. I believe this has to do with "time" which I understand as simply motion relative to motion. Therefore without motion there is no "time" as there can be no rate. This applies to distance similarly as you cannot have distance without two points of reference as the ...



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