New answers tagged equivalence-principle
Think of it this way: Imagine you are in a rocket ship that has transparent portholes (very small ones) diametrically opposed on the body of the ship, and the ship is accelerating at g. At some instant during flight, a laser beam pulse enters one of the portholes, and as soon as that event occurs, it is detected and another laser apparatus emits a laser ...
The first equation is a very close approximation since m (satellite's mass) << M (Earth's mass) so m can be ignored. The second equation is the mathematically correct one.
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