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We only consider the current from $0$ to $\pi$ since the current from $\pi$ to $2\pi$ is effectively 0. Consider a sinusoidal A.C. current $I = I_0\sin t$ (assuming the period is $2\pi$ as in your question), when there is a half wave rectifier, current can only flow in one direction. Thus any part of $I$ that is negative becomes zero. The current in the ...


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If your phonograph cartridge uses a piezo-electric pickup, the cartridge may have acted as a rudimentary crystal radio receiver. In a piezo-electric pickup, the stylus contacts a crystal and creates an electric current while jiggling as it moves through the grooves of a record. It's likely that while you were jiggling the apparatus, you found the exact ...


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In regard to the first, we have a 5v supply, which from my understanding means that if you were able to enclose a coulomb of charge eminating from the negative terminal, you'd find that it has 5 joules of energy. This isn't the typical understanding. A 5V (ideal) supply (source) maintains a 5V potential difference across the terminals independent ...


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First, a couple of asides: A. When circuits are drawn, the convention is that straight lines represent perfect conductors. Any real resistance is shown as a resistor, and hence, gets included in any IR drops. You don't go and say "well, there are some other resistances." If they are important, they are shown. Circuit analysis of diagrams is done with this ...


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I'd like to start with a slightly pedantic aside: I think you should try to avoid the phrasing of electrons "having energy"; what they have is potential energy, and potential energy is relative. This is important to remember. Question 2 is trivial, so I'll answer that first: there is no such thing as zero resistance, so the wire from R3 to the batter's ...


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Power in a circuit is defined by P= I x E P is power in watts or joules per second I is the flow of electrons in coulombs per second or amps E is the electormotive force or voltage the energy of the electrons is lost to heat your first question the power supply see only the circuit as a whole it dose not see the individual resistors for R1 the total ...


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Assume that the free space is vacuum and the battery is perfectly insulated as well as all the electrical contacts. In this case there are two possibilities for an electronic device to fail: 1. The induced emf in the inductive elements of electronics device because of the changing electrical field caused by the addition of electrons. 2. Most of the ...


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It is not affected at all. There is no net potential difference across the sandwich whether it is part of a circuit or not.



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