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Dynamo Effect : The dynamo effect is a geophysical theory that explains the origin of the Earth's main magnetic field in terms of a self-exciting (or self-sustaining) dynamo. In this dynamo mechanism, fluid motion in the Earth's outer core moves conducting material (liquid iron) across an already existing, weak magnetic field and generates an ...


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Short answer, the sun isn't on fire. Flames can flicker with wind or with pockets of fuel that might collect and burn in spurts or bits of water that can steam when the flame touches them, causing movement, or due to small bits of turbulence as the heat expands away from the flame. The visible surface of the sun is much more like a hot iron that has a ...


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The Sun pulls on the Earth as well. So both Earth and Moon are "falling towards the Sun" all the time, just as they are moving in almost the same orbit. Earth causes the orbit of the Moon to "wobble" a little bit. If you were simply given the coordinates of the Moon as it moves around the Sun, you would notice there is a deviation from the expected ellipse ...


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You sound disappointed that the earth hasn't yet collided with the sun. Applying random formulas to a physical situation is never a good idea. I suspect that the formula you are having issues with is for two bodies in space which are not in orbit around one another, as unfortunately the earth is with the sun. When one body orbits another, the motion of ...


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I think the two big factors would be that the Earth would 'want to' become tidally-locked to the Moon and the Sun. The Moon would win here, which is easy to see because tides are caused more strongly by the Moon than by the Sun. So in due course the Earth would end up tidally-locked to the Moon with a rotation period which would be the same as a lunar ...


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The first version of the question asked about just sucking up the atmosphere with a hose, without manipulating gravity. I'll answer that first, since I think it's a very good question that many — including my previous self — get wrong. No manipulation of gravity They did this with a giant vacuum cleaner in the movie Spaceballs. But as knzhou comments, it ...


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The answer you refer to is to a question where both bodies are initially motionless. That's not the case for the Earth/Sun system. The Earth orbits the Sun. The gravitational force the Sun exerts on the Earth provides the centripetal force needed to keep the Earth in a stable orbit. In a sense the Earth is constantly free-falling towards the Sun but ...


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Yes the Schwarzschild metric describes the spacetime geometry around the Earth, and I describe how to use the geodesic equation to describe objects falling in Earth's gravity in How does "curved space" explain gravitational attraction?. An example of how the Schwarzschild metric describes the Earth's gravitational field is the time dilation of GPS ...


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Clarifications There is a difference between a solar flare and a the phenomena that cause things like the 1989 Quebec blackout and/or the 1970s New York blackout (I think it was 1972 but do not recall off hand). The latter phenomena are called coronal mass ejections (CMEs) because they actually involve large amounts (i.e., upwards of billions of tons) of ...


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Just to confirm that CuriousOne is correct as regards direct radiation damage to your body. From Solar Flares Solar flares are gigantic explosions associated with sunspots, caused by the sudden release of energy from “twists” in the sun’s magnetic field. They are intense bursts of radiation that can last for anywhere from minutes to hours. Solar flares ...


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The magma has temperature between 700 and 1300 Celsius degrees. The Curie temperature of iron is at 770 degrees Celsius. Above that temperature, iron loses magnetism. Note that right above 770 °C, iron is still solid because the melting point is around 1500 °C. So magma almost never can be magnetic because it's just too hot for that. Incidentally, if it ...


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The surface of the Sun, as you can see from the following picture, is not uniform: But it is impossible to see it with your naked eye. You will need a telescope and specialized solar filters (more information here). Notice also that the picture is not showing visible light, but extreme-ultraviolet light. You will need a special telescope for that. Or you ...


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I believe that despite the difficulties you'd have getting the atmosphere to rush into a tube, that would be the far easier of the two problems you'd have. The bigger problem is dealing with all that air. Where would it go if not back to earth? Since we're talking about science fiction, I propose the following technology to make it work. Suppose you ...


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As stated in the answer you link, that formula is for 2 bodies starting from rest. The Earth and Sun are not at rest relative to each other, they are in orbit at a relative tangential speed of nearly $30\,{\rm km}\,{\rm s}^{-1}$.



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