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The speed of sound depends on the medium in which it travels. In air it can be affected by ambient temp, relative humidity , as well as atmospheric pressure. The speed usual quoted at a standard temp and pressure.


A qualitative understanding can be gained from the animation provided by 'TheGhostOfPerdition', each small peak on the dark blue wave (envelope of the wave packet) has an associated $k_{0}$ for which $\phi(k)$ peaks at $k = k_0$. So you can work out the velocity $v_g : = \frac{d \omega}{d k}|_{k = k_0}$ of the dark blue (envelope of wave packet) using the ...

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