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Ok, trying my luck with a physics answer. Let's first look at the boundary conditions given in the movie, since we're particularly talking about that here: The water planet is said to have 120% of earth's gravitational acceleration on the surface. So we have \begin{equation} g_W = 1.2 g_E \end{equation} This is a given and not to be violated. And in fact it ...


6

Solid water (ice) is one of the few known solids whose density is lower than that of its liquid form. Yes water is special! (but very much so in its chemical properties too) Due to the crystal structure of the solid phase of water, the molecules arrange themselves in a rigid, ordered fashion and end up being, on average, farther apart from each other (than ...


2

Basically, it has to do with the density of the material as a function of temperature. The density of iron increases as it cools, that is, solid iron is more 'packed tight' than when it is melted. This is understandable, since the kinetic energy of the iron atoms decreases as the temperature drops (ie: the average velocity of the atoms decreases), allowing ...


1

Yes, it would be easier. . . . But only if the planet was similar in size to Earth. The escape velocity depends on the mass of the body. For a sphere, it's $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2GM}{r}}=\sqrt{\frac{2G}{r}} \sqrt{M}$$ Earth has a mean density of roughly 5.514 grams per cubic centimeter; liquid water has a density of roughly 1 gram per cubic centimeter, or ...



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