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Convection is the collective motion of particles in a fluid and actually encompasses both diffusion and advection. Advection is the motion of particles along the bulk flow Diffusion is the net movement of particles from high concentration to low concentration We typically describe the above two using the partial differential equations: \begin{align} ...


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Diffusion is when single particles move about and transports its momentum and energy to other particles. Convection is a large movement (in roughly the same direction) of a large mass of particles. For the difference see this.


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convection = diffusion + advection. That is, convection is the sum of fluid movement due to bulk transport of the media (like the water in a river flowing down a stream - advection) and the brownian/osmotic dispersion of a fluid constituent from high density to lower density regions (like a drop of ink slowly spreading out in a glass of water - diffusion).



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