New answers tagged bose-einstein-condensate
Never worked with BEC but for ordinary matter it works like this: The incoming field makes the electrons oscillate with the same phase and frequency as the driving field (superposition state). If this state emits radiation before any kind of dephasing (usually takes femto/picoseconds) the outgoing field will be a copy of the incoming field.
In the specific case of slowing light with a Bose-Einstein condensate there will be a limit because the slowing of the light is due to an interaction of the light with the BEC to form a polariton. If you put too much energy in you'll destroy the BEC and it will stop slowing the light. Offhand I don't know what the limit is, but it will be a very small amount ...
There are different ways to define this phase. In mean-field (low temperature, weak interaction regime), the many-body wave function $\psi(x_1, x_2,...)=\prod_i \Phi(x_i)$ where $\Phi(x)$ is sometimes called the macroscopic wavefunction (because all the bosons are in the same state described by $\Phi$). In the simplest case (homogeneous system), one can ...
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