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One cannot tell by the light spectra. Hydrogen and antihydrogen would give the same lines in the spectrum. The prevalence of matter over antimatter from other evidence indicates matter is predominant in the observable universe, and here is a nice review. How do we really know that the universe is not matter-antimatter symmetric? The Moon: Neil ...


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I did some research and I think I can answer my question myself now, after all. I hope you find it interesting. As it turns out, the technology of the Kepler space telescope would indeed allow detection of all Solar system planets except Mercury and probably Mars, i.e. all of them are big enough to be seen by it from a distance of about 2,000 ly. However, ...


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This is just an opinion, but the moon on the horizon is simply less visible than the sun is. I suspect that color changes it makes are more subtle and less easily noticed. However full moons are often noticeably orange. Here is a page with a wonderful time lapse view. http://www.pikespeakphoto.com/moon-rising.html


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For the eye, draw a picture. You have an isosceles triangle with the small angle one arc minute and base 10 AU. What is the altitude? Bisect the small angle and you have two right triangles. For the second, you need to compute the small angle of the same triangle from the diffraction limit on a diameter of 2.4 meters. Can you find that equation in your ...


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An interferometer selects (filters) certain wave lengths and suppresses the others.


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To measure the size and distance of stars you use a set of tools that build on each other. For distance, first there is parallax. Nearby stars have an apparent shift in position relative to distant stars or preferably, galaxies, in the 6 months it takes the Earth to go from one side of the Sun to the other. Triangulation gives the distance. Then a table ...


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But I've never seen that happen. You haven't looked then. The rising or setting Moon is rather reddish, just as is the rising or setting Sun. However, there is a difference between the Moon and the Sun. You can look directly at the Moon, even a full Moon, regardless of where it is in the sky. On the other hand, you can only glance at the Sun when it is ...


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Answer to your old question: Right now, the perihelion currently occurs around the same time as (2 weeks after) the northern winter solstice, but 10000 years from now it will occur around the northern summer solstice. So, like other people have said, it's just coincidence that right now they both happen at about the same time. Answer to your new question: ...



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