0
votes
0answers
7 views

Formula to find angle of projectile motion

I want to be able to modify the angle at which the bullet follows projectile motion in order to hit the object which is moving horizontally(from right to left) and the projectile motion is starting ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

What is the symmetry of the Penrose tiling?

What is the symmetry of the Penrose tiling? Simply C5 or bigger? Any simple proof that the tiling is a complete cover of the plane?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Noncommutative Field Quantization

I'm studying noncommutative (quantum) field theory, and I have confusion need to be clear. I'm reading Szabo's and Douglas's .pdf of noncommutative QFT. As I understand, in the book they just ...
-4
votes
0answers
21 views

velocity of light [on hold]

We have assumed in the last 100 years or so, due to great minds and their diligent attitude, that nothing surpasses velocity of light. But nature knows no barriers. Exceeding that velocity transcends ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Ghosts in theories of gravity and holographic theories

I want to understand when a theory leads to ghosts in gravity. Is there any relation between ghosts and non-linear higher order theories? Ghost is a clasical or quantum field concept?
0
votes
2answers
18 views

Positive charges “move” from higher to lower potential [on hold]

It's my understanding that whenever an object gains or loses electric charge this actually corresponds to losing/gaining electrons (protons do not move). So how can a positive charge always move from ...
2
votes
0answers
4 views

What is the advantage of segmented particle traps?

I'm currently trying to familiarize myself with the physics of ion and particle traps, especially with linear Paul traps. Many scientific experiments I've come across use segmented electrodes (like in ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Compactification and off-diagonal terms of the metric tensor

In standard 3+1 dimensional spacetime, the metric tensor is of order 4 and had ten independent coefficients, hence there are 6 terms off the diagonal in the corresponding $4\times 4$ real symmetric ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Is static friction an impulsive force?

For example: let's consider a static sphere on an horizontal rough surface. I apply an impulse $J$ parallel to the ground and in the middle of the sphere. If, like my book says, the friction is not an ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Do randomness and indeterminacy in Quantum Physics mean the same?

I have been trying to learn about the randomness in Quantum Physics. But of the many sources I referred to, some say about "Randomness in Quantum physics" and some others say about "Quantum ...
4
votes
1answer
26 views

Thoughts on the ice cube from orbit problem

Let's say we have a really exquisite cocktail party somewhere in New Mexico, and we just ran out of ice cubes. To the rescue comes this new service provided by Orbital Glacier Inc. They provide ice ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

The Eigenstate Existence Problem in Dirac's 'Principles of Quantum Mechanics'

In Chapter II of Dirac's Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Dirac explains that in general it is very difficult to know whether, for a given real linear operator, that any eigenvalues/eigenvectors exist ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

Reference Request: Fluid dynamics/Elasticity via Lagrangians

Would there be a book that does what Landau does in Fluid Mechanics and Theory of Elasticity using Lagrangian's/Action-principles, analogous to the presentation in Landau's mechanics? I have only ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Traces in different representation

I am actually working with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation mechanism in which I have came across a strange formula which relates trace in the adjoint representation (Tr) to trace in fundamental ...
-4
votes
0answers
27 views

If space-time continuum exists in nature then where is mass? [on hold]

If space-time continuum exists in nature then what is its relation to mass? Does mass exist unaffected in S-T continuum, or , does the S-T exist without affecting the mass in any way. If gravity ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Why does the action have to be hermitian?

The hermiticity of operators of observables, e.g. the Hamiltonian, in QM is usually justified by saying that the eigenvalues must be real valued. I know that the Lagrangian is just a Legendre ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

What is the analogy of $|x\rangle$ in quantum field theory?

Let me start from path integral formulation in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. In QM, we have $$ U(x_b,x_a;T) = \langle x_b | U(T) |x_a \rangle= \int \mathcal{D}q e^{iS} \tag{1} $$ ...
1
vote
2answers
317 views

Which ball touches the ground first?

This is a very well known problem, but I can't find an answer in the specific case I'm looking for. Let's consider two balls : Ball 1 weighs 10 kg Ball 2 weighs 1 kg Balls have identical volumes ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

CPT invariance of Dirac equation

We know that Dirac equation is \begin{equation} ( i \partial _\mu \gamma ^\mu - m ) \psi ~=~0. \end{equation} How can we show that Dirac equation is invariant under CPT transformation?
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Aharonov-Bohm Effect electricity generation

This question is based on highly intuitive picture of the Aharonov-Bohm effect (perhaps a naive one). From what I have read, the current explanation of the AB effect is that although the electron ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Energy comparison, evaporate water vs compress air, same mass

I would like to compare the energy requirements of the 2 following tasks: Total energy to evaporate 1 litre of water at normal atmospheric pressure at normal temperature? Total energy to compress ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Viscous Burgers equation physical meaning

The viscous Burgers' equation: $$ q_{t}+q\:q_{x}~=~\nu\:q_{xx}, \mbox{ where } \:\:\nu >0, $$ combines the nonlinear propagation of $q(x,t)$ and the diffusion. What is this equation for? (in ...
2
votes
4answers
44 views

Why does a Resistor cause a potential drop?

I need to know the underlying physics of what exactly happens different with the electric field in the resistor than in superconducting wires. Why is it that when I connect a resistor, potential ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

Why is Entropy's Definition Useful?

I have somewhat of an understanding for other physical quantities, but as far as entropy goes I only know it to be "disorder". Why is the change in entropy formula an appropriate/useful definition, ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Calculation of Pressure from flow rate of water

Anybody kindly help me to find how to calculate pressure in barr from flow rate. I have a pipe and from that i am transferring water at a constant flow rate of 5ml/min so at this flow rate with 0.5 cm ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Is speed of Light and sound rational or irrrational in nature?

Just as circumference of circle will remain $\pi$ for unit diameter, no matter what standard unit we take, are the speeds of light and sound irrational or rational in nature ? I'm talking about ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Pool in a submarine

A common theme in aquatic science fiction is the submarine pool/access to the ocean. That terrible TV show Seaquest had it, The Deep & Deep Blue Sea (Samuel L Jackson is standing in front of it ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Why do I hear the telephone ring through grandpa’s hearing aid before the actual phone rings?

I was sitting next to my grandpa (Tato), who wears a hearing aid, on the couch. I’ve noticed that when the landline telephone rings I actually hear the phone ring through his hearing aid (less than ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How non-abelian gauge coupling runs below confinement or QCD scale?

I know the famous beta function of asymptotic free, but that seems describe the running coupling beyond confinement/QCD scale so that a perturbative analysis can apply. But how coupling runs below ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Is it really okay to treat the Earth as stationary when doing free fall experiments?

Typical treatments of free-fall experiments treat the the Earth as fixed. Using this model, object being dropped moves toward Earth, but the Earth doesn't move toward the object. A more detailed ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Open problems in string theory [on hold]

I'm thinking of applying to do a PhD in String Theory. I'm gradually learning more about the subject through external reading, but still most papers are impenetrable. Could anyone give me a ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Pellet of lithium in a vacuum

What would happen to a grain of sand sized pellet of lithium in a vacuum? Because there is no pressure, would it become more like a sticky liquid?
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Are there more distinctive names of “null curves” with certain additional properties (absence of “chord curves”)?

In this answer (to the question "In general relativity, are light-like curves light-like geodesics?", PSE/q/76170) a particular example of a curve is discussed whose "tangent is everywhere null" and ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

If two events both have a spacetime interval of zero, can they both be said to be happening “now”?

Can the concept of c be validly expressed as "the rate at which an event propagates through space"? There was a television program last year featuring Prof Brian Cox. The presenter asked him "Is it ...
7
votes
4answers
264 views

How many of the 230 crystallographic groups are realized in nature?

All of them or only a subset? This is a famous and fundamental result in solid state physics.
3
votes
0answers
39 views

What's the corresponding symmetry of enstrophy conservation?

In fluid mechanics, especially 2D turbulence study, people talk about conservation of enstrophy. But I can't really understand enstrophy very well, and what's the corresponding symmetry of enstrophy ...
5
votes
2answers
92 views

Why don't we talk about angular momentum at all in fluid mechanics?

People usually talk about similar (or maybe not?) things like vorticity or enstrophy in fluid mechanics, but no one talks about angular momentum, why?
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Understanding the mathematical formulation of the Faraday effect

The Faraday Effect is a magneto-optical effect which results in the polarisation of light being rotated I would really want to understand the theory of this, but I only have a basic EM knowledge, ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Why does smashing a TV remote load its batteries?

Many times I had the same problem: my TV remote's batteries were too weak for it to operate, but then, when I shook the remote a bit and smashed it on my palm, somehow the remote regained its ability. ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Exercise on the Oscillatory Motion [on hold]

Exercise A resistance force $F_r(t) = -bv(t)$ and a sinusoidal force $F(t) = F_0 \sin{\phi}$ act on an oscilating body. Find the energy that needs to be provided in order for the system to perform ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Where does this delta of zero come from?

It is common when evaluating the partition function for a $O(N)$ non-linear sigma model to enforce the confinement to the $N$-sphere with a delta functional, so that $$ Z ~=~ \int d[\pi] d[\sigma] ~ ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

S-Matrix Generating Functional (Problem 4.1 in Weinberg)

I'm currently working through Weinberg's QFT book, but I'm somewhat stuck at problem 4.1, which states: Define generating functionals for the S-matrix and its connected part: \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How does pressure influence temperature in liquids?

Lets say we have a tank with a fixed mass of liquid at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. How do we influence the temperature when we exert pressure (e. g., with a piston) on the liquid? Are ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

conducting heat to infinity

I am modeling a situation in which an object that is a small object that is spherical in shape is receiving heat at a constant rate and then conducting it away into a medium that can be model as ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Sea surfer position displacement

Waves are means by which the energy propagates through a medium (e.g., sea water). This is not associated with a net movement of water in the direction of wave propagation. If this is the case, then ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the pressure inside a soap bubble higher than outside?

Apparently, the air inside a soap bubble is under higher pressure than the surrounding air. This is for instance apparent in the sound bubbles make when they burst. Why is the pressure inside the ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Verification of the Poincare Algebra

The generators of the Poincare group $P(1;3)$ are supposed to obey the following commutation relation to be verified: $$\left[ M^{\mu\nu}, P^{\rho} \right] = i \left(g^{\nu\rho} P^{\mu} - g^{\mu\rho} ...

15 30 50 per page