2
votes
0answers
22 views

How Burmester's theory converts rotary motion of the crank to linear movement?

I have been studying the mechanism of Klann's Mechanical spider and there it was written that by Burmester's theory it converts rotary motion of the crank to linear movement. I tried searching but how ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Do rainbows have ultraviolet bands and infrared bands?

We have seen that rainbows looks so colorful as we are only able to see the visible light only. Do they also have ultraviolet bands and infra-red bands, that we are unable to see? I know someone has ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Exact diagonalization to resolve ground state degeneracies

I am studying a perturbed Toric Code model that is not analytically solvable. On a torus the ground state degeneracy of the unperturbed model is 4. Once we turn on the perturbation there is a change ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Magnetic field due to long current carrying conductor at a point near its end [duplicate]

How can one show that the magnetic field due to an infinite long current carrying conductor (length a) at a point near its end is given by $$B = \frac{\mu_0I}{4\pi a}$$ using Ampere's Circuital ...
0
votes
1answer
8 views

Determine travel for different rate springs in series

I've found a lot of information about calculating combined spring RATE, but none of the examples talk about the force experienced by each individual spring when multiple springs are "stacked" in ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Any good reference on crystal optics?

I am primarily interested in the birefringence phenomenon. Any good reference? I want something above the general physics level.
0
votes
1answer
14 views

In general terms, what key elements are necessary for resonance to exist in a physical system?

I found a related question An Analogy for Resonance, and John Rennie gives a good explanation using description of the harmonic oscillator. But I'm really looking for an accurate and complete list of ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

What type of non-differentiable continuous paths contribute for the path integral in quantum mechanics

Consider the path integral for a 1D particle subjected to a potential $V(x)$ in imaginary time $$ \int_{x(0)=x_0}^{x(T)=x_T} [dx] \, e^{- \int_0^T d\tau \left[\frac{1}{2}\dot{x}^2 + ...
50
votes
6answers
10k views

Why are most metals gray/silver?

Why do most metals (iron, tin, aluminum, lead, zinc, tungsten, nickel, etc.) appear silver or gray in color? (What atomic characteristics determine the color?) What makes copper and gold have ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Oscillation of a Bose Einstein condensate in a harmonical trap

We were asked to try to make a theoretical description of the following phenomenon: Imagine a 2D Bose Einstein condensate in equilibrium in an harmonical trap with frequency $\omega$. Suddenly the ...
-3
votes
1answer
26 views

Net force between two Electromagnets considering Back EMF

First this Q might be trivial thus apologies. Consider two bar electromagnets that can simulate bar magnets M1 and M2, placed end to end at distance D apart (North Pole of M1 facing South Pole of ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Doppler and recoil limit on temperature

I havent't understood the causes of Doppler limit and recoil limit. I have found on the net different observations about them ("Doppler limit is due to the fact that the atom can't have a smaller ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Doubts in understanding the role if quantum corrections in the Hierarchy Problem

Trying to understand the Hierarchy problem many questions come to my mind that I am unable to answer due probably to my poor understanding of renormalization. The basic set up of the hierarchy ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Potential difference inside charge distributions

Always when I think about potential difference inside a symmetrical charge distribution, I think of it being equal to zero because it's dependent on the field and I imagine the directions of each of ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Hamilton-Jacobi problem

In analytical mechanics by Fasano and Marmi they consider the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for a conservative autonomous system in one dimension with the following Hamiltonian, \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Black Body Golf Balls

The surface of a golf ball has about 35% more surface area (than a similar sphere) due to its dimples. So my question is simple, given identical radius, ideal black body material, and temperature: ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Why is a transmon a charge qubit?

The classic charge qubit is the cooper pair box which is a capacitor in series with a Josephson junction. In my understanding, by changing the gate voltage at the capacitor, one can create a ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Is there any relationship between the $E=mc^2$ equation and the $a_n=\kappa v^2$ formula for the normal component to acceleration?

To clarify, I know very little about physics and don't pretend to have any insight whatsoever into relativity beyond what has entered the popular imagination; my knowledge is more or less at the level ...
4
votes
3answers
76 views

Diffraction of matter waves

By considering the De Broglie wavelength of particles, we discover that matter can diffract if passed through openings with itself. This poses a variety of questions, namely Can matter waves ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

How would gravity work in a Dyson's shell?

A Dyson's shell is often depicted in fiction, sometimes with inhabitants dwelling on the inside of the shell. Has anyone ever proposed how gravity would work inside of a Dyson's shell? Centrifugal ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Cross product and the right hand rule - what is the intuition behind it?

I understand that by convention, the cross product is defined to be the vertical projection of vector $A$ on $B$ in the case of $A \times B$. But the vertical projection of $A$ on $B$ would still be ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Particle Physics Decay Question - Eta Prime Decay Parity/Angular Momentum Conservation

I was hoping someone could clarify why the following decay does not occur: $ \eta ^{'0} \rightarrow \pi ^{0} + \rho ^{0}$ The quark compositions and spin parity are as followed: $ \eta ^{'0} : ...
5
votes
2answers
793 views

How to solve bound states of 2D finite rectangular square well?

I want to solve bound states (in fact only base state is needed) of time-independent Schrodinger equation with a 2D finite rectangular square well \begin{equation}V(x,y)=\cases{0,&$ |x|\le a ...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

Is Marshmallow solid or liquid?

A marshmallow is a sugar candy that, in its modern form, typically consists of sugar, whipped to a spongy consistency, molded into small cylindrical pieces, and coated with corn starch. Link ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Conducting cylinder by cielectric interface

To help me with a project I'm working on, I attempted to solve what I thought was an easy problem - There is an infinite, conducting cylinder of radius R at some potential V, located distance b from a ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What are the proposed theoretical explanations for the EmDrive?

The EmDrive is a proposed propulsion mechanism for spacecraft in which some form of microwave device provides the propulsion. The consensus from the physics community, including many voices on this ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

Displacement current - how to think of it

What is a good way to think of the displacement current? Maxwell imagined it as being movements in the aether, small changed of electric field producing magnetic field. I don't even understand that ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

What is the ratio of Poisson's number for air?

Is the ratio of Poisson's number for air between $-1$ and $\frac{1}{2}$? Thanks for replies.
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Long distance entanglement maintenance for quantum teleportation

Quantum teleportation starts out with an EPR pair being distributed among Alice and Bob i.e. one qubit goes to Alice and the other goes to Bob. The problem that I see in this scenario is the state of ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Calculating frequency of sound when source is moving faster than the sound waves

I have used the Doppler effect relations to calculate the frequency of the sound of an object that is moving faster than the speed of sound, by using this formula: $frequency = ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

clausious inquality

Take a reservoir which gains a heat Q irreversibly at temp T from a surrounding at temp T0 then the entropy change of reservoir is given by Q/t and that of the surrounding is -Q/T0...How is this ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Doesn't Schrodinger's Cat depend on whether there's a quantum/classical boundary?

Everyone knows how Schrodinger's Cat is set up, so the question becomes whether there's a quantum/classical boundary and what that boundary is. Some people say everything is quantum while some may ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

Hubbard Model Hamitonian

$H = -\sum\limits_{i,j} A_{ij} c_i^{\dagger} c_j + \frac{U}{2} \sum\limits_i(c_i^\dagger c_i)(c_i^\dagger c_i -1)$ is defined to be a Hamiltonian for modeling quantum random walk of identical ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Show that change in internal energy equals zero for an adiabatic process with incompressible fluid

I have a problem when solving an exercise in thermodynamics. I am supposed to show that when we have an open system, where the process is adiabatic with an incompressible fluid, it follows that the ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Does time stand still at a phase transition?

For second order phase transition thermodynamic properties can be described in very general terms by their critical exponents. So at every transition the correlation length $\xi$ should diverge as ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Changing the zero-point energy

I have the following Hamiltonian $$\mathcal{H}(\{x_i,y_i \})=-l\sqrt{2}\sum_{i=1}^N \mathbf{f}_i \cdot \hat{\mathbf{b}}_i+E_0$$ For calculating things like the partition function it would be ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Adjoints in occupation number representation

I am having some trouble understanding how to compute things in occupation number representation. I believe my problem is only implicitly dealt with in the notes I have read. A simple example should ...
0
votes
4answers
186 views

Where do sound waves go after being heard?

I honestly can't come up with anything that makes sense, because obviously, energy cannot be created nor destroyed. I think the question is pretty self-explanatory, so there isn't much to say here.
11
votes
1answer
404 views

Can isotropic states have bound entanglement?

Let us consider the maximally entangled state \begin{equation} |\psi\rangle=\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}(|0,0\rangle+\cdots+|n-1,n-1\rangle) \end{equation} and construct the pseudo-pure state \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Magnetic field outside an infinite solenoid

Can someone explain to me how the magnetic field cancels outside a solenoid of infinite length mathematically (using an integration or something)?
6
votes
1answer
241 views

Peskin's book page 334 proof of $Z_1=Z_2$ to all orders in QED perturbation theory

Peskin in his QFT page 334 argued that $Z_1=Z_2$ to all orders in QED perturbation theory, but I couldn't understand his argument: ... With a generalization of the argument given there (section ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Understanding electric field and potential inside an half-connected wire

Let's say we have a 9 V battery and a wire as shown in the image below: Let's assume H is the reference for measuring potential. I know the potential in F is 9 V, and I know the electric field in F ...
7
votes
3answers
528 views

Can Lagrangian mechanics be justified without referring to Newtonian mechanics?

Are there any ways of justifying Lagrangian mechanics as a foundation of classical physics, without referring to Newtonian mechanics? In other words, what is the deeper reason or intuition why ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Has the effect of magnetic fields on time ever been examined experimentally?

Relativity of time can be examined with satellites as gravitational or acceleration. Is there any similar experiment with intense magnetic fields?
0
votes
1answer
30 views

entropy of a closed system undergoing an irreversible process should increase,decrease or remain same?

The answer in my book says it will increase. According to me it will increase if heat is added to the system But if heat is being removed it may increase decrease or remain the same depending upon ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

$L^p$-weighted enstrophy calculations

Mathematician here, only somewhat familiar with physics, but finding myself involved in a research project on fluid dynamics. I'm studying a 3D simulation of turbulent fluid flow, and we are currently ...
-1
votes
1answer
19 views

entropy change during irreversible heat loss [duplicate]

When a thermodynamic system gains heat if the heat gain is irreversible then there is a entropy generation along with the entropy transfer..so is there a similar entropy generation associated with ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

What force does a magnetic field of a certain strength apply to an object?

Disclaimer: This question is mostly to fact-check an "Elementary" episode and is not home work related at all. For the curious, in that episode, a "20 tesla magnet" is used to propel bullets inside an ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Why is the limit to observe quantum phenomena $k_B T < \hbar \omega_0$ in cavity QED?

In cavity QED you have to cool down the appartus so that quantum effects may be observed in a way that $k_B T << \hbar \omega_0$. I suppose that $\omega_0$ here means the frequency which the ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Superficial velocity as a function of position along flow path

I am wanting to estimate the superficial velocity of a fluid as a function of position. The system I'm trying to evaluate is as shown below: A cylinder of porous media with the source acting on ...

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