0
votes
0answers
2 views

Velocity as the fifth dimension

In spacetime there are four general dimensions, three of space and one of time. Why is it that other dimensioned qualities seem to be rarely considered as part of spacetime? For example, why isn't ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

What's the difference between wave equation in PDE form and wave equation in normal form?

What's the difference between "wave equation in partial derivative form" and "wave equation in y(x,t) form" ? Are they both same? And why "wave equation in in y(x,t) form" is the solution of "wave ...
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Is gravity weak negative electric charge?

This could be true since the both have infinite range and other common properties. They both have fields.
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Understanding the Carnot cycle

My textbook explains the Carnot cycle as follows: Heat is added to the boiler, where the steam inside expands isothermally at high temperature (T(High))--(both valves closed). The intake valve is ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Can two artificial bodies be built in space and be made to orbit each other?

Would it be possible to make artificial constructs (satellites) orbit each other? I looked at the gravitational laws, and nothing seems to suggest that this is not possible.
0
votes
1answer
18 views

How to know if a body is travelling with uniform acceleration or not?

One of the Example in my Textbook is A body travels a distance of 2 m in 2 seconds and 2.2 m in next 4 seconds. What will be the velocity of the body at the end of 7th second from the start. In ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Does a graviton impart negative momentum?

Picture a massive system on an axis. If a graviton is generated and emitted by a system in the positive direction, will that system also be accelerated in the positive direction? Another system ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Physical distribution of salt anions and cations during electrophoresis

If I have a volume of $L$ liters of salt water at a concentration of $\approx N$ mM NaCl and I pour it into an electrophoretic apparatus (like this one: ). Once we turn the apparatus on, and set the ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Sounds of supersonic objects

Would you, as a stationary observer, hear a sound in reverse when the source of the sound travels with twice the speed of sound? Of course, he wouldn't hear anything at all before the airplane passed ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

torque-direction of rotation

Taking moment about A , the mass of 2.0g and 0.50g is rotated in the clockwise direction is because they are both directed in downwards position ? while R2 is acted in upward direction , so it is ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Which function denotes the energy of thermal motion within a system?

In thermodynamics, the heat $Q$ is defined as a type of energy in transfer, and is not a state function, which function denotes the energy of thermal motion within a system? 1) $TS$, (there is a ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How is light slowing down in a medium thought of in the photon picture?

The speed of light in any medium besides vacuum is smaller than $c$. In a classical way, I just look at that as a wave that propagates less fast, the change in EM-field is passed on slower. How should ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Maxwell said the dimension of charge is $L^3 T^{-2}$ and of mass is $L^3 T^{-2}$, is he right?

If his right then, from Lorentz magnetic force, $$F= BQV$$ where $F$ is force, $B$ is magnetic flux density, $Q$ is charge and $V$ is velocity. Therefore, $$M L T^{-2} = B Q V \, .$$ Substituting for ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is the proton mass to charge ratio equal to the plank mass?

Using a proton charge 1.602*10^-19 coulombs is equal to proton mass 1.673*10^-27 Kg. One coulomb = 1.673*10^-27 Kg divide by 1.602*10^-19 Therefore One coulomb is equal to 1.044*10^-8Kg. Therefore ...
5
votes
2answers
280 views
+100

Could anyone help explain this current voltage graph for an LED in liquid nitrogen?

I've been doing my coursework investigating LEDs at various temperatures and I've come across an interesting phenomenon which nobody I've asked has been able to explain thoroughly - wheras at room ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Can the anti torque of a motor be used to spin a space vehicle about it's axis?

Imagine a huge electric motor together with it's power supply in space. What exactly will happen to it if it is suddenly powered, won't it spin about it's axis or it will experience no relative motion ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Why does transmission probability decrease, increase, then decrease again?

We did a quantum tunneling lab online. We used a Java program to model the electron wave function and show what happens when there is a step potential (U is less than E). Our value for the ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Is there a normal downward force here?

Now through my understanding, there is a weight force that points downward on block A, also another weight force that points downward on block B. Between block A and block B, there is two normal ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Parity of $n$-photon system

The $C$-parity (charge conjugation) of an $n$-photon system is given by $(-1)^n$. If I'm not totally wrong, the intrinsic parity of a photon is $(-1)$. What is the parity $P$ of a system of $n$ ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

What is the difference between configuration space and phase space?

What is the difference between configuration space and phase space? In particular, I notices that Lagrangians are defined over configuration space and Hamiltonians over phase space. Liouville's ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Should the weaker of two air conditions be switched off?

We have two airconditioning systems in the office. For the sake of this question, let us assume the following current conditions: AC1 (old) outputs air of 26°C AC2 (new) outputs air of 18°C Office ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Reflection coefficient as a function of frequency

I am trying to relate the equation for reflection coefficient in oblique mediums to the frequency but can't figure out how the frequency affects the reflection of light. $n_1$= intrinsic impedance of ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Two glass bottles of water warming by different temperatures

A friend posed a question to me yesterday: if I have two glasses of 60 F water, would they heat at a different rate if one were in a 70 F room and one were in a 90 F room. Myself having some ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

Constructing solutions to the time-dependent Schrödinger's equation

The following question is from David Griffiths' Introduction to Quantum Mechanics: Problem 2.13 A particle in the harmonic oscillator potential starts out in the state $$\Psi(x,0) = A[3 ...
14
votes
9answers
4k views

How to emulate 40ft (12 m) of water? [on hold]

I am part of an underwater robotics team, and our next year's challenge requires us to compete at a depth of 40ft. We don't have any pools nearby to test in, so I want to emulate this 40ft of pressure ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make the current $I$ stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Is the Legendre transformation a unique choice in analytical mechanics?

Consider a Lagrangian $L(q_i, \dot{q_i}, t) = T - V$, for kinetic energy $T$ and generalized potential $V$, on a set of $n$ independent generalized coordinates $\{q_i\}$. Assuming the system is ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Water enclosed in a vessel

Suppose I am taking water in a glass or metal or even something else. It s air tight and (so it is water tight). Now imagine, if I keep it heating and none of its molecule escapes from it, what am I ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Drag in low earth orbit

So I'm looking at the following problem; Arrow type configuration in orbit. Each end of the arrow has a mass and a cross sectional area (we can assume the head and tail are connected by a ...
7
votes
3answers
272 views

Does radiation force depend on group velocity or on phase velocity?

What is the radiation force $F$ due to a beam of photons of power $P$ undergoing perfect reflection? Is it $$a) F = 2 P / c$$ or $$b) F = 2 P / v_g$$ where $v_g$ is the group velocity ? Note that ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Why is my Lyapunov exponent similar for single and double pendulum?

This is my first question here on stackexchange. I hope that I can be understood. If not, tell me and I will reformulate and fill in with details. I have simulated a single pendulum and a double ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How do the renormalization enter the actual amplitude calculation in QFT?

I have studied QFT from Peskin and Schroeder and from a few other books and lectures and I think I understand the procedure of renormalizing various parameters in the Lagrangian like mass, coupling ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Newton's law of cooling for the heat equation boundary condition

Newton's law of cooling says the temperature of an object satisfies $$ \frac{dT}{dt} = -k(T(t) - T_0),\tag{1} $$ where $T_0$ is the surrounding temperature. See these HTML notes for example. Now if ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Mass and wave function renormalization In chiral perturbation theory

Before I put forward my actual question, I think it will be useful to set the context in a clear way and that involves my understanding of a few very basic things of Chiral Perturbation Theory. ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

In a lens the image formed by the first surface serves as the object for the second surface.What is the reason?

When deriving the lens maker's equation I faced the problem of understanding the logic behind this reasoning "image formed by the first surface of a lens serves as the object for the second surface."
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to combine contributions of individual type of cone cell sensitivity to get the human luminosity function?

As shown in this figure from some computer vision book: The data of three types of cone spectral responses is pulled down from: http://cvrl.ioo.ucl.ac.uk/cones.htm It is said that the Long, Medium ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Gravitational “acceleration” and frequency change of a photon?

For massive particles, force translates into acceleration which again is a change of the velocity vector in direction and/or magnitude. For a photon, the velocity magnitude cannot change, only the ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Mathematician learning theoretical physics [duplicate]

EDIT: I was aware of the supposed duplicate. But I'm interested in a clear and focused path through the basics to advanced theoretical physics such as string theory - a path that avoids studying ...
4
votes
6answers
6k views

What is $vdp$ work and when do I use it?

I am a little confused, from the first law of thermodynamics (energy conservation) $$\Delta E = \delta Q - \delta W $$ If the amount of work done is a volume expansion of a gas in, say a piston ...
0
votes
2answers
440 views

Torque per unit length on infinite rotating charged cylinder

For homework I have the following question, but I am stuck on finding the torque on the cylinder. An infinite cylinder of radius $R$ carries a uniform surface charge $\sigma$. We start rotating the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Is interaction a relevant perturbation for 1d Anderson localization of fermions?

Disorder is a relevant perturbation in 1d, which drives the system to Anderson localization. My question is if I am already at the Anderson localization fixed point, how to analyze the scaling ...
-4
votes
1answer
22 views
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Problems with Maxwell density Lagrangian [on hold]

I want to expand the right-hand side of $$\dfrac{1}{4} F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} = \dfrac{1}{4}\left(\partial_{\mu}A_{\nu} - \partial_{\nu}A_{\mu}\right)\left(\partial^{\mu}A^{\nu} - ...
2
votes
3answers
389 views

Conversion of ideal gas to real gas via $Z$ compression factor

The ideal gas equation $PV=nRT$ can be converted into real gas equation by compression factor $Z$ i.e $PV=Z~ nRT)$. My question is what is $Z$ and how does it arise? Is $PV/nRT$ a compression ratio of ...
1
vote
3answers
194 views

Dielectric constant of water

I need the dielectric constant of water from $10^{-2}$ Hz to $10^4$ Hz. As stupid as it may seem, I cannot find much info. I've googled for days. All I can find is close to GHz. And the only info ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Refrigeration and thermal science

What happens to the weight of the vegetable after keeping it in fridge for few hours? Does it gain the weight or lose the weight?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Symmetry of extrinsic curvature tensor

I am trying to solve following problem: In a spacetime of signature (+, −, −, −), let $$ u^au_a = 1, \quad A_{ab} = \nabla_cu_dh^c_{\; a}h^d_{\; b}, \quad h_{ab} = g_{ab} - u_au_b $$ Show that ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Correlation between speed, distance, mass, etc between a planet and a star (or moon and planet)?

While playing around with some little scripts, generating solar systems, I started to wonder about the correlation between the different objects. Up until now, distance, mass, size and speed are ...
10
votes
1answer
482 views

Do quasars exist today?

Are there likely to be any quasars right now, or are all the ones we're seeing old galaxies today, like the Milky Way?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Point View and the relativity of everything, also regarding seemingly neutral pen and paper formulas - also, the nonexistence of black holes [on hold]

I am just a programmer with a love for math/physics and ... science fiction, haha! Anyway, to state it right in the beginning: This question is related to the following postulation (of mine, but ...

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