0
votes
0answers
3 views

Prandtl's equation - Calculating coefficients

I don't even know how to get started. Could you please give me a clue? I haven't seen a similar problem before.
0
votes
3answers
13 views

Does gravity change the pressure of a column of water when the column is tilted from horizontal to vertical?

I need to settle an argument. I think gravity causes a column of water to exert greater pressure against the walls of a pipe in which it is contained as it is tilted from horizontal to vertical. In ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Motion in a Paul trap: $2n$th harmonic with larger amplitude than $n$th harmonic

Using a Paul trap, we captured the motion of a light charged particle (based on a rotating potential applied by AC current). Our rotational frequency was 50 Hz, and so when used FFT on the data, we ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

What happens when ice melts

Case 1: You take x litres of water and cool it to solid ice(say 0 degree) and measure the volume of ice as ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

constant c in Lorentz force

I met some of examples of force in studying classical dynamics, and Lorentz force was represented as $$ \mathbf{F}=\frac{q}{c} \mathbf{\dot{r}} \times \mathbf{B} $$ I've searched for meaning of $c$, ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Is it possible to use “negative sound waves” to “cancel out” a sound to create silence?

I saw youtube videos that claimed to do this, although I'm quite certain the videos just excluded sound and lied. However, I am wondering if the physics of this is actually possible - to create a ...
5
votes
6answers
338 views
+50

Why does a conservative force return the work done against it by a body to that body?

Newton's 3rd law of motion: Newton's third law of motion or the law of action and reaction implies that there is no isolated force in nature. Whenever there is any force at all , there must be ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Why does light fade from a room?

So basically in my toilet I have this really bright ceiling light, but when I turn it off it doesn't just instantly plunge me into darkness, but rather sort of fades out over a few seconds. It looks ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Can Newton's Law of gravity be deduced using dimensional analysis?

I tried using dimensional analysis to deduce Newton's law of gravity but I wasn't able to do so as one of the equations were $0=-2$ which is a contradiction. But I thought that we can't do that ...
0
votes
1answer
692 views

Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

Finding Green function using eigenfunction expansion method

Given the Dirichlet boundary condition, I am to show that the functions that satisfy $(\nabla ^2 + k_{lmn}^2) \psi_{lmn} (x,y,z) = 0$ are given by $\psi_{lmn} = (\frac{\pi}{2x})^{1/2} J_{l+1/2}(x) ...
2
votes
1answer
359 views

What defines the adiabatic flame temperature?

What defines the adiabatic flame temperature? In a case I have to solve, I need to describe the combustion of natural gas (Groningen natural gas, to be specific). However, I am having some problems ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Colors from heat tinting metals depend on temperature only?

Colors caused by heat tinting of a material can be listed by temperature. For example, for carbon steel: ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

No need for spin?

Here's a cool idea: we don't need spin: recall that a quantum field arises from an attempt to construct an object that transforms unitarily under $SO(1,3)$ (i.e. by choosing a representation). A ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs?

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs? Plastic deformation means permanent deformation in springs caused due to stretching in springs.
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Beryllium Vacuum Sphere Boat/Aircraft

Is it possible to make a solid rigid evacuated "balloon" out of Beryllium or other elements or alloys? The critical buckling pressure at which an evacuated sphere is given as $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Proof of inability to obtain global phase

I'm curious if there's a quick proof of the inability to obtain global phase from a quantum state, since they're supposedly indistinguisable. I suppose to measure this, you would need a Hermitian ...
3
votes
5answers
140 views

Is a suit that hides a soldier's heat signature fundamentally possible?

I recently played "Crysis", a game where the protagonist wears a suit that allows the player to hide both himself and his heat signature. Then I watched Iron Man 3, where a kid suggests that Tony ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Liquid Column “Recoils” in a Sealed Cylinder When Hit by a Piston — Is it Possible?

Consider a cylinder filled partially with a liquid (e.g. water). The cylinder is sealed, and is at held at room temperature (e.g 298K). At equilibrium (or when no external disturbance is imparted to ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

2 masses are attached to hanging string and one is released. What is the max height reached by the other?

A spring is in static equilibrium (not moving) with two masses ($m_1$ and $m_2$) attached to the spring. The spring constant is: 22.0 N/m, while $m_1 = 0.16\,kg$, $m_2 = 0.13\, kg$ and mass 1 ...
3
votes
3answers
257 views

Is the Normal force dependent on the density of the object the body is resting on?

If a body is resting on the ground, the Normal force equals its weight. If I keep putting another body on top of it, eventually the body will start moving into the ground until the new Normal equals ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Can an electromagnet repel a strong magnet?

When the direction of current is reversed, the polarity of an electromagnet should be reversed. I am trying to understand why this did not happen in an experiment I conducted today. An electromagnet ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

How can Terminal Velocity be greater than gravity?

It's been over a decade since my last high school physics class, so I apologize in advance if this is a dumb/ignorant question, but how can a skydiver fall faster than the speed of gravity? If gravity ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Is Japan truly the “Land of the Rising Sun”? [on hold]

Is it possible to determine which part of earth was first to receive sunlight? In that light, is it not just convention that the western time is later than the eastern time? I do not see a reason why ...
1
vote
0answers
5 views

Main differences between elastodynamic and light scattering when using S-matrix to find bound states

What are the main differences (top 5 if question is too broad), for using the S-matrix to find bound states, between elastodynamic and light scattering? (if it facilitates a higher quality ...
7
votes
1answer
44 views

How does the atmospheric UVB attenuation of terrestrial planets compare?

On Earth, UVB (280nm - 315nm or 320nm depending on the source) undergoes extensive attenuation through the atmosphere, when observed at the planet's surface, as illustrated below: Image source ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

finding equation of a water droplet

I have a water droplet which is falling down through its gravity. I've supposed that my droplet is an ellipsoid and I want to find the equation that represents this ellipsoid in XYZ coordinate system. ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Quadratic versus other types of degrees of freedom

In my text book I have the following question and after thinking about this one for hours, I can't figure out what they're getting at: In Section 2.5* I quoted a theorem on the multiplicity of any ...
3
votes
3answers
136 views

Why is $\pi$ used when calculating the value of $g$ in pendulum motion?

I am trying to intuitively understand why $\pi$ is used when calculating the value of $g$ using the harmonic motion of a pendulum: $$g ~=~\frac{4\pi^2L}{T^2}.$$ Does it have something to do with the ...
3
votes
3answers
37 views

Conceptual Question on Work and Potential Energy

I'm confused by classic description of work and negative work. If someone pulls (slowly) on a rope to lift a bucket in a well, I understand that the person is doing work on the bucket and gravity is ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Quadrupole potential generation in Paul traps

I am currently getting familiar with the concept of the Paul trap and the underlying physicle principles. I do understand what kind of potentials are needed to trap charged particles, e.g. for the 3D ...
5
votes
3answers
137 views

Is any energy required to deflect an asteroid, with force always perpendicular to its trajectory?

Let's assume there is an asteroid traveling on a straight line (far from any gravitational source), and we need to deflect it from its actual trajectory, so we build a rocket motor on the surface and ...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

Teach me Wick's theorem the honest way

Generally speaking the average guy marginally acquainted with quantum field theory or advanced combinatorics describes Wick's theorem as some sort of correspondence between higher order differential ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Where does the energy from a parachute go?

When a parachute slows the velocity of an object where does the energy go? If it's a falling object the acceleration from gravity is roughly constant. How does air drag "dissipate" the extra energy?
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Relaxation time approximation in Drude model apparant paradox

In the Drude model of the free electron gas to explain the conduction of a metal, the relaxation time approximation that the electron has a collision in an infinitesimal time interval $dt$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
447 views

Ephemeris calculations: Light time correction of the moon

I am currently trying to calculate apparent positions from raw JPL data. I've got it pretty much figured out, but there is one thing that's bugging me: Has the light time correction of the moon to be ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How to write C++ code using SGP4 to propagate satellite position

First I would like to tell why ( after being unsure ) I decided to post my question on Physics SE. After searching for an answer to that, I found this question helpful - particularly this line from an ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Integration by parts

Zee in his book, Quantum field in a nutshell mentioned the following, p. 22: Equation (14): $$Z=\int{D\phi}e^{i\int d^4x{ {\frac{1}{2}[(\partial \phi)^2-m^2\phi^2]+J\phi}} }$$ He said then, ...
2
votes
1answer
15 views

Number of States and Required Info for Bits vs Qubits

So with classical bits, if you have 2 bits, there are 4 possible outcomes that are possible. To determine these states, you only need 2 pieces of info, the state of each bit. With 3 bits, you can have ...
1
vote
2answers
643 views

Physical explanation for capacitive circuit

In capacitive circuit, the voltage and current are out of phase. the current leads the voltage by 90 degrees. this can be explained by these two equations: $$V = V_{\max} \sin \omega t$$ $$I = ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
4
votes
3answers
642 views

6 wheels more efficient than 4 wheels?

Which would be easier to push in a straight line, a flat cart with 4 wheels or the same cart (and same load) with the same size wheels, but has six wheels? and why? Thanks
1
vote
0answers
5 views

Conventional flux in centrifuge?

The molecules are sedimentated in centrifuge, which is rotating with angular velocity $\omega$. The chemical potential of molecule (considering potential associated with centrifuge force) is: ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

“Voyager: Lightning on Jupiter”: what's a sound source for this?

NASA created an official Soundcloud channel with a various sounds from missions. There are a Voyager: Lightning on Jupiter sound. Is there are ay information on how's this sound is produced (and ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Friction Force and Applied Force for Acceleration [on hold]

A person needs to move a 565 N object. The coefficient of static friction for the surface it's sitting on is 0.63. How much force is required to accelerate the object at an initial rate of 0.4 m/s2? ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Dielectric constant of water

I need the dielectric constant of water from $10^{-2}$ Hz to $10^4$ Hz. As stupid as it may seem, I cannot find much info. I've googled for days. All I can find is close to GHz. And the only info ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Interferometry works as a filter

I attended an astronomy seminar the other day and though I did not pick up much as it was on data collection etc, I did take away one sentence: "Interferometry works as a filter" Now I know what ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the physical meaning of anti-commutator in quantum mechanics?

I gained a lot of physical intuition about commutators by reading this topic. What is the physical meaning of commutators in quantum mechanics? I have similar questions about the anti-commutators. ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Sum of static and dynamic pressure in a tube constant?

The sum of static pressure and dynamic pressure is said to be constant along a streamline. Except for energy conservation reasons I don't understand why that is. Static pressure is proportional to ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Electrolysis of Paramagnetic Ferrous Chloride in Water

I'm trying to settle a bit of a debate between a friend and myself over the cause of an effect observed when dissolving Ferrous Chloride, Iron(III) Chloride, in water and supplying an electrical ...

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