1
vote
1answer
12 views

Why does earth cool?

This question is boggling me for some time. We know that heat can be transferred from matter to matter and heat is nothing more than tiny atoms vibration intensity (correct me if I'm wrong). But space ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Rotating a Gaussian Beam

I need to see how the phase fronts of two gaussian beams interact when they intersect with each other. The two beams are tilted towards each other so that they intersect each other at their respective ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Steam Turbine Inlet Velocity

Consider an ideal steam turbine. The power generated by a steam turbine comes down to the torque and the angular velocity, which is ultimately dependent on the velocity at which the flow enters the ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

How can individual photons have different amounts of energy?

If photon is an elementary particle, how can different photons have different energy, if E=mc^2 and all photons have(or don't have) the same mass and the speed of photon is constant shouldn't it mean ...
3
votes
1answer
17 views

Does supercavitation create vacuum?

While reading the amazing things that the mantis shrimp can do, such as moving two of their limbs so quickly that the water around them 'supercavitates', a friend of mine told me that those limbs were ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Why is baryon or lepton violation in standard model is a non-perturbative effect?

The baryon number B or lepton number L violation in the standard model arise from triangle anomaly. Right? Triangle diagrams are perturbative diagrams. Then why the B or L violation in Standard model ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

How can we see that there is superconductivity/superfluidity in the boundary theory in the holographic principle?

For example in the models for holographic superconductors we can calculate the conductivity. Also there is an energy gap. I can understand that it describes a superconductor. However I have also heard ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Determine the acceleration in a complex Atwood machine

Trying to solve the following problem: Suppose there is a mass of 12kg hanging on an ideal rope that wraps around an ideal pulley, and that the other end of the rope is attached to another ideal ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

How to measure trajectory regularity?

I have two animal running trajectories. A regular one with repeated back and forth running between point A and B, like the one on top in the figure. The other one is very irregular, animal paused and ...
1
vote
0answers
3 views

XCrysDen Structure file

Does anyone know how to directly convert a .cif file to a Xcryden structure file(.xsf) ? I know how to extract the lattice vectors and the atom positions from a .cif file, but don't whether the .cif ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What is the relation between photoelectric current and frequency of incident light?

I googled it a bit and found that photoelectric current is independent of frequency(of incident light).Some further look revealed that actually "saturation current" is independent of frequency.I could ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

CFT Entanglement Entropy - relation between translations and the stress-energy tensor

In a recent paper on CFT entanglement entropy, I want to understand the defintion of a certain partition function. They consider a metric space $S^1 \times \mathbb{H}^{d-1}_q$ with metric: $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

What are “finely subdivided” substances?

As in the title, what does it mean for a substance to be finely subdivided, or finely grained? For example: It is only in the cases for which the ratio area/volume is very large (for example, a ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Highest cooperativity parameter in CQED?

What is highest known value been achieved for single atom (artificial atom) cooperativity ($C=\frac{g^2}{\kappa\gamma}$) factor in the strong coupling regime for Cavity and Curciut QED?
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Would magnetic flux be necessary for analogous systems?

I learned about the analogousness between mechanical and electrical systems a few months back (with the help of Feynman). Yesterday, my professor was lecturing about this topic, when she told that ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How to show isotropy of $SU(2)$ Yang Mills stress energy tensor?

When I vary the action of the YM Lagrangian density $$L = -\frac{1}{4} F^a_{\mu \nu}F^{\mu \nu}_a + J_a^\mu A^a_\mu$$ with respect to the metric, I obtain: $$T_{\mu \nu} = \frac{-2}{\sqrt{|g|}} ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Temperature of a neutron star

In our every day experience termperature is due to motion of atoms/molecules etc. A neutron star, where protons and electrons are fused togather to form neutrons, is nothing but huge nucleus madeup of ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Effective Potential of experienced by a particle with contact interaction in an optical lattice

Suppose i have an optical lattice with particles loaded onto it, the potential due to the optical lattice is $V_{0}Cos\left(x\right)$. Assume that the particles interact with eachother through contact ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Amateur thoughts on QM theory at celestial scale

Some amateur scientist asked me that why can't one just simply apply the entire theory of QM at atomic scale to "quantize" celestial system with a different choice of $\hslash$, which he believed can ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Can an underdensity in space act as a negative matter density powering a warp drive?

Consider a homogeneous isotropic universe filled with a perfect fluid with density $\rho$ and pressure $P = \rho/w$. E.g. for $w=-1$ we get a universe equivalent to one with "vacuum energy" or with ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Why is binding energy $\Delta mc^2$?

As we know the mass-energy equivalence relation $E=mc^2$ originally came from special relativity. And the binding energy is $\Delta mc^2$. How do we know that the extra mass coming from theoretical ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What are the linear maps which preserve the time-like cone?

I'm looking at the set of forward pointing time-like vectors: $\mathcal{T}_+ = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^4 \mbox{ s.t. }x_0 \geq 0, x^T \eta x \geq 0 \} $, where $\eta = \mbox{diag}(1, -1, -1, -1)$. I ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Is the “Force” of Gravity Simply Hamilton's Principle on a Curved Spacetime?

It's my understanding that General Relativity abstracts away the concept of gravity as a force, and instead describes it as a feature of spacetime by which massive objects cause curvature. Then it ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Birds inside of a closed box [duplicate]

Suppose there's a closed box with birds inside, on top of a scale. If the birds started flying inside, would the box get lighter?
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Quantum Mechanical States

What can be the precise answer to the question that Quantum states are complex and infinite dimensional. Why is this so? Is it because they belong to the complex Hilbert space? Even if they ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Time difference in clocks of an accelerated frame

If we have two inertial frames $S$ and $S'$ and $S'$ is moving to the right w.r.t. $S$ with a velocity $v$. Suddenly $S$ undergoes negative acceleration (no longer being inertial) and after some time ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Transmission of porous membrane with vertical cylindrical pores

There is some porous dielectric membrane with strictly vertical cylindrical pores. I would like to find theoreticaly optical transmission spectra of this membrane, depending on the bulk material ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Can Light Cones be Local Event Horizons for the Causal Universe? [on hold]

I propose that massless bosons are quantum entities unbounded by speed. They are simply bounded by the local boundary of the casual universe. The casual universe is locally bounded by light cones. ...
5
votes
1answer
30 views

Is the subadditivity of quantum entropy valid in the infinite-dimensional case?

Does the subadditivity (and strong subadditivity) of quantum entropy hold for infinite dimensional quantum systems as well? Unfortunately the books in my hand give proof for finite dimensional cases ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Double dot product in Cylindrical polar coordinates - Strain Energy

I'm working with a problem in linear elasticity, and I have to calculate the strain energy function as follows: $$2W=σ_{ij}ε_{ij}$$ Where σ and ε are symmetric rank 2 tensors. For cartesian ...
4
votes
4answers
983 views

Is it possible to shield a camera so as to record from the inside of a running microwave oven?

Would it be possible to create shielding for a camera, allowing it record food being cooked from the vantage point of the inside of a consumer microwave oven without the camera being damaged? ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Calculating force of a car

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
-2
votes
0answers
15 views

Geffen's Ladders Distance [on hold]

The Geffen Mage Guild decided upon some touch-up repairs to the Geffen Tower, and contracted with the Alberta Mercantile Guild for work. While setting up, the Merchants placed two ladders ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Inside a huge sphere, which is being converted to a black hole

Suppose the following scenario: You reside inside a huge stable spherical star with non-lethal environment at its core. The object is so huge and massive, that its radius is only slightly above its ...
0
votes
3answers
74 views

How to generate Red light from a Blue-Dominated Spectrum

I have a white LED light source, the spectrum of which looks as follows --- I want to filter out red light from this white LED source. But as you can see the spectrum dwindles in the red zone. And ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How could we travel to the nearest supermassive Black hole?

I have just watched a trailer for the upcoming movie Interstellar and started to wonder about some physics involved. In the end of the trailer, they are obviously plunging into a Black hole hoping to ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Interpretations of (r,s) tensors [duplicate]

A tensor of type (r,s) on a vector space V is a C-valued function T on V×V×...×V×W×W×...×W (there are r V's and s W's in which W is dual space of V) which is linear in each argument. We take (0, 0) ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Airplane on a treadmill [duplicate]

I've heard conflicting answers, and would like to see the record set straight: An jet/propeller airplane is traveling on a giant treadmill at takeoff speed. Will the plane takeoff, or will it remain ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Showing a fourth rank tensor in $\epsilon$'s reduces to one in the metric $g$

Consider the fourth rank tensor $$S_{\mu \nu \rho \sigma} = a(\epsilon_{\mu \sigma}\epsilon_{\nu \rho} + \epsilon_{\mu \rho}\epsilon_{\nu \sigma})f(x^2),$$ in 2D where $a$ is a constant and $f(x^2)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Is the second law of thermodynamics a real law? [duplicate]

Everytime I ask people why the second law of thermodynamics is true, they say because the probability of entropy increasing is very large. This for some reason doesn't seem right for me. Just because ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Why are results of Bell's experiments considered to “break realism”?

Related to my previous question (Why would classical correlation in Bell's experiment be a linear function of angle?), as a newbie in quantum mechanics, I am also unable to find the reason to why ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Runs of a vacuum pump? [on hold]

After how many runs of a vacuum pomp with volume $v$, the initial pressure $p_i$ of a balloon is reduced to a final pressure $p_f$? Baloon's volume is $V$ ($V>v$).
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Why is bandwidth, range of frequencies, important when sending wave signals, such as in radio?

So in wired/wireless networking and radio, signals are sent in form of wave. Then the concept of bandwidth comes in, which is the difference between highest frequency and lowest frequency in a signal. ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How to restore the potential energy? [duplicate]

How to restore the potential energy, of a particle with variable mass and variable coordinate, by сartesian coordinates and mass of the particle? ? Dimension - one dimensional. Data that is to ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Bosons are either gapped or condensated, except physical principle protected cases (Goldstone boson, photon)?

Bosons are either gapped or condensated, except physical principle protected cases (Goldstone boson, photon, etc.)? I read this in a paper (version1 of http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.3728v1, 1st page 1st ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

Angular momentum eigenstates

My textbook says that if $L^2$ is the square of the angular momentum and if it's eigenstate is $|\alpha,\beta>$ then its eigenvalue is $\hbar^2\alpha$ i.e. ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How to find the potential energy? [duplicate]

how to find the potential energy of a particle with variable mass and variable coordinate ? Data that is to compute, only the mass and Cartesian coordinate of the particle, like this: x;m ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the speed of light from a star moving towards a observer.? [duplicate]

We can say that in vacuum speed of light is constant. But if the star is moving with a certain velocity does it add that velocity to the velocity of photons emitted out of that star?
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is Moon really rotating about its axis?

Wikipedia says yes but on Newtonian arguments. From general relativistic point of view Moon is not rotating but moving along geodesic trajectory. And like parallel transport of a vector (pointing to ...

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