1
vote
1answer
34 views

Lorentz group representations in QFT: what's the vector space?

In QFT, a representation of the Lorentz group is specified as follows: $$ U^\dagger(\Lambda)\phi(x) U(\Lambda)= R(\Lambda)~\phi(\Lambda^{-1}x) $$ Where $\Lambda$ is an element of the Lorentz group, ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Can computers accurately model all of the details (to the subatomic level) of macro objects in collisions?

Frequently when trying to solve cosmology questions physicists turn to computer simulations of the universe (albeit massively simplified) in order to verify or disprove their hypotheses. This got me ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Projectile Motion with air Resistance - Adjust only the Angle to hit a target

OK, let me preface this by saying i am not a physics student, nor have i ever been. I am a software engineer working on a development degree. So this is homework but the assignment was just to create ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to compute observables from the boson field operator? [on hold]

I think I understand that if given the two boson wavefunction of two different states \begin{align} \Psi(\boldsymbol{r}_1,\boldsymbol{r}_2) = \dfrac{ \psi_1(\boldsymbol{r}_1)\psi_2(\boldsymbol{r}_2) + ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Error in Standard Textbook “An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory” of Peskin and Schroeder?

On page 191 there is a equation for $D$ given by $$D=x(k^2-m^2)+y(k'^2-m^2)+z(k-p)^2+(x+y+z)i\epsilon. \tag{6.43}$$ With $k'=k+q$ and the constraint $x+y+z=1$. Also $p^2=p'^2=m^2$ and maybe $q=p'-p$. ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Projection of Quantum State onto Bell State

I am very interested by this paper on entanglement swapping and timelike entanglement. The one thing I get really tripped up with is the whole idea of a projection onto a bell basis. I understand ...
7
votes
3answers
208 views
+50

How wide does a wall of ice need to be to stay in place?

Let us say that we have unlimited manpower to construct a huge wall of water ice e.g. 200 m tall (700 feet). -and that the wall is placed in a climate, where the temperature never (for your purpose) ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Why point mass leaves it's own gravitational well?

I suppose that point mass has its own gravitational well. Why this point mass is still attracted by other gravitational waves. I expect that this point mass is surrounded by "gravitational hills". Why ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Finding power with Drag Force equation

The mass of the car is 1500 kg. The shape of the body is such that its aerodynamic drag coefficient is $C_D=0.330$ and the frontal area is $2.50 m^2$. Assuming that the drag force is proportional to ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

A Spin up particle in QFT

This appears like a question that is rarely addressed in field theory pedagogy (perhaps because the answer is obvious): how does one describe a particle of definite spin in quantum field theory? For ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Simulation of fluid flow using Euler equation

I have been looking on Euler's equations for a while and can't grasp one thing. Suppose we have initial system state with volumes of fluid "hanging" in air (time is frozen and equal to zero), each of ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Why angular momentum about three independent axes?

The generic commutation relations for the angular momentum operator are $[J_x, J_y] = i \hbar J_z$, where the $J_i$, $i = x,y,z$ are the components of the angular momentum vector operator, $\mathbf ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Double slit experiment with monchromatic light and wave packet of a few photons. How are they different?

I am confused about the de broglie wavelength of photon and the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave after reading this experiment. In a double slit experiment, when light falls on the two slits, an ...
1
vote
2answers
26 views

Why does the earth have to feel a pull when something falls?

Heck, I'm not even worried about the speed of a reaction. But remember that if I fall towards the earth, with a force, the earth has the same force exerted upon it in the opposite direction. I was ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Is it possible to use induction ampermeter to measure power consumption of electric water heater and dryer?

I hope this practical question is not OT and not too trivial for this forum. I am renting an apartment in a duplex with a shared water heater and dryer. Turns out, both water heater and the dryer are ...
8
votes
2answers
142 views

What conditions do a bunch of atoms need to satisfy to have a temperature?

What conditions do a bunch of atoms need to satisfy to have a temperature? Suppose that we have a beam of helium atoms travelling in a common straight line, equally spaced with the same velocity. If ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

why does muon hop rate in metals change with temperature like this

you can find this figure in this pdf we use μSR to study the superconductor properties,,but I don't quite understand the T^-9 slope, does muon trapped in an interstitial site and hop rate drop with ...
3
votes
4answers
64 views

Calculate water flow rate through orifice

I'm not very good with fluid physics, and need some help. Imagine the following setup with water contained in-front of a wall with an opening on the bottom: How do I calculate the water flow $Q$?. ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Understanding the energy transffered/used from a power source?

A source of power(from a generator,battery,etc...) is used to power a system of any kind. We can calculate the energy used via this formula $E$ = $IV$ x $t$ ? For example, a battery that is connected ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Help with ideal gas law manipulation

Equation 1 represents an improvement over the intial assumption of constant mass velocity (i.e., $\rho v=\rho_o v_o$). We can now improve Eqn. (2) to get to Eqn. (3). My question is: what are the ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

What is the way to make a semi-transparent object to appear white?

How would you approach a problem of creating an object, that appears to be white, but still acts as a one-way mirror (let's shoot for 50% transparency for simplicity, application: glasses coating) ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Quantum Energy Teleportation and Stress-Energy tensor divergence

This question is about a paper from last year about Quantum Energy Teleportation. If I understand the main assertion of what QET is supposed to involve, basically you are teleporting energy as ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is wireless power viable? [on hold]

I had a quick read over the Wikipedia article for wireless power. It gives an overview of different methods of wireless power transmission, but doesn't elaborate as to its current usage or efficiency. ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Regimes of Josephson junction

There are several formulas to describe critical current in Josepshon S-N-S junction mainly based on Elianberger and Usadel equations. The starting point is the Nambu-Gorkov equation and then some ...
10
votes
1answer
555 views

Why are silicon-silicon bonds weak?

If carbon–carbon bonds are reasonably strong and silicon and carbon are both in the same column of the periodic table meaning they have the same amount of valence electrons, also seeing as its bonding ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Why are the “coupling constants” constant?

The coupling constants (in the gauge theory) fix an inner product on the lie algebra of the gauge group and we use it to define strength of the fields. we are using ad-invariant inner products which ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Macro-Level Explanation of Fluid Heat Transfer

Here's something I've been struggling with for a while. Say you have a hot fluid and cold surface (or the reverse, so long as there is a temperature difference) where the fluid flows over the ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Dispersion-less media

As far as I know, vacuum is the only dispersion free medium for electromagnetic waves. This makes me wonder if there are any other dispersion free media for these waves? (Experimentally established or ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
35
votes
2answers
621 views

Symmetries of the Standard Model: exact, anomalous, spontaneously broken

There are a number of possible symmetries in fundamental physics, such as: Lorentz invariance (or actually, Poincaré invariance, which can itself be broken down into translation invariance and ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Help to find nature of noise gotten from digital oscilloscope

I've got strange noise while using digital oscilloscope (Auris B-424). Spectrogram of this signal presented on this image: (X time in seconds, Y frequency in Hertz, in this image case from 0 to 50 ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views
+50

what is the static pressure in a yield stress fluid?

Suppose I have a tank filled and there is no slip at the walls. If the tank is filled with a Newtonian fluid and is in static equilibrium, we know that the pressure is defined as $p = \rho g z$. But ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Question on using Leibniz formula to derive thin-film equation from Navier-Stokes

I actually posted this to math.stackexchange.com a few months ago but never got any answers. I am trying to work through the derivation in this paper by Petr Vita, which derives a thin-film ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Why does a piece of paper travels up when inserted into a kite's thread?

When I was young, I would insert a piece of paper into a kite's thread. The paper would travel upward till it reaches the head of that kite. What makes it to go up against the gravity even if the ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

What happens if we use an optical fibre for light at a different wavelength than the one specified on the fibre?

Say the fibre is for 700 nm, and we shine light at 1064 nm into it. Would it change the mode? The polarisation? The beam shape (i.e. introducing ellipticity in the beam)?
2
votes
1answer
155 views

number of gravitons launched by a proton

The wikipedia article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gauge_bosons describes how in QM exchanges of gauge bosons carry force, and describes how the graviton may also be a gauge boson. If the observable ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Can a human body supercavitate to survive water impact?

Inspired by this analysis of a human (OK, Captain America) hitting water feet first at terminal velocity, I'm wondering if supercavitation would be possible and whether it would improve your chances ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Could two identical stars revolve around each other in a common orbit if we only account for Newtonian physics?

Both a parent star and its planet revolve around the center of mass of the system, the reason we see stellar wobble. But if we take this to be true, which it is, there can be a configuration in which ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Mathematica package for supergravity and string theory

I am looking for a Mathematica package that can manipulate tensors for supergravity, string theory or M-theory. I am particularly looking for a package that can do spinor and Clifford algebra ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

How can one reasonably theoretically model polycrystalline materials?

Many techniques are taught in advanced solid state courses but they are almost all derived for perfectly crystalline materials. For example, band structure really only appears theoretically when you ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

What happens when a dimensionless block of mass $m$ is let slip on a fixed rough wedge? [on hold]

What happens when a block is let slip on a rough wedge, as shown? Let us suppose that the coefficient of friction b/w the block and the wedge is $\mu_k$. I know that energy will be dissipated ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Why do the anticommutation relations imply Fermi–Dirac statistics (Pauli Exclusion Principle) for the field quanta?

I was reading the following article Fermion FIelds and discovered the following passage not fully explained to me : It is these anticommutation relations that imply Fermi–Dirac statistics for ...
-2
votes
1answer
19 views

Calculate the current in mA which will be flowing through the two resistors [on hold]

Three resistors of 3,4 and 5 ohms are joined in parallel in an electric circuit. If a current of 150mA flows through the resistor of 4 ohms,then calculate the values of the current in mA which will be ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

Relative acceleration pulley

Considering If we have pulley with strings on both sides giving different velocities to them, we know velocities of points between them, on diameter, as velocity vector is tangent to it, just ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Why I think tension should be twice the force in a tug of war

I'm going to provide my argument for why I think the tension in a rope should be twice the force exerted on either side of it. First, let's consider a different example. Say, there is a person named ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Top 10 unanswered physics questions [on hold]

Could I have a list of the top ten physics unanswered question?
6
votes
2answers
68 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

What would happen to a rocket car in a torus-shaped spaceship that encompasses the earth?

Suppose we built a enormous torus shaped space station that encompasses and leaves about 330 kilometers between it and the earth. So it's radius is about 6,371 kilometers . Obviously, this structure ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

CARS microscopy

I have probably very naive question. In case of CARS microscopy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coherent_anti-Stokes_Raman_spectroscopy we have $ω_{pr}+ω_{p}-ω_{S}$, how can we have minus $ω_S$? In ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...

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