5
votes
4answers
5k views

Atmospheric pressure experiment using a cup with a fluid to hold a glass plate

When I was in high school, my teacher did an experiment to show the power of atmospheric pressure. Experiment: Prepare a glass bottle, fill with water, put a glass plate on the bottle, make sure ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

What does mean zero-mean random noise with standard deviation equal to 1?

I wonder about the meaning which is "zero-mean random noise with standard deviation equal to 1" as physics.
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Conservation of energy for transformers in AC current

I tried to solve a set of differential equations for transformer on AC Current. But at the end it seems that my solution does not satisfy conservation of energy. I spent days try to find a mistake, ...
1
vote
3answers
206 views

How does De Broglie–Bohm theory or pilot wave theory explain the results of the Stern–Gerlach experiment?

The Copehagen interpretation of QM explains the Stern–Gerlach experiment by asserting that a particle is in a superposition of states and doesn't have a definite spin until measured. However, the de ...
11
votes
2answers
720 views

Calculating Reynolds number for a viscous droplet

I'm trying to develop a very basic scaling law/unit analysis for viscous droplet formation, and I'd like to get some rough numerical values of the Reynolds number to play with. To be specific, I'm ...
5
votes
5answers
336 views

Infinite series of derivatives of position when starting from rest

Suppose you have an object with zero for the value of all the derivatives of position. In order to get the object moving you would need to increase the value of the velocity from zero to some finite ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Dispensing with the “a priori equal probability” postulate

I find the "a priori equal probability postulate" in statistical mechanics terribly frustrating. I look at two different states of a system, and they look very different. The particles are moving in ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Finding maximum speed in a work-energy problem

I have the following problem: The Royal Gorge bridge over the Arkansas River is $310\text{ m}$ above the river. A $57\text{ kg}$ bungee jumper has an elastic cord with an unstressed length of ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Does relativity in any way “disprove” Newton? [duplicate]

I was reading a science magazine and it claimed that Einstein's theory of relativity disproves all of Newtonian physics. I was highly skeptical because all we have been learning at school is Newtonian ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Does it mean the molecules of all matter above absolute zero temperature are moving?

According to my knowledge, heat is the energy that is stored in form of kinetic energy of molecules in Brownian motion. However, in a macroscopic view, a rigid body seem to be "stable" but still store ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Is angular momentum the conjugate momentum of angle/angular velocity?

Hamiltonian mechanics can be used to describe the double pendulum (see here, for example). In this development are the conjugate momenta ($p_{\theta_i}$) exactly the angular momenta ( $m_i l_i \frac{d ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Spin in Schrodingers Equations

With the usage of dirac notation we've gotten around a large amount of of inconvenience that would be dealing with spin. But, I was wondering, do we merely do this because it is inconvenient to try ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Do indirect optical transitions “cool” the material a little?

So I'm reading in Ashcroft and Mermin about indirect optical transitions: So, a photon comes in, and it only excites the electron across the indirect band gap if a phonon with the appropriate wave ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

How do we measure distance using parallax?

This is a quick mock-up of how stars are measured using parallax method. My question is : How on earth (literally) do we measure the anfle $\theta$? Is theta measured from the zenith of Earth? ...
6
votes
8answers
377 views

“Reality” of length contraction in SR

I was in argument with someone who claims that length contraction is not "real" but only "apparent", that the measurement of a solid rod in its rest reference frame is the "real length" of the rod and ...
15
votes
3answers
447 views

How can I relate linear and angular motion using a single formula?

I want to relate linear and angular motion using a single formula. Assume I have a 10m rod, and I apply a force of 5N on it, 2.5m away from the axis of rotation for 1s. How can I determine the ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Deriving effective model without integrating out degrees of freedom in path integral formalism?

In path integral formalism of quantum field theory (particle physics or condensed matter), one can in principle integrate out part of the degrees of freedom so as to attain an effective model ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

Clausius statement of the 2nd Law

I'm slightly messed up with the Clausius statement of the 2nd Law. I've seen at least two versions, which seem to be conceptually different. a) It is impossible to transfer heat from a colder body ...
6
votes
2answers
452 views

Have they really photographed light behaving both as a particle and a wave?

I just came across this article where they are claiming that they have photographed light behaving both as a wave and a particle! The paper has been published in Nature Communications and I read the ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Do Waves have mass? [duplicate]

Do any form of electromagnetic waves like visible light have mass? It is known that all electromagnetic waves have energy. According to Einstein's $$ E^2=p^2c^2 + m^2c^4 $$ formula, the energy of a ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How to measure distances to stars by means of spectroscopic parallaxes?

How to measure distances to stars by means of spectroscopic parallaxes on practice? What is the accuracy of measuring distances using this method compared with distances based on HIPPARCOS ...
6
votes
2answers
58 views

How do megaphones work?

I have gone through a lot of Google links before bothering you people. I wanted to know how megaphones work. I only got answers like they direct sound in one direction only (most probably in direction ...
-5
votes
0answers
12 views

frequencies that affect newtonian and non newtonian liquids [on hold]

I have a science fair coming up and i need to know which sound frequences affect liquids, both newtonian and non newtownian. i also need to know the science and formulae behind it. Your answers will ...
4
votes
4answers
120 views

In an elastic collision, can we choose between cons. of energy and cons. of momentum?

Suppose we have two solid spheres with masses $m$ and $M$, respectively, and that $m$ is significantly less than $M$. The lighter sphere is placed directly on top of the heavier one, and the two are ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

How can shadows ever be sharp?

When I hold my hand underneath my lamp, the shadow my hand casts is crisp and sharp, meaning that the edges are well defined and not blurred. But according to Huygen's principle, shouldn't the light ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Do Bell inequality violations appear instantly when the source is turned on, or do they increase over time?

This experimental Question is a result of reading a particular article on Bell violations. I addressed the e-mail below to the corresponding authors —because who knows, they might reply— but it is not ...
7
votes
3answers
155 views

Is that a result of thin-film interference?

Several years ago, I was laying on my bed and had a CD shaped transparent plastic disk (which was covering a 100 CD stack), basically a transparent CD. I don't know why but I took my phone and took a ...
13
votes
8answers
2k views

What is an observer in quantum mechanics?

My question is not about (pseudo) philosophical debate; it concerns mathematical operations and experimental facts. What is an observer? What are the conditions required to be qualified of observer, ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Commutator and Hamiltonian

Assume that $[\hat{A},\hat{H}]_-=0$ and $[\hat{B},\hat{H}]_-=0$ but we know that $[\hat{A},\hat{B}]_-\neq 0$. Then there exists degenerate stationary states of $H$. How to prove it?
0
votes
2answers
35 views

On a scale, why does the heavier object go down?

When you balance a pencil on your finger, I have always wondered, "Why does the heavier part go down, and the lighter, up?"
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Computing Acceleration in mass and pulley system using conservation of energy

I have a question in which a multiple pulley and mass system is being analysed. I can compute accelerations and Tension without any issue using newtons second law. However I am asked to use ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

SU(3) singlets and triplets

I was reading my prof's notes and came across a passage that I didn't understand: Consider a chiral SU(3) symmetry, under which the left-handed parts of the spin-1/2 fields of a fermion-number- ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

First order coherence through double slit

The state $$|\Psi \rangle = |0\rangle + \sum_j \int d\omega f_j(\omega)\hat{a}^\dagger_j (\omega) |0\rangle $$ is coming from a far field and incident on a double slit setup. Here j is the index of ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Path integral measure fourier transform

Let's have $$ Z[J] = \int D \varphi e^{iS[\varphi , J]}, $$ where $\varphi$ denotes real scalar field. Let's make Fourier transform, $$ \varphi (x) = \int e^{iqx}\varphi (q), \quad \varphi^{*} (q) = ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

How does friction product heat?

Suppose there are two similar particle-like objects attempting to "bump" against each other to create friction, they are prevented from colliding against one another due to either electrostatic ...
3
votes
4answers
295 views

Is it possible to generate energy by the moon orbit?

My question could be a little bit surreal, but I was thinking about this: A hydroeletric plant transform the energy from the water passing through the turbines into electricity. Correct? If the ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Does mass distribution/center of mass affect free fall?

An everyday is example would be cars. If you were to drop a car, not taking air resistance into account, would a front-heavy car tumble forward as it fell? And a car with a perfect 50/50 front/rear ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Working out length of taut rope orbiting the earth remaining straight and radially directed

A taut rope is orbiting the earth with angular velocity $a$. It remains straight and radially directed. If the midpoint is located at radius $r$, find the length of the rope. I can't even imagine ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to calculate the potential energy of a magnetic dipole (with zero torque)

In the following problem, I would like to know how they arrived at their solution for finding the potential energy of a magnetic dipole (boxed in red). I understand I probably have to use the ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Why IR divergences cancel by cross sections of next-to-leading diagrams?

I was reading QFT & Standard Model by Schwartz, Chapter 20 which is about IR divergences. He says that IR divergences only cancel cross sections for processes involving different initial or ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Degree of anisotropy of crystal tensors

Does there exist a scalar that can describe how anisotropic the elasticity of a crystal is? What about other tensors such as the permittivity or susceptibility? I found a Wikipedia article that was ...
-2
votes
0answers
16 views

Electric field calculation and its graph vs x

Electric field along the line passing through two point charges, A point charge $Q_1= +3 \mu C$ is placed at the origin and a point charge $Q_2= -7\mu C $is placed at $x=0.4 m$ on the $x$-axis of a ...
3
votes
3answers
53 views

Can someone explain the quote “there would be no chemistry if electrons acted as bosons”?

I am reading a book and in a quote it says that if electrons acted as bosons, then all the electrons would occupy the lowest energy state, and there would be no chemistry. What does the author mean ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Why are right hand neutrinos unaffected by all forces except gravity

I'm curious as to something I read on Berkeley's website. Does anyone happen to know why, according to this model,right hand neutrinos are unaffected by all forces except gravity? (Model taken from ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How can we define a frame of reference in general relativity?

I have started reading general relativity.(A First Course in General Relativity , Bernard schutz). I am finding very hard to understand a frame of reference. when I was reading special relativity ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

What is the exact definition of Magneto-optical Polar Kerr angle?

As stated in the title. I would like to know the exact definition of the Magneto-optical Polar Kerr angle. Whether it is just the rotation angle of the polarized light or it is something else?
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Electrostatics and two electric charges

How can two identical metallic objects have the same but opposite charges (one loses electrons and one gains electrons) when we know that metals have the ability to lose electrons only?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Entanglement and the boundaries of fiction

If entanglement is just a correlation from when the particles were in proximity, and there is no causality between the two, can the state of one particle be changed after being measured, and that ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

what is a clock state?

Can you tell what is a clock state in atomic physics ? I am reading this paper for a class but I couldn't find the definition of many terms, one of them is the clock state. ...

15 30 50 per page