0
votes
0answers
8 views

Topology of Fermi surface

In his book, Grigory Volovik related the stability of a fermi surface to topology of a green function. the He gave the example of fermi gas and said that green function for fermi gas has form ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Infinite Resistive lattice problem

Ok so while there have been many discussions regarding the solution(say using the Fourier transform or the lattice Green's function approach) to the two-point resistance of an infinite-square ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What is the direction of the magnetic vector potential in an electromagnetic plane wave?

The vector potential $A$ is perpendicular to $B = \nabla \times A$, by definition, and hence, in a plane wave, it is either in the direction of $E$ or the direction of propagation. I suspect it is in ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Newton's Law problem with friction

I'm trying to answer the following question: A force of 50N acting at 37º above the horizontal pulls a block along the floor with constant velocity. If the coefficient of friction between the ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

In a Stern-Gerlach measurement, does passing particles through the B field influence their spin state?

This question is similar to this post and was influenced by this discussion as well. Assume a Stern-Gerlach apparatus oriented along the z-axis acts as a measurement on the basis of the z-component ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Non-complex proof that the electric and magnetic fields are perpendicular in a plane wave

I'm looking for a proof that the electric and magnetic fields in a plane wave are perpendicular that doesn't invoke complex E and B fields. I haven't been able to find one. If the proof requires ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Covariance of the Dirac Equation

i want to show that the following equation holds: $$ \frac{1}{8}\left[\gamma^{\mu},\omega_{\mu \nu} [\gamma^{\mu},\gamma^{\nu} ] \right] = \omega^{\mu}_{~~~\nu}\,~ \gamma^{\nu} $$ $\gamma^{\mu}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Formulating a symplectic integrator for a non-local Hamiltonian

I recently asked two questions, Q. [1] and Q. [2], regarding reformulating non-local Lagrangians as Hamiltonians. In these questions, the Hamiltonian is formulated as an integral because of it's ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

General relation between power density of any engine and dissiapation rate and temperature

Many years ago ( before my university studies ) I read that renewable resources are fundamentally limited by laws of thermodynamics to produce energy very slowly (low specific power or power density) ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Why should Conservative forces have their curl equal to zero?(intuition)

There are several conditions that must be met in order for a force to be conservative. One of them is that the curl of that force must be equal to zero? What is the physical intuition behind this? If ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How can we prove this system is in a stationary state?

I'm having trouble using the given hint to solve the problem. The problem statement is as follows: At instant $t=0$, the probability distribution of a particle under a potential $V(x)$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Special relativity - twin paradox explored

A thought experiment. A person on the Earth has a clock. Another person who also has a clock is in a rocket ship passing the Earth travelling at 50% the speed of light. They synchronise watches as ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Legendre transform for non-local Lagrangians, or Hamiltonian of non-local Lagrangian and their properties

This is sort of a multi-part question, mostly dealing with how to treat non-local Hamiltonians and how the corresponding properties of Hamiltonians work in a non-local framework. I proposed an example ...
2
votes
2answers
438 views

Geodesic equation from Euler - Lagrange

There are several ways to derive the geodesic equation. One of which is the variational method which I seemed to understand it because it was written in great details. Then it was mentioned that the ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Ricci tensor of Metric black holes with nils and solv geometries of Horizon

The metric of black holes with nils and solv geometries of the horizon is generically represented by $$\mathrm{d}s^2=-r^{2z}\mathrm{d}t^2+\frac{\mathrm{d}r^2}{r^2}+\sum_{I=1}^3 r^{2q_I}(w^I)^2$$ How ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

An inconsistency in Hamiltonian formulation for non-local Lagrangian: what am I doing wrong?

This question is based on a previous question I asked, Q. [1] In this question, I proposed an example of a non-local Lagrangian (functional), I'm revisiting it here: $$\mathbb{L}=\frac{1}{2}\int^t_0 ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Perpendicular Current Carrying Wires Forces?

Hi guys, I'm having trouble understanding the effect of sides BA and CD on the straight wire. With an amperian loop around the straight wire, the magnetic field on BA and CD is into the page, and ...
4
votes
2answers
201 views

Is it possible to shoot bullets in space or would the recoil of the gun be too strong?

I've read a few articles that say that astronauts have already brought guns in space and that shooting bullets in space is possible. But won't the recoil of the gun be too strong? Law of ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Determine the coefficient of static friction of a box

I have thought about a way to determine the coefficient of static friction of a box with centre of mass $c$. A force $\vec{F_e}$ acts on it at $c$. If I choose $c$ as my origin for a cartesian ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

About recent experimental evidence of Majorana edge states in topological superconductors

I have a couple of question about the recent experimental evidence of Majorana edge states in topological superconductors. Which are the main differences between the experimental signatures of ...
3
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the relationship and difference between BHP and Torque?

I've recently been looking into performance figures for various auto mobiles, and I see the terms BHP and Torque used quite often, but I can't say I really understand the terms, or how they relate to ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Visualise the sound intensity

I'm studying Biophysics and my current subject is sound. One of the properties of sound is intensity. From my notes I can see the following definition: Intensity Formula is: $(I = w*m^{-2})$ or $(I = ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Why subwavelength objects can not be seen with optical microscope?

What would happen if we would take a very small sphere around 200nm diameter and try to detect it from the most efficient optical microscope? Technically, the Rayleigh diffraction limit prevents the ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Charge operator for Dirac spinor

In QED, the gauge transformation which acts upon a fermionic field $\psi$ is $$\psi'(x)= e^{i \alpha(x) Q}\psi(x)$$ where $Q$ is the charge operator. Most of the time it's just written as $$\psi'(x)= ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Why is tree-level interaction between neutral scalar and photons non-renormalizable?

I've read that the decay of a neutral scalar particle into two photons, i.e., $$ S(p+q) \to \gamma(p) + \gamma(q) $$ can't happen via tree diagrams and instead is caused by loop diagrams (such as a ...
1
vote
2answers
19 views

If a vehicle (bus, train) rapidly stops (or accelerates, or turns), why don't our hair or clothes move from the inertial force?

Many times I was sitting in a train, watching closely nearby people. If the vehicle changes it's movement rapidly (brakes, turns, etc), then obviously, people feel the inertial pseudo-force that ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Condition on $U_{eff}$ for a mass to get trapped in orbit around a heavier mass

The wikipedia page on Effective Gravitational Potential states that $$U_{eff} \leq E$$ is a condition for a free mass getting trapped in an orbit around a heavier mass. But since $$\frac 1 2 m\dot r^2 ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What are the mathematical models for force, acceleration and velocity?

In mechanics, the space can be described as a Riemann manifold. Forces, then, can be defined as vector fields of this manifold. Accelerations are linear functions of forces, so they are covector ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

What would it take to cause lightning to jump between the Moon and the Earth?

This question comes from @Floris' speculation at the end of his excellent answer about what it would take to kill everyone on the Earth with electricity. Doing all this in 1/10th of a second ...
20
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it possible that every single isotope are radioactive, and isotopes which we call stable are actually unstable but have an extremely big half-life?

I've read that tellurium-128 has an half-life of $2.2 \times 10^{24}$ years, much bigger than the age of the universe. So I've thought that maybe every single isotope of every single atom are ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

How can one reasonably theoretically model polycrystalline materials?

Many techniques are taught in advanced solid state courses but they are almost all derived for perfectly crystalline materials. For example, band structure really only appears theoretically when you ...
0
votes
2answers
23 views

Is there a friction or retarding force in creating spacetime?

As matter and energy expand with the big bang, they create spacetime (or so I've been told). Is there any evidence that this creation of spacetime has a retarding force on the expansion? If not, ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Electric Field At Centre Of Non Uniform Ring

In the above solved example why only the cos components have been taken for calculation of electric field at centre ? Why not the sine components ? BTW in case you say that the sine components ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Question about Hartle and Hawking's universal wavefunction?

My apologies in advance if this question is poorly worded or doesn't make any sense, however I have just finished reading into this theory and it seems as though Hawkings No Boundary Universe is ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Does a source emitting visible light also emit infrared, microwave and radio waves?

I have a bulb which is hot enough to emit visible light and obviously it's hot enough to emit radiation which lies before the visible light temperature i.e. radio waves, microwaves, and infrared ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

When the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation cools, where does the energy go? [duplicate]

I understand how photons can change wavelength via gravitational redshifting, but that doesn't seem to be what's going on with the CMB radiation. I've heard it explained as happening because of the ...
-4
votes
0answers
36 views

Is the present state of our universe due to a bottom up or top down process, or both? [on hold]

Bottom up is the main stream science view. Most models of the universe are bottom-up, that is, you start from the well-defined initial conditions of the Big Bang and work forward. The other view is ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

In circular motion, with a constant distance, why does the mass of the orbitting object have no effect on its revolution at all?

Using Newton's universal equation and some circular motion equation, the orbiting object's mass cancels out. But can someone please explain why this is without using pure algebra?
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Pressure in closed container [on hold]

I am wanting to figure out the pressures in my solar still so that I can figure out the volumetric flow rate(assuming no turbulence). For water to go 6 feet uphill it would require a lot of pressure ...
3
votes
2answers
662 views

Why do my ice cubes stick together? [duplicate]

When I put ice cubes in a glass of water, I find that sometimes they will stick together and form a sort of "bridge" between them as they melt. There is usually a visible line where one ends and the ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Metal Refractive index

I'm working on Fresnel equation for calculation of reflection of a light (532 nm) on Iron. I've got a question: Is metals refractive index always a real number or it can be a complex number?
1
vote
1answer
383 views

Does the universe follow a general physical and computational principle of evolution?

Evolution is a principle in biology, whereby organisms evolve their ability to replicate and multiply in numbers over successive generations. From a computational point of view, the organisms employ a ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

$N>2$ gravitating masses can never reach equilibrium

If you have $N>2$ point masses, each attracted to each other by the force of gravity, how could you go about showing that they will never reach equilibrium?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Are there any research experiments concerning bending light around stars compared to bending light around large planets?

Concerning gravitational lensing: Are there any research experiments concerning bending light around stars compared to bending light around large planets? I want to compare, extraterrestrial, massive ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Circular motion - is average velocity enough to tell?

If I knew the exact value of constant centripetal force and the average velocity of an object travelling around a circle for time $t$, would that be enough information to determine the final positon ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Waves and (Another) Question about the Double Slit Experiment [on hold]

Apologies for posting yet another question about the Double Slit Experiment, however, there are a couple of things I wouldn't mind clearing up (if possible!). I don't really have much of a background ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Propagation speed of photons when taking higher-order QFT corrections into account

In our group of experimental physicist who have nothing to do with and know very little about quantum field theory, we recently had a question concerning the propagation speed of photons in vacuum: ...
6
votes
3answers
716 views

Why don't quantum effects invalidate the speed of light barrier?

While proving that no matter can reach the speed of light (a fact which I call the kinetic energy barrier), Einstein uses the fact that he can calculate the velocity and position of an electron. ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Electric displacement [on hold]

If a point charge $q\ $ is embedded in a randomly shaped,finite, linear dielectric substance with dielectric constant $\kappa$, what will be the Electric displacement vector $D$ ? According to the ...

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