0
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0answers
10 views

Concerning the transtition between matter dominated universe and radiation dominated universe

What caused the transition, and how to we know that this did not warp our calculations for the age of the early universe ?
0
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0answers
7 views

Covariant Nonlinear Transformation in two inertial frames

I read about Lorentz transformation here: and I started to think what would the matrix be for any nonlinear transformation. Any existing examples? Wigner transform came to my mind. Is the matrix ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

What will happen if a hairdryer is turned on in an air tight box?

I wanted to know what would happen if a hairdryer is turned on in an airtight box
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Why does it appear that a Carnot Engine is allowed to reject less heat when $T_H$ is increased?

I'm struggling to understand a consequence of the definition of the thermodynamic temperature scale: $$\left( \frac{Q_H}{Q_L} \right)_{\mathrm{rev}}=\frac{T_H}{T_L}$$ This equation is valid for a ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Are complex planes (Gaussian plane) examples for a Hilbert Space?

My assumption: Yes, even though from physical application point of view it looks like different. (A complex plane is used in complex AC analysis, while Hilbert Space refers usually to QM.)
-3
votes
0answers
19 views

Is time relative to the speed you are traveling

Is time relative to the speed you are traveling.. What happens when you reach the speed of light?
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Behavior of Parahydrogen in a Magnetic Field

At low enough temperature, at equillbrium, the dihydrogen molecule is predominately parahydrogen, with the spins of the two protons opposite. Does an external magnetic field alter the equillbrium? ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Teach me Wick's theorem the honest way

Generally speaking the average guy marginally acquainted with quantum field theory or advanced combinatorics describes Wick's theorem as some sort of correspondence between higher order differential ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

SUSY QM - working out energy spectrum and wavefunctions from a given superpotential

I'm currently self-studying F. Cooper and al.'s Supersymmetry in Quantum Mechanics, and I need help working out a particular case on shape-invariance. From a given superpotential of the form ...
1
vote
2answers
16 views

Calculate the flux of a point charge with Guass law

I know from my class that to calculate the flux of a point charge with guass law, I have to make a surface that intersects with all of the flux lines resulting from the charge, and then make this ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Finding the initial velocity of a vertical circular motion

A particle P is suspended from a fixed point O by a light inextensible string of length a. When hanging at rest under gravity at A it is given a horizontal velocity u. The particle moves freely ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to model a very simple spinning wheel

First off, I'm not a physics person, just a lowly software engineer with below average math skills. What I've written is a simple animation of a spinning wheel using C++/GTK/Cairo. It allows the user ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Ampère's law and superconductors

I have been reading about superconductors and emerge me a inquietude about the explanation of existence of currents inside the superconductor while their magnetic field (inside too) is zero. Based in ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How to calculate topological charge?

For a complex vector field in two dimensions with one or more phase singularity - a point where the field amplitude is zero and the phase is undefined - how do you explicitly calculate the total ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Help me understand resonance

I don't fully understand how resonant chambers work. My confusion stems from the fact that they are passive elements or "filters", yet somehow are able to "amplify" the sound. Questions: How can I ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Tangential velocity of a parabola

For an experiment on the parabola motus we decided to calculate the velocity of the object thrown in three phases: When the object leaves the spring that throws it (we solved it using conservation ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs?

Is there a difference between spring fatigue and plastic deformation in springs? Plastic deformation means permanent deformation in springs caused due to stretching in springs.
2
votes
0answers
34 views

What is discrete phase space?

I've been reading a little about the usual, continuous Wigner functions and phase space quasi-distributions in general, and I believe I understand the idea behind them. The Wigner function arises when ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Recommend books on mechanics, motion and it's laws [duplicate]

I want a book that discuss all these things practically. I don't require it for any exam. Just for applying it confidently anywhere (want to Analyse fluids,thermo etc.) Want a book that explain how to ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Finding voltage between two points in space

If electric field vector is defines as : $\vec{E} = \frac{V_0x^2}{a^3} \vec{i_x} + \frac{V_0y}{a^2} \vec{i_y} $ where $V_0 $ and $a$ are known constants, $\vec{i_x}$ and $\vec{i_y}$ unit vectors of ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Separating the potential energy of a system of particles.

Assuming all forces derive form a conservative source and that all forces observe the strong form of the third law, how do we arrive at the following equation? \begin{equation} V=\sum _i V_i+\frac ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Does the Noether's theorem apply to local symmetries? [duplicate]

Does the Noether's theorem apply to local symmetries? If yes, what is the conserved current in presence of the Gauge field $A_\mu$? I mean the conserved current is give by ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Intuitive meaning of a special case of the Bernoulli equation

In the Bernoulli equation, if $h$ equals zero, it reduces to $$P_1+\frac12\rho v_1^2 = P_2+\frac12\rho v_2^2$$ The equation does not have an intuitive meaning other than the fact that it is a bare ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Self-energy of electron from classical reasoning

If it takes energy to group charge together(self energy) how can it be possible for every single electrons, etc, to have exactly same amount of charge? (think of if we hold some sand in our hand, then ...
3
votes
2answers
366 views

How does Hendo hoverboards achieve the self-propelling motion? What is the MFA?

From what I understand of the idea behind Hendo hoverboards, they use four disc shaped hover-engines to generate a self-propelling motion. I also understand that it uses Lenz's law and eddy currents. ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Spaceship orbital period [on hold]

So suppose a spaceship A is in a circular orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole of mass M in schwarzschild coordinates. And another spaceship B is hovering around with fixed $\theta$ and $\phi$ ...
3
votes
3answers
439 views

Failure of the Steady State Theory?

I was reading a journal of astronomy and came to the other most famous opponent of Big Bang theory: The Steady State Theory: The 20th - century theory was proposed by Hoyle,Gold and Bondie. ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

The number of states for fermions, bosons, and Boltzman in statistical mechanics

This is related with Equation 8.58 in Kerson Huang's 2nd edition of Statistical Mechanics. The partition functions for the ideal gases are given as $ Q_N (V,T) =\sum_{\{ n_p \}} g\{n_p \}e^{-\beta ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How do we compute the volumetric efficiency of an engine which is based on forced induction?

The volumetric efficiency of a naturally aspirated engine is computed by: $$n= \frac{V_1}{V_2}$$ With n: volumetric efficiency $V_1$: actual volume of air drawn $V_2$: volume swept by piston ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Batteries connection to get maximum intenisty [on hold]

The question states: There are 72 batteries, each of which has a 1.5V and the internal resistance of each is 1 Ohm. The external resistance is 3.5 Ohm. What is the maximum intensity that we can ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Electrical charge equilibrium and the piezoelectric effect

About the piezoelectric effect: if I press a crystal the electrical charges segregate and an electrical voltage appears on the other two faces of the crystal. See this link for example: ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

What is the best way to agitate water inside a closed chamber? [on hold]

I am building a new device to measure thermal Conductivity in nano-composite materials. The device is relatively small, it consist of two cylindrical containers attached to each others, both ...
0
votes
3answers
71 views

What conditions should be met to notice a Doppler effect on light?

What relativistic conditions should an observer meet to notice the Doppler effect on a sample light wave, and is it even possible for one?
2
votes
1answer
179 views

what kind of wings would a person need to fly?

I heard from a teacher in school that in order to fly, he would need a wingspan much wider than the wood shop where he was standing. Thinking back on it, I assume the number of times you can beat your ...
5
votes
3answers
630 views

The physics behind Balloons lifting objects?

Apologies for the super basic question, but we all have to start somewhere right? Can somebody please explain exactly how you would calculate the number of helium balloons it would take to lift an ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Charge Conjugation Operator in Supermultiplet

Consider an $\mathcal{N}=1$ left-handed chiral supermultiplet. The particle content is $$L = (\phi\quad e_L) $$ where $\phi$ is a complex scalar and $e_L$ a left handed Weyl fermion. People usually ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Space elevator: a Earth rotation brake model

I read this article regarding the space elevator. A very long carbon nanotubes string, running from the Earth surface into the vacuum of the space. Tension and friction, an enormous quantity of ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Second Qubit Not Flipped in Hadamard Gate

I'm very new to QM and Quantum Computing and I have a likely simple question, It may simply stem from my lack of knowledge of vector calculus. We have a 2-qubit quantum state: $$ \mid\psi\rangle = ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How to drive quadrotor moments of inertia

I would like to know how moments of inertia (i.e. around x,y and z axes) of a quadrotor is driven given the total mass and the distance from the origin of the quadrotor to the center of a $i$th ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

A box up an inclined ramp with a coefficient of friction [on hold]

A 6.25 horsepower motor to pull the boxes a distance of 8.35 meters up a ramp inclined at an angle of 36.2º with respect to horizontal. The boxes have a coefficient of kinetic friction of 0.381 as ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

Can astrophysical events outside the solar system lead to global warming of Earth?

The Sun probably easily dominates in its impact on the atmospheric temperature of Earth. However, for roughly half of each day, each side of Earth faces away from the Sun. Combined, the time spent ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Is a double integral required to find the moment of Inertia of a non-uniform sphere?

Consider some ball of given radius $R$, with a mass density function that depends on the radial variable, $\rho=\rho(r)$ where $r$ is the distance from the center of the sphere. What is the moment ...
3
votes
3answers
47 views

what make the bottom portion of a wheel in rolling motion move?

As I just learn about the rolling motion which is the combination of pure translation and pure rotation. The top portion of the rolling body has the speed of double speed at the center of the object ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What is the force of the wind resistance? [on hold]

A sled of mass 15.0 kg is pulled forward with a force of 35 N. Also a frictional force of 12.2 N acts on the sled. Finally a wind resistance acts on the sled. Over a period of 18.0 s the sled ...
5
votes
2answers
77 views

Gauge choice after Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

After the spontaneous breakdown of local symmetry in presence of gauge fields (Higgs Mechanism), we can always choose a gauge where the Goldstone bosons are eaten up by the gauge field (also called ...
11
votes
3answers
571 views

Center of mass frame for massless particles

Given a scattering event where a photon and electron go in and a photon and electron come out, what is the center of mass frame? I'd say, since the photon has no mass, it's the rest frame of the ...
6
votes
2answers
78 views

Two carts connected by spring on frictionless track

I have the following homework problem: Consider two carts of equal mass m on a horizontal, frictionless track. The carts are connected by a single spring of force constant k, but are otherwise ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Two Limits in Thermodynamics - Reducing Driving Force and Increasing Resistance

I just wanted to clarify what is probably a very obvious idea. Suppose I'm holding a a piston separating two containers at different pressures. If I release the piston, it will naturally move, ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Say, a liquid is made to flow in a tube. Why does the layers of the liquid in contact with walls of the pipe have zero velocity?

Say, a liquid like water is made to flow in a pipe. Why does the layer of water near the walls of the pipe have zero velocity? Does that mean that the layer of water near the pipe is stationary and ...
-2
votes
1answer
27 views

What causes the recessed blade of some folding knives to emerge in a kinetic opening? [on hold]

KINETIC OPENING OF FOLDING KNIFE (FK) Several legal jurisdictions around the World, including Australia, have assented legislation/regulation which attribute the emergence of the recessed blade in the ...

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