1
vote
0answers
9 views

Earth magnetic field

I gather that, in these days, the most common explanation for the Earth magnetic field existence and strength is the theory of convetive currents of molten iron and nickel atoms in the outer core of ...
1
vote
0answers
3 views

Electric field in a conductor

Is it always true that the electric field in a conductor is zero ? What would happen if I put a very big charge inside an ungrounded hollow conducting sphere like this ? The charges inside the ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

How can we define a frame of reference in general relativity?

I have started reading general relativity. (A First Course in General Relativity, Bernard Schutz). I am finding very hard to understand a frame of reference. When I was reading special relativity ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Should I go up with diameter 1'' or 0.5''? [on hold]

If you help me understand this you'll help me build my house in a very practical way! Have a look at the drawing below: a water tank a 1'' diameter pipe bringing the water down, inside the ground, ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

Is the hard problem of consciousness an obstacle to finding a physical theory of everything? Why or why not?

I do not understand how, without understanding the mind and how (physical) neural interactions within the brain give rise to consciousness, one can have a definitive theory of everything. There will ...
0
votes
1answer
6 views

Energy Proportional to the Square of the Amplitude

I don't understand how the energy of a wave is proportional to its amplitude squared...For example, if we consider simple harmonic motion at the maximum displacement, there is no kinetic energy and ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Entanglement and the uncertainty principle

Suppose you have two maximally entangled particles. You measure the spin about the x axis of the first and the spin about the y axis of the second. But both spins cannot be known simultaneously, so ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Time taken by a stone to reach the ground is independent of point of dropping

A balloon is rising. A stone is dropped and the stone takes $\frac{2u}{g}$ to reach ground (Nothing is known about $u$ and $g$ is the acceleration due to gravity), irrespective if the point of ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Structure factor of crystals (X-ray crystallography)

How can one prove that the degree of each node in a distance graph must be at least four in order to obtain a unique solution to an exact distance geometry problem with sparse distance data? The ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

what force pump is needed to power

Im studying design have not got a good grasp on maths, but understand the working principles of pressure and water! my problem hopefully has included all necessary info in the image. Please help. ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

The contact pressure on a solid surface by a rod connected to a solid piston?

Below I have two pictures, one of which is single piston (blue) made of a solid material inside of a chamber (black) and the rod (magenta) is in contact with a rigid surface (teal). The second picture ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

What's the differences between time in Physics and time in everyday use?

OK. This question might sound as not a good question, but the word 'time' is so confusing to me. I mean thermodynamics says time is the product of entropy. Relativity says time is relative. Quantum ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Could dark matter be degenerate?

If dark matter were to be partly composed of fermions (such as hypothetical neutralinos), then could these particles be subject to degeneracy pressure if they were trapped in the potential well of a ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Quantum Physics - What is the probability of it being in specific state (Stuck on question)

The normalised wavefunction for an electron in an infinite 1D potential well of length 65 pm can be written: $$\psi=(0.038 \psi_{n=1})+(-0.227\ i \psi_{n=10})+(g \psi_{n=5}).$$ If the state is ...
3
votes
3answers
33 views

Principle of Sufficient Reason on light travelling in straight line

I was reading a book Laws and Symmetry by Bas C. Van Fraassen I found that there is an argument for arguing that light travel in straight line: Leibniz's reconstruction of these arguments goes ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Magnetic Levitation : Confusion with Lenz's Law

Considering the above diagram, I am failing to see why the aluminium ring floats upwards rather than oscillates. I understand Faraday's law, but I am struggling with Lenz's law - as there is an ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Algebraic solution of Dirac equation for Coulomb potential

The Runge-Lenz operator enables an algebraic solution of Coulomb potential energy levels without a solution of a differential equation. What is the analog for the solution of the Dirac equation in a ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Gravity vs. Electromagnetism Scenario

Imagine a two dimensional world where there are only two electrons. They are set right beside each other. Of course, immediately they will start to separate, being repelled. My question is, as they ...
2
votes
2answers
16 views

Would fog impair echolocation abilities?

I was driving down a major highway today and the fog was thick enough I could barely see 40 ft in front of me. I then wondered if I had had some other form of perception could I have perceived my ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Simple estimation of the critical temperature of water

I'm trying to develop fermi estimation skills and I came up with a question for which I don't even know where to start from. Here goes: Is it possible to estimate the critical temperature (say in ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Kraus operators + path integrals = Lindblad equation?

The other day our professor was talking about Kraus representation of density operator and the derivation of Lindblad equation. He told that this was related to the Feynman path integrals and that we ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Energy density and pressure in thermal quantum field theory

In QFT, energy density and pressure can be defined from Noether current due to Poincare translation invariance. What if we are considering a system at finite temperature? For a scalar field, we have ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

I have negative slop of Williamson-Hall plot, XRD data. Is this right?

I have Ag (silver) powder sample. I measured xdd of the sample and got very good 2theta peak. Since I want to know bulk modulus and Young's modulus of Ag(silver), So, I got williamson-Hall plot ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Does the Breit Wigner formula apply to intermediate virtual particles?

Breit Wigner Formula describes the cross section for interactions that proceed dominantly via a intermediate particle (O*) A+B → O* → C + D: $$σ = \frac{2\Pi}{k^{2}}\frac{Γ_{i}Γ_{f}}{(E-E_{o})^{2} + ...
6
votes
2answers
664 views

Maxwell's Stress Tensor

What really is the Maxwell Stress Tensor? I understand that it's derived from $$\mathbf {F} = \int _V ( \mathbf E + \mathbf v \times \mathbf B )\rho \ d \tau$$ Griffiths describes this as "total EM ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Modeling simple laser induced population transfer via adiabatic passage in python

I'm trying to model adiabatic passage between two levels in a three-level atom interacting with two laser fields using Scipy and Numpy.. I'm not sure if my model is wrong due to my incorrectly ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it feasible to transfer energy from power stations to communities via photons instead of electrons?

Electrical wires are relatively inefficient in transferring energy--especially when the place of production is quite far from communities. Would it be possible to transfer that energy via photons? I ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Resultant forces on system of particle is zero , we can have?

This is how the specific question is framed? If the resultant of all the external forces acting on a system of particles is zero, then from an inertial frame, one can surely say that: 1: ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

Simultaneity and quantum indeterminism

How can Relativity talk about simultaneity planes when the events are actually quantum in nature so they are indetermined ? How can you say that if you walk on the street with 1m/s you are ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Continuum Mechanics:Rate of deformation vs. Rate of strain tensor

I have this conceptual problem(I'll use the notation of Malvern's book): when D=0 where $D_{ik}=\frac{1}{2}(\frac{\partial v_i}{\partial x_k}-\frac{\partial v_k}{\partial x_i})$ or ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Fleming's left hand rule

in Fleming's left hand rule is the direction of current showing the direction of the flow of electrons or the direction of positive charge?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Charging a capacitor (terminals)

When a battery is connected to a conductor electrons are repelled from the end of the conductor connected to the negative terminal of the battery and flow to the end of the conductor connected to the ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Quantizing highly nonlinear field-theories?

I'm wondering how to go about quantizing a classical field theory which looks nothing like a free field theory plus a perturbation term. Suppose for concreteness I have the classical hamiltonian $ ...
4
votes
2answers
51 views

Need help on electric potential definition

I'm having trouble understanding electric potential. In my book it says "an electric force acts on a charge situated in an electric field." I understand this part. Then it goes on to say "If a charge ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

Book recommendation on infinitesimals

I'm a sophomore mechanical engineering student and I'm looking for a book which completely describes the concept of "infinitesimals" (used in thermodynamics or dynamics or...), In fact, I was taught ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Derivatives of Fields in E&M

In QED the field strength tensor $F_{\mu\nu}$ is given by the commutator of the covariant derivatives $$D_\mu=\partial_\mu-ieA_\mu$$ where $A_\mu$ is the gauge field. Explicitly we have ...
4
votes
3answers
330 views

How are the Lorentz force, Maxwell's third law and Faraday's law of induction clasically related?

Faraday's law of induction can be used in any situation where the magnetic flux is changing through a closed conducting loop. While giving the correct answer, it seems to me that for the following ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Relation between Fourier Transform of potential $v(x)$ and |r| in Born approximation

I'm doing an exercise about Kronnig Penny model and I'm asked to do the following: If $t=|t|e^{i\delta}$ and $r=\pm i|r|e^{i\delta}$ are respectively the transmission and reflection coefficients. And ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

electrostatics and magnetism

Let a square loop be placed in a uniform electric field in a position of stable equilibrium. Then, because of the electric field, if the electric field is in the rightward direction then a positive ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Treating matter waves as light waves?

Is it valid to treat a matter wave as a light wave with wavelength equal to the de Broglie wavelength of the matter wave? Either way please can you explain why?
-1
votes
3answers
45 views

The Higgs field vs the Higgs boson

As I see it the Higgs boson is the mediating particle of the Higgs field and get its own mass from the Higgs field. Isn´t this circular? I mean, for instance, an electron creates a radial electric ...
4
votes
3answers
109 views

Are there any natural phenomena on Earth that involve supersonic speeds?

Are there any natural phenomena on Earth that involves supersonic speeds, other than volcanic tephra and meteoroids? Edit: By natural I mean not man made like airplanes, rockets, missiles, bullet, ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

What is the difference between Right Hand Palm Rule, Fleming's Right Hand Thumb Rule and Fleming's Left Hand Thumb Rule?

I dont understand in what scenarios are the three rules applied and are any two of them similar or are they all different?
2
votes
4answers
40 views

Why is the photon-sphere around a Kerr Black Hole spherical and not ellipsoid?

Kerr Black Holes have usually (excluding extrema $a=0$, $a=1$) due to their spinning activity an ellipsoidal ergosphere. So why does the photon-sphere does not have an ellipsoidal form? ...
3
votes
3answers
111 views

Why does it seem as if big vehicles “attract” mine when I drive close to them?

When I drive a car at high speed and when I am near to another big car (like a van, or transport vehicle) I feel an attraction to or something push me toward the other big car . What's the physics in ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Charging a capacitor using a capacitor?

I recently did an experiment using a fully charged capacitor (assumed) and charged a separate capacitor through fixed resistor. We measured the potential difference of the capacitor being charged. We ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Explanation about black color, and hence color

I'm bit confused about 'black' as a color. As per my knowledge, it is not given in visible color spectra like other colors for example red, violet etc. Also I'm confused with definition of color--does ...
2
votes
2answers
17 views

Formula for balance with three arms?

I'm searching for a way to express the angle of the arm of a balance instrument expressed in the weight that is present in one arm. For a two legged balance one could use the moment formula: moment = ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

How does magnetic field affects a charge?

If a electron is placed in a fixed magnetic field, how the electron will get influenced by it? How does magnetic field attacts/repulses the charge?
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

Using mega (=10^6) when writing by hand?

I just solved a problem which had answer 1.7*10^6 m (m=meters) If I wanted to write this using M=10^6 it would be 1.7 Mm, which if I write it by hand would look like "1.7 mm" which is confusing. Is ...

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