0
votes
0answers
7 views

Question about inertial mass and gravitational mass

I know that inertial mass $m_i$ is the quantity that appears in Newton's second law: $F=m_ia$ and that gravitational mass $m_{g_1}$ is the quantity that appears in Newton's gravitational law: ...
2
votes
4answers
491 views

Conversion of ideal gas to real gas via $Z$ compression factor

The ideal gas equation $PV=nRT$ can be converted into real gas equation by compression factor $Z$ i.e $PV=Z~ nRT)$. My question is what is $Z$ and how does it arise? Is $PV/nRT$ a compression ratio of ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Do air particles always rush to fill a container?

I'm sitting here in the metro station, drinking a bottle of water, and watching how the flow of water out of my mouth changes as air rushes into the bottle. My questions is: in space, obviously the ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Low density black holes and singularity

According to wikipedia "... the average density of a supermassive black hole (defined as the mass of the black hole divided by the volume within its Schwarzschild radius) can be less than the ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Wind turbine impact on cars fuel consumption

I have question that I still can't resolve. How much cars fuel consumption rises(l/100km) if I attach 1 kW wind generator to cars body? How can I calculate that and what do I need to know? ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

If there are two conserved quantities that do not commute, why is there typically another?

I have come to the following conjecture: Consider two observables $A,B$ that do not commute and represent conserved quantities, there is typically a third conserved quantity. E.g. for some ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Calculating rocket thrust

for my recent project I'm trying to compute somewhat accurate rocket physics (although approximations are good enough - for example for aerodynamics). The project is about making "game-like" ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Critical Value for Dispersion of light

If there is a ray of light moving from $n_1$ to $n_2$ you can get dispersion if $n_1$ is a function of wavelength. What angle of incidence ($\theta_1$) will maximise the dispersion? My solution so ...
-2
votes
0answers
22 views

Is it because of curvature of time that an non-moving object starts to fall down? [on hold]

Are there two extremes in general relativity? One, in which the object is at rest, and starts to fall by time curvature, and one in which light is only influenced by the curvature of space?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How do (special) groups such as U(1) and SU(2) do represent the electromagnetic and weak forces? [on hold]

I don't see how groups, such as the circle group somehow representing electromagnetism, represent the fundamental forces. Where is this connection between maths and theoretical physics? Also, as a ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Representing Hamiltonian in discrete position basis

I am trying to numerically find eigenstates of an Hamiltonian. Let $V(x)$ be some potential. Suppose my space is between $-L,L$ and that the allowed positions are every $\Delta x$, such that ...
-2
votes
0answers
9 views

Adiabatic approximation with scaled time?

A car is sent to take a student from coaching every day. The car arrives at the coaching 15min before the time. One day coaching gets closed one hour before the usual time. Then the student without ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

On Thermodynamics of Spontaneity of the Reduction-Oxidation Chemical Reactions

According to the first and second law for a closed system containing different chemicals we have \begin{align} &\delta Q - \delta W = dU = T dS - p dV +\sum_i \mu_i d N_i\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

As hot air rises is the cold air that rushes in pushed in or sucked in?

I seem to remember from high school, the state of equilibrium. Volumes of more molecules wanting to get to a volume of less molecules and causing a state of equilibrium. From this I believe cold air ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

About de Broglie relations, what exactly is $E$? Its energy of what?

Well, you may know de Broglie relations, here they are: $$ E = h\nu, \quad\quad p = \frac{h}{\lambda} $$ My question is simple: What exactly is $E$? Is it the total energy? Maybe only kinetic energy? ...
6
votes
1answer
184 views
+50

Confusion in Maxwell's derivation of Ampere's Force Law - Part II

I am reading Maxwell's "a treatise on electricity and magnetism, Volume 2, page 156" about "Ampere's Force Law". I have some confusion in the following pages: My question is of two parts: 1. ...
2
votes
0answers
9 views

Adiabatic approximation with scaled time?

In this article (page 3) they have following expression for the coefficients in the adiabatic approximation: $$\dot a_k(t)=-a_k(t) \langle k| \dot k \rangle -\sum_{n\ne k} a_n(t) \frac{\langle ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

The direction of electric field in a thin hollow cylindrical insulating shell

Consider a thin hollow cylindrical insulating shell like the one above draw in 3D-coordinate with Z-axis going out of page and is centered at the origin of XYZ axis. It has electric charge +Q ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Does Newton's third law apply to fundamental forces?

The acceleration between two electrons A, B at 1 cm distance is a = 2533 km/s^2, therefore each of them will experience it, so they will distance each other with an acceleration of 5066 Km/s^2, ...
1
vote
0answers
4 views

Heating of mixture of gases with one gas barely above its boiling point

What happens when mixture of two gases is heated in a closed container? If one gas expands faster than the other and increases pressure of the container enough so that the boiling point of the other ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Why is weak hypercharge not a function of the number of up or down quarks?

I'm fairly new to quantum mechanics, and I was looking up some basic information about the weak force and it's interactions. I found this equation of weak hypercharge on Wikipedia and quoted a few ...
5
votes
2answers
75 views

Damped oscillator: time-reversal, time-translation and dissipation

The equation of motion of a damped oscillator $$\frac{d^2x}{dt^2}+\gamma\frac{dx}{dt}+\omega_0^2x=0$$ which is invariant under time-translation $t\rightarrow t+a$, but not under time reversal ...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

Why are hockey pucks so indestructible?

After watching a hockey puck be exposed to extreme heat as well as extreme cold, the puck seems to end up in pretty good shape. I can sort of understand the puck vs. hot ball of nickel since the area ...
0
votes
2answers
16 views

Beam of light from glass to air

I am reviewing some concepts on light and came across a question that puzzled me. A beam of light is incident from a glass into air. The incident ray is 60 degrees to the normal. The question actually ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Find the Work Done in this system [on hold]

In Inclined plane if friction force = the weight of the object. What is the total work done by this system?
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Unification of Newtonian gravity and electrostatic force

Can we not unify Newtonian gravity & electrostatic force? All properties are almost same. We can imagine the atoms of the Earth's core to become dipoles when a body is freely-falling. Thus, due to ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why are dimensions regarded as square/perpendicular?

Starting from the second dimension, the dimensions are basically represented by a square, cube, tesseract, and so on. I don't know if this is a stupid question or not, but is there an obvious or ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Matching Gravity with Centripetal Force

I was wondering if I'm correct in thinking that to determine the tangential velocity necessary to create the same gravitational force on a spaceship as on Earth you would use the formula ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Translational Velocity

Is the translation velocity equivalent to its real velocity or radial velocity? Online sites and textbook are saying different things, So Im not too sure what is going on
0
votes
1answer
104 views

How do these voltage vs. current graphs demonstrate how the resistance of each conductor changes during the experiment?

The method for the experiment was as follows: Connect the circuit shown above using the globe as a conductor and then replacing the globe with a 10Ω resistor. In each case record the voltmeter and ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

${\cal N} = 4$ supersymmetry, reference request

I am looking for references for the following questions for the purposes of doing something with $S$-duality and AdS/CFT, of which I couldn't find adequately addressed in Wess and Bagger. What is ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Do any two points in Minkowski spacetime determine a unique line?

Any two points in a Euclidean space determine a unique line, but I wasn't sure if this result generalized to Minkowski spacetime given that the latter is not a Euclidean 4-space, but is, instead, a ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How to obtain the Klein Gordon equation for DBI action?

The action for DBI field is given by $$S=d^{4}x\,\sqrt{-g}\left[- V(\phi)\sqrt{1-g^{ij}\partial_{i}\phi\partial_{j}\phi}\right]$$ And the required Klein Gordon is given by $$\square ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

What does a one-photon state look like as a wave functional?

According to a post on a mailing list here: https://groups.google.com/d/msg/sci.physics.research/n7Ao7N9aeq0/wqgj20-jBQAJ In general, quatum states |Psi> of the electromagnetic field, no matter ...
0
votes
3answers
20 views

Ohm's law and an ideal voltmeter

In an ideal voltmeter there is infinite resistance so because of which no current is flowing through it and the voltage reading is not affected. The ohm's law stated that V = I * R In an ideal ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Optical path difference

I have question about calculating optical path difference. $$\Delta L = \mathrm{(BC+CD)}\cdot n_2 - \textrm{BF}\cdot n_1$$ - why calculating path difference here we are subtracting $\mathrm{BF}$ ...
-4
votes
0answers
18 views

Floating of a dead body [on hold]

Why does a dead body float on water? And why does it float by making head downward? The dead body floats due to the production of gases. But how are the gases produced? And which gases are produced? ...
8
votes
6answers
556 views

How can tangential acceleration from a radial force be explained?

A mass is attached to a rope, and put into a circular motion. If I pull the string from the center, the tangential speed of the mass will increase (by conservation of angular momentum). I am ...
30
votes
9answers
3k views

Negative probabilities in quantum physics

Negative probabilities are naturally found in the Wigner function (both the original one and its discrete variants), the Klein paradox (where it is an artifact of using a one-particle theory) and the ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Can charged scalar have non zero vev?

In Higgs-Kibble mechanism, if we consider a SU[2]_L doublet of complex scalar fields, then one of them is charged and the other neutral. Why does the neutral field acquire vev and not the charged one? ...
-2
votes
0answers
11 views

The state below has non-zero entanglement, but why is its discord zero?

|ψ⟩=(|00⟩+|11⟩)/√2. after calculation, I get $\delta=cos^2(\theta)\log cos^2(\theta)+sin^2(\theta)\log sin^2(\theta)$, Its minimum value is 0, therefore the discord of the state is zero. But there is ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

What are skeleton diagrams and what is their use in qft and many-body physics?

How does one construct skeleton diagrams from specific Feynman diagrams (e.g. for the electronic Green function in QED and in many-body gases, for the polarization function, for the vertex function, ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Relation between phase of dark field and bright field images

I am trying to understand how the super-resolution technique based on Fourier Ptychography 1. In the paper, we run phase retrieval algorithms using images captured using illumination at different ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Proportional acceleration due to changing density of the Earth

My question has to to do with a recent video Minutephysics posted about the time it takes for a person to fall through the earth, found here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urQCmMiHKQk At around ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Has Rovelli proven that time doesn't exist? [on hold]

Has Rovelli proven that time doesn't exist? See this paper on the Arxiv for a description of his ideas. I am reading some people argue at length, and inauspiciously, that he has. I am entirely ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What is the size/mass of largest metal plate that was moved by casimir effect?

I learned about Casimir effect recently. Is it applicable only on very light/thin metal plates( in terms of micro/nano meters) or is the effect large enough to be noticed on mili meters scale? What is ...
1
vote
2answers
278 views

Intro Mechanics: Finding ball speeds after collision

So I'm reading about conservation of energy, momentum, balls colliding etc. and unsurprisingly there are hundreds of questions in my textbook where essentially they give me some of the variables (m1, ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Could science still exist if the nature of events in the universe would be truely random? [on hold]

Most of the science is based on the study of how something behaves in a well defined pattern. Everything follows a rule. Which is the base of all scientific studies. So, in case if there won't be any ...
1
vote
3answers
257 views

Potential energy of springs and gravity, and work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Two contradictory groups of statements from two different books on quantum physics

There are two contradictory groups of statements from two different famous books on quantum physics. Which one is correct? Group (1) : Following statements are from Berkeley Physics Course Vol. 3, ...

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