0
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0answers
6 views

Gravitational potential energy and Center of Mass

I've been reading about the Nordtvedt effect, and how Gravitational Binding Energy (GBE) affects total mass. According to the WP article, experimental evidence rules out the existence of this effect. ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Dual and Multiple scattering of protons in light elements

I was wondering whether dual large angle scattering and multiple small angle scattering is of great significance in proton colision with light nuclei in comparison to heavy nuclei. For instance given ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Direct product notation convention?

For two particle state, dirac ket is writren as $$|\textbf{r}_1\rangle \otimes |\textbf{r}_2 \rangle $$ Then how do we write its bra vector? $$\langle\textbf{r}_1| \otimes \langle\textbf{r}_2| ...
1
vote
0answers
5 views

When Did Structures Begin to Orbit in the Universe?

In Big Bang Cosmology, I am familiar with the radiation era, and the moment of last scattering, but I am just not familiar with the physics of orbits, or of the “falling outward,“ if you will, that ...
0
votes
2answers
11 views

Does angular speed of the earth around the sun remain constant?

I presume that angular speed is nothing but angular velocity without direction. So, since the earth always takes nearly 365 days to complete one revolution around the sun, can't we conclude that it's ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Statically determinate structures [on hold]

Hello, I'm having trouble understanding why this construction is statically determined. Student in need of critical help.
1
vote
2answers
18 views

Poincare invariant Lagrangians

The Lagrangian density of a Poincare invariant theory should not depend explicitly on the space-time coordinates. Does this mean $$ \partial_\mu \mathcal{L}=0~? $$ If this is the case doesn't the ...
1
vote
1answer
7 views

Finding the direction of several radio beacons using a faraday cage and a radio receiver

I'm trying to build a system that can detect the direction of a set of radio beacons operating on the same frequency. In order to do this I have planned to use a normal radio antenna placed inside a ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Which position and momentum distributions arise from some wave function?

Consider a particle in one dimension with wave function $\psi(x)$. The probability density function describing how likely it is to find it in a given position is given by ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Simplifying Freidmann's Equation

So we have one of Friedmann's equation: $$\rho_c = \frac{3H^2}{8\pi G}$$ Using This website, resources where gathered for specific times in the universe. The resources being the Hubble constant at ...
0
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0answers
11 views

If two quantum two-party states have the same entanglement, can they be transformed into each other by local unitary operation?

We know that local unitary operations will not change entanglement. But if two party state have the same entanglement in some measure, can they be related with local unitary operation?
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Simplest explanation of pendulum having a constant time period at low angles

What is the simplest explanation for the pendulum having a constant time period at low angles?
1
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0answers
13 views

Does it matter in which order settings will be changed during CHSH-inequality check experiment?

Does it matter in which order detector settings will be changed when checking CHSH inequality? For example, i'm trying to build a simple (and very approximate) computer simulation of experiment. Now ...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

Does the relative angular momentum of the nucleons contribute to the spin of the nuclei?

Imagine we have a nucleus. We do talk about spins of nuclei. Is this spin the total angular momentum of the nucleus, that is, spins and relative angular momentum of all of the nucleons? If so, why? ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

“Violation” of the Second Law

I can't reconcile some facts about entropy and irreversibility. This depresses me, because I feel I can't quite grasp the importance of entropy. I will illustrate my problems with an example given by ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Having trouble reconciling Newtonian-derived earth mass with direct calculation [on hold]

Our calculation of Earth's mass as $M_E=5.97\times 10^{24} \:\mathrm{kg}$ is made by observing the gravitational interaction between the moon and the earth and then solving the relation ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Thermal equilibrium

If two objects close together in a vacuum are in thermal equilibrium with their surroundings, but are of different sizes so they are actually emitting radically different amounts of energy, is it ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Thrust measured in grams and discerning horizontal acceleration?

So, I have a small ducted fan which has a listed "thrust" of 75 g at a set voltage. I'm going to assume the "g" is short for "grams". Why would this be measured in grams instead of newtons and how ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Laplace's equation with spherical, cylindrical, and planar symmetry

Find the general solution to Laplace's equation for spherical symmetry (everything can only depend on $r$, the radius), cylindrical symmetry (everything can only depend on $s$, the radius), and ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Spin via Change of Phase

Thinking of spin as arising from a change in the phase of a wave function: The angular momentum is defined by the change of the phase of the wave function under rotations, which may come from the ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Proving standing waves equation for open-open pattern [on hold]

My teacher assigned me to prove open-closed and closed-closed standing waves patterns using math. With closed-closed, it was fairly easy: $$\begin{align} D(x=0,t)&=0\\ D(x=L,t)&=0=2A\sin(kx) ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What is the fluctuations of the energy of a simple harmonic oscillator? [on hold]

$$\begin{align} \varepsilon&=\frac{\vec{p}^{\,2}}{2m}+\frac{K}{m}\vec{q}^{\,2}\\ \rho(q,p)&=\biggl(\frac{\omega}{2\pi k_BT}\biggr)^3e^{-\frac{\varepsilon}{k_bT}} \end{align}$$ where ...
5
votes
2answers
233 views

Is there a reason why the spin of particles is integer or half integer instead of even and odd?

It seems to me that we could change all the current spin values of particles by multiplying them by two. Then we could describe Bosons as even spin particles and Fermions as odd spin particles. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Quantizing highly nonlinear field-theories?

I'm wondering how to go about quantizing a classical field theory which looks nothing like a free field theory plus a perturbation term. Suppose for concreteness I have the classical hamiltonian $ ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Velocity of a fluid in presence of sphere [on hold]

Consider the following problem: A rigid sphere of radius $a$ is placed in a stream of fluid whose velocity in the undisturbed state is $V$. Determine the velocity of fluid at any point of the ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Has magnetism been experimentally demonstrated at the quantum level?

I've learned that magnetic fields are generated by electric currents, and that electric current is the motion of electrons and stuff like that. Many textbooks also talk about "point charges" and have ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

What does the Schrodinger Equation really mean?

I understand that the Schrodinger equation is actually a principle that cannot be proven. But can someone give a plausible foundation for it and give it some physical meaning/interpretation. I guess ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Why does the Zodiacal light vary between dawn and dusk?

According to several pages, in the Fall the Zodiacal light is better seen at dawn than at dusk: In the mid-latitudes, the zodiacal light is best observed in the western sky in the spring after the ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

How does a photon travel through an electron cloud?

We all know that the exact position and exact velocity of an electron in an atom cannot be determined simultaneously, as per the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. We only talk about the probability of ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Tension Problem: Solve for T for two sliding blocks connected by a string [on hold]

The problem: Two blocks made of different materials connected together by a thin cord, slide down a plane ramp inclined at an angle θ to the horizontal as shown in the figure (block B is above ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Quantized modes of EM field in a cubic cavity

I am trying to solve for Electric field modes in a cubic cavity with perfectly reflecting walls. I know that for the modes, I have the standard Helmholtz Equation $$(\nabla^2+k^2)E_i=0$$ And I want ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What causes a tall box to tip over on an inclined plane?

I'm wondering what makes a tall box rotate about its edge (the red point on the figure below) on a inclined plane (with or without slipping), when subjected to forces of gravity and friction only: ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How to calculate the Induced Voltage Given Spinning Conducting Loop? Intro to Electromagnetics problem

I'm having trouble figuring out a different variation of this problem. On my homework, I'm asked to find the induce emf for the following B field: $$\vec{B}=50\vec{a_y}$$ I was able to figure out the ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

A basic relation in spherical coordinates [migrated]

Why is it that $$x\partial_x+y\partial_y+z\partial_z=r\partial_r~?$$ I know that $$r^2=x^2+y^2+z^2,$$ but how is this relation implied?
1
vote
0answers
18 views

A physical understanding of the 2/3 in the Sachs-Wolfe effect

I am trying to develop an intuitive but quantitative understanding of the factor of 2/3 in the Sachs-Wolfe effect. I believe I have a picture that makes sense but it relies on one assumption I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Static and kinetic friction [on hold]

Say you have block1 on top of block 2 and the whole system is accelerating toward the right at a certain acceleration. Due to inertia block 1 wants to move backward to the left so there has to be a ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Is it okay to Wick rotate to give the negative of the Euclidean metric? Also, could we make the space-like coordinates imaginary instead?

There are 2 parts to my question: 1) Say we choose the metric signature to be (-+++), as in the Wikipedia page. Then the invariant interval in Minkowski space is written: $ds^{2} = -(dt^{2}) + ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

can one measure energy to a finite accuracy?

Can one measure energy to a finite accuracy in bounded amount of time? I don't know much about QM, but someone told me that the energy-time uncertainty principle says that it would take infinite ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

What is the easiest way to demonstrate low magnetic flux NMR on the bench?

I'm trying to build my own low fux density bench NMR set-up, and am well-versed in electronics. Continuous Wave is supposed to be the easiest. I see commercial instruments that stimulate elements in ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Where does elastic energy come from?

I vaguely remember reading that the elastic potential energy of a spring, $\frac{1}{2} k x^2$ comes from mass which is turned into energy according to the law $E=mc^2$. I also remember hearing that ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

General potential of rotating system

I'm new here at the physics site, and not really that deep into the area of which i'm going to ask a question about now. Therefore please feel free to ask clarifying questions. I'm trying to deal ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

compressibility of cold atoms in optical lattices

The compressibility of cold bosons in an optical lattice is defined as $\kappa = \frac{\partial \langle n\rangle}{\partial \mu}$, where $\langle n\rangle$ is the density and $\mu$ is the chemical ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How to combat the black-body temperature of an object?

I'm trying to model the temperature of a large spacecraft for a space colony simulation game I'm working on. In another question, I checked my calculations for the steady-state black-body temperature ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Vectors and Forces problem [on hold]

I have a question that I think I have an idea of how to answer but I am unsure can someone please verify for me? Here goes: Here is a box and a force (vector say, F1) of 10 N in the positive ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Do waves accelerate?

Typically we think of acceleration as a particulate property but a previous question on this forum got me thinking. If we think of a wave increasing its velocity by increasing its energy/frequency ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Imaginary Angular Momentum

I recently came across a problem online where it asks you to interpret an imaginary angular momentum about an axis. Apparently there's a chance it has to do with superconducting. What is the correct ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Quantum Harmonic Oscillator Ground State

The common line of deductions in the operator analysis of the quantum harmonic oscillator goes something like this: It is derived that the action of the annihilation operator $a$ on an eigenfunction ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Truss Bridge project: what is the strongest design for a balsa wood truss? [on hold]

So I have a project in Class and I need to build a truss bridge with only using balsa wood, card stock, and wood glue. My bridge cannot go beyond the span of 21 inches and must support as much weight ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Notation regarding the continuity equation for conservation of mass [migrated]

I have the following equation for the net mass flow out of a control volume through a surface $S$ - $$\int \int_S p \overrightarrow{V} \cdot \overrightarrow{d}S$$ (Actually there should be an ellipse ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Anomalies in QFT books

Why in most QFT books when author discusses of non-invariance of measure of path integral (massless fermions interact with gauge fields) $$ \int D\bar{\Psi} D\Psi \to |\Psi \to U\Psi , \quad ...

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