4
votes
0answers
21 views

Concerning topology of BPS states of the M5-brane

My question is about the M5-brane in M-theory. I would like to know whether the BPS states of the M5-brane worldvolume theory (especially the 1/2 BPS and 1/4 BPS ones) are independent of the topology ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Does Saturation velocity in semiconductors have a relation with the wavelength in which the peak in the absorption spectrum occurs?

Saturation velocity is the maximum velocity a charge carrier in a semiconductor, generally an electron, attains in the presence of very high electric fields. (source) I want to know if the ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Intuition about Momentum Maps

I'm studying Classical Mechanics and there is one object that appeared recently on the book I'm not being able to get a physical intuition about it. The mathematical definition goes as follows: Let ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Need help on understanding mechanical wave function

My textbook states that, equation 1 : y(x=0,t) = Acos($\omega$t) = Acos(2$\pi$ft), which I understand. However the book goes deeper stating also that, t-$\frac{x}{v}$, and $\frac{v}{x}$-t I am ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

What is meant by the expression “Markovian dynamics”

I know what a Markov chain is but what does it mean in physics when I say that I assume Markovian dynamics? For example in Quantum Mechanics, I read that it means that the time evolution can be ...
3
votes
3answers
29 views

Jet turbine blades from single crystals, how are they formed?

I know about nothing about crystals, although I do know a bit more about jet turbine engines, and I definitely know that you don't want the fan blade hitting the fan housing. The reason given in the ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Why do you lose hearing when you yawn?

When I yawn a great big yawn( it doesn't happen with "smaller" yawns), my hearing becomes harder, or goes away altogether, until I stop. Why does this happen? Because I can hear fine when I just open ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

The James Webb Telescope, why are there 5 levels of protecting foil?

From simple curiosity, does anybody know why there are around 5 layers of solar radiation reflecting foil on the James Webb Telescope, rather than one or two? Is it to save weight, or (probably) ...
0
votes
3answers
22 views

Position from a Velocity-Time graph

Find the position at t= 3.0 seconds. The initial position is 2.3 m. I found the average velocity to be 3.33 repeating so I multiplied that by the time (3) to get 10 and then added the initial ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Galaxy Cluster Data

I have a modification to MOND that appears to work much better than 'Standard' MOND at the galactic scale. I want to test this model now on larger structures. Does anyone know where I can find ...
3
votes
1answer
943 views

Ball Rolling Down An Inclined Plane - Where does the torque come from?

There is a ball rolling down an incline, with no slipping. If we consider the point of contact between the ball and the inclined plane to be the pivot point (for our torque calculations), then I have ...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

Why, fundamentally, are particles charged?

This is something that has long bothered me, and I have asked a few physicists and chemists and never gotten a very satisfying answer. Why are particles charged? And I'm not asking (and this is the ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Dark Energy and Wormhole stability

Is it possible that the "negative energy" needed to create stable wormholes as theorized by Morris and Thorne (?) could be dark energy? Could this be the "exotic" negative energy matter referred to?
0
votes
1answer
45 views

If spacetime is folded upon itself

Say there are two black holes about a parsec apart. You theoretically fold spacetime upon itself so that the singularities of the black holes are "touching". ...
1
vote
2answers
257 views

Measurement of the energy of an atom using a cold substance

An atom was prepared in a superposition of ground state and excited states.I propose to measure the state by coupling the system to a cold enough substance. By cold enough I mean $$kT\ll E_1,$$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Examples of measure zero sets in physics

The problem with Riemann integration of functions like ${\chi }_{ℚ}(x)$ (a function which takes the value of 1 if $x\in ℚ$, and 0 otherwise) is usually used to show the need for defining the Lebesgue ...
32
votes
17answers
55k views

What is a good introductory book on quantum mechanics?

I'm really interested in quantum theory and would like to learn all that I can about it. I've followed a few tutorials and read a few books but none satisfied me completely. I'm looking for ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Opposing EMF's, in an odd arrangement…?

A conductor in case 1 has two separate uniform magnetic fields $B_1$ & $B_2$: The magnetic fields(the blue rectangles are the field regions parallel to the conductor, while X's are the field ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

10 Harmonic Oscillators - Probability of finding one in state n=0 [on hold]

Given are 10 harmonic oscillators with a total energy of $E=2h\nu$. Note that the ground states are not included, since the calculations do not need them! e.g. $E_n= \hbar \omega (1/2 + n)\approx ...
0
votes
2answers
11k views

What is the fringe separation in Young's double slit experiment?

In the double slit experiment, a pattern of dark and bright bands appears on the screen. Is the fringe separation the distance between two bright bands? Question: In a double slit experiment ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Do lattice gauge theories with discrete gauge groups have sensible continuum limits?

In lattice gauge theories the only gauge invariant observables are constructed from Wilson loops and local field strength observables are reconstructed as zero size limits of Wilson loops. Furthermore ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Finding the potential for a block on a wedge on a slope [on hold]

I'm trying to get the Lagrange equations for a block on top of a wedge which is itself on a slope. We can rotate the system to make it functionally the same as the classic block on a sliding wedge ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

State of a system in Quantum Mechanics and state vectors

I'm taking a course in Quantum Mechanics and there is something I'm not being able to fully understand. On more elementary courses on Quantum Mechanics I've been told that the idea of Quantum ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

$ \Delta H = C_p \Delta T $

The definition of enthalpy as a function of heat capacity and temperature change. $ \Delta H = C_p \Delta T $. Does it only apply at constant pressure? In my discussions on this board and also with ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Why is a relativistic quantum theory of a finite number of particles impossible?

In Dyson's book Advanced Quantum Mechanics , he said "These two examples (the discovery of antimatter and meson) are special cases of the general principle, which is the basic success of the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Storing ice for HVAC

Apologies if this question is outside of the scope of the site. Assume my home is a $20 \textrm{ ft} \times 40 \textrm{ ft} \times 10 \textrm{ ft}$ block. Further assume that it has continuous ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Why, in order to obtain distinct interference, is a small distance between the two waves essential?

This is quoted from Concepts of Physics by H.C.Verma: In order to obtain a fairly distinct interference pattern, the path difference between the two waves originating from coherent sources should ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Kinematics of a differential drive robot

(I am reposting here a question I asked on stack overflow, since it actually sits right in between programming (modeling of 2D physics) and physics proper (kinematics). I think I have the physics part ...
1
vote
3answers
295 views

Is it possible to have things orbit around us?

Since humans are not large in mass, do we exert enough gravitational force for a small object to orbit around us? (Assuming that the only gravitational force acting on the object is from the human). ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Perturbation theory, eigenvalues and eigenvectors for degenerate case (1st order)

I was trying to understand the perturbation theory, but I was lost in the notation... I have understood that I have to identify the imperturbed kets that are degenerated and find the matrix V, where ...
-3
votes
1answer
50 views

Without friction, what happens in our life?

Generally all are subject to friction. So friction is most a essential part of our life, if friction is not available in our surrounding then what would happen in our life and which technique could we ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Mathematics of the Virtual Displacement

So I'm pretty certain this question has been asked to death here, but I still can't find a good explanation of a very particular aspect of the virtual displacements in physics. Background For ...
1
vote
1answer
11 views

If the surface tension is reduced to half(say by using a surfactant), what would be the effect on the size of an air bubble in the liquid

If I reduce the surface tension to half of the original value, what would be the effect on the size of an air bubble in the fluid? What would be the effect on buoyancy and drag forces? Also, if I ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Why complexify in order to construct Dirac representation?

Suppose we have a theory is covariant under the Spin group Spin(2n-1; 1). We consider the real vector space $V = R^{2n-1,1}$, which naturally comes with a Lorentzian inner product. On this vector ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Different electrons, why aren't they all the same?

Why do we say that there are different kinds of electrons when discussing different situations in physics? For instance the Weyl electron, Dirac electron etc. From my exceedingly basic knowledge isn't ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

What is a n-type doped solar cell?

I always thought a solar cell consists of two areas, a n-type and a p-type doped one. So what exactly is meant by n-type doped solar cells? Does it not have a p-type doped area? And how does it work ...
8
votes
4answers
444 views

When/why does the principle of least action plus boundary conditions not uniquely specify a path?

A few months ago I was telling high school students about Fermat's principle. You can use it to show that light reflects off a surface at equal angles. To set it up, you put in boundary conditions, ...
3
votes
1answer
668 views

Torque on a rotational cylinder in viscous fluid

I've been stuck on what I'm pretty sure is a simple part of a larger question. It's a cylinder (radius a) spinning in a viscous fluid. It's rotating at rate $\Omega$ .During this question we get that ...
3
votes
6answers
639 views

what are dimensions?

First, discrete examples. In a computer screen I can specify any "2D" point with just one single number (pixel order starting count from first at upper left, and going on, left2right and up2down ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Is there a constant decay of particles that maintains the value of the Quantum Vacuum?

By my question I am attempting to understand how the Vacuum of space remains at a constant value, (GR the universe on the large scale matches the “critical” energy density of about 8.5×10-10 J/m3) ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

What quantum measurement formalism is easiest to implement physically?

As part of my studies and research, I have learned to work with three different measurement formalism which I define to avoid any ambiguity with the nomenclature: General measurements, which are ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How to start using IDL in 2015?

Unfortunately it looks like I have to run a bit of old astronomy software on IDL. I keep running into statements that "I need to buy a license" in order to run IDL. Is this true? How can I ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Show that the minimum energy value for a given $l$ increases as $l$ increases

"Consider a particle in a central field and assume that the system has a discrete spectrum. Each orbital quantum number $l$ has a minimum energy value. Show that this minimum value increases as $l$ ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

What justifies the perturbative expansion in chiral perturbation theory?

The Lagrangian of chiral perturbation theory is ordered following a momenta power counting scheme, having terms at leading order (which is two 2 $O(p^2)$) next to leading order ($O(p^4)$) and so on. ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is the universe a Turing machine?

Reading about Computable numbers I wondered if there is any physical experiment that returns non-computable numbers or if there is any physical theory that needs non-computable numbers. Because if ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Significance of higher harmonics

I am analyzing a noise signal and have identified the fundamental frequency of a tone and it's higher harmonics. Say for example given the signal below, The fundamental frequency has a sound ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Relation between Clifford Algebra and Spinors? [closed]

As short as can be stated, I was wondering what is the exact relation between Clifford Algebra and Spinors? The closest I could get was via Wikipedia: "Spinors are typically defined as elements ...
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

Pulley and block velocity problem [closed]

Block B is moving towards right with velocity 'V'. What is the velocity of block A with respect to block B? Note that the string has negligible mass and is inextensible, also that the pulley has ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Free probability in Physics

Recently I have started reading some materials on non-commutative probability. IN this area mathematicians sometimes consider quantum theory as a non-commutative version of classical probability, with ...
-2
votes
1answer
43 views

Equation for a physic theory [closed]

There is a theory that state and explains why everything on Earth (or on a place with same force of gravity) falls at the exact same acceleration in vacuum. What's the name of that theory, who came up ...

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