5
votes
2answers
509 views

Equivalent Rotation using Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff relation

Is there a way in which one can use the BCH relation to find the equivalent angle and the axis for two rotations? I am aware that one can do it in a precise way using Euler Angles but I was wondering ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Proof of Poisson equation in a gravitational field

Can anybody show me how to prove Poisson's equation in Newtonian Gravitational field?
0
votes
1answer
83 views

How to write the Lagrangian in terms of a projection

We know that $$ L=\frac{1}{2}\left(\partial_{\mu} A_{\nu} \partial^{\mu} A^{\nu}-\partial_{\mu} A_{\nu} \partial^{\nu} A^{\mu}\right) $$ But how do we write the Lagrangian in the following way: ...
16
votes
9answers
4k views

Crash course on algebraic geometry with view to applications in physics

Could you please recommend any good texts on algebraic geometry (just over the complex numbers rather than arbitrary fields) and on complex geometry including Kahler manifolds that could serve as an ...
4
votes
2answers
765 views

Why don't two observers' clocks measure the same time between the same events?

Person A in reference frame A watches person B travel from Star 1 to Star 2 (a distance of d). Of course, from person B's reference frame, he is at rest and is watching Star 2 traveling to him. ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

Will two clocks moving in opposite directions measure the same time as one at rest?

A rocket passes the earth and synchronises its clock with the earth. Years later, a rocket passes it going to the earth and synchronises its clock with the first rocket. When it reached the earth, ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Why is the index of refraction different for different wavelengths?

The index of refraction can be written as $$n=\frac{\lambda_v}{\lambda_m}$$ where $\lambda_v$ is the wavelength in a vacuum and $\lambda_m$ is the wavelength in the medium. I’ve been told that since ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Many cells in parallel

If two or more cells of unequal voltages are connected in parallel (with the same terminal on the same side), is there a formula that gives the net potential difference? Also, by Kirchoff's loop law, ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What does the $I$-$V$ curve in josephson junction mean?

According to the $I$-$V$ curve for Josephson junction tunneling for S-I-S (superconductor-insulator-superconductor), do we have any tunneling current for $0< V\leq V_c$? If yes, then why don't ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

How can we account for a friction force changing sign in a conservation of energy equation?

I want to solve a simple mechanical problem whereby three forces act upon an object. F1 = (10 - x) N F2 = -3 N (friction force) F3 = -10x N So at x = 0 we see that F1 + F2 + F3 = 7 N and so the ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Is there net current through a Josephson junction at zero bias?

It is widely stated that when a Josephson junction is placed in a superconducting circuit, the cooper pairs can tunnel through and create a net current without a bias voltage. However, given that the ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Induced voltage by dropped magnet?

I am trying to understand the concepts in this lab: http://www.foothill.edu/~marasco/5labs/5C5lab.html We dropped a magnet through a guided string from a controlled height through a coil. An ...
20
votes
6answers
4k views

Why can't we see light travelling from point A to B?

Lets say we have a cloud of dust which is a lightyear across and someone shoots a beam of light from point A to B , why it is not possible for an observer far far away to see the light while it ...
6
votes
2answers
41 views

Is dark energy homogeneous and/or isotropic?

Shouldn't there be at least some fluctuations of dark energy in various regions, analogous to the fluctuations we observe in other forms of energy like matter?
0
votes
2answers
187 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

How and why the phrase “quark force increases with distance”?

I have seen that phrase "force between quarks increases with distance" at many resources, some even relatively credible (albeit written for general audience). What is the reason behind that, when ...
0
votes
2answers
580 views

Deriving the group velocity of a wave produced by some basic cosine waves with unequal amplitudes

Consider some basic cosine waves of the form ${E_i} = {E_0}\cos ({\omega _i}t - {k_i}z)$ with different amplitudes, frequencies and phases. We know a combination of such waves could result in a wave ...
-1
votes
0answers
10 views

effective mass in a Bohr atom

I was solving a question in a hypothetical situation, in which a carbon atom consists of 6 pions instead of an electrons. Acoording to bohr model of an atom,what would be the ground state energy of ...
4
votes
2answers
145 views

Is any spacetime metric physically realizable?

Given a spacetime metric, you could work out a stress-energy tensor for each position that would result in that metric. I know building a wormhole requires negative energy densities, which are ...
10
votes
4answers
592 views

Conical train wheels

I've been reading about how the conical shape of train wheels helps trains round turns without a differential. For those who are unfamiliar with the idea, the conical shape allows the wheels to shift ...
0
votes
3answers
25 views

What is extension produced in spring?

Consider a spring -block system given in the figure : Note: K is spring Constant. Initially, the spring was unloaded. After that, a block of mass M is loaded to spring and as a result, the spring ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

When is the phase space diagram an ellipse?

For a two dimensional dynamical system, when does the phase space diagram give an ellipse? I know about the examples for damped and undamped harmonic oscillators, but our instructor said that the ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Probability current in scattering problems

This is a section from Wikipedia: In regions where a step potential or potential barrier occurs, the probability current is related to the transmission and reflection coefficients, respectively ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How is the EM force exchanged over long distances?

The Situation Imagine we place two charged objects a very far distance apart, essentially making them point charges. How does the EM force interact between the two point charges if virtual photons ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Rotation matrix of Euler's equations of rotation relative to inertial reference frame

I was playing with simulation of Euler's equations of rotation in MATLAB, $$ I_1\dot{\omega}_1 + (I_3 - I_2)\omega_2\omega_3 = M_1, $$ $$ I_2\dot{\omega}_2 + (I_1 - I_3)\omega_3\omega_1 = M_2, $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Why does the topological entropy scale with $\log(L)$ in 1D?

Why, in one dimension, does the topological entropy scale with the size of system as $S \sim \ln L$, while in a 2D system it scales with $S \sim L$? Why does dimensionality play such an important role ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How do I calculate the maximum pressure a container can withhold?

Say I have a spherical container with a certain gas inside, heated to a very high temperature, and thus a very high pressure. The gas will exert a force radially outwards onto the container, and at ...
28
votes
15answers
52k views

What is a good introductory book on quantum mechanics?

I'm really interested in quantum theory and would like to learn all that I can about it. I've followed a few tutorials and read a few books but none satisfied me completely. I'm looking for ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Are there any benefits from doing Physics MCQs without a given answer key? [on hold]

If I have a answer key, I can know where I'm wrong and solve again. But many books give MCQs without answer key, how should I use them?
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

Point of getting each other after chasing! [on hold]

Imagine that 3 particles are on the angles of equilateral triangle with the $a$ side and they are chasing each other with velocity of $v_0$ . 1- What is the covered distance when the get each ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Is the plane wave model always valid in reflection and transmission?

my question is related to another one I asked, but I foolishly made that question about several things (experiment, computation, theory) at once so it was confused. I was talking to my boss about ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Eddy currents Vs. Inducing EMF in opposing the change?

In the following circuit there is a power supply applying a voltage(+$V$) to a circuit with resistance ($R$), current($I$) is now flowing in the circuit, and there is a movable part like so: The ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Error calculation for experimental data

I have the list of experimental values: $$\{w_i \pm \Delta w_i\},$$ where $w_j$ is a mean value and $\Delta w_i$ is an error. I want to calculate the second list $\{a_i \pm \Delta a_i\}$ according to ...
-4
votes
2answers
67 views

Would a piece of paper look as big as a small bedroom to an atom?, or bigger? [on hold]

This evening my six year old asked me "Would a piece of paper look as big as this room to an atom?, or bigger?" ('this room' being a small sized bedroom) A friend suggested it would probably ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

Area under v-t and a-t graphs

I know that the magnitude ( i.e. considering all area as positive) of area under v-t graph gives distance travelled by the particle in the given time. But I've been told that magnitude of area under ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Visible wavelengths of air fluorescence info - needed for school demo laser telephone design

I'm seeking information about fluorescence in visible wavelengths (390-700nm) of any of the main constituents of air ( $ N_2, O_2, CO_2, H_2O, CO, etc. $) that can be excited with a low-cost? (?COTS) ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

In 1d criticality, what is the relation between the universality class and central charge?

I want to know how to obtain the universality class of the phase transition from the central charge "c" in one dimensional model. If c is less than 1, there is a one-to-one correspondence. But if c is ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views
+50

Prove that Laughlin's 3-electron states are a complete set of states

In R. B. Laughlin's 1983 Physical Review B article, Quantized motion of three two-dimensional electrons in a strong magnetic field, Laughlin separates out the center of mass motion of the electrons, ...
0
votes
2answers
189 views

Alternate young double slit experiment

What will happen in young's double slit experiment, when instead of screen I put a black screen with a hole and a second screen behind the black one. Will it still form interference pattern albeit a ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Is the mass of the Z due to mixing with the photon “precursor” B or to interaction with the Higgs?

I want to get something clear that I do not seem to understand. I used to read that the photon A and the Z boson are (different) linear combinations between the W^0 (neutral weak boson before SU(2) ...
-4
votes
2answers
261 views

Would I get a shock from a Weyl fermion?

I know this is only just a new discovery. I assume this new quasi particle is a form of what "electricians" call current. I wonder though if it is more like AC or DC when it comes to touching the ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Recreating an image from a photometer or similar light-detecting device?

I'm thinking if it is possible to recreate an image from data from this kind of device. It is known analog signals theoretically have infinite resolution, but since we use them in discrete systems ...
0
votes
1answer
649 views

A moving inclined plane with block problem

I'm trying to solve for a challenging problem : a moving inclined plane with a block I want to solve for the acceleration components for the block and the plane and the normal force acting on the ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Covariant derivative commutator on spinors

What is this object $[\nabla_{\mu},\nabla_{\nu}]\epsilon$ in terms of curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu}$? Where $\nabla_{\mu}$ is the covariant derivative on a four sphere and $\epsilon$ is spinor. PS: I ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Can I use high frequency sounds to trigger an infrared motion sensors

Currently, I am doing a research whereby I trying to trigger the infrared motion sensors using sounds. Well first of all, I will blocked the whole motion detector using a black box and then use a high ...
-4
votes
2answers
61 views

Quantum Entanglement - How To Interpret

I have thought about quantum entanglement for some time, and I still don't quite understand the reasoning behind the conclusion that entangled particles somehow can communicate their state to each ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Capacitance of a single charged plate?

Lets say we have a single plate that has a charge of +Q on it. A plate with charge -Q is infinite distance away. Will the plate with +Q have a capacitance associated with it? Why or why not? I was ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Could the Faraday's rotating wire experiment be explained without using Lorentz force?

I read Faraday's rotating wire experiment which resulted in the invention of the homopolar motor. He was clever enough to think it that way and make the wire rotate around one of the poles of the ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Why can I put my hand through sand but not a table?

I've read in books that one can't put one's hand through a table because the table offers a "Normal Reaction" to the hand. And it is also stated that this force is electromagnetic in nature. But what ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Angle sum of triangle in Schwarzchild solution

Curvature of space is often intuitively explained as angles of a triangle not adding up to 180 degrees. My questions concerns that. Suppose you have a perfectly spherical star of uniform density - so ...

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