1
vote
1answer
18 views

How do you work out the energy requirement for a submerged pump?

I was wondering if you were to place a pump in a submerged container and then were to open a hatch allowing water to flood the previously vacant cavity how much energy would be required to discharge ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

The work-energy theorem

Well here's the question. From some previous excercises we know that from $A=\int Fds$ $$A=\int ma\text{ }ds$$ $$A=\int m \frac{dv}{dt}\text{ }ds \text{ (a=dv/dt)}$$ $$A=m \int_{v_1}^{V_2}v \text{ ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Reproductibility of the effects described in US patent 8,419,919

US patent 8,419,919, by P. Boss, F. Gordon, S. Szpak, and L. Forsley, describes what (I summarize) would be a method to perform particle generation leading to atomic transmutation, by palladium ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

If a symmetry operator S in a QFT annihilates the vacuum, why does S preserve the space of 1-particle states?

In the paper "Supersymmetry and Morse Theory", on the third page (p. 663 in the journal version), Witten says: "Now in any quantum field theory if a symmetry operator (an operator which commutes ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What is the physical process in paramagnetic resonance

In our QM lectures, Prof introduced an phenomenon called paramagnetic resonance, which described an electron precession in an $z$-direction magnetic field. I didn't quite understand this phenomenon, ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

How would gravitons couple to the Stress-Energy tensor?

How would gravitons couple to the Stress-Energy tensor $T^{\mu\nu}$? How did physicists arrive at this result? I've read that it follows from the analysis of irreducible representations of the ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

What near-future measurement technique improvements will extend our physical knowledge?

Inspired by the wiki-article on atom-lasers: Another application, which might also benefit from atom lasers, is atom interferometry. In an atom interferometer an atomic wave packet is ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Non-Darcy Flow - Forchheimer Plotting method

Recalling Darcy's equation for gas flow, assuming ($z\mu_g$) = Constant $$\tag{1} q_{g,sc}=\frac{kA}{L}\left(\frac{T_{sc}}{Tp_{sc}}\right)\left(\frac{1}{2z\mu_g}\right)(p_1^2-p_2^2)$$ For ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How do I calculate the right ascension of the points along the ecliptic at given elevations?

How do I calculate the right ascension of the point along the ecliptic nearest the sun at sunset and sunrise that is at a given altitude/elevation? For example, I'd like to compute the right ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Soft Scalar Emission

For a massless spin particle $\phi$ which has an interaction Lagrangian density of the form $\phi(x)J(x)$, where $J(x)$ contains only massive particles fields, what is the rate of emission of soft ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Hamiltonian for a Lagrangian with coupling

I am dealing with the following Lagrangian density $$\mathscr{L}_{em}= -\frac{1}{2}\rho\omega^2 u^2 +\frac{1}{2}\nabla u:\Sigma :\nabla ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How to calculate the thermal resistance of a piece of metal

I have a 5mm*15mm*25mm piece of iron that I am going to use for an electrical connector. I calculated the resistance of it using this formula : $R=\rho\times\frac{L}{S}$ Iron resisitivity is ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Curvature of a particle move

I'm simulating a particle movement following a normal distribution. How this is done: My particle has a constant speed v and every step the particle move, I ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Reciprocal Lattice of a non-bravais lattice

Is a reciprocal lattice defined for non-Bravais lattices? I'm trying to work out one for HCP structure and not figuring it out.
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Can I tune a magnetic field to conduct heat from a rotating object?

Is there a way to transfer heat from a rotating object made of iron into a suitable heat sink using a magnetic field as a transfer medium?
16
votes
2answers
951 views

I touched a tree that was touching an electric fence and got an electric shock. How is this possible if wood is an insulator?

I touched a tree that was touching an electric fence and got an electric shock. How was this possible if wood is an insulator? The tree wasn't wet either, and it was a pretty strong shock too.
10
votes
2answers
135 views

What is the entropy of the universe at the time of the Big Bang?

(I asked this question in Philosophy.SE; but I was advised to direct it here, despite it being in my opinion somewhat too speculative for physics.SE). High entropy generally means high disorder; and ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Spectral Decomposition for Complex Conserved Current

What is the spectral decomposition for the vacuum expectation value of a complex conserved current $J^\mu(x)$, $\langle T\{J^\mu(x),J^\nu(y)^\dagger\}\rangle$?
-4
votes
0answers
14 views

What is a good book/e-book on flight dynamics, guidance, and navigation? [on hold]

I was looking into buying a detailed theoretical foundation book on flight dynamics, particularly geared towards navigation. Is there any solid comprehensive material?
2
votes
1answer
502 views

Minimal vs. Non-minimal coupling

What is the difference between Minimal vs. Non-minimal coupling in General Relativity? A brief introduction to Minimal Coupling in General Relativity could be useful too.
1
vote
1answer
161 views

photon polarization, uncertainty in Energy

A beam of red light is sent along the $z$ axis through a polaroid filter that passes only $x$ polarized light. The beam is initially polarized at $30$°, and the total energy is $10$ Joules. Estimate ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

If a car appears in horison and within 2 seconds passes you by, whats the speed it's doing?

While watching the first 4 seconds of driving at 745 km/h is ludicrous from any angle wondered If we knew the curvature of the Earth in a "flat" desert, what would be the speed of the car? ...
10
votes
1answer
106 views

The status of the BICEP2 'discovery' after Planck 2014

The tumultous period after the original announcement that the BICEP2 experiment had supposedly detected strong evidence of cosmological inflation in the form of B-mode polarization in the cosmic ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Rotational KE in double pendulum

Why the Rotational Kinetic Energy term for the point mass of Kinetic Energy for double pendulum is not included in Lagrangian equation? \begin{align} ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Higher rank $\gamma$-matrix question

I read that the higher rank $\gamma$ matrices can be written as alternate commutators and anti-commutators. For example, the rank 3 gamma matrix can be written as $$\gamma^{123} = ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Electron/positron annihilation lines in astrophysics

I have a reasonable understanding of electron/positron annihilation, in that it is a collision between a pair of particles, one matter and one antimatter, that generally produces gamma radiation. ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Interference of sound: how to calculate the sound intensity at each point?

I need help with the following question: Two speakers are sending out sound in phase with the frequency 2,13 kHz. The sound from the speakers is registered in three points A, B and C. See figure. ...
7
votes
1answer
64 views

Twin paradox, different starting locations

Let's say I have a twin who is at rest relative to myself and ten light years away from me, we are both in rocket ships. We have agreed that I will send a laser pulse and that when he receives it we ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

How come plasmon resonances of metals are capable of being tuned to different wavelengths?

I read in this article that plasmon resonances though being a pre-determined property of a metal are capable of being tuned to other wavelengths when these same metals are made into tiny ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

Why is the Milky Way flat? [duplicate]

I read recently that the galactic "flatness" of the Milky Way is due to the rotation of the galaxy combined with a vast stretch of time. Yet, I also read where 1) the Milky Way rotates once every 225 ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Floquet quasienergy spectrum, continuous or discrete?

I haven't got a feeling about Floquet quasienergy, although it is talked by many people these days. Floquet theorem: Consider a Hamiltonian which is time periodic $H(t)=H(t+\tau)$. The Floquet ...
2
votes
4answers
216 views

Is it feasible to detect light emitted from planet earth 2,000 years ago by reflection from an object situated 1000 light years away?

The possibility though remote, is intriguing as we may be able in the future to actually "see" our own planet's history. Though sounding science fiction, if we are able to detect bodies in space that ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Chemical and stellar evolution in stars

I'm having an exam soon where I have to discuss/describe the follow figure: It's the first figure I have to explain, and it was on the same slide as the one below, so I'm thinking they are somewhat ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

How to reconstruct the dependence of the potential from a coordinate?

What is known is that an ion sent along the X-axis of a black box with a speed $V$ returns in the time of: $$T=a V^b$$ $a$ and $b$ are some known constants. Having this, can we reproduce the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Quantum Simple Harmonic Oscillator Interpretation

I am just wondering what does the SHO system from quantum mechanics actually physically represent? Is it just a SHO of a quantum particle, seems a little too obvious for quantum theory? I'm from a ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Force on a coil inside of a voice coil

as a homework exercise we were given the following question: Given the following voice coil: With depth = 20 mm Permanent magnets with B = 1.23 T, Ur = 1.1 The coils has 20 turns, I = 1 Ampere. a) ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Action and Reaction - Time lag

Is there a time lag between action and reaction ? If there isn't such a time lag, the reaction force must cancel the applying force although they act on different bodies. My second question is that, ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Drag versus centripetal force

I'm trying to see how extensive a gaming engine's physics are. Consider a spinning disc with a box on it which is free to spin around a vertical pole connecting it to the disc. The pole is more ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is radiance measured normal to the beam?

Radiance is defined as: $L=\frac{d \Phi}{\mathop{d \omega} \mathop{d A} \mathop{\cos\theta}}.$ I’m wondering why there is a $\cos \theta$ factor in the denominator of the radiance ($\theta$ is the ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

Is it acceptable to base a physical theory on a philosophical idea?

Are theories that are based on the philosophy acceptable in Physics? If the theory is based on the philosophy that obtained from laboratory experiments, can it be accepted?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Boundary conditions of stream function

I have to do an problem about solving numerically the flow that goes under an airfoil. The airfoil has a flap deployed downwards and I need to solve the mesh that it's under the airfoil. I have drawn ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Polarized light

A light is made up of electric and magnetic fields oriented perpendicular to each other. Can polarization lead to the removal of any of the field completely?
0
votes
2answers
118 views

How many equations are there to calculate distance?

I am an app developer and I am trying to build a physics app to calculate distance based on the quantities the user gives. for example if the user gives initial speed, time and acceleration, using ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How to calculate scalar neutron flux

I am really confused about the difference between flux and scalar flux. I have a specific question: If we have a parallel neutron beam of strength $\phi_0$ given in neutrons/cm$^2$s, incident on a ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Antimatter traveling back in time and gravity [duplicate]

I've been reading on the construct of considering antimatter as matter traveling backward in time, which seems like an useful tool. There seems to be some discussion around this concept, if ...
35
votes
11answers
2k views

Why isn't length contraction permanent even though time dilation is?

It's my understanding that when something is going near the speed of light in reference to an observer, time dilation occurs and time goes slower for that fast-moving object. However, when that ...
5
votes
0answers
29 views

The use of Artificial Intelligence in physics resarch

I have been reading about a machine that observed a double pendulum and created equations that both described its motion and associated conservation laws. The authors claims: We have developed a ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How far into space does one have to travel to see the entire face of earth?

Virgin Galactic will take passengers aboard SpaceShipTwo as high as 65 miles above the surface of the earth. But from this altitude, passengers will only be able to see a certain segment of the ...
1
vote
1answer
489 views

What is the secondary electron cutoff in ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy?

While the fasted emitted electrons comes from the fermi level of the material in UPS measurement, where does the slowest, which is called secondary electron cut-off orginate from? I really can't ...
-3
votes
0answers
12 views

Waves and sounds [on hold]

A tuning fork whose natural frequency is 440 Hz is placed just above the open end of a tube that contains water.The water is slowly drained from the tube while the tuning fork remains in place and ...

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