0
votes
1answer
197 views

When does a function of an operator act in the same way as the operator?

"Consider an operator $A = r - a$, where $r$ is an operator and $a$ is a constant. Consider only those state kets $V_i$ in the Hilbert space such that $AV_i = 0$ ($A$ acting on $V_i$). Define a ...
0
votes
1answer
374 views

Is it possible to make an RFID-like device which responds to a metal detector?

Would it be possible to make a small device which can be easily detected with a metal detector (or similar) from several feet away? It would need to operate kind of like a shop-security tag but it ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

What are electromagnetic fields made of?

I am trying to understand electromagnetic fields so I have two question related to them. What is a electromagnetic field made of? Is it made of photons / virtual photons? How about a static electric ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

determine the direction of the polarizing axis

I want to calculate the direction of the polarizing axis of a single polarizer.Is it possible to determine? If possible then How I can determine it?.
0
votes
1answer
674 views

Pull up and Pull down register

Currently I am working with Pull up and pull down registers and trying to understand what does it mean? But could not able to understand. I searched in Wikipedia ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

Someting almost faster than light traveling on something else almost faster than light [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Travelling faster than the speed of light Double light speed Lets say that an airplane can fly at 4/5 of the speed of light, and I can run at 2/5 of the speed of ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

The limit of radio wave penetration

Why can I listen to my mobile phone's radio clearly inside the bus, inside the train, but not inside the elevator? Also, there is an interference of radio signal when the train is accelerating or ...
4
votes
6answers
11k views

Why does a gas inside a closed container experience atmosperic pressure when the gas itself is not in contact with the atmosphere?

I know this is a very basic (and probably stupid) question, but I have been confused about this for a long time.
1
vote
1answer
203 views

1-Dimensional Sigma Models

I'm currently interested in 1-dimensional (linear) Sigma Models. In the theory of 2-Dimensional GLSM, the fields can be viewed as an embedding of the worldsheet in some target Manifold of higher ...
1
vote
1answer
345 views

Here's a way to transmit data faster than the speed of light [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible for information to be transmitted faster than light by using a rigid pole? Assume there is a long rod or a string connecting two points separated by a ...
3
votes
4answers
717 views

Water to ice expansion in $1\textrm{mm}^3$ pit - pressure on the pit walls?

[EDITED] by mistake, the subject was regarding 1m^3 instead of 1mm^3. There should be a significant difference between the two... A 1x1x1mm pit filled with water is frozen at a slow rate (1K/minute). ...
1
vote
1answer
482 views

How to find the Green's Functions for time-dependent inhomogeneous Klein-Gordon equation?

I'm trying to find the Green's functions for time-dependent inhomogeneous Klein-Gordon equation which is : \begin{align*}‎‎ \left[ -‎ ‎\nabla ‎^2 + ‎‎‎‎\frac{1}{c^2} ‎‎\dfrac{\partial ^2}{\partial ...
0
votes
2answers
678 views

Electric Force is to Magnetic Force as Gravitational Force is to …?

One can no nothing about the magnetic force and yet arrive at it by taking the relativistic effects of a current and a moving charge system into account. I ask whether there exists such an inherent ...
0
votes
3answers
532 views

Speed of light, breaking the barrier

when the sound barrier is broken, a series of concentric waves of sound is produced.Does it mean when the speed of light barrier is broken, a ripple of photons are created in the space-time fabric?
5
votes
4answers
8k views

If gravity is a bend in Space-time then what is magnetism?

Einstein postulated that gravity bends the geometry of space-time then what does magnetism do in to the geometry of space-time, or is there even a correlation between space-time geometry and ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Imaginary pertubation to a Hamiltonian: how is it the same as rotation to imaginary time?

I am struggling with the following affirmation found in Ryder's QFT book, page 177: instead of rotating the time axis as we have done, the ground state contribution may be isolated by adding a ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the physical significance of the dilaton in string theory?

Strings always have a dilaton in their spectrum. Its a scalar field (so presumably no spin), and so far a hypothetical particle. What is its physical significance?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Liquid nitrogen and liquid helium

In cryogenics, liquid nitrogen and liquid helium are often used as coolants. Other than their low boiling point of 77K and 4.2K respectively, what properties make them suitable as coolants? Are there ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Distorted colors of Google StreetView photographs near electric power lines

This is a followup to my question: Cyclist's electrical tingling under power lines Some users presented a convincing picture that the electric shocks under power lines are primarily from the ...
0
votes
1answer
302 views

Darcy law yields extreme speed for gas flow throgh packed spheres?

The darcy law is as follows: $u=-\frac{k}{\mu}\nabla p$. Assume we have a gas, then $\mu$ is about $10^{-5}$. $k$ for packed spheres a few mm in diameter is of order $10^{-8}$ $m^2$. Say the ...
3
votes
2answers
276 views

Number of bits needed to express physical laws?

What is the minimum number of bits that would be needed to express a given physical law, like the law of universal gravitation? How many bits are needed to express each of the four fundamental forces? ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Could a Class A Stellar Engine Use A Brown Dwarf

Could a class A stellar engine (or maybe a class C one) be built using a brown dwarf (for argument's sake, a T-dwarf like Gliese 229B)? Would it be capable of enough thrust to move itself any ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Continuum model of the n-body problem?

Consider a collection of $n$ point masses evolving under the influence of gravity. For very large $n$, one might be interested in making a continuum approximation of this system (for cosmology, say). ...
6
votes
3answers
456 views

Non equilibrium statistical mechanics

A question kept bothering me about the Non-Equilibrium Statistical mechanics, can somebody give a simple description of how one approaches this subject. Is there a exact formalism, as we have for ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Explaining Walter Lewin's “Complete Breakdown of Intuitiion”

This Walter Lewin lecture hinges on the solenoid producing a non-conservative field. I read in the Feynman Lectures that "all the fundamental forces in nature appear to be conservative" (Vol 1, 14.5) ...
2
votes
1answer
409 views

Schmidt decomposition of coupled oscillators

Consider a system of two coupled oscillators, with Hamiltonian ($\hbar = m = 1$): \begin{align} \mathcal{H} = \frac{1}{2}(p_1^2 + \omega_0^2 x_1^2) + \frac{1}{2}(p_2^2 + \omega_0^2 x_2^2) ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating forces in a mass suspended by four cables

As a project, I am designing a cable-controlled camera system (i.e., a home-made Skycam clone). Basically, it is a mass suspended by four cables connected to fixed points; by lengthening or shortening ...
1
vote
3answers
579 views

black body and cosmic microwave background radiation

Why is the sprectum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (or seems to be) that of a black body?
1
vote
2answers
258 views

why is there only one inertial frame that $ct$ and $x$ are orthogonal?

It is very long time ago that I took a physics lesson, so I want to refresh my memory. I think I learned that there is only one inertial frame in Minkowski spacetime (or special relativity time) that ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

When does the “norm of quasi-eigenvectors” matter in calculations? For which physical results are these even used?

Which physical system in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics is actually described by a model, where the norm of the "position eigenstate" (i.e. the delta distribution as limit of vectors in the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Do we see color with higher frequency first?

Out of the 7 colours of the rainbow, violet has the highest frequency and the smallest wavelength. Does this mean that our eye sees it first? If yes, then why? Does it travel at the same or higher ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Helicity and Pseudospin in Graphene

The Hamiltonian for graphene at $\vec{k}$ away from the $K$ point is proportional to $$ \vec{\sigma} \cdot \vec{k} =\begin{pmatrix} 0 & k_x - i k_y \\ k_x + i k_y & 0 \\ \end{pmatrix} = k ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

Could a variable capacitor divider replace a Variac?

Hmmm... You can definitely drop down the voltage, and ideal capacitors don't dissipate any power. So it seems, at first glance, that you could use a capacitor divider as a lossless voltage step-down ...
5
votes
8answers
4k views

Black hole - white hole (collision)

A non-spinning, equally massive black hole and white hole experience a direct collision. What shall happen? What shall be the result of such a collision?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Farady's law and div B = 0

I'm reading a book on electromagnetism and I am a bit confused about some things in Maxwells equations. This is what I don't like about many physics books: they are very wordy, but at the end you ...
5
votes
10answers
3k views

Why do we think of light as a wave?

I've read that light travels in a straight line and has a wavelength of 400nm to 700nm. But I don't understand why does it have a wavelength and what creates its wavelength? I agree with the concept ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

Why does reentry from space tend to result in such great heat?

Let's pretend for a moment that the atmosphere had sea-level density, pressure, and temperature all the way up to, say 500km high, and then would abruptly end in a complete vaccum. In such a ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Does hitting metals magnetize them?

I was on my workshop lab today and had to file (rub on metal surface with rough surface to smooth-en it) an iron bar. It made iron dust fall of the surface. To mark some points on the bar I then had ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Is there any way to produce food without sun, synthetically?

Is there any way to produce food without sun, synthetically? I mean if we face solar winter. look at: Is there any way to survive solarwinter like in Sunshine - movie?
13
votes
2answers
450 views

What tree-level Feynman diagrams are added to QED if magnetic monopoles exist?

Are the added diagrams the same as for the $e-\gamma$ interaction, but with "$e$" replaced by "monopole"? If so, is the force between two magnetic monopoles described by the same virtual ...
3
votes
2answers
671 views

Can we impose a boundary condition on the derivative of the wavefunction through the physical assumptions?

Consider the Schrödinger equation for a particle in one dimension, where we have at least one boundary in the system (say the boundary is at $x=0$ and we are solving for $x>0$). Sometimes we want ...
2
votes
2answers
433 views

Lorentz engine to run a car?

Could a Lorentz engine (like the ones that move the write head inside of hardrives) be used to run car ? Would it be possable to get it producing 60hp, and a decent amount of tourque, if so how large ...
0
votes
2answers
308 views

Scalar potential, vector potential, and spinor potnetial

In Particle Physics, I've seen Scalar potentials which look like this $$ V = a \Phi^2 + b \Phi^4$$ $\Phi$ is scalar (a number). What about vector potentials, and spinor potentials? How are they ...
52
votes
5answers
8k views

Why wet is dark?

When something gets wet, it usually appears darker. This can be observed with soil, sand, cloth, paper, concrete, bricks ... What is the reason for this? How does water soaking into the material ...
25
votes
1answer
6k views

Why does paper become translucent when smeared with oil but not (so much) with water?

When I smear oil onto a scrap of paper and rub it in, the paper becomes quite translucent; but when I attempt the same with water it doesn't as much. Why?
2
votes
0answers
269 views

How is the poincare conjecture(and perelman proof) helpful in studying the properties of the universe?

Can someone tell me how the poincare's famous conjecture or its proof by perelmen can be helpful in deciding some properties like the shape of the universe?
0
votes
2answers
832 views

How do we prove that multiverse exist?

Scientists are talking about our universe not being the only universe, but even if that is true, how can we prove the existence of multiverse? We are being 'confined' in this universe and there is no ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

How much current would be generated by polarity reversal of Earth's magnetic field?

Continuing from my previous question Is reversal of magnetic polarity in a planet an instantaneous occurence? A change in magnetic flux is expected to generate an EMF. In the case where the ...
7
votes
3answers
555 views

Do the rings in Mass Effect's mass relays (2-axis gimbal) describe a stable rotation?

Just out of curiosity. In the game Mass Effect, devices called mass relays contain two rotating rings, one inside of the other. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPxw5QjxhIs for an example, best seen ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

Is reversal of magnetic polarity in a planet an instantaneous occurence?

Just what the title states - Does reversal of magnetic poles in a planet refer to the point in time when reversal is complete? OR Does it refer to the entire drawn out process (assuming the ...

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