1
vote
1answer
308 views

If someone shoots a gun (45 caliber) at someone holding up a table or desk 10 feet away, does it slow or turn the bullet away?

Assume it's a standard .45 caliber handgun. Shooter is 10 feet away, and we hold a desk, mini-table, blackboard, etc on our chests(to protect vitals). How do you figure out the bullet's decrease in ...
6
votes
4answers
85 views

Does the current light pollution set a fundamental limit for the range of Earth-based telescopes?

As far as I know, all deep-sky pictures are captured with the Hubble Space Telescope. If there would be no atmospheric distortion, could we make deeper pictures in the optical spectrum with ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Resistance from voltage and charge [closed]

I'm sure this is pretty basic, but I'm not very good at electricity. At both ends of a conductor we apply 12 volts. For one minute an electric charge of 72 C passes through the conductor. What is ...
2
votes
1answer
623 views

About the delta potential well

If a particle in a delta potential well has negative energy, why the particle will be bound in the well? And if it has positive well, why it is free to move in either half-space: x < 0 or x > 0? I ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Metal Dilemma: Only very few civilizations per galaxy

This is a question in the area of extraterrestrial life. While life may be possible without it, space travel is probably impossible without metal. Metal is created in stars and heavy metals (above ...
4
votes
2answers
504 views

Non-interchangeability of time-like intervals

I am reading Landau's Volume 2 of the course of theoretical physics. I have a doubt after reading the first few pages of it which I explain below. Landau first defines intervals and on pages 5 and 6 ...
2
votes
5answers
878 views

Radio waves within an atom

What effect does the quantum world have on radio waves? For example, if I could shrink myself down and stand on the nucleus (or even smaller sub atomic particles making up the nucleus) with a device ...
5
votes
3answers
471 views

Rocket launch from a mountain

If we were to build a high speed rail up the side of a mountain like in some ScFi movies, what is the velocity needed at the point of living the mountain excluding angular momentum from earth’s ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is pseudorapidity defined as $-\log \tan \theta/2$

Why the log? Is it there to make the growth of the function slower? As this is a common experimental observable, it doesn't seem reasonable to take the range from $[0,\infty)$ to $(-\infty,\infty)$ ...
5
votes
6answers
3k views

Why is the universe so organized?

If you think about the Big Bang and the flow of matter in all directions, you would think, how unorganized would this universe be? No matter how long it would take. The idea that matter or most of it ...
0
votes
3answers
251 views

What is the volume of a parcel of air of a giving weight at average sea level pressure

I know this is probably some basic math once you have the figures, but my Google-fu is failing me. Say I have 5 pounds of air. Air meaning, the typical composition of the atmosphere of Earth. And by ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Would the ionic wind power fence actually work?

Described here and in the references (patent, patent), the idea is to use a large fence as a grid electrode. Spray water droplets near a high voltage to charge them, and then the wind blows them ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the fundamental reason of the fermion doubling?

Recall that the fermion doubling is the problem in taking the $a \to 0$ limit of a naively discretized fermionic theory (defined on a lattice with lattice spacing $a$). After such a limit one finds ...
8
votes
1answer
602 views

Iterated dimensional regularization

Given a 2-loop divergent integral $\int F(q,p)\,\mathrm{d}p\mathrm{d}q$, can it be solved iteratively? I mean I integrate over $p$ keeping $q$ constant Then I integrate over $q$ In both iterated ...
6
votes
2answers
396 views

Lagrangians combining terms with 1 and 2 derivatives

How are field theory Langrangians treated when some terms have 2 derivatives but others have only 1? Because the number of derivatives in a Lagrangian term is more easily even than odd, the ...
14
votes
5answers
1k views

What does a frame of reference mean in terms of manifolds?

Because of my mathematical background, I've been finding it hard to relate the physics-talk I've been reading, with mathematical objects. In (say special) relativity, we have a Lorentzian manifold, ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

Why isn't pressure used for flight?

Why isn't pressure used as flight? I've heard that 2L bottles can hold a pressure of up to 90 PSI safely. Since $F = PA$, if the nozzle of a pressure rocket is about 4 inches squared in area, that ...
0
votes
2answers
289 views

Physics Equivalent of Physical Chemistry (P-Chem) [closed]

Before I take P-Chem I would like to understand how physicists view the same material. What Physics course(s) should I take and/or books should I read to learn the same material from a physicist's ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

How come an anti-reflective coating makes glass *more* transparent?

The book I'm reading about optics says that an anti-reflective film applied on glass* makes the glass more transparent, because the air→film and film→glass reflected waves (originated from a paraxial ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Total power consumption of electric device

For some electric devices, like a fan or air conditioner, I read about their power consumption in watts on their specification guide. Does it tell about the power at normal or full speed? or Does the ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Review of Gas Chromatographs?

Could anyone suggest a recent review article or book on gas chromatography instrumentation? My interest is in the devices themselves, rather than using them for a particular application. This ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Why don't waves with different wavelengths interfere with each other in white-light?

The book I'm reading about optics says at some point that "each color (wavelength) contained in the white light interferes only with itself". But why is this so? Edit: I moved the rest of the ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

Why is electricity not transmitted wirelessly?

Why is electricity not transmitted wirelessly such that we don't need to span cables on the earth's surface? As in: electricity is transmitted wirelessly from the power plant to the household.
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Solving Schrödinger's equation with Crank-Nicolson method

I am trying to numerically solve Schrödinger's equation with Cayley's expansion ($\hbar=1$) $$\psi(x,t+\Delta t)=e^{-i H\Delta t}\psi(x,t)\approx\frac{1-\frac{1}{2}i H\Delta t}{1+\frac{1}{2}i H\Delta ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

People eating and gaining energy

Let's say we have 100 grams of chocolate which has 571 kilocalories (so it's about 2.4 megajoules) and we have barbell which weights 100 kilograms and need to lift it to 0.5 meters height. So how ...
5
votes
3answers
867 views

Get an intuition for pressure values

I am currently working with pressure differences in the milibar range. However I do not have a good feeling for pressure differences. In every day life: Where does a pressure of say 100 mbar over ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the Jost function in scattering theory?

What is the Jost function in scattering theory? Is it an operator or some kind of determinant? How is it obtained?
5
votes
6answers
366 views

Charged Black holes - What is the Interest in those?

Here in this forum (and elsewhre) I read about "charged" black holes. What is the background for this questions? Is this more a question of theroretical interest? In "practice" :=) black holes ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

Stern-Gerlach-Experiment with j=1 atoms?

Suppose you do a Stern-Gerlach experiment with atoms in a $j=1$ state. There would be three separate beams ($m_j = -1, 0, 1$) coming out of the apperatus. But what would be the relative distribution ...
150
votes
1answer
19k views

Book recommendations [closed]

Every once in a while, we get a question asking for a book or other educational reference on a particular topic at a particular level. This is a meta-question that collects all those links together. ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Physicality of claims regarding AC ice energy storage units

Many of us may remember the problems from thermodynamics where we had to determine if a pretend air conditioning unit supplier's claims violated the 2nd law. I want to pose a similar question ...
8
votes
4answers
753 views

Why should one expect closed timelike curves to be impossible in quantum gravity?

From the Wikipedia article, it seems that physicists tend to view closed timelike curves as an undesirable attribute of a solution to the Einstein Field Equations. Hawking formulated the Chronology ...
5
votes
3answers
101 views

What keeps galaxies united like a solar system?

Blackholes may be really strong but they act in a very short range. For example if the sun was a black having the same mass, it will be dark but we will still be revolving around it. It wont engulf ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole

By the "No Hair Theorem", three quantities "define" a black hole; Mass, Angular Momentum, and Charge. The first is easy enough to determine, look at the radius of the event horizon and you can use the ...
8
votes
2answers
244 views

How to predict how much data to collect

The same question on CrossValidated Apologies if I'm being a bit vague in what follows, I've been asked to keep certain aspects of the experiment confidential for the time being. An analogous ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What exactly is a mole?

I have some trouble understanding exactly what a mole represents. As I understand, one unit mole is 1/12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12 (thus it is the mass of one nucleon?). What is a mole, ...
10
votes
2answers
66 views

Do nearby gamma ray busts/supernova damage more than just the ozone layer?

So we know that many people are putting hard constraints on the galactic habitability zone based on the presence of nearby supernova/gamma ray bursts. But if they only affect the ozone layer, then I ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Does my model aircraft propeller beat the sound barrier?

I fly model aircraft. Recently I changed from a "1300kv" motor to a "1500kv" motor. The difference is in speed; the 1300kv can go about 16,400rpm full-throttle and with a fully charged battery and the ...
-2
votes
3answers
4k views

Is the Keppe Motor “real”?

Its makers say that it's a highly efficient motor because it resonates with (what they call) "Essential Energy", which is free energy that is everywhere in space. (I think that’s just a different name ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

How would we tell antimatter galaxies apart?

Given that antimatter galaxies are theoretically possible, how would they be distinguishable from regular matter galaxies? That is, antimatter is equal in atomic weight and all properties, except for ...
37
votes
7answers
3k views

Why does everything spin?

The origin of spin is some what a puzzle to me, everything spin from galaxies to planets to weather to electrons. Where has all the angular momentum come from? Why is it so natural? I was also ...
4
votes
1answer
543 views

Equation for calculating the Sun's position

SunPosition Calculator calculates the Sun's postion based on the location and time. What is the equation used for such a calculation?
1
vote
2answers
650 views

Speed of light, observed speed while travelling at the speed of light

I was watching Discovery channel the other night, they were telling that time slows down when you travel at a higher speed. This means there is a difference between the actual speed you travel at, and ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Fuel usage at the same constant rpm at different gears

I've had a discussion with my father today, about the fuel usage of a vehicle at the same rpm, but a different gear. He claims that the following situations have the same fuel usage: ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Deriving Newton's Third Law from homogeneity of Space

I am following the first volume of the course of theoretical physics by Landau. So, whatever I say below mainly talks regarding the first 2 chapters of Landau and the approach of deriving Newton's ...
0
votes
3answers
6k views

Calculating time for a fully charged UPS

I have a UPS of 1000 Volts connected with 2 batteries each of 150 Amp. How much time it will take to consume the whole UPS (after fully charged) when a device of 1Amp is getting electricity form that ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How does stuff glow in the dark?

Many things have glow in the dark properties (glow sticks, paint, toys ..), and I am wondering what is the physics behind them. How do these materials store light energy and emit it later when dark? ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Ozone generation [closed]

Another crazy question: 1) I will need to generate some ozone for chemical reactions, and what seems to be the most straightforward way is using germicidal lamps, but the question is how to estimate ...
1
vote
1answer
397 views

Does coverslip thickness matter for high NA oil immersion objectives?

This question is related to Impact of covering glass on lens performance. I use a 63x TIRF objective with a numerical aperture of 1.46 and oil immersion. The immersion oil has an index of ...
1
vote
2answers
250 views

Is it viable to convert nuclear waste into safe isotopes?

I read that powerful pulsed lasers can change isotopes: J. Magill, et. al.: "Laser transmutation of iodine-129". Did anyone estimate what would be the energy costs to transmutate 1 kg of fission ...

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