2
votes
1answer
510 views

From a cross section to a probability

This is homework problem: Given the cross-section of a neutrino-electron scattering, what is the probability for a solar neutrino to scatter with a electron as it goes through the center of the Earth? ...
0
votes
2answers
148 views

Quantum Mechanics - Observable

If $O$ represents an operator corresponding to an observable why does the following equality hold? $$\langle f(x)\, |\, O g(x)\rangle = \langle g(x) \,|\, O f(x) \rangle$$ It is used on the last ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

Approximation of skeleton diagrams

I'm studying the diagrammatics for a Bose system (in the superfluid phase) developed by Gavoret and Nozieres (Annals of Physics 28 349 (1964)). In this paper, they show how to solve the problem using ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

If two objects collide, will the collision force be twice as big as the original force? [duplicate]

Say, if we have two trucks travelling towards eachother at 60m/s, and those two trucks carry the same payload, and are the same model (aka they're exactly the same), will the collision force be as if ...
-2
votes
2answers
98 views

'Warp'- type travel; is it possible?

I just re-read an article about space travel, and the same article claimed that Star Trek-type 'warp' nuclear engines ARE theoretically possible, but that it will take around 500 years for humans to ...
0
votes
2answers
515 views

Inertia matrix of a rod rotating about an axis [closed]

I'll provide a picture for clearer understanding. The problem is to calculate the angular momentum of the rod rotating about the z-axis. I have serious difficulties in deriving the inertia matrix, ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Franck and Hertz graph function [closed]

I need a function whom graph is the following (the Frank and Hertz experiment graph): Currently I wrote the following function: ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Is there just one fundamental frequency?

I read simple definitions of the terms frequency, and fundamental frequency, which defined them thus, Frequency: the number of occurrences of a periodic wave during a second Fundamental Frequency: ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Chemical potential of Bose-Einstein condensation

This is a problem in An Introduction to Thermal Physics. (a)(b) is easy to work out. In (c), I use the formula $N_{excited}=(\frac{T}{T_c})^{3/2}N, \ (T<T_c)$ to calculate how many atoms are there ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Rigid rectangle in Schwarzschild

Say I build a perfect rectangle. Side lengths $l_1$ and $l_2$ and perfect right angles. I am on earth and the metric is given by the Schwarzschild metric. Setting $dt=0$ leads to the spatial ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Difference Between Algebra of Infinitesimal Conformal Transformations & Conformal Algebra

in Blumenhagen Book on conformal field theory, It is mentioned that the algebra of infinitesimal conformal transformation is different from the conformal algebra and on page 11, conformal algebra is ...
5
votes
2answers
687 views

How does the frequency of a particle manifest itself?

In terms of wave-particle duality for, let's say a photon; how would the frequency practically manifest/demonstrate itself? Like, i understand that the frequency is related to the energy a particle ...
35
votes
1answer
6k views

Was Titanic's captain's decision correct?

I just saw a documentary on Titanic. Someone in that documentary told Captain Smith "Shall we close the water tight doors, sir?" and the Captain replied "No, let it be open. Let the water ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Doppler spectroscopy to verify Earth's speed around the sun

I'm looking for data points to check changes in $z$ as the Earth moves towards and away from a star. I'm finding lots of data for various objects [1] but lots of variation too (for eg, the results for ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Reason for the experiment [closed]

Why is the independent confirmation by separate experiments such as important part of the development of the idea of the existence of electron wave?
6
votes
3answers
589 views

Why is adiabatic process isentropic?

I have read that adiabatic process is isentropic because there is no heat exchange in an adiabatic process and thus no change in entropy. But my question is - Even in adiabatic process, work can be ...
1
vote
2answers
235 views

Position dependent speed, how to compute position

I can't solve a problem: $ A= 0.5 (ms)^{-1}$, $ x_0 = 0.5 m $, $v(t)= A \cdot x^2 $, I have to compute the position at $t=3$ ($x_0$ is the initial position). So my guess is that I should be able ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

Boundary conditions for the heat equation when solving a mass density gradient

I'm working with a mass density gradient with length $L$ and I'm trying to solve the heat equation in 1-D (mass diffusion equation, $\partial_t\rho(t,x)=D\Delta\rho(t,x)$), but I'm not sure which ...
-1
votes
1answer
140 views

Looking for the name of a physical phenomenon in fluids' mechanics

I have not even an idea about how I would search for that on Google, that is why I'm trying my chance here. As electrical engineer I have no clue about fluid mechanics. We all now that when water is ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

Band structure and band index

Please let me know If my understanding is right. For a given $\vec{k}$, $H$ is a function of $\vec{k}$ the energies vary discretely for $n$ ie.,the band index. For a given $n$, we choose all the ...
-2
votes
1answer
119 views

Angular momentum Bohr's model

I have been trying to derive speed, radius etc. in hydrogen atom using Bohr's postulates and not neglecting the coulombic attraction on proton. I know that they will be revolving around their centre ...
0
votes
2answers
173 views

The speed of light and unstable matter

Mr.E is on a luxury spaceship travelling about 1/2 the speed of light and finds a cubic lump of unstable matter(attached to a bomb) in his cabin. He of course is an expert with bombs but this device ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

Does timbre consist in pitch and volume?

I read that the physical properties of a sound wave correspond to its audible qualities: pitch, volume, and timbre. However, an oscilloscope uses only two-dimensions to accurately depict the physical ...
-2
votes
1answer
409 views

How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass?

Like any set of massive objects separated by distance, the Earth and Sun have a center of mass. How far in meters from the Sun's center is the Earth-Sun center of mass? Just curious? Also what percent ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Statistical count

I am reading the book"Heat and Thermodynamics" by Mark Waldo Zemansky and Richard Dittman. In the chapter "Statistical Mechanics" it says if I have $N_{i}$ distinguishable particles in any of $g_{i}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
316 views

How are magnetic and electric fields transmitted?

This may be a duplicate, but how are (ideally) constant E- and B-/H-fields transmitted thru space? In this situation I like think of EM radiation as a note from a particle informing the universe of a ...
5
votes
2answers
709 views

Which solution to the electromagnetic wave equation is the most accurate model of monochromatic light?

When a photon is modeled as a monochromatic electromagnetic wave its electric and magnetic components are usually taken to be sine waves (for example here http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/...
7
votes
4answers
821 views

How are electric flux calculations not double integrals?

A disk of radius 0.10 m is oriented with its normal unit vector $\hat{n}$ at 30$^{\circ}$ to a uniform electric field $\vec{E}$ of magnitude 2000 N/C. What is the electric flux through the disk? I ...
1
vote
1answer
314 views

Metric for infinite straight cosmic string

A string theory question on my general relativity problem set: Metric is given as $$\mathrm{d}s^2 = -A(r)\mathrm{d}t^2 + B(r)\mathrm{d}r^2 + r^2 \mathrm{d}\theta^2.$$ a) Solve the vacuum equations ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

How do I determine resistivity from electron defects of high purity gold?

I am trying to create a plot for the electrical resistivity of high purity gold from 1 K to 1000 K. I found gold's resistivity at 300 K using the Wiedemann-Franz Law based on thermal conductivity data ...
1
vote
3answers
773 views

Protons and Electrons Occupying the Same Space

When it comes to atoms electrons can't fall into the nucleus, which besides the off hand uncertainty explanation, I'm not sure which force prevents them from falling into the nucleus. I thought I ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

R-symmetry commutator

I've seen the claim made several placed; Terning's "Modern Supersymmetry" p. 5 on N=1 SUSY algebra states it as well as anyone: The SUSY algebra is invariant under a multiplication of $Q_\alpha$ ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

“Imaginary” Perfect Time

In the definition (in one spatial dimension) of $\Delta \tau$ there is the relation: $(\Delta \tau)^2 = (\Delta t)^2 - (\Delta x)^2$ which is invariant. If $(\Delta x)^2 > (\Delta t)^2$ then there ...
10
votes
1answer
667 views

Can nowadays spin be described using path integrals?

In Feynmans book, "Quantum mechanics and Path Integrals" he writes in the conclusions (chapter 12-10) With regards to quantum mechanics, path integrals suffer most grievously from a serious defect....
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Static friction

Just a quick question, When a force on an object is equal to its static coefficient * normal force , would the object move or would it stay stationary? Or does the force always need to be greater ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

fusing two air containers with fixed pressures $p_1,p_2$ and temperatures $T_1, T_2$, what end-result $T$ and $p$ will be?

Let's say that I have two boxes with both volumes equal $V$, filled with an air. Air in first box have pressure $p_1$ and temperature $T_1$, likewise air in second box have pressure $p_2$ and ...
2
votes
5answers
263 views

What's the difference between $10\%$ of $10\text{ cm}$ and $1\text{ cm}$?

I overhead a physics professor at my university on the phone: I interviewed that student you sent me, but he didn't know the difference between increasing the length of a $10\text{ cm}$ rod by $1\...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding the creation/annihilation operators

Using Minkowski signature $(+,-,-,-)$, for the Lagrangian density $${\cal L}=\partial_{\mu}\phi\partial^{\mu}\phi^{\dagger}-m^2\phi \phi^{\dagger}$$ of the complex scalar field, we have the field $...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Battery Capacity vs. Battery draw

Pardon my ignorance but I just can seem to find an Answer to my question and I hope that you can help me. What is the equation for calculating how long a Lithium Battery can supply a device? For ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Is there a known equation for evolution of classical particle probability density?

Suppose we have some very imprecise knowledge of classical particle's coordinates and momentum: what we can only tell is the probability density to find it in some point of phase space. This is (...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Shielding RFID with aluminium foil

I've been playing around with some contactless bank cards and an RFID reader app on my phone. As expected, if I wrap the card in foil, the reader no longer detects it. But I was surprised to find that ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

What is the notion of a spatial angle in general relativity?

Is there a notion of spatial angles in general relativity? Example: The world line of a photon is given by $x^{\mu}(\lambda)$. Suppose it flies into my lab where I have a mirror. I align the mirror ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Different hamiltonians for quantum harmonic oscillator?

The Hamiltonian for a classical simple harmonic oscillator is $$ H = \frac{p^2}{2m} + \frac{1}{2}m\omega^2x^2$$ With the usual choice of the ladder operators $$a = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2m\omega\hbar}}(m\...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Question on Equipartition at Reheating?

Apologies in advance if this is a silly question. I am fimiliar with the idea of Reheating in cosmology, as discussed briefly here. I have been reading several papers which make the assumption of '...
5
votes
2answers
452 views

Why does this equation refer to magnetic tension?

The force density in a plasma, according to MHD, is $$ \mathbf{F} = -\nabla P -\nabla(\frac{B^2}{2\mu_0}) + \frac{1}{\mu_0}(\mathbf{B}\cdot\nabla)\mathbf{B} $$ where first term is the thermal ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Change in volume of air held at the top of a tube with upper end closed and holding some liquid [closed]

Consider a tube both end open.dip one end in a container with water..close the top with your thumb..(make sure some air remains between your thumb and the liquid in the tube)..now take the tube out of ...
11
votes
2answers
578 views

The difference between The Dilaton and The Radion?

I have read this question on the Dilaton, but I am a little confused with the distinction between the Dilaton and the Radion. I definitely have the feeling that these two scalar fields are different ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Gravity force between two objects with different mass

We know thanks to Newton that: $$F=G\frac{m_1\cdot m_2}{r^2}$$ Where $G$ is the Gravitational Constant that is about $6.673\cdot10^{-11}$ $m_1$ and $m_2$ are the masses of two different objects $r$...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the effect of surface tension on an air bubble inside water?

When an air bubble is formed inside water, and while it's still inside, does a force due to surface tension act on it? Why and where does this force act? I read somewhere that a bubble would detach ...
2
votes
2answers
440 views

What is wrong with considering the Atwood machine as a system?

I am confused about a method used in the following problem. There is an arrangement as shown below. The surface is smooth, and the pulleys are light. We have to find the acceleration $a_0$ of $m_1$. ...

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