7
votes
1answer
75 views

How are exoplanets confirmed?

In reference to the Kepler 22b news: The Kepler team had to wait for three passes of the planet before upping its status from "candidate" to "confirmed". This is possible because the planet ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

Relativity and predictability

My old theoretical physics professor used to say that (already) (special?) relativity shows that "the future is not predictable". Any ideas how this should be interpreted?
0
votes
5answers
8k views

How does evaporation affect the temperature of the air?

A wet object or a volume of water will decrease in temperature due to the effect of evaporation. We understand this to be because of the molecular kinetics, where the faster water molecules escape ...
0
votes
2answers
909 views

Basic Free Fall Problem [closed]

So I am trying to remember my childhood doing some Physics problems, but seems that I forgot almost everything. But it's not a big thing... that's why I'm training! My problem is pretty basic ...
3
votes
2answers
433 views

Uniqueness of eigenvector representation in a complete set of compatible observables

Sakurai states that if we have a complete, maximal set of compatible observables, say $A,B,C...$ Then, an eigenvector represented by $|a,b,c....>$, where $a,b,c...$ are respective eigenvalues, is ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

Why doesn't our solar system run into other solar systems over billions of years?

Why doesn't our solar system run into other solar systems over billions of years. There is plenty of time for it to be attracted by gravity to other objects. So I thought, it should be a common ...
0
votes
1answer
414 views

Speed of Light, Photons or WaveSpeed?

The speed of light is almost 300 000 km/s. The photons have a speed along the wave, and the wave have a speed straight forwards. What is the speed of light? Is it the speed the photons have along ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What's it like in a sphere mirror? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What happens to light in a perfect reflective sphere? I was working on my toy ray tracer when I pondered on this: Say we build a hollow sphere big enough to fit a ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Figuring out the force using Newton's 2nd Law

Here's a problem on my test review: A 12 kg crate resta on a horizontal surface and a boy pulls on it with a force that is 30° below the horizontal. If the coefficient of static friction is ...
4
votes
2answers
410 views

Sparticles: Relationship to supersymmetry and dark matter?

I was attempting to read this paper after watching a show with Brian Greene. As I understand it, sparticles are a prediction of supersymetry, so I was wondering: Wouldn't the discovery of ...
1
vote
3answers
373 views

Testing my understanding of QM - The Double Slit Experiment without the slit

First off, sorry to throw in another question from someone who hasn't studied the maths. I'd like to see if I have a correct (if very basic and non-mathematical) understanding of the wave and ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

what's the physical meaning of vector Laplacian of Electric field intensity?

Could someone explain to me the physical meaning of vector Laplacian of Electric field intensity? Where vector Laplacian means: $$\nabla^2 \mathbf{E} = \nabla(\nabla \cdot \mathbf{E}) - \nabla ...
1
vote
4answers
670 views

How can I show that an arbitrary wavefunction in a 1D SHO is periodic in time?

I want to show that an arbitrary wavefunction $f$ in a one dimensional harmonic potential reproduces itself after a period T up to a phase factor: $f(x,t+T)=Af(x,t)$, $|A|=1$ I am not sure if this ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

What theory is the person in this song talking about?

What he is talking about sounds interesting to me, and I would like to know more. But I need to know the name first. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ogn5FrVGtAg&hd=1
-1
votes
2answers
5k views

Finding initial velocity using conservation of momentum and energy [closed]

A 14 g bullet is fired into a 120 g wooden block initially at rest on a horizontal surface. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s^2. After impact, the block slides 6.97 m before coming to rest. If ...
1
vote
3answers
502 views

Heisenberg picture saves locality in QM?

David Deutsch recently released a paper titled "The vindication of locality" where he argues that by using the Heisenberg picture rather than the Schroedinger picture, you can "save" locality. The ...
1
vote
2answers
214 views

How does cooling scale with volume?

What equation would give me the answer to the question, "If i have a cup of water at a tempature of say boiling, how long would that cup of water take to cool off compared to say half that size of a ...
2
votes
1answer
525 views

Question on ladder operators

Suppose we have a finite , discrete set of orthonormal states $|k\rangle $ We can construct raising and lowering operators intuitively, for example $$a_+ =\sum_{k=1}^nC_{k+1}|k+1\rangle \langle k|$$ ...
4
votes
2answers
419 views

This Expansion-of-the-Universe-Diagram Confuses Me

The following blue-cone Wikipedia diagram confuses me. At any point of cosmological time the encircling horizontal lines in the diagram are of finite circumference. That is indicative of a closed ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

non-exotic traversable wormholes and string theory

In this article it is claimed that certain type of string theory called EGBd allows for traversable wormhole solutions that do not require exotic matter. What is this EGBd model and how it fits in ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

That 10km/day error predicted if GPS satellite clocks not corrected for relativity

Some authorities have stated publicly and without explanation that if the theories of Special and General Relativity were not taken into account in the design of the GPS (by building the satellite ...
0
votes
1answer
280 views

What experiment would show water and ice to be the same thing without transitioning one to another?

Yes, they are different phases of the same thing, but suppose a scenario where the ice must remain solid and water must stay in it's the liquid form. This is more of a philosophical question than a ...
6
votes
4answers
12k views

Why is air a poor conductor of heat?

Today, I was reading an article How Thermoses Work It goes on to explain all three processes of heat transfer: Conduction Radiation Convection In Convection, It states, If it weren't for ...
1
vote
1answer
729 views

Dimensional Analysis: Buckingham Pi Theorem Using a Matrix

I have the following problem - which is basically that $\omega = f(g,h,l)$ now the book claims that the two $\pi$ terms as follows $\pi_1 = \omega \sqrt{\frac{l}{g}}$ and $\pi_2 = \frac{h}{l}$. Now we ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to implement Heun's method to solve a 2nd order ODE? [closed]

I am trying to simulate a soft body object by having a collection of points connected by springs. I also want to have the object bounce on a plane. I have been able to implement Euler's method to make ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

How to interpret vacuum instability of Higgs potential

If the Higgs mass is in a certain range, the quartic self-coupling of the Higgs field becomes negative after renormalization group flow to a high energy scale, signalling an instability of the vacuum ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Seeking chiral anomaly EFT example

If an effective field theory has a chiral anomaly it means that chiral symmetry isn't a symmetry of the underlying theory which has been cut off to make the EFT. My question is whether there's a good ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Electrophorus: Why can't we use a magnet in substituion of a charged body to induce the polarization?

Since a magnetic field can induce a current in a coil, moving electrons from one side to another. Why isn't possible to use the same principle in a electrophorus using one magnet instead of charged ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

A simple action inequality

How do I prove that $$\int \dot{x}^2 dt\geq \int \langle \dot{x}\rangle^2 dt $$ (i.e a free particle not in any external potential field movies with uniform veloctiy)
8
votes
1answer
708 views

Would a solution to the Navier-Stokes Millennium Problem have any practical consequences?

I know the problem is especially of interest to mathematicians, but I was wondering if a solution to the problem would have any practical consequences. Upon request: this is the official problem ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to calculate the temperature of a receiving point from concentrated solar power?

I'm exploring a DIY project about solar power and have found very few resources that can explain, in a not too simple but not too advanced way, how to go about calculating important values in solar ...
2
votes
3answers
599 views

Is there other uses of flow-straighteners than flow-metering?

Flow-straighteners are used before flow-meters because they remove disturbances from the flow and achieve nearly-fully developped velocity profiles. But is there any other uses of flow straighteners ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Spinors in more dimensions and new degeneracies?

As you more than probably know spinors dimensions go as $2^{\frac{D}2}$ in D spacetime dimensions. If we look at the peculiar case of D=2*4, spinors have 4 components and we usually say that's related ...
12
votes
2answers
89 views

Numerical Analysis of Elliptic PDEs

I am looking for an elementary reference regarding issues of stability in numerical analysis of non-linear elliptic PDEs, particularly using the finite difference method (but something more ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What is the best evidence/theory about the first generation of stars

In particular, during what range of years after the Big Bang did the stars form? What is the expected range of masses of these stars and what is the expected lifetime before they supernova? I assume ...
2
votes
0answers
305 views

Levitation rotation speed involving laser acceleration, pyrolytic graphite and a vacuum

The experment would involve a small NIB magnet levitating between or on the diamagnetic material pyrolytic graphite, unlike other forms of levitation this doesn't require power to run such as ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

If LHC searches of a Higgs boson won't be a success, what consequences for the theory of electroweak interaction it can bear?

Whether it is necessary to search still for variants of an explanation of spontaneously breaking gauge symmetry, giving masses for a W, Z-bosons? Goldstone bosons are bosons that appear necessarily ...
3
votes
1answer
849 views

Time-Dependent Potentials in Quantum Mechanics

A potential that depends on time is usually solved using the time dependent perturbation theory in standard undergraduate textbooks in quantum mechanics. The reason usually mentioned is that time ...
-1
votes
1answer
528 views

What is the magnetic susceptibility of NdFeB?

NdFeB is one of the most popular materials used for making permanent magnets. Yet I could find no link or reference reporting a decent value for the magnetic susceptibility of NdFeB. Magnetic ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Spherical magnets shooting like bullets and demagnetizing

I was playing around with a 2x chain of bucky balls and winding it around itself. Suddenly several of the little balls went shooting like bullets across the room in 3 directions and now all of the ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Wave propagation in anisotropic media

I'm given a wave propagation in an anisotropic medium with the following properties: $\epsilon=\left[\begin{array}{ccc} \epsilon_{11} & 0 & 0 \\ \epsilon_{21} & \epsilon_{22} & ...
10
votes
0answers
87 views

Quantum statistics of branes

Quantum statistics of particles (bosons, fermions, anyons) arises due to the possible topologies of curves in D-dimensional spacetime winding around each other What happens if we replace particles by ...
9
votes
1answer
121 views

Conformal QFTs for D > 2

Which conformal QFTs do we know for spacetime dimension d > 2? I know that for D = 4 we have N = 4 SYM and some N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills + matter models. What is the complete list of such ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Massive excitations in Conformal Quantum Field Theory

Single particle states in quantum field theory appear as discrete components in the spectrum of the Poincare group's action on the state space (i.e. in the decomposition of the Hilbert space of ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding the Seebeck effect

Thermoelectricity is, as I understand it, the difference in voltage between the hot and cold ends of two dissimilar materials. If two materials are connected at two different junctions, the hot ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Has Chandra Varma explained cuprate superconductivity?

Chandra Varma is a theoretical physicist at University of California, Riverside. A couple years ago, he gave a talk at my institution purporting to explain superconductivity in the cuprates. It all ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

Can stable nuclei theoretically fission through quantum tunneling?

As I understand it, an unstable nucleus is going to randomly fission because the forces binding it together are momentarily weaker than the electrostatic repulsion of the protons. Given that some ...
24
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do or don't neutrinos have antiparticles?

This was inspired by this question. According to Wikipedia, a Majorana neutrino must be its own antiparticle, while a Dirac neutrino cannot be its own antiparticle. Why is this true?
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Decibel level addition of multiple noise sources

If I have four computer fans of which each is said to run at 46 dB, and they run close to each other, how loud is the whole system? I somehow recall from my physics course that 10 decibel ...
4
votes
2answers
253 views

interaction at a distance: how it works

In classical physics, I know the forces due to gravity and electrostatics. I know a lot of work has been done, but don't know the status. Is there a generally accepted theory of how the force is ...

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