0
votes
0answers
88 views

The angle to shoot moving object

I am obliged to count very simple problem (at least it seemed that it is simple, I hope it isn't to simple for this site). So i got observer who is standing $H$ below the object. The object is fired ...
0
votes
0answers
377 views

If nothing can travel faster than the speed of light, how can there be parts of the universe we can't see? [duplicate]

Assuming we originated from a single infinitely dense point in space time in the big bang, how can there be parts of the universe that we can't see as the light has not reached us yet, if nothing can ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Differentiate wave speed, don't understand

The speed $v$ of some wave is $ω/k$ and I want to differentiate this with respect to $k$. Apparently this equals: $dv/dk = d(ω/k)/dk-ω/k^2$ But I don't understand why. Isn't this just saying "the ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Is every electromagnetic radiation considered “light”?

Somebody mentioned on Freenode chatroom for physics that All Electromagnetic Radiation are delivered in form of Photons not just light. Is it true? Does that mean if we get a THF electrical ...
8
votes
1answer
165 views

What is the intepretation of the electromagnetic tensor?

Let $A$ be the four-potential, then we know that we can form the electromagnetic tensor as $F=dA$. This is usually done as a way to have a better writing of Maxwell's equations. So, to simplify the ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Free fall from space [duplicate]

If you leave a ball weighing 10 kg at a height of 500 km above sea level (neglecting air friction). How can calculate how long the ball hits the ground and what will be its speed? I know that: On ...
0
votes
1answer
362 views

What makes different metals conduct better?

If a metal is a Fermi sea, what makes different metals better conductors? Clearly, one valance electron dominates. All things being equal, I would have assumed that the bigger atoms, with more ...
7
votes
1answer
347 views

Renormalizing composite operators

Consider the QED Lagrangian, \begin{equation} {\cal L} = \bar{\psi} ^{(0)} ( i \partial_\mu \gamma^\mu - m ) \psi ^{(0)} - e A _\mu ^{(0)} \bar{\psi} ^{(0)} \gamma ^\mu \psi ^{(0)} - \frac{1}{4} ...
4
votes
2answers
736 views

Spin-statistics theorem proof details

Recently I have read one book where there was some incomprehensible proof of the Pauli's spin-statistics theorem. I want to ask about a few details of the proof. First, the author derives ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Atmospheric heating and the reduction in viscosity

The oceans are becoming less viscous as they are heated. I'd imagine a similar effect is likely occurring in the atmosphere as well. What, if any, effect would this reduction of viscosity have on ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Many times speed of light [duplicate]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/theory-of-everything-big-bang-discovery_n_5019126.html What does "many times speed of light" really mean in this context? For a layman it's easy to draw wrong ...
5
votes
0answers
115 views

What is the cheapest way to land a grain of sand on the moon? [closed]

I have a payload that is the size and density of a grain of sand. I want to land it intact on the moon, but I am not particular about location beyond that. What is the least expensive way to get it ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Could the phase factor $i$ be replaced by “matrix representation” totally in quantum mechanics? [duplicate]

It seems that $i$ plays an important role in quantum mechanics (Q.M.). On the other hand, linear algebra plays such an important role in Q.M. too. So would linear algebra, such as a matrix be able to ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Electricity Flow and Ground Wire

Pre-face: My step-father and I were turning the heat down on the water heater. He demonstrated that touching the ground wire doesn't shock you. My understanding is that the ground wire doesn't have ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Electromagnetic force interaction

As far as I know, the electromagnetic force only interacts on particles with electrical charge, but I was told that the electromagnetic force was involved in the following reaction: ...
7
votes
1answer
153 views

Self-adjointness

I know I have posted this question before some time ago. But no one could help so I decided to put my problem in another background. The Schrödinger equation of a free scalar field is given by ...
8
votes
2answers
608 views

What's this about kinetic energy increasing with the fifth power of length?

I don't quite understand this quote from Stephen J. Gould's Ever since Darwin, where he talks about the compensating physical characteristics of organisms for their size. Other essential features ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

General Relativity representations

General relativity is said to be essentially unique. What is the equivalence relation that links the different constructions? In other words, is the equivalence relation called isomorphism or ...
0
votes
1answer
489 views

How to obtain band dispersion from a band structure diagram?

Reading about bands dispersion, I came across the following (Computational Chemsitry of Solid State Materials): ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Renormalizing with external momenta set to zero

I've often seen in textbooks that authors renormalize diagrams by setting external momentum to zero. Under what conditions is this justified? An example of this is done in Manohar and Wise's book on ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Spatial bound on the internal electron structure

In 2006 the radius for a possible internal structure of the electron has been pinned down to $10^{-18} m$. This validates the approximation of electrons as point particles at long distances, e.g. in ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Adiabatic Expansion with expanding control volume

I have a tube with a length $L$ and diameter $d$ that is open on 1 side. At a certain point (say $x$) from the closed end of the tube, I have a gas with a high pressure. At this point, $x$, there is ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

A few questions about interacting quantum field?

In interacting quantum field, we think that interaction is adiabatic switch on/off. So in the infinite past, we can think there is no interaction, so we can have particle interpretion. There are four ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Collection Efficiency of Photon

I am currently reading this paper: http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.116802#references In the second column of text in page 2, the author makes various claims about the ...
8
votes
2answers
522 views

Why does the dimension of the electric charge depend on the number of spacetime dimensions?

We can find via dimensional analysis that the dimension of the electric charge varies with the dimension of space-time $(D+1)$: $$[\text{charge}] = (\text{eV})^{(3-D)/2}.$$ It is dimensionless if ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Quantum fluctuations in the non-relativistic limit

Is there any way to describe quantum fluctuations in ordinary quantum mechanics? For instance, a proton fluctuating into a proton-$\pi^0$ state and then back to a proton? What are the relevant ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Wave equation for de Sitter invariant Green's functions

In several papers on QFT in de Sitter space (curvature set to $1$) it is asserted that the Klein-Gordon equation obeyed by the two point function of the free fields: $$(\square-m^2)G(x_1,x_2)=0 $$ can ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Do beam splitters work for very broad photons? (frequency bandwidth, spatial extent)

If I send a single photon through a usual beam splitter, is there a limit for the beam splitter to work properly related to the photons broadness in frequency or in space? For example a femto second ...
15
votes
1answer
378 views

Soliton Moduli Spaces and Homotopy Theory

The four-dimensional $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills Lagrangian is given by $$\mathcal{L}=\frac{1}{2e^2}\mathrm{Tr}F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}$$ and gives rise to the Euclidean equations of motion $\mathcal{D}_\mu ...
4
votes
1answer
381 views

How do you measure a particle's postion or momentum?

This question is about the Uncertainty Principle $$\sigma_x \sigma_p ~\ge ~\frac{\hbar}{2}.$$ Looking at the maths, I understant why the uncertainty in the poistion increases as the uncertainty in ...
1
vote
2answers
162 views

Eulerian Angles — Why three rotations can transform fixed frame into body frame?

"In general, if we restrict ourselves to rotations about one of the Cartesian axes, three successive rotations are required to transform the fixed frame into the body frame" The origin of our fixed ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

The question about multiplications of field functions and vector indices

Recently I have read following. For the field function $\Psi (x)$ of definite integer spin $n$ the multiplication $\Psi_{a}\Psi_{b}$ refers to the components of tensor rank $2n$. By the way, we may ...
-1
votes
1answer
220 views

Aerodynamics and thermodynamic [closed]

Why can we refer an object as being aerodynamic but we can't refer an object as being thermodynamic, and if an object is thermodynamic what does it even means?
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Name of unknown effect where liquid moves when placed on a jagged surface

I recently saw a video in which a water droplet, when dropped on a jagged surface (see photo), and whilst under the Leidenfrost Effect, moved. Does anyone know the name of this effect?
5
votes
0answers
234 views

How can I make a simple climate simulator? [closed]

Given an Earth-like planet with arbitrary terrain, how can I create a simple climate simulator that can output parameters such as humidity and temperature, so that I can assign biomes to areas of ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

How does a Photocell/Photoresistor work? [closed]

I'm just curious highschooler beginning an interest in electronics and this concept of light detecting resistance component is really intriguing to me. I assume it's an application of the ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

How to calculate error of parallax and sextant based navigation?

First of all, why wasn't the sextant ever used for land navigation? The horizon is easier to see at sea, but land based sextants could be used in conjunction with artificial horizons (as at sea when ...
0
votes
2answers
854 views

metastable energy levels

can someone give me a good definition of "metastable energy levels" in a helium plasma (glow discharge). Am I right when I say : "by adding some neon in my helium plasma, I will obtain a molecular ...
8
votes
2answers
639 views

The gauge covariant derivative and its substitution

I was wondering wether it would make a difference (in general) if I were to were introduce the gauge covariant derivative $$D_\mu=\partial_\mu+ieA_\mu$$ In the Lagrangian density and then derive the ...
3
votes
2answers
385 views

How clean will first generation fusion reactors be compared to fission reactors?

Googling the topic seems to indicate that fusion reactors will produce less waste and less toxic radioactivity, but this fact never seems to be mentioned during the current debate over nuclear power. ...
3
votes
4answers
645 views

More about the right hand rule?

We started learning about electromagnetism in physics class, and the Right Hand Rule comes in handy as seems easy to use, but I'm curious as to how it actually works. I guess it's more of a math ...
7
votes
1answer
204 views

Symmetries in physics

Can you explain me some of the mathematical details of such concept as symmetries? In physics, we have some manifold, and fields are functions on this manifold. On the one hand, we have symmetries of ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

Infinite Resistive lattice problem

While there have been many discussions regarding the solution(say using the Fourier transform or the lattice Green's function approach) to the two-point resistance of an infinite-square resistive ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Solve Eigenvalues for Particles enclosed in a hard surface?

Is there a way to calculate the energy eigenvalues for a particle enclosed in an impenetrable enclosing surface? I tried evaluating the Fourier transformation of the Laplacian operator \begin{align} ...
0
votes
2answers
438 views

horizontal motion inside a cone (cylindrical polars)

I have a question from an example we done in lecture Suppose we have a particle moving inside the surface of a cone given by $r = wz$ where $w$ is a constant, and also suppose initially the particle ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Collected Gravitational Field

I wasn't sure what to call this, I'm not a physicist. I basically have a collection of massive bodies. I to calculate the gravitational field of all those objects collected; how to do this? The ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

Why is my restaurant silverware magnetized? [closed]

Why is my restaurant silverware magnetized? Specifically, if I lay all three flat on the table, and touch the bottoms of the handles together, I can pull the knife with the handle of the spoon. I ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Conservation of energy quick question

Say we had a particle moving in a frictionless funnel and was projected horizontally. If we had some initial conditions for the energy E, then would these conditions be the same always? For ...
4
votes
3answers
154 views

How to show the invariant nature of some value by the group theory representations?

Let's have Dirac spinor $\Psi (x)$. It transforms as $\left( \frac{1}{2}, 0 \right) \oplus \left( 0, \frac{1}{2} \right)$ representation of the Lorentz group: $$ \Psi = \begin{pmatrix} \psi_{a} \\ ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

Gravity and antimatter

If we put earth like planet made up of antimatter (same mass of earth, same diameter etc..) with same distance from moon as current distance between earth and moon then center of gravity of moon and ...

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