6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to prove Galilean invariance?

Thinking this would be obvious, I was trying to prove the Galilean invariance of Newton's second law of motion, but I failed. This is what I've got so far: If we define a world line in Galilean ...
11
votes
1answer
365 views

Quasi 1D insulators with strong spin-orbital interaction

We know that the spin-1 chain realizes the Haldane phase which is an example of symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases (ie short-range entangled phases with symmetry). The Haldane phase is ...
-2
votes
1answer
1k views

Total Number of Dimensions in the Universe? [duplicate]

I have often heard that there are more than 4 (3 space and 1 time) dimensions of spacetime. What are the theories that say so, and how many does each predict? Has any experimental evidence been ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How can we know the size of a dimension? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Measuring extra-dimensions I was watching a layman's documentary and it said: "The 11th dimension is incredibly small, like a long tube about $10^-30m$ in diameter". ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Light interference maximum and minimum intensity points

This is a very basic question, but I just forgot how to solve this. It's classical physics question. Suppose that there are two light sources. And some place away exists a screen. How do I find ...
0
votes
2answers
985 views

Conservation of momentum equation, how do I factor out v0Final and v1Final?

I am trying to figure out an equation for conservation of momentum. So, If combined momentum before and after the collision is the same, and momentum is velocity times mass, then for 2 objects (A,B), ...
5
votes
0answers
286 views

Significance of Dirac cones in condensed matter physics

In condensed matter physics, Dirac cones can be found in graphene, topological insulators, cuprates, and iron-pnictides. This means that electrons behave as massless particles near the Dirac points. ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Rubber Band Forces

I have a question regarding the force a band places on an object. Say I have a rubber band wrapped around 2 pegs at a certain distance, and at that distance I know the pounds of force per inch it is ...
8
votes
3answers
982 views

Majorana zero mode in quantum field theory

Recently, Majorana zero mode becomes very hot in condensed matter physics. I remember there was a lot of study of fermion zero mode in quantum field theory, where advanced math, such as index ...
0
votes
2answers
450 views

How much of himself a person can see in the mirror? [closed]

A man who is $6$ ft tall is standing in front of a plane mirror that is $2$ ft in length. The mirror is placed lengthwise with its bottom edge $4$ ft above the floor on a wall that is $5$ ft ...
35
votes
10answers
4k views

What is spontaneous symmetry breaking in QUANTUM systems?

Most descriptions of spontaneous symmetry breaking, even for spontaneous symmetry breaking in quantum systems, actually only give a classical picture. According to the classical picture, spontaneous ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “code” in “toric code”?

When I first heard people talking about using Kitaev's toric code to do topological quantum computation, I was thinking how many lines does the toric code have. Then I was told that the "code" really ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

simulate a quantum computer on a normal one

Would it be possible to simulate a quantum computer on a normal computer. I was thinking something like have a bunch of GPU's running a set of entangled quantum particles and then produce the results. ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Fitting of data to a model

Imagine that I have some observable value predicted with a theory for some process to be: $1+a x + b x^2$ and observed value is 1.3 with an error 0.2; a and b are some numerical constants. I also have ...
4
votes
0answers
236 views

To what extent is theoretical physics done in a non-univeristy setting? [closed]

Maybe it's just me, but in the last weeks or so I noticed a small increas of the number of more theoretical question on this site. I consider myself on this side and I wondered how many, if this is ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Lorentz spinors of $SO(n,1)$ and conformal spinors of $SO(n,2)$

It would be great if someone can give me a reference (short enough!) which explains the (spinor) representation theory of the groups $SO(n,1)$ and $SO(n,2)$. I have searched through a few standard ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

How can you distinguish between projections of quantum states?

Consider this problem in quantum cryptography: We have two pure states $\phi_1,\phi_2$ as input and constants $0 \leq \alpha <\beta \leq 1 $, where "Yes instances" are those for which ...
1
vote
0answers
186 views

weird terms in W boson self energy

I calculated the correction to the self energy of the W boson due to a fermion doublet (below I have n(e) for neutrino (electron), but it could be up and down quarks or just any 4th generation ...
6
votes
2answers
370 views

Does a tidally locked planet have seasons?

Could a tidally locked planet have seasons? According to my understanding, a tidally locked planet rotates around itself exactly once per rotation around its sun. However, if the axis of rotation of ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Calculating a Deflection of Light Integral from Einstein's 1907 paper on Gravity and Light

$\frac{1}{c^2}\int_{\theta=-\pi/2}^{\theta=\pi/2} \frac{kM}{r^2}cos\theta ds=2\frac{kM}{c^2\Delta}$ An observation: $\cos\theta=\frac{\Delta}{r}$
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Gamma Ray Bursts

What is the maximum frequency of the Gamma Rays produced during supernovae? And how are these detected by telescopes without getting some serious damage done?
3
votes
3answers
533 views

Rotational speed of a discus

I was wondering whether the rotational speed of a discus has any influence on the flight of the discus. Would slowing the rotation or speeding it up change the trajectory in any way or would the ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Anomalous Expansion Of Water

How can the Anomalous Expansion of Water from 4$^\circ$C to 0$^\circ$C be explained with reference to subatomic particles?
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Exist some relationship between irradiance units and wavelenght of the incident sunlight?

Exist some relationship between irradiance units and wavelength of the incident sunlight? What about irradiance? I want to establish a relationship between wavelength and irradiance, because I would ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Circumference of a Magnetic Field

Is it possible that a metallic object will not be under the influence of a magnetic field at a certain closeness to a conductor, but will then experience the effect on moving to a particular distance ...
1
vote
1answer
634 views

Does the Relative density of water change based on the state it is in

Will Relative density of water change based on the state it is in? Ie solid, liquid, gas. What causes this change(if any) in Rd?
1
vote
1answer
3k views

what is phase angle of wave function $\phi \,$?

this is wave function: $$\Psi{(\vec r, t)}=\Psi_0 e^{i(\vec k \cdot \vec r-\omega t)}$$ $$\Psi{(\vec r, t)}=A e^{i(\phi + \vec k \cdot \vec r-\omega t)}$$. what is phase angle $\phi$ of wave ...
5
votes
2answers
610 views

How does Earth's interior dynamo work?

I'm interested in getting a basic physical understanding of how Earth's magnetic field is generated. I understand that it's a "dynamo" type of effect, driven by convection currents in the molten outer ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Lepton Number Conservation

What is the global symmetry of the electroweak Lagrangian that gives rise to lepton number conservation? As I understand it, electric charge is some linear combination of the conserved quantities ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Is the opening of the NOVA program a Calabi-Yau space?

Is the opening of the NOVA program on PBS a Calabi-Yau space?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Specific heat capacity

Which of two objects at the same tempreature can cause more intense burns when you touch it: the one with the greater specific heat capacity or the one with the smaller specific heat capacity and why? ...
3
votes
2answers
395 views

Which equation tells you the minimum energy of a wave needed to see a small particle?

I have a problem that asks for the minimum energy of a wave that we will use to see a particle of size $.1\text{ nm}$. I understand that I can not see a $.1\text{ nm}$ particle with any wave length ...
5
votes
1answer
700 views

Energy conservation and center-of-mass inertial frames

For a given set of fast-moving objects in empty space, the maximum mass-energy that can be extracted by using only interactions between objects in the set (e.g., colliding all of them together) is ...
1
vote
1answer
458 views

The Strength Of A Black Hole

Does the gravitational strength of a black hole at its singularity change the more it pulls things into it?
0
votes
1answer
896 views

Improvement Of Soft Iron And Steel As Magnets

I am given to know that soft iron is used as temporary electromagnet since it has high permeability i.e. the ability to align its domains corresponding to the electric field around it, however has a ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Piezoelectrical effect in a pendulum

How can I compute the piezo-electrical effect of a pendulum of frequency $f$ and amplitude $R$? What constants of the material will enter the computation? The material in question is an electrode on ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Can a charged black hole interact via electromagnetism? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Detection of the Electric Charge of a Black Hole Light cannot escape from a black hole. However light is also interpreted as the carrier of the electromagnetic force. So ...
-2
votes
1answer
936 views

What do scientists believe about existence in dimensions? [closed]

I couldn't really think of a suitable question title, I'm not sure if it's completely related or not. But this is as far as I know (well, I thought it all up last night and it seemed extremely ...
3
votes
1answer
744 views

Conversion from natural units to SI

I got questions about converting units from natural system of units to SI. To be exact, I'm solving the problem in Heisenber interpretation of quantum mechanics, and I'm using Heisenberg equation of ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Can symmetry be restored in high energy scattering?

Suppose you have a field theory with a real scalar field $\phi$ and a potential term of the form $\lambda \phi^4 - \mu \phi^2$ that breaks the symmetry $\phi \to - \phi$ in the ground state. Is this ...
0
votes
3answers
548 views

Can every particle be regarded as being a combination of Black holes and White holes?

Can the statement be regarded as true? That every particle, or element in the universe can be regarded as a combination of black hole and white hole in variable proportion.
2
votes
1answer
242 views

When would the proposed black hole at the centre of Milky Way gulp in our solar system? [duplicate]

I've heard and read that our solar system lies near to the peripheral region of the Galaxy. Then accordingly we would have a greater probability of sustaining to eventual gulping down by the ...
0
votes
3answers
261 views

The metric expansion of space and Hawking

In a Wikipedia article I read that the "Metric Expansion of Space" exceeds the speed of light. If this is true then we must be being disconnected from very remote parts of the universe since gravity ...
31
votes
8answers
11k views

Would it matter if the Earth rotated clockwise?

In the Futurama episode "That Darn Katz!" they save the world by rotating the Earth backwards saying it shouldn't matter (which direction Earth rotates). If Earth rotated clockwise and remained in ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

What experiments prove the greenhouse effect?

What experiments prove the greenhouse effect? I've read a little on wikipedia but I've got only some names but not their experiments.
1
vote
1answer
412 views

Commutators with a density matrix

The equation describing the evolution of our system is as follows: $ \dot{\rho} = u_1(t)(a^\dagger a \rho - 2a\rho a^\dagger +\rho a^\dagger a) + u_2(t)(a a^\dagger \rho - 2a^\dagger\rho a +\rho a ...
1
vote
1answer
447 views

Open Ended/ Close Ended instruments?

Close ended instruments have twice the wavelength, because the wave must travel twice the distance to repeat itself. Why must a wave reach a lower density medium (air in this case) to repeat? When ...
2
votes
2answers
870 views

Why is the atmosphere transparent in the visible spectrum?

One of the great coincidences in physics is that the Sun happens to shine most brightly at exactly the wavelengths our eyes can see; it's an easy explanation that our eyes evolved to make the most out ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

DFT breakdown for effects that depend on phase?

Given the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem, a given ground-state density uniquely defines all ground state properties, because in principle the external potential $V_{ext}$ can be understood as a functional of ...
2
votes
3answers
850 views

Would a Helium powered balloon vehicle work on Mars?

Would a Helium powered balloon vehicle work on Mars? Things that might need to be answered: How much liquidHelium would you need to pack in order to fill a balloon with enough helium gas to travel ...

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