6
votes
9answers
4k views

How to measure speed of a ceiling fan?

I thought for fun I might measure how my ceiling fan slows down when turned off, and maybe find out what forces act on it when it slows down. My problem is that for that I need to measure its ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Tungsten Wire Heat discipation

Background Information: I'm doing an experiment in which I place a bare tungsten wire in to various liqids, to measure a coefficient $\alpha $ in the equation $$ Power Dissipated = \alpha * \Delta T ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Explain entropy (again)

I think I understand entropy finally. Will you verify for me? $$S = k_B \ln( \Omega)$$ where $\Omega$ (the multiplicity) is the degeneracy of the system at some energy (E)? So if the system is a ...
0
votes
1answer
417 views

Vector Maths to Simulate Car Physics [closed]

I'm working on a 3D program that involves controlling a Cube on-screen (which represents a car). I use C++, OpenGL and GLM (for vector and matrices etc, if you're familiar with programming; Once the ...
0
votes
1answer
309 views

Proof of diffraction equations

If light incident on a grating makes an angle φ with respect to the normal to the grating, show that dsin(θ)=mλ becomes d[sin(θ-φ)+sin(φ)]=mλ. I began by showing: d[sin(θ-φ)+sin(φ)]=mλ, θi=φ=θ at ...
1
vote
1answer
258 views

Wave vector $\vec{k}$ vs position vector $\vec{x}$

My question is about the $k$-vectors in first Brillouin zone. If I am not misunderstood, the relation k = 2π/(Na) tells that when k goes to zero, we are very very far away from the reference atom and ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Semiclassical Approximation

In many books I read about semiclassical approximation applied to the field of Bose-Einstein condensation. But I don't understand what it really means. For example I read that an expression like this ...
1
vote
0answers
483 views

2D Ising model simulations: Wolff algorithm acceptance probability with an external magnetic field

I have implemented the Wolff algorithm to simulate a 2D ferromagnet. It works by building a cluster of like spins and flipping them all at once to move quickly through phase space. In the case of no ...
6
votes
1answer
330 views

Goldstone mode in O(N) (non-linear $\sigma$ model)

The question is does the Non-linear $\sigma$ model have a Goldstone mode? Consider a $O(N)$ mode for which the Hamiltonian is $H=J\sum_{i,j}\vec{n}_i \cdot \vec{n}_j$, where ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

virtual boxes mirror reflection

The problem statement Find the lightpath with a given starting and ending points via one or more mirrors. In those kind of problems you try image someone pointing a laser with a very narrow beam ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Fluid Virtual Mass

In this paper of Lighthill, the author studies the motion of a fish in a constant flow field $U$, modelling the movement of the fish as a deforming, rotationally symmetric, rigid surface in an ...
3
votes
2answers
755 views

Neither Biot-savart nor Ampere Law can solve this problem?

I'm confused about the use of the Ampere's Law and the Biot-Savart Law due the inconvenience of each law. I want to calculate the magnetic field due to current carrying a circular loop over itself, ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How does the light waves make up to my eye?

I was thinking about a situation were there is a group of people in a room. While all those people are observing something(none of them are blind) the light ways need to reach their respective eyes. ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

River model of spacetime for arbitrary situations

This paper describes black holes as space flowing inward (the rotating hole also twists in a weird way): http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0411060 The proper time given by the objects is the same as ...
2
votes
2answers
488 views

How to determine if a optical system is afocal?

I have to come up with a method to measure the focal length of a concave lens that's not in my lab guidebook. So I decide that I will build an afocal system with a convex lens and a concave lens and ...
-1
votes
1answer
278 views

Recommended book for beginners on advanced science topics [duplicate]

I have a background in engineering so I have some familiarity with basic math and science. I've recently been reading about other topics such as Einstein's relativity and have become interested in ...
11
votes
2answers
388 views

Will entropy continue to increase even if the universe begins to contract?

If the universe is heading for a big crunch, when the universe starts to collapse will entropy decrease and the arrow of time consequently reverse or not? I'm interested in the explanations, not just ...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

Etale bundles and sheaves

Before answering, please see our policy on resource recommendation questions. Please try to give substantial answers that detail the style, content, and prerequisites of the book or paper (or ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What made Bohr quantise angular momentum and not some other quantity?

Bohr's second postulate in Bohr model of hydrogen atom deals with quantisation of angular momentum. I was wondering, though: why did he quantise angular momentum instead of some other quantity?
2
votes
0answers
230 views

What is the maximum possible frequency and wavelength?

As a start I assumed Planck angular frequency which is the reciprocal of Planck time as the frequency upper limit, but not so sure. On the other hand, is there a lower limit? Can we consider the ...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

Do all planets have an electric charge?

Do all planets have an electric charge? If yes, is positive or negative? And how much each magnitude? I have read some articles which really confused me. Some of these articles said that all ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

How functions become operators in quantum mechanics? [duplicate]

What used to be functions in the context of classical mechanics like position, linear momentum, angular momentum, etc in quantum mechanics are operators (these operators act on the state to get ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Initialize a traveling wave in a 1D gas?

I am trying to initialize a traveling wave for a 1d simulation as one can see from the attached figure. Such that it will be traveling to the right. However, I cannot initialize the right velocity ...
0
votes
3answers
959 views

AC through a pure inductor

I've studied the AC circuit for an ideal inductor in many physics books. After deriving the final equation for current the integration constant $C$ is assumed to be $0$ by giving inadequate reasons. ...
-2
votes
1answer
374 views

How momentum/energy is distributed in a elastic collision? [closed]

We know from conservation of momentum or energy that energy (lets think about one quantity at a time) is conserved before and after collision. But how the energy is distributed between the bodies? I ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Does the direction of perceived time depend on location in the universe?

Do the laws of physics allow for the possibility that in a galaxy far far away, the perceived arrow of time is in the opposite direction to ours, where people (aliens) die before they are born, and ...
0
votes
2answers
186 views

Can you confirm 2 simple statements about vaporization?

Vaporization is an interesting engineering subject, but unfortunately much about it has always been unclear to me. Recent research of mine has brought my mind to link vapor pressure to boiling and ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Are there anti entropic agents [duplicate]

The entropy of an isolated system always increases, Considering an intelligent actor in the system who can organise different objects in the system, doesnt the measure of disorder reduce albeit for ...
2
votes
1answer
396 views

Cosmological metric with off-diagonal terms?

In the context of Cosmology models, What are examples of metrics with off-diagonal terms?
10
votes
4answers
5k views

Maxwell's Equations using Differential Forms

Maxwell's Equations written with usual vector calculus are $$\nabla \cdot E=\rho/\epsilon_0 \qquad \nabla \cdot B=0$$ $$\nabla\times E=-\dfrac{\partial B}{\partial t} \qquad\nabla\times ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Gravitational constant in higher dimensions?

From Newton's law of gravitation we know that $$F=G\frac{m_1m_2}{r^2}$$ where $G$ is gravitational constant. We can also see that it has dimensions $$[G]=\frac{[L]^3}{[M][T]^2}$$ and we have a ...
3
votes
2answers
293 views

The meaning of potential in Bohm-Aharonov experiment

The Bohm-Aharonov experiment involves a magnetic field inside a cylinder which is zero outside that cylinder. Nonetheless it affects the electrons moving outside the cylinder. The explanation for this ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Quantum Box and Quantum Number

How many quantum numbers are needed to describe a stationary state of a particle in a multi-dimensional quantum box (say 73)?
0
votes
1answer
277 views

Voltmeter Question [closed]

I understand that a voltmeter is used for measuring potential electrical difference, but how exactly should said voltmeter be connected with the resistor in circuit?
0
votes
1answer
281 views

Dispersion relation of silicon

In the case of dispersion relation of silicon having crystal plane orientation 111; what is the Sellmeier's equation for refractive index $n$ of silicon orientation 111 & what it's extinction ...
3
votes
3answers
520 views

Mirror reflection

Question Create a set-up, as shown in the Figure, consisting of two mirror tiles (A and B) and a bird face, facing to the right . Make sure the two mirrors are perpendicular to the table and ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Calculating the power of a lightbulb [closed]

How do I calculate the power of a lightbulb? I have values but I don't know the equation to use.
-3
votes
1answer
104 views

What exactly is resistance?

I am trying to teach myself about electricity and magnetism and I have a few questions about resistance. How does resistance of say a long wire compare to that of a a short wire? what about thick and ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor [closed]

Calculate the electric potential energy stored in a capacitor that stores 3.40 x 10^-10 C of charge at 20.0v
5
votes
2answers
832 views

Why does earth's magnetic field change its direction?

I know that the earth's magnetic field is due to molten metal and ions flowing in its core. It has been found that the Earth's magnetic field changes its direction and it has even flipped once! But, ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

The relation between the action of tunneling and the energy

In the semi-classical physics, the probability of the penetration through a barrier is given by $$ p \sim \exp \left( - A_{0} (E) \right), $$ where $A_0$ is the imaginary part of the action and $E$ ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Do vortex tubes work with a reversed end plug?

Would a vortex tube still work if instead of a cone plugged into the 'hot' end you had a smaller hole on the 'cold' end? As I understand it, the point of the cone on the hot end is to only allow the ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Does an electron move from one excitation state to another, or jump?

I'm wondering, when an electron changes state, does it move from one state to another over some (very small) time period? Or does it change from one state to another in no time? If the former, what ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Free energy of the critical U(N) model

Can someone help explain how the equations 30, 31 and 34 were obtained in this paper. At a conceptual level I am wondering looking at equation 34 as to if they mean that $\lambda$ is somehow the ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What are the fastest electron orbitals

I read that the mercury has a low melting point because its outer shell electrons are pulled in close by its nucleus (large nucleus, sparse outer shell) and because its outer shell electrons have ...
4
votes
2answers
222 views

Work done on stationary rocket

Suppose I have a rocket thats exerts a force (with negligible loses in mass), which cancels out the downward force of gravity. Clearly my rocket could be moving at a constant velocity (ignore air ...
7
votes
1answer
306 views

What are the different ways to measure the spatial curvature of the universe?

Just what the question asks. Assuming the Friedmann-Rovertson-Walker (FRW) metric, what measurements can be performed to determine the spatial curvature of the universe.
3
votes
3answers
540 views

Understanding the Ampere's Law

We want to study the magnetic field at point $P$. So, from the figure we take that: $\oint_{L_1} B\cdot dl=\mu_0 I_1$ $\oint_{L_2} B\cdot dl=\mu_0 I_2$ $\oint_{L_3} B\cdot dl=\mu_0 I_2$ The ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Expanding Universe Balloon Analogy - Anything Similar for Time?

It is difficult to imagine the infiniteness of space and how it itself is expanding rather than the universe expanding into something else. A helpful analogy is that of drawing little dots ...
1
vote
0answers
517 views

How would you make 360 degree vision glasses? [closed]

Animals that have an eye on each side of their head have 360 degree vision so just like with the inverted vision glasses you can buy I'm wondering how you make 360 degre e glasses? I'm thinking of a ...

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