1
vote
3answers
727 views

Carousel; explanation of a certain phenomenon.

There are countless of hilarious youtube videos like this one here, in which you can see that the carousel causes people to be pulled outwards. What force is actually working on them, and why does ...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

Evolution operator for time-dependent Hamiltonian

When I studied QM I'm only working with time independent Hamiltonians. In this case the unitary evolution operator has the form $$\hat{U}=e^{-\frac{i}{\hbar}Ht}$$ that follows from this equation $$ ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Can a balloon float into space? (+orbital velocity)

After watching the recent "space jump" a question arose. Why can a balloon not float into space? Can one be made/designed to do this? Next, everything in orbit is falling back to earth. It only ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Spring coupled platforms & conservation of momentum - can it be solved with freshman physics?

This question came up as an exercise in a first year undergraduate course I was a TA for. It turned out to be a lot more difficult (impossible?) than anticipated... Two platforms of mass $M_1$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
744 views

What is the relation between the Higgs field and chirality?

Wikipedia states that the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry "is responsible for the bulk of the mass (over 99%) of the nucleons". How do the nucleons gain mass from the spontaneous breaking of ...
6
votes
1answer
271 views

SUSY, ways to boost Chargino/Neutralino production?

Does anybody know a good reference that works out the equations for the Chargino/Neutralino production cross section in SUSY? I'm trying to understand if there are any tricks for boosting the ...
17
votes
2answers
764 views

is there a way to split a black hole?

Classically, black holes can merge, becoming a single black hole with an horizon area greater than the sum of both merged components. Is it thermodynamically / statistically possible to split a black ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Which pion is mediator in nucleon-nucleon interaction

In nucleon-nucleon interactions of n-n, p-p, n-p how do you determine which pion is the mediator?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

why is the modelisation of elementary particle as a two dimensional object in contradiction with General Relativity?

This is asserted by Trinh Xuan Thuan in his book "Chaos & Harmony" chapter String theory.
1
vote
3answers
790 views

Mechanism for the gravitational field generated by photons

This question follows from a schooling I received in this thread. I figured that photons do not interact with gravity, except when they've spontaneously converted into a particle-antiparticle pair. ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does the sun “shine brighter” some days?

Today, the sun seems extremely bright; more dazzling than usual, and even the roads seem to be brighter so it's not just when you look up in the sky. Is more light actually getting through (perhaps ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Asking for references on the variational treatment of spin wave

My idea is the following: We have a system with Hamiltonian $H$, and we know that there is spin wave in this system by some symmetry-breaking arguments. Now we start from the ground state ...
2
votes
0answers
277 views

Question on the Gell-Mann Low equation

Question on the Gell-Mann Low Equation. In this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.3365, page 21, the author argues that if: t →∞(1-iϵ), all the terms in equation (193) goes to zero, except the first ...
1
vote
0answers
242 views

Construct the Hamiltonian of electrons on a graphene sheet ( in xy plane)

Graphene is a two-dimensional material formed by carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice. Because of the symmetry of the honeycomb lattice, the electrons in graphene obey a linear dispersion relation ...
-1
votes
1answer
4k views

Where is the candle hottest?

Where is the hottest spot above a lit candle? In the flame or just above the flame tip or some cm above the flame or other? Update My question more precisely concerns the heat energy I can get from ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Searching for a collaborator for a physics simulation of multi-party elections [closed]

I have completed a series of physics simulations on Matlab to find the equilibrium positions of parties in 2-D or 3-D voting space and compared them to the optimal positions that would provide the ...
3
votes
1answer
898 views

Calculating the electric relative permittivity of fluid or medium?

I'm unsure of how to calculate the permittivity of a fluid. Permittivity differs from one fluid to another: $$\varepsilon=\varepsilon_r\varepsilon_0$$ Since it is an electrical property combined ...
4
votes
5answers
446 views

Why relative positions of stars and other objects in a galaxy do not change over the year

Though the identifiable stars in a constellation(say andromeda) and galaxy(say andromeda galaxy) are situated light years apart, why isn't the galaxy appearing at different positions(with respect to ...
0
votes
2answers
602 views

Newton's third law and General relativity

Is Newton's third law valid at the General Relativity? Newton's second law, the force exerted by body 2 on body 1 is: $$F_{12}$$ The force exerted by body 1 on body 2 is: $$F_{21}$$ According to ...
7
votes
2answers
529 views

Dynamical supersymmetry breaking and Witten index

Witten index, defined as ${\rm Tr}(-1)^F$, determines if supersymmetry is spontaneously broken or not for a given model. However, it is also known that supersymmetry can be dynamically broken. One ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Quantization of Nambu–Goto action in multiples of Planck's constant?

Isn't it possible? Quantization of Nambu–Goto action $$\mathcal{S} ~=~ -\frac{1}{2\pi\alpha'} \int \mathrm{d}^2 \Sigma \sqrt{{\dot{X}} ^2 - {X'}^2}~=~nh\qquad n \in\mathbb{Z}.$$
1
vote
2answers
186 views

Estimation nuclear force between proton and neutron in deuteron

Is there an estimation of nuclear force between proton and neutron in deuteron to say What is the strong nuclear force between them? 1N? 10N? 100N? 1000N?
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Can we transfer the charge on a plate of a capacitor elsewhere?

I know it is hard , but can we transfer the charge on a capacitor plate elsewhere?
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Why can't “missing mass” (=dark matter) be photons?

After a star lives and dies, I assume virtually all of its mass would be photons. If enough stars have already lived and died, couldn’t there be enough photon energy out there to account for all ...
1
vote
1answer
632 views

Air density equation in stratosphere

Does the density equation for air on Earth change in the outer atmospheres? I am generating a model for the Red Bull Stratos jump and am trying calculate a precise air density function.
2
votes
1answer
242 views

How does Boscovich's argument show that force must act at a distance?

Apparently Boscovich's argument shows that force must act at a distance: But how did the velocity of the faster body come to be reduced from 12 to 9, and that of the slower body increased from 6 ...
0
votes
3answers
122 views

How to find exponential values

I have a power equation for flow between two circular disks on a common axis as stator and rotor, which follows, $$P = \frac{n^a}{G}\tag{1}$$ Where: $P$ = power, $n$ = revolution (1200 rev/min), ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

If acceleration causes relative time dilation does the eventual deceleration reverse it?

If acceleration causes relative time dilation does the eventual deceleration reverse it? For example: traveling to Alpha Centauri Based on me reading this site: ...
9
votes
1answer
457 views

What causes a ring-like image around light of the moon?

I just encountered an interesting image in sky. As you can see in following images there was a ring-like image around light of the moon. I don't know if it was clouds but it was looking like it is far ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Can any rank tensor be decomposed into symmetric and anti-symmetric parts?

I know that rank 2 tensors can be decomposed as such. But I would like to know if this is possible for any rank tensors?
2
votes
4answers
341 views

Is there a default notation for 4-vectors while handwriting?

In printed paper 3-vectors can be denoted bold italic while 4-vectors can be denote just bold. While handwriting 3-vectors are denoted by arrows above letters. Is there a similar way to denote ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

What maintains quark spin alignments in baryons?

What maintains quark spin alignments in baryons? The $uud$ proton and $udd$ neutron are both spin 1/2, implying that two of their spin 1/2 quarks are always parallel and the other is always opposed. ...
5
votes
2answers
285 views

What time scale is used by the JPL HORIZONS system?

I'm confused by the ust of the term "UT" in the description of time scales used by the JPL HORIZONS system. Their manual states that UT is Universal Time This can mean one of two non-uniform ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Is this $W_{r} = \frac{1}{2}kx^2 $ procedure correct [closed]

I have a $0.40 Kg$ of mass that has $v= 0.5 m/s$, and then crashes with a spring with constant $k = 750N/m$ Whats the distance that the spring was compressed? I was using the equation $W_{r} = ...
1
vote
2answers
535 views

deriving a Lorentz transfomation for velocity vector components

If $S'$ and $S$ are two different inertial reference frames and $S$ moves along the $x$ axis of $S$ in a standard configuration, then the Lorentz transformation will be: $$x'=\gamma(v)[x-\beta ct]$$ ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

How air humidity affects how much time is needed for heating the air?

In cold weathers it is suggested to put a humidifier since the air gets too dry. I wonder how the humidity affects how much time is needed to get the air at a temperature of 20 Celsius degrees? I mean ...
1
vote
0answers
252 views

Representing a polarization vector for light as a 'manifold of two state'

Explain me these projections please Context: I was reading a paper (Phys. Rev. A 68, 052307) which involved mesoscopic coherent states of light. There, in order to calculate the uncertainty of a ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the supporting force for a cantilever beam? [closed]

How do I find the supporting force $R_A$ and the moment $M_A$? Should I use the sum of moments or?
5
votes
2answers
479 views

What was the muzzle velocity of a home made gun launch strait in the air if air time was 8.2sec?

I built a potato gun and wanted to calculate the muzzle velocity. I remember from physics that I could run the numbers by calculating time from launch until landing. After pointing strait into the air ...
1
vote
1answer
351 views

What is the definition of density as a function?

(Before I start, I don't know which tag is suitable for this post. Please retag my post if it bothers you.) Let's say there is a string on $[0,1]$ with a mass given by $m(x)$. ($m(x)$ means the mass ...
3
votes
3answers
11k views

Why does an object with higher speed gain more (relativistic) mass? [duplicate]

Today, in my high school physics class, we had an introductory class on electromagnetism. My teacher explained at some point that an object with a very high speed (he said it started to get somewhat ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Fast cool down of “things” in the kitchen

Is there any fundamental physical reason (thermodynamics/entropy?) behind the fact that there doesn't exist home appliance for fast cool down of food/drinks? I know that there are some methods ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How can some-one independently do research in particle physics? [closed]

I'm not affiliated with a physics department and I want to do independent research. I'm working my way through Peskin et. al. QFT now. Let's say that I've finished Peskin et. al. and Weinberg QFT ...
7
votes
2answers
349 views

Exploding Earth

I have always heard that the Earth, due to its structure, cannot explode. Now, I'm quite fascinated by astronomy physics but I admit I only hold some more than basic knowledge. In any case, even ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

Can we use a warp bubble for nuclear fusion?

I understand NASA is now experimenting with a tweaked Alcubierre drive. Apperantly some physicists predict crazy heat (hotter than the sun) inside the warp bubble caused by Hawking radiation (recent ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Can objects, animate or inanimate, be constructed out of basic particles?

If all the elements are made of protons, neutrons and electrons, but some elements are much rarer and more expensive than others, would it be possible to break apart atoms of one element and make ...
1
vote
3answers
180 views

Special Relativity [closed]

Could someone explain to me how special relativity works? I know there are thousands of sources and databases of knowledge out there, but I find it difficult to understand, even after reading up on ...
-2
votes
3answers
865 views

How do the Einstein's differential equation of the curvature of spacetime come out of Einstein's field equation?

The classical theory of spacetime geometry that we call gravity consists of the Einstein equation, which relates the curvature of spacetime to the distribution of matter and energy in spacetime. ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Diffraction through the slit

In book "Quantum Mechanics and Path Integral", 3-2 Diffraction through the slit: Under the fig. 3-3, why did Feynman say that we cannot approach the problem by a single application of the ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Elimination of the node

Recently I have been reading a lot of astronomy papers on reductions in models of the solar system. A reoccurring concept is the elimination of the node. However, they never explain what the node is ...

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