0
votes
1answer
193 views

Can you enter a timelike hypersurface?

As I understand it, a timelike hypersurface is one that has only spacelike normal vectors. But does this not imply that a the geodesic of a particle crossing it must be spacelike at that point? But ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

In $PdV$, what is the value of $P$? $P_1$ or $P_2$?

Say I have an ideal gas that has a known $P_1$, $P_2$, $T_1$, and $T_2$ undergoing a reversible adiabatic process. I want to find the work done so I must use $PV = RT$ to get the change in $V$, so ...
3
votes
1answer
912 views

Change of coordinates from an arbitrary frame to a locally inertial frame in General Relativity

If I have the following metric: $$ds^2=(1-2\phi)c^2 dt^2 - (1-2 \phi)(dx^2+dy^2+dz^2)$$ $\phi$ being the gravitational potential with $|\phi| << 1$ everywhere. How do I find a coordinate ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Can a hovering helicopter travel half the globe in 12 hours? [duplicate]

Suppose we have a helicopter that is able to stay stationary in flight for extended periods of time. If such a helicopter stayed at point A in the sky for 12 hours straight, would it reach the other ...
4
votes
1answer
367 views

Metronome synchronisation applied to swings

The movement of several metronomes can be synchronised when a movable floor is utilised which couples the movement of the different metronomes. Is it possible to apply this sort of synchronisation to ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Rolling ball which slips

A bowling ball of mass $M$ and radius $r_0$ is thrown along a level surface so that initially ($t = 0$) it slides with a linear speed $v_0$ but does not rotate. As it slides, it begins to spin, and ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Intuition behind Work

I have a doubt in understanding the intuition behind the concept of work. First of all, I think this isn't duplicate, I've searched on the site, and the closest thing I've found was this post which is ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

What are the conserved charges related to the Virasoro generators?

I have just learned from reconsidering my demystified book, that when conformally maping the worldsheet of a closed string to the complex plain by using the transformation $z = e^{\tau + i\sigma}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
659 views

Difficulties with understanding total entropy change and unavailabillty

Of course, I know the fact that the entropy of an isolated system never decreases. Neverthless what makes me confused about the entropy(or change of entropy) of an isolated system is the explanation ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Archimedes principle and specific gravity

A physical balance measures the gravitational mass of a body. I conducted an experiment to find out the specific gravity of a bob. I first measured the mass of the bob in air, and then in water. The ...
34
votes
4answers
3k views

Does the sun rotate?

As implied from the question, does the sun rotate? If so, do other stars not including the sun also rotate? Would there be any consequences if the sun and other stars didn't rotate? Me and my friends ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How to understand the work-energy theorem?

How to understand the work-energy theorem? I took a short lecture on physics for engineering last week. The lecturer emphasized that the work done on an object will cause the kinetic energy change as ...
4
votes
1answer
504 views

Diving into a charged (Reissner-Nordstrom) Black hole

Apparently there are two event horizons in this type of black hole, where the second one is known as the Cauchy horizon. According to Carroll, if you go into the first one, you will fall until you ...
0
votes
0answers
152 views

Transfer functions of active filters

I've been looking for some straightforward method or trick to obtain the transfer functions of active filters (like the Sallen-Key filter, the butterworth or Cauer topology etc...) since KCL or KVL ...
0
votes
1answer
287 views

Strings and QFT: particles moving backward in time?

New question: In string theory and QFT, do particles travel back in time? Not related to antimatter: Do they travel back and forth in time in reality or are these just interpretations of mathematical ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Interacting particles

We are familiar with the grand partition function for the grand canonical ensemble. This makes me wonder: what kinds of modifications would be required if the particles interacted? Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
319 views

Why work to change velocity from 0 to 20 km/h is less then from 20 to 40? [duplicate]

Imagine spaceship in vacuum with mass = 1. At beginning, it has velocity 0, and kinetic energy 0. $$W_1 = 0$$ Then, it turns on its engine, and changes velocity from 0 to 20 (delta v = 20). It's ...
1
vote
1answer
917 views

Newton's Third Law of Motion

I want to start off by saying that I've looked around for other explanations, but I've not really found any satisfying ones. My question is basically the whole "Why can anything move at all?" ...
0
votes
1answer
291 views

Information bearing degrees of freedom of a quantum simple harmonic oscillator

I am trying to make sense of arXiv:physics/0210005. I am confused with the concept of information bearing degrees of freedom of a system mentioned at the very beginning. To verify the arguments of the ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the equation for Entropy of an ideal gas that undergoes reversible change in T at constant Pressure like this?

Why is the equation for change in Entropy for a reversible change in $T$ at constant $P$ described as $$\Delta S = n C_p \ln\frac{T_f}{T_i}$$
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Frictional force on a rope wrapped around a drum

So there's a rope wrapped around a circular drum, subtending an angle $\theta$. A large force, $T_A$, pulls in in one direction, and a much smaller force $T_B$ pulls in in another direction. The ...
2
votes
1answer
543 views

Conservation of Angular momentum in the dipole selection rules

If the total angular momentum J of an atom is not changing during a dipole transition, where does the angular momentum for the photon come from?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Pendulum axes confusion

Suppose I have a simple pendulum and I want to calculate its acceleration when the bob reaches the maximal angle. I usually choose my axes such that the y-axis will be parallel to the rope. Then the ...
4
votes
1answer
390 views

Hamiltonians, density of state, BECs

When working with Bose-Einstein condensates trapped in potentials, how can one tell what the density of state of a system of identical bosons given the Hamiltonian, $H$? (I have been told that it is ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

microcanonical distribution

We know that in an isolated system, the density matrix is the microcanonical distribution matrix. That this the possibility for all the states with energy in a certain interval is a constant? But how ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Do particles travel backward and forward in time? [duplicate]

All these classical ideas are pointless and obsolete today, because in quantum mechanics, the particles are completely different objects, defined by quantum motion of fields, not by the location of ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Multiple vacua vs. vev's in qft

Take a (possibly supersymmetric) relativistic quantum field theory: when we construct it, we suppose that there is a unique vacuum state $|0\rangle$ which is Lorentz invariant, vector of some Hilbert ...
1
vote
2answers
236 views

metric tensor of expanding universe

Why is the metric tensor of a expanding universe a function of time? Why is it not a function of distance between the galaxies? I heard this from a lecture. Can anyone help me understand?
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Motion of mercury [duplicate]

I studied that mercury motion around the sun slightly displace by a certain value in each year. But, this is not predicted by kepler until general theory of relativity. What does general theory does ...
2
votes
1answer
606 views

Taylor expansion of an integral in spherical co-ordinates

I've some difficulty deriving this equation from Jackson electrodynamics (The equation after 1.30) $$\nabla^2 \Phi_a\left({\textbf{x}}\right)=-\frac{1}{\epsilon_0}\int_{0}^{R} ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Is a holographic recorder able to capture a large full color picture? [closed]

Is it practical to attempt to build a 3D hologram generator that is full color and big enough to recreate a watermelon full size? If so, is real-time control feasible?
3
votes
2answers
248 views

Inner Product Spaces

I am trying to reconcile the definition of Inner Product Spaces that I encountered in Mathematics with the one I recently came across in Physics. In particular, if $(,)$ denotes an inner product in ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Does the ensemble of effective Lagrangians in the String theory landscape mostly include gauge theories?

String theory false vacua can be described by effective Lagrangians at low energy. Is there generally a correspondence between these effective Lagrangians and SU(N) gauge theories? Or do the effective ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Help me get out of a speeding ticket

I was driving uphill from a complete stop for a distance of .4 miles estimated to take 1 minute in a navigation app. I was pulled over right after cresting the hill. The cop had me on radar going ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does a superconductor obey particle-hole symmetry?

We normally solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations in order to compute the energy spectrum of a superconductor. The Nambu spinor is a common object that is used in formulating these equations. ...
0
votes
1answer
181 views

Vector Addition — Direction

Say we have three forces $F_1, F_2, F_3$, such that $$ F_1 + F_2 - F_3 = 0\hspace 10mm (1) $$ And let us say that $F_1$ and $F_2$ have the same direction and magnitude, and that $F_3$ has double the ...
-2
votes
1answer
69 views

Conversion of a star

I need to know what would happen to a star that has size 2 times the solar mass. I guess it would either be a neutron or red giant. Is that right?
2
votes
1answer
162 views

What exactly does this news story mean by “magnetic charge”?

I recently saw this article in my Google News page, whose headline and first paragraph are: Antimatter's Magnetic Charge Revealed Scientists say they've made the most precise measurements to ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Why should multiple versions of a weak measurement preclude it from being a measurement of intrinsic properties of some system

I've been trying to understand Stephen Parrott's criticisms of weak measurement, outlined most concisely here: http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.0295 One of his major criticisms is that weak measurement is ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Landauer's principle vs Wien's displacement law

Can we argue based on Landauer's principle that if one bit information is changed inside a blackbody, the total radiated energy should be at least or in order of kTln2? If it is so, can we also argue ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

About Vanishing of BRST commutator in path integral

In Witten's paper Topological Quantum Field Theory, about formula (3.2), the property $<\{Q,\mathcal{O}\}>=0$ depends on the assertion that $Z_{\varepsilon}(\mathcal{O})= \int \mathcal{D}X ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Landauer's principle vs Rayleigh–Jeans law

Can we argue based on Landauer's principle that if one bit information is changed inside a blackbody, the total radiated energy should be at least or in order of $kTln2$? If it is so, can we also ...
8
votes
1answer
397 views

Reference Request: Classical Mechanics with Symplectic Reduction

I am trying to find a supplement to appendix of Cushman & Bates' book on Global aspects of Classical Integrable Systems, that is less terse and explains mechanics with Lie groups (with dual of Lie ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

What information about a meteor's trajectory, size, or height can be derived from a single location?

If one sees a meteor, is there any way to get even a rough approximation of its height, entry angle, size, or other characteristic without triangulation from another position? If it appeared as a ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

Are EM waves scattered the most when the wavelength and the obstacle have a similar size?

I heard that when the wavelength and obstacle are similar in size, the scattering is the greatest. Is this true?
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Modeling incoming solar radiation

I want to write a model for estimating incoming solar radiation for a specific latitude on earth but I am struggling to find an appropriate source which shows the required equations for doing so. ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

Smaller Airy disk with another lens?

Is it possible to reduce the airy disk size produced by one lens with another lens placed after the previous one? For example, parallel ray incident on first lens L1 (without aberration), then there ...
8
votes
1answer
367 views

String theory - OPE and primary operators

First, a disclaimer: I am new to Physics SE, and I am primarily a mathematician, not a physicist. I apologise in advance for the possibly poor quality of the question, any and thank you for your ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Path integral with boundary and bulk terms

I was wondering if their is a general strategy for computing path integrals with a mix of boundary and bulk integral actions. Do people use divergence theorem to convert the action into bulk ...
2
votes
2answers
352 views

What is the maximum power available from a magnetic field?

I just want to validate something I inferred from studying Griffiths (1999). The instantaneous magnetic field $\vec{b}(t)$ at a distance $r$ from a long infinite conductor carrying a current $i(t)$ ...

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