0
votes
3answers
745 views

Why are some surfaces slippery?

Why are ice and oil slippery? In general, why do certain substances make a surface difficult to walk on?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Nuclear Compton Scattering Data

Is there a repository where one can find unpolarized nuclear Compton scattering data $\gamma (Z,N)\rightarrow \gamma (Z,N)$ for specific nuclei $(Z,N)$? or even some parametrization of structure ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

If a window in a plane cabin breaks will a bunch of water vapor form?

If a plane has some windows broken mid-flight (ie open) will the plane suddenly be full of water vapor because of the difference of pressure?
3
votes
1answer
78 views

How do I choose my constants?

When solutions to Einstein's equations are found (in coordinates $t,r,\theta,\phi$), such as Schwarzschild, Kerr etc. the way they are found seems to be by starting with a generalised metric in terms ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Is there an upper limit to a rocket's size/payload? [duplicate]

It's obvious that as you increase the payload of a rocket, you need to also increase the amount of rocket fuel. Yet, as you increase the amount of rocket fuel, you are also increasing the overall mass ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Hamiltonian with Dirac Delta function

I've to compute this expression $$ \hat{H} ~=~\frac{1}{4}g_2\int d^3R\int d^3r\ \bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}+\frac{\vec{r}}{2})\bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}-\frac{\vec{r}}{2}) $$$$ \times \left[ \delta(\vec{r})\nabla_{\...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

$\theta '' = \frac{a}{R}$? [closed]

Assume that this is a general circular motion where $\theta$ is a function of time. I've derived some equations below and found that the angular velocity in the end is zero. Which step of my ...
3
votes
1answer
402 views

Plane wave complex notation

As far as I know, the function: $$ \vec{E}(\vec{r},t)=\vec{E_0}\cdot e^{i(\vec{k}\cdot \vec{r}-\omega t)} \hspace{2cm}(1) $$ is a mathematical solution of the wave equation: $$ \nabla^2 \vec{E}=\mu\...
3
votes
0answers
297 views

Question about an integration by parts in Feynman's Quantum Mechanics [closed]

I have begun reading Feynman & Hibbs Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals. Knowing little about variational calculus or Lagrangians I found the following integration by parts opaque. I think if I ...
5
votes
1answer
612 views

Why is effective mass of holes positive?

i am trying to understand this. I know that the effective mass of electrons or holes is calculated as: $$m^* = \frac{h^2}{(4\pi^2)\frac{d^2E}{dk^2}}$$ Now,if i look at this plot for example: I ...
1
vote
2answers
269 views

Mechanistic approach to quantum mechanics

It seems we attribute effects to particles, but why does it seem that we don't try to answer the question: how does it have this effect? For example, in modelling the hydrogen atom with quantum ...
3
votes
3answers
487 views

Link between Special relativity and Newtons gravitational law

If I make the two statements: General relativity is an extension of special relativity that accounts for gravity. Newton's law of gravitation is a special case of general relativity for when the ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What force does a tall building exert on air?

I once heard that a tall building, let's say 10 stories, actually causes wind to blow by virtue of simply existing. It also was said that is why metropolitan downtown areas tend to be windy. What are ...
3
votes
0answers
248 views

Absorption coefficient from HITEMP or HITRAN [closed]

How to calculate the absorption coefficient (for radiation) from HITEMP or HITRAN databases? Or where can I find some tables or plots for the absorption coefficient?
-1
votes
1answer
364 views

Interpretation of space time Minkowski diagram [closed]

How to interpret the following space-time diagram in the image. I know how to interpret euclidean distance from Euclidean space diagram omit the line "whereas for Euclidean space".
6
votes
1answer
631 views

Levi Civita covariance and contravariance

I read some older posts about this question, but I don't know if I'm getting it. I'm working with a Lagrangian involving some Levi Civita symbols, and when I calculate a term containing $\epsilon^{ijk}...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Local symmetry and General Relativity

First I want to consider an example of 1D motion. Lagrange equation: $$ \frac{d}{dt} \frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot x} - \frac{\partial L}{\partial x} = 0 $$ If we transform $ L \rightarrow L+a $ ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

A sonar continuously emits x(t), a general but known waveform and is reflected by a target. hypothetical question

A sonar continuously emits x(t), a general but known waveform that is reflected by a target and received by the sonar. Both the sonar and the target move in the 3-dimensional space in a general but ...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

Measuring Atomic Radius of a Noble Gas

How exactly can you measure the atomic radius of a noble gas such as Neon or Helium accurately? Would liquefaction help? I also heard that the aforementioned gases are the only common elements which ...
4
votes
2answers
397 views

Seeing one's back on the event horizon

If we would hypothetically be exactly on the event horizon, we should see our own back, because of the circular motion of photons on the event horizon, right? But what would be the image size, or $-$ ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Schrödinger evolution for a Klein-Gordon equation

I have a problem with the transition from quantum relativistic wave equations (specifically Klein-Gordon equation) to QFT, since a lot of assumptions seem implicit. For example I have a problem with ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Renormalization of diagrams in QFT [duplicate]

Can any one suggest a good reference for studying renormalization of disjoint, nested and overlapping divergences in Feynman diagrams (for example, $\Phi^4$ theory)?
2
votes
3answers
263 views

First quantization version of quantum field theory

In quantum mechanics, we have the word second quantization for identical particles. However, when dealing with localized states, first quantization version of quantum mechanics is also very convenient....
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Tensors in special relativity [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand tensors, but I've come across the following question: Let $T^{\mu\nu}$ by a $(2,0)$ tensor. Give the definitions of $T_\mu^{\,\nu}$, $T_{\mu\nu}$, and $T^{\mu}_{\,\nu}$....
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Physics of a Railgun

I have a couple of questions about how railguns actually work, and the mathematics behind them. I understand that the projectile is driven forward by the Lorentz force caused by high currents ...
3
votes
2answers
671 views

Why do batteries become weaker

I was thinking about my phone (Sony Xperia Z2) and when I put it to charge and remove it, the phone says "Please remove the charger, to save battery life," which is very intuitive question for a ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Why are interactions always mediated via bosons (as opposed to fermions)? [duplicate]

Weak, Strong and electromagnetic force are mediated via bosons. I've come across the Walecka-model where the exchange particles are $\sigma$ and $\omega$ mesons; bosons again. why are interactions ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Black holes and Time Dilation at the horizon

What is the difference between proper time and the observer time? Whilst thinking about Black holes, when we see the Schwarzschild metric $$c^2\tau ^2 = \left ( 1 - \frac{r_{s}}{r} \right )c^2t^2 - ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Principle Axes of inertia and moments of inertia

Principal axes of inertia is defined as the eigenvectors of the inertia tensor matrices. I understand that a diagonalised tensor can yield these axes, but why are they necessarily form the axes of a ...
3
votes
1answer
218 views

Proving that the electronic Schrödinger equation has no closed analytic solutions for >1 electron

It is stated in many books that analytic closed solutions to the time-independent electronic Schrödinger equation, $$\hat{H}\Psi = E\Psi, $$ exist for the one-electron problem (e.g. hydrogen atom, ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Why does a wall act as a low-pass filter?

Learning about the fourier transform and its connection to filtering/convolution got me curious about naturally occurring filters. Why/how is it that brick walls naturally act as a low-pass filter (...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

One more time about LSZ-theorem

This question is the continuation of this one. For simplicity, let's use $(1)$ from the linked question (it is called n-point Green function and in particle case coincides with internal diagram), $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Ionization of Electrons Intensity Relationship

Why can't light eject electrons out of atoms (ie. do ionization radiation)? Although the energy of light photons are low (more or less 2 eV), can't 5 photons consecutively hit the electron and make it ...
1
vote
2answers
683 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Nuclear explosion wavelength data

I am looking for data source (or chart) of spectral data that is being emitted on detonation of nuclear or thermonuclear explosion. Reason I am looking is to see if this data has specific signature ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Partial derivatives in Lagrangian formalism [duplicate]

Suppose I have a function $f = xy$. A partial derivative of $f$ with respect to $x$ implies holding $y$ constant: $$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial x} = y $$ Does this mean that in order to evaluate ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

degree of freedom in 6 dimensional space

Let us assume a cartesian space, where the directions are given by $\hat{i},\hat{j},\hat{k}$. The degree of freedom of a rigid body is $6$. The first three correspond to the position coordinates $\...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Kinetic energy in Lagrangian formalism

In reading Goldstein's Classical Mechanics (2nd edition) I came across a confusing derivation. Goldstein (Eq. 1-71) derives the total kinetic energy of a system of (classical) particles as: $$ T = \...
0
votes
1answer
345 views

Does stew lose more liquid if stirred as it cools?

Suppose I cook a stew or soup and then take it off of the stove and leave it uncovered to cool. Of course, it will cool faster if I stir it (more surface area), but it will, eventually, cool to room ...
1
vote
1answer
294 views

Kinetic energy of a body rotating on another rotating body

Consider a body which can freely rotate with respect to the inertial frame, and a rotating disk whose axis is fixed in body frame. When applying the lagrangian method (does that make a difference?), ...
0
votes
1answer
393 views

Bomb trajectory from an airplane

If a plane is flying at a constant speed at some altitude like 5-6 km and it releases a bomb: does the bomb move forward at the same horizontal speed as the airplane? or does its horizontal speed ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

What is imaginary time? [duplicate]

I am not professional physicist; but I am curious about Stephen Hawking's "imaginary time". It would be better to elaborate exactly what it is. I am not confused because of the word "imaginary" but I ...
3
votes
3answers
176 views

What predictions can a quantum gravity theory make?

Some of the major challenges that heralded the need for quantum mechanics we're explaining the photo-electric effect, the double-slit experiment, and electrons behavior in semi conductors. What are ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Absorption Spectrum

I just learnt what absorption and emission spectrum are. And our teacher introduced us to what Quantum Dots are. And showed us their absorption and emission spectra. And they look something like this ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

If I have created a polarization-entangled photon source, would I be able to create a qubit?

In my laboratory, I have already obtained a polarization-entangled photon source. It was created via the Spontaneous Parametric Downconversion process of 2 BBO crystals. The next question is that ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Atomic physics - lattice energy

Question: Why is ionic lattice energy inversely proportional to the radius of the atom? Most heterogeneous covalent molecules are polar to some extent. The degree of polarity, or the dipole moment, ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Speed of Water in a River

Does a river flow faster the higher the water level - or does it go at exactly the same speed? I was recently tubing in a river and the water seemed to be going faster with the water level being ...
0
votes
3answers
594 views

Image formation (lenses) [closed]

I have a question regarding image formation by lenses. It is the following: A lense with a focal length of $-48.0cm$ forms an image $17.0cm$ to the right of the lense. Where is the object positioned? ...

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