0
votes
0answers
78 views

Antiparticles as “holes” of the quantum fields? [duplicate]

If particles are simply regions of space where certain quantum fields have non-zero divergence, are anti-particles simply the corresponding regions of opposite divergence? This seems like the ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Where does either Bohr or Heisenberg mention the idea of the wave function collapsing?

Could someone reference a paragraph written either by Heisenberg or Bohr where they mention the idea of the wave function collapsing?
3
votes
1answer
636 views

Entropy of a two-level system

Consider a two-level system with energies and degeneracies $\epsilon_0 = 0, g_0=1$ and $\epsilon_1 = \epsilon, g_1=4$. I can show that the temperature at which both levels are equally populated is ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Quantum uncertainty of a singularity: A Black Hole Problem

A black hole in GR seems to have a sharply defined radius. Of zero, that is since all the mass has been compressed into the infinitely dense center point. However, shouldn't the fuzziness of quantum ...
6
votes
7answers
409 views

What is $c + (-c)$?

If object A is moving at velocity $v$ (normalized so that $c=1$) relative to a ground observer emits object B at velocity $w$ relative to A, the velocity of B relative to the ground observer is $$ v \...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

Jahn-Teller effect is based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation?

I am now reading the quantum mechanics textbook by Landau and Lifshitz. In section 102, they discuss the Jahn-Teller effect. It seems that they assume the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. There is ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Will the CMB ever stop shining?

Will we ever reach a point where all the light that was set free by recombination finally reaches us from our point of view and the CMB stops "shining" for observers on Earth?
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Examples of manifolds (not) being: flat, homogeneous and isotropic

I am looking for (at least) one example of the following manifolds: Flat, homogeneous and isotropic Curved, homogeneous and isotropic Flat, non-homogeneous and isotropic Flat, homogeneous and non-...
28
votes
8answers
10k views

Since cables carry electricity moving at the speed of light, why aren't computer networks much faster?

Why can't cables used for computer networking transfer data really fast, say at the speed of light? I ask this because electricity travels at the speed of light. Take Ethernet cables for example, I ...
0
votes
0answers
382 views

Time reversal operator symmetry of dirac lagrangian

I want to prove time reversal symmetry of Dirac Lagrangian, I have some problems with calculations. I start with \begin{eqnarray} T\psi T = U \psi \end{eqnarray} \begin{eqnarray} T\bar{\psi } T = ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Are antiparticles just particle-shaped holes?

If particles are simply regions of space where certain quantum fields have non-zero divergence, are anti-particles simply the corresponding regions of opposite divergence? This seems like the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is there a way to calculate how a point source would be imaged in a system with spherical aberration?

I want to create a picture like this for the system I am building. (Source: WP page on spherical aberration) Can someone point me towards a book were I can learn to calculate this pattern on an ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Has anyone yet been able to prove relativity wrong? [closed]

I was in a physics group, then a student (or a professor, I don't know) posted this- Mohammad Shafiq Khan > Physics > The space-time concept including the formula $E=mc^2$ are proved baseless in ...
7
votes
1answer
216 views

Seeing beyond the CMBR with neutrinos?

As I understand it, you can't see beyond the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation because the plasma of the early universe was opaque to electromagnetic radiation. What if you had a "neutrino ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Unitary transformation behind gauge transformation

It is very well-known that for bosonic operators a Gauge transformation can always be associated with it $$a\rightarrow e^{i\phi}a.$$ Obviously this is a Unitary transformation. Something like $$a^{\...
8
votes
2answers
341 views

Is WKB really applicable for the ground state?

It seems that WKB is applicable for a given $E$ if and only if $\hbar$ is sufficiently small. Or in other words, WKB is applicable if and only if the quantum number is large enough. Is this ...
0
votes
2answers
293 views

Problem deriving displacement from accelerations

I have a problem deriving displacement from an accelerometer; I want a time series of displacement so I used numerical integration twice; I based my code on the trapezium rule and so did something ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

Why did the Homestake experiment only detect solar neutrinos?

The Homestake experiment was designed to detect solar neutrinos. In order to shield it from the background, it was set up in a deep underground mine. It was found that the only one third of expected ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

minimum possible absolute temperature in the universe? [duplicate]

Sorry guys i went wrong in my previous question , actually my question is what is the minimum possible absolute temperature in the universe of what ever substance...?
1
vote
1answer
244 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Is It Possible To Have Temperature Below Absolute Scale? [duplicate]

Guys I have a doubt Is it possible to maintain the temperature of any Substance Below the Absolute Scale?
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Uniformly charged sphere's electric field

I am facing this topic for the umpteenth time in my college career and, of course, every teacher has explained it in a different way. In this course, to find the expression of the electric field of a ...
0
votes
1answer
370 views

Relationship between frequency and amplitude of mechanical waves

Can two mechanical waves carry same energy whose frequencies are different?(assuming same medium but having different amplitudes
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Static geodesics in GR

Can we find static geodesics of the type $$x^{\nu}=x_0^{\nu}+\delta_0^{\nu}\tau$$ in some space-time other than Minkowski's?
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Do the effects of special relativity occur instantaneously?

Imagine a second earth one lightyear away from our earth. Now imagine a bunch of scientists with a plane and some atomic clocks who are living on this second earth and who perform the Hafele-Keating ...
1
vote
1answer
665 views

Average Velocity of a body moving in a circle with constant speed $v$ [closed]

A Body is moving with constant speed $v$ along a circle of radius $R$. Find the average velocity of the body from time $t = 0 $ to $t= \frac{R}{3V}$. My attempt at the question: Let distance ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

Does the formula $ \theta = \frac{v}{c} $ to find out deflection of light make sense?

I read in reliable sites that GR and classical physics calculate the angle of deflection in the same manner. The formula is almost identical: $$\theta = \frac{4GM}{c^2*r} \rightarrow \frac{4GM}{c*r} = ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the meaning of $\%E$ on a graph?

I'm reading the book The New Science of Strong Materials by J.E. Gordon. He writes when we plotted (...) breaking strain, against thickness, we found it did not matter what the whiskers were made ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Question on the logical structure of the EPR argument and Bell's inequalities

Recently I have read a lot online about the EPR argument and Bell's inequalities and its implications. When comparing what people write there online with the actual research articles of Einstein and ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

NASA's “Impossible” Space Engine

Recently, there was some news that said that the researchers at NASA have come across some impossible kind of space engine which does not require any fuel. I have read at a few places like here, here ...
5
votes
1answer
408 views

What factors cause the velocity saturation to occur at different electric fields for different materials?

In semiconductors the velocity of carriers gets saturated after a certain value of electric field. In silicon it occurs at around $10^4 kV/cm$ and in GaAs at some other value. What factors are ...
4
votes
1answer
449 views

Relationship between Schrodinger equation and string/membrane

In Sakurai's Modern Quantum Mechanics (2nd ed) p.99, he says We know from the theory of partial differential equations that (time-independent Schrodinger equation) subject to boundary ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How does quantization solve the ultraviolet catastrophe?

I understand how classical physics leads to the UV catastrophe. But I cannot understand how quantization solves it. How can quantization prevent the body from radiating a lot of energy? I know ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Can current and resistance result in establishing voltage?

I want to know whether current & resistance can cause a voltage across the circuit, according to Ohm's Law $V=IR$. Is it possible to use a low current to produce a high voltage?! How can this be, ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

White bread toasted seems hotter than brown bread?

Ok this is a bit of a random question but I 99% of the time use white bread for toast and I always toast my bread the same amount and every time I take it out it's too hot to handle and the butter ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

If gravitational radiation (or anything) cannot escape a black hole, how can it produce redshift or curve spacetime? [duplicate]

There is an apparent paradox in a Black hole. Keenan Pepper wrote: Electromagnetic radiation cannot escape a black hole, because it travels at the speed of light. Similarly, gravitational ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Special Relativity - Reconciling 3 different frames

A Space Station S has two ships parked at it: P - PuttPutt and Q - Quick. S, P and Q synchronize their clocks. At noon P and Q take off in the same direction. P quickly accelerates to $c/4$ and Q ...
1
vote
1answer
382 views

Is there any difference between a proper photon and a photon of thermal radiation?

Does a thermal photon radiate spherically whereas a photon radiates in a circle/beam? How do you tell a thermal photon of, say 3 eV, from a photon of light?
1
vote
3answers
9k views

Why does magnetic field increase when the number of coil turns increase?

Since we all know that to increase the magnetic field we can do these of the following things: (i) Increase the number of turns in a coil, (ii) Increase the current following through conductor, and ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

On self-duality of N=4 super Yang Mills theories

I am looking at S-duality a bit, and was wondering if anyone had the answer to the following question. It is known that the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in 4 space dimensions is self-dual with ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

What does centre of lift depend on?

I've read in many places that centre of lift is about quarter chord of the wing and that post-stall lift (the part developed on lower surface) has centre midchord. The later makes sense; the pressure ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Why does the second law of thermodynmics only occur in the time dimension?

If I break an egg, how broken it is depends on "when" I am not "where" I am. Why is the time dimension special?
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Derivation of $a_{j}$ coefficients in the quantum harmonic oscillator

In Griffiths' book page 53, when we derive the solution of the quantum harmonic oscillator by using the power series way, we have: $$a_{j+2} = \frac{2j+1-K}{(j+1)(j+2)}\, a_{j} .$$ And for large $j$, ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Where does the number “380,000 years for electrons to be trapped in orbits around nuclei” come from?

How does this number get calculated? About 380,000 years after the Big Bang the temperature of the universe fell to the point where nuclei could combine with electrons to create neutral atoms. ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Is there a standard resource that lists all understood particle-particle relationships?

I am just starting to dig a little deeper into particle interactions, and just have an introductory college physics background (no quantum mechanics). But I am interested in the conditions of the ...
5
votes
4answers
241 views

What exactly is meant by “observed” when talking about the wave-particle duality?

When talking about the wave-particle duality, teachers and books say that when you send a single photon through a slit, it makes a wave pattern. But if you send that particle through the slit and "you ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Spin-½ and beyond: Measuring spin components other than ± ħ / 2: How to formulate the probability function?

It is my understanding that in quantum mechanics (for 1/2 spin particles) the probability function that describes the direction of a particle's spin state is proportional to the overlap of the ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Why do liquids boil when their vapor pressure equals the ambient pressure?

Given that the boiling point of a liquid is the temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the ambient (surrounding) pressure, what significance does a liquid's vapor pressure have in the ...
5
votes
1answer
572 views

Is there a modern iteration of Einstein's Brownian motion theory?

I ask this question on math stackexchange but got no answer. Not sure how to move the post so I'm reposting it here. I was arguing with my friend that Brownian motion, in the sense of a pollen moving ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

What excactly is a “fourier component of a density fluctuation”?

Light scattering texts say depending on the scattering angle, you are seeing a certain fourier component of a density fluctuation. This density fluctuation varies sinusoidally due to Brownian motion ...

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