2
votes
0answers
223 views

Is there any reason to major in physics if you're certain you will never do a Ph.D? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What sort of jobs do physics graduates with B.Sc/M.Sc get? I've been told over and over again..."I would not major in physics unless you are looking to get a Ph.D." What ...
7
votes
1answer
360 views

Magnetic susceptibility in 1/eV

In this paper the authors refer to transverse susceptibility $\chi_{ \perp}$ [meV $^{−1}$] I was taught that the magnetic susceptibility is dimensionless. How do I get $\chi$ in the above ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Chemical potential

This is something probably very basic but I was led back to this issue while listening to a recent seminar by Allan Adams on holographic superconductors. He seemed very worried to have a theory at ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential

When trying to find the Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential $$V(\mathbf{r})=-\frac{e^2}{r}$$ one is faced with the problem that the resulting integral is divergent. Usually, it is then argued ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Cancel the Earth's magnetic field

Is there any reason why Earth's magnetic poles are so close to its axis of rotation, or is it a coincidence? Why does the Earth have a somewhat uniform magnetic field with two poles? If you take a ...
25
votes
4answers
3k views

Travelling faster than the speed of light

Let's say I fire a bus through space at (almost) the speed of light. If I'm inside the bus (sitting on the back seat) and I run up the aisle of the bus will I in fact be traveling faster than the ...
6
votes
4answers
769 views

Where's earths death bulge, destroying everything in it's path?

I was watching a BBC documentary on space last night. It was talking about gravity, and it said that the reason we only ever see one side of the moon, is because the earths gravity is strong enough ...
4
votes
7answers
3k views

What properties do you need for building a tower?

When I was a boy I used to daydream about building a tower so tall that the top of it would stick out of the top of Earth's atmosphere project into near space. There would perhaps be a zero gravity ...
24
votes
6answers
11k views

Why glass is transparent?

Once I asked this question from my teacher and he replied "because it passes light", "and why it passes light" I asked and he said "because it is transparent". Same question again, Why glass is ...
2
votes
1answer
397 views

Equations describing the liquifaction of gases

I would like to find out how much energy is required to liquify gases (oxygen or nitrogen, for example). What are some relevant equations? I'm curious whether creating small quantities of dry ice or ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How much is quantum computation changing the interpretation of quantum theory, and, if at all, how?

At the beginning of quantum computation, David Deutsch made a strong claim that the Many Worlds interpretation of quantum theory was at the foundation of his ability to do what he did. There was a lot ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

If a credit card won't read when swiped, does wrapping it in plastic actually help and if so, why?

I've on occasion seen when a cashier has trouble getting a credit card to read, will wrap it in a thin plastic grocery bag, and try swiping it again. Much to my surprise, it seemed to work. Since the ...
8
votes
1answer
812 views

Brachistochrone Problem for Inhomogeneous Potential

This recent question about holes dug through the Earth led me to wonder: if I wanted to dig out a tube from the north pole to the equator and build a water slide in it, which shape would be the ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

covariant derivative for spinor fields

scalars (spin-0) derivatives is expressed as: $$\nabla_{i} \phi = \frac{\partial \phi}{ \partial x_{i}}$$ vector (spin-1) derivatives are expressed as: $$\nabla_{i} V^{k} = \frac{\partial V^{k}}{ ...
0
votes
1answer
305 views

What's the difference between “measurement method” and “measurement procedure”? [closed]

The ISO VIM defines them as: measurement method: generic description of a logical organization of operations used in a measurement. measurement procedure: detailed description of a ...
7
votes
1answer
792 views

Recent breakthroughs in quantum computing?

Can anyone explain to me why we have had no major breakthroughs in the theory of quantum computation in the past 15 years? Shor's algorithm set the standard, since then we've had Grover's algorithm ...
5
votes
2answers
306 views

Does the math work out for there being enough time for the formation of the heavier elements and their distribution as seen in today's universe?

Currently accepted scientific theory says that all elements heavier than hydrogen, helium, and a little lithium have been created in supernova explosions. My questions, specifically, is has anyone ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Fractal nature of turbulence

Someone described to me the difficulty of numerically simulating turbulence as that as you look at smaller length scales you see more structure like you do in a fractal. Searching on google for ...
3
votes
1answer
698 views

How do anti-lock brakes know when to brake?

When you come to a stop normally, the brakes don't pulse when you stop. Since the car can only know its speed by the rotation of the wheels, how can it distinguish between the car is stopped normally ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Do Alkaline batteries, $\mathrm{NiMH}$, rechargeable alkaline, Lithium $\mathrm{AA}$, all have similar MAX POWER?

So in physics, one smart teacher told me, $$ V = IR $$ or $$ I = \frac{V}{R} $$ but it is not always true, because $P = VI$ and each power supplying device (such as battery) has a "maximum power" it ...
9
votes
1answer
698 views

What all is needed to solve for the metric in GR?

Einstein's field equations are: $R_{ab} - {1 \over 2}g_{ab}\,R + g_{ab} \Lambda = {8 \pi G \over c^4} T_{ab}$ And since the Ricci curvature tensor is "less information" than the Riemann curvature ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Are regular light bulbs better for the eyes than CFLs or “tube lights”?

I've heard that regular light bulbs with a filament are better for the eyes. Is the spectrum of one worse than the other? If so, are there any regulations for their use in industrial settings for ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference between Higgs and anti-Higgs Fields

I'm assuming the LHC can create a Higgs and an anti-Higgs boson. If so, would their fields be identical with respect to mass effects? How would LHC detectors distinguish between the two bosons?
6
votes
2answers
507 views

critical electric field that spontaneously generates real pairs

With the current QED framework, If an electric field is strong enough (say, near a nucleus with $Z > 140$) , pair production will occur spontaneously? Is this a real effect or an artifact before ...
2
votes
2answers
753 views

When matter and anti-matter collide

Do they create energy? Or do they just disappear with zero energy? If they create energy when disappearing, that means it takes energy to create them, right? If they disappear into zero energy, ...
5
votes
2answers
204 views

Nomenclature of hadronic resonances

I have the Particles Physics Booklet and I noticed that the resonances that decay into a nucleon and pion are indicated by an abbreviation. For example $P_{33}$ is associated to the $\Delta (1232)$ ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

Why build nuclear reactors on shorelines?

While not directly a physics question, I can't think of forum better capable of answering my question. In discussions over Japan's nuclear reactor situation the observation was made that reactors ...
6
votes
2answers
411 views

Classifying all possible BPS configurations in string theory

Is there a classification of all possible BPS configurations in string theory? It has to include Calabi-Yau orbifolds, intersecting D-branes, coincident D-branes, etc. . To simplify matters, take the ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

If the universe is expanding, what is it expanding into?

If the universe is expanding, what is it expanding into? When the big bang happened where did it occur? When the big bang happened how did it occur? Where did the energy come from? Energy can not ...
2
votes
3answers
760 views

Causality and Quantum uncertainty [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: Why quantum entanglement is considered to be active link between particles? Why can't the outcome of a QM measurement be calculated a-priori? Why do some (the majority ...
1
vote
1answer
408 views

Metrology: What is precision for a measurement? [closed]

Is precision a "quality" of a measurement? Is there a better (accepted by the literature) word?
0
votes
4answers
1k views

what energies do the wheels of a moving car posses?

I saw this question in a test. I would have answered kinectic energy due to rotation and translation. It that correct. Else what is the answer? Oh no, i forgot to mention it was objective type ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

If it was possible to dig a hole that went from one side of the Earth to the other…

...And you jumped in. What would happen when you got to the middle of the Earth? Would you gradually slow down, until you got to the middle and once you were in middle would every direction feel like ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

Shear, viscosity and expansion of universe

What is the meaning of expansion, shear and viscosity in context of universe? How can we conclude a result after getting a numerical value of above terms?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Water rocket physics

According to this page, the current record for greatest altitude achieved by a water and air propelled rocket is 2044 feet (623 meters). In this connection, i had one question: How the greatest ...
5
votes
3answers
565 views

Can electricity transfer radioactivity?

If a cable used to power something is exposed to a radioactive source will it over time make the entire cable radioactive?
7
votes
0answers
480 views

Julian Schwinger videos, is there any? [closed]

I googled in vain and found nothing. I am surprised. Maybe somebody knows about videos of Julian Schwinger available on Internet?
4
votes
4answers
704 views

Is it possible to restart formal higher education in physics at a later age? [closed]

I would begin by apologizing for a soft question. Reading the FAQ, I have tried to formulate my question precisely in the last paragraph and you may skip the following paragraph where I make ...
8
votes
1answer
777 views

On Flatness problem, Inflation etc

I have a couple of naive questions from the topic of the title. We know \begin{eqnarray} \Omega-1=\frac{k}{a^2H^2}-\frac{\Lambda}{3H^2} \end{eqnarray} Now I read that from the standard big bang ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

What happens to sound waves?

I apologize if this is a naive question, but I never really learned about this. I'm curious as to what happens to sound waves after they are "used"? For example, if I say something to you verbally, ...
7
votes
3answers
321 views

References on the non-compositeness of the known elementary particles

What paper(s) or theory(s) describe or prove that the elementary particles that we have determined today cannot be made up of smaller more fundamental particles?
3
votes
1answer
251 views

PNMR, Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Experiment

I am writing a lab report for class on PNMR experiment that we did. How come in this experiment we don't worry about the electron spins in our sample? Aren't the electrons affected by the PNMR machine ...
2
votes
2answers
618 views

Forces on a simple flat slope [closed]

This diagram is of a block (b) moving down a ramp unaided. Taking gravity (g) as $9.8ms^{-2}$, and the mass of the block (b) as $0.2kg$, how can I find the force acting along the slope (f). BTW: ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why don't different air masses mix immediately?

In meteorology, the atmosphere is considered to be divided into air masses, regions of relatively uniform temperature and humidity with fronts on their borders. But why doesn't the air from different ...
0
votes
2answers
383 views

The diode of the lowest voltage

Which diode (semiconductor material) has the lowest voltage in the direction of conductivity?
4
votes
1answer
526 views

Canonical momentum operators in curvilinear coordinates

What is the quantum canonical momentum operator corresponding to arbitrary canonical position. For example, in Cartesian coordinates ($x^i$), the canonical momentum operator with respect to each $x^i$ ...
1
vote
4answers
7k views

How does the moon reflect light?

We can see the moon in the night because it reflects sunlight. But the light is incident on the opposite side of moon with respect to the observer in the night. In this case, how does the moon ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Quaternions and 4-vectors

I recently realised that quaternions could be used to write intervals or norms of vectors in special relativity: $(t,ix,jy,kz)^2 = t^2 + (ix)^2 + (jy)^2 + (kz)^2 = t^2 - x^2 - y^2 - z^2$ Is it ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

Can D and H form an 'in materials' version of the electromagnetic tensor?

In analogy to the electromagnetic tensor, with the components defined as the electric field $E$ and magnetic field $B$ as such: $F^{ab} = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & -E_x/c & -E_y/c & -E_z/c \\ ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

No hair theorem for black holes and the baryon number

The no hair theorem says that a black hole can be characterized by a small number of parameters that are visible from distance - mass, angular momentum and electric charge. For me it is puzzling why ...

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