# All Questions

3k views

### Gentle slope vs steep slope

Take for example a slide of 3m tall. Would an object (starting from rest) sliding down a gentle slope have a lower speed than a steep slope? (Note: Height of slide is the same,disregard friction.) ...
1k views

### Why do meteors explode?

A report on the Chelyabinsk meteor event earlier this year states Russian meteor blast injures at least 1,000 people, authorities say My question is Why do meteors explode? Do all meteors ...
791 views

### Help making a solenoid engine [closed]

I am currently working on a school project and my aim is to build an electric motor using DC. I am looking at a design similar to this: Solenoid Engine and I have built majority of it however I am ...
155 views

### Does a fundamental principle require specific concepts? [closed]

The angular momentum principle is a fundamental principle. So it can explain a large variety of phenomenon. Doesn't it need concepts like center of mass also for explaining phenomenon? Or just the ...
125 views

### A table of Particles and Energies In different satellite orbites(GEO MEO LEO)

I have done a bunch of search for information about: which particles with how much energy exist in near space environment of earth in inner and outer Van Allen Belt or satellite orbits like GEO MEO ...
330 views

### Weather difference on Mars compared to Earth

How the weather on Mars differs from here on Earth? In here you see that weather on Earth is Hurricanes, typhoons and tornadoes a real problem. Disgustingly interminable fog in coastal ...
134 views

### What do 'first moment' and 'second moment' of a canonical operator mean?

Can anyone explain to me what the first and second moments of a canonical operator mean, in the context of 1D harmonic chain? Thank you!
975 views

### What is the physics behind Roger Federer's & Rafael Nadal's iconic shots

Two Iconic players of Tennis, Roger Federer & Rafael Nadal, with two iconic shots. One with a top spin forehand & other with a slice backhand. I want to understand the physics of these two ...
1k views

### How to learn physics? [duplicate]

I am an engineering student (CSE) in India..But recently I have developed a strong love to physics..I want to learn physics and understand it in deep..I know physics is the search of deep fundamental ...
440 views

### Penrose's Zig-Zag Model and Conservation of Momentum

I was reading through Penrose's Road to Reality when I saw his interesting description of the Dirac electron (Chapter 25, Section 2). He points out that in the two-spinor formalism, Dirac's one ...
743 views

### Why does electric field intensity $E$ can be uniquely determined by its divergence and curl? [duplicate]

My question is, the number of following equations $$\nabla\cdot E=\frac{\rho}{\varepsilon}$$ $$\nabla\times E=-\frac{\partial B}{\partial t}$$ is 4 while the number of unknown variables ...
162 views

### What does E/M field look like when I close a circuit?

Suppose that we have a charged capacitor with two pins: $C_+$ and $C_-$. Suppose that we have a long wire with fixed geometry, that is already connected to the pin C+. Let the ...
52 views

### How do you determine the energy of an isotope?

How do you determine the energy of an isotope? I there a calculation for it? Sorry for the confusion
135 views

### Minimal Extension of Wave Equation to Include Dispersion

Let's say you are modeling some process with the wave equation $\frac{1}{c^{2}}\frac{\partial^{2}\psi}{\partial t^{2}} = \nabla^{2}\psi$. You wish to improve your model by including dispersive ...
720 views

### How do I meaningfully divide by a vector?

How long does it take a baseball with velocity $(30, 20, 25) m/s$ to travel from location $r_1 = (3, 7,−9) m$ to location $r_2 = (18, 17, 3.5)m$? I am thinking that it should be the ...
165 views

### Cosmic event horizon

I had a question regarding cosmic event horizon. Let's say that a far away solar system has just crossed the cosmic event horizon due to the expansion of the universe. In that solar system let us ...
738 views

### Can special relativity distort the relative order in which events occur?

Pretend you are throwing darts at a dart board. You throw dart $d_1$ at time $t_1$. After you throw your first dart, you throw your second dart $d_2$ at time $t_2$. Given that $t_2 > t_1$ in a ...
132 views

### what is “work”? (of a force)

I would like to know why two forces (of different magnitudes but same direction) that we'd use sequentially on an object to move it by the same amount twice, will produce two different values for the ...
3k views

### On the atomic level how do permanent magnets work? [duplicate]

How do permanent magnets work on the atomic level? Is there current inside this type magnet? How do electromagnets work on the atomic level? Is there a current inside this type magnet?
315 views

### How much of the universes mass is bound up in photons traveling between stars?

I was watching a Scott Manley video on youtube and he mentioned that the Sun was loosing 4 million tons of mass a second as it converts to energy. With a few trillion trillion stars also converting ...
91 views

### What crystal structure have electrons in Wigner crystal?

If electrons form a crystal in the Wigner crystal what is the structure of that crystal? cubic, bcc, fcc,...?
565 views

### Black hole complementarity - absorption of Hawking radiation

I try to understand two principles formulated by Leonard Susskind in his book The Black Hole War: 1, To any observer who remains outside a black hole, the stretched horizon appears to be a hot layer ...
294 views

### Second law of thermodynamics implies a linear cosmology?

If one applies the second law of thermodynamics to the Universe[1] as a whole then one might expect that the entropy of the Universe always increases as time goes forward (or more accurately that the ...
431 views

### Does the Cosmic Microwave Background obey $\sigma T^4$?

The fact that the CMB has a temperature of 2.7 degrees Kelvin is well publicized, but I have a harder time finding a measure of the wattage per unit area. The Wikipedia article on the CMB is totally ...
92 views

### Calculate the required water for humidity [closed]

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask. I have a humidifier, and a closed room. Basically, I want to know the required water to reach a certain level of humidity. My room volume is 42 meter ...
280 views

### Combine forces (gravity)

I have a point at which there are (at least) two different forces (gravity to be precise) working. How do I combine those so that the force acting on the point are as realistic as possible? To put ...
207 views

### A ballpark figure on physicists [closed]

1) Out of the 7 billion+ people alive today, around how many have earned a PhD in physics? 2) Around how many physicists are working today? 3) Around how many physicists are being added to the work ...
176 views

### What happens (in terms of pressure) when there is a leakage in a horizontal pipe? [closed]

Consider a horizontal pipe that has water being pumped continuously through it, with a leak at a given point. What will the leak's effect be on the pressure in the pipe, both above and below it in the ...
516 views

### Elastic potential energy of compressed spring? [duplicate]

If a compressed spring is dissolved in acid what happens to the elastic potential energy of the spring?
316 views

### How does this shell hit the aircraft?

A fighter aircraft is flying horizontally at an altitude of 1500m with speed of 200m/s. The aircraft passes directly overhead an anti-aircraft gun. The muzzle speed of the gun is 600m/s. ...
47 views

### How does my screen look to a mantis shrimp? [duplicate]

As a human, I have one 3 color receptors that activate somewhere around the colors red, green, and blue. However, as this very cool infographic displays, a mantis shrimp has 16 different color ...
278 views

### Is the color wheel just an optical illusion? [duplicate]

As a kid, I was taught that that blue and yellow make green, yellow and red make orange, and red and blue make purple - forming the subtractive color wheel. As an adolescent I was taught that blue and ...
195 views

### View from a helicopter rotor: why is the horizon distorted?

This video ("rotor panorama") was captured by a camera attached to the rotor head of a radio-controlled helicopter, with the frame rate set to the rotor's frequency. During a long segment of the ...
48 views

### Prequisite for the Feynman lectures? [duplicate]

It obviously requires single- and multi-variable calculus and linear algebra, but what else? And where do you suggest to get that background from?this isn't a duplicate because I'm for the math needed ...
211 views

### Could we see a lower dimension within our universe? [closed]

My question refers to the fact, that, say if our universe were to be sitting on a 4 (spatial) dimensional plane, that we cannot see, then within our universe could there be a point mass in which 1 or ...
125 views

### Evidence of atoms from Dulong–Petit law?

All materials have same molar specific heat, cf. the Dulong–Petit law. Is it an evidence of atoms? What other examples are there for atomic theory?
47 views

### Is the space-time deformation only a way to say how gravity works? [duplicate]

Here we have the classical picture of the deformation of the space-time: https://blogs.stsci.edu/livio/files/2012/06/spacetime.jpg And I would to know if this representation is only a way to say how ...
2k views

### What is phenomenological equation and phenomenological model?

I come across these terms in some papers. My understanding is that it is an equation or model describing a phenomenon. Usually, the equations are given and claimed to be true with only some ...
1k views

### Particles and their charges [duplicate]

It is always known that electrons and protons have opposite charges but what gives electrons or protons the charges they have?
1k views

### Intensity of light that produces largest current in Photoelectric Effect + Stopping Voltage Question

For the first image: For the Sodium metal, the Current produced by the cell is the highest when shined on by 196nm light - Not the highest, why is that? What determines the intensity of the light ...
281 views

### Can a sound like a sonic boom change a object like a wall? And how the light on the walls will be changed after a sound like this? [closed]

Can a sound like a sonic boom change a object like a wall? And how the light on the walls will be changed after a sound like this? .
68 views

### What is thermal" about a thermal quotient of EdS and EAds?

This is in continuation of my previous question and is in reference to this paper. I guess that the authors are interested in $S^n$ and $\mathbb{H}^n$ since these are the Euclideanized versions of ...
151 views

### Confusions relating mass defect

I think I am confused between the mass defect of just splitting up a nucleus into its component nucleons and the mass defect involved between the two sides of a nuclear transmutation reaction. I ...
201 views

### Poynting Vector for a Laser

How do you calculate the Poynting vector for a laser given it's power? I know for a sphere you can just take the power, and divide it by 4$\pi R^2$, but I don't know what I would do for a laser. Would ...
152 views

### Material implementations of the holographic principle

I'm afraid this question is a little too open-ended, but bear with me while I find a better formulation. carbon allotropes (like fullerenes and graphene) are regular patterned. Conduction bands of ...
1k views

### why F is to be defined as ma?

I am currently using classical mechanics as a tool to learn how to construct a theory as an end. Therefore, I have a few questions, and a few reasonings behind them (I only consider reality, not ...
3k views

### When does a planet become a star?

How big can a gas giant become before it's considered a star? How does the theoretical maximum compare the observed maximum?
121 views

### Are there rogue planets between Sun and Proxima Centauri?

Would we be able to detect (via emitted radiation, or its gravity) a rogue planet between us and Proxima Centauri? How big would that planet need to be?