8
votes
3answers
1k views

How can we be so sure the universe has 3 dimensions?

I'm just a layman here so please bear with me if I don't get all the words or theories by correct name or whatever. I hope it will be clear enough what my question is. Here goes: When I read articles ...
3
votes
1answer
400 views

How does a flat wedge lens work?

I've been seeing this lens in a lot of places especially microsoft: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=rJ1p5SD3sOM#t=45s ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

A simple pendulum moving at a relativistic speed - how does the period change?

I've been pondering the precise mechanism of time dilation for the example of a simple pendulum in two different situations: The observer and ground are at rest in one frame of reference; the ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

what will happen when I continuously heat a closed heavy iron box half-filled with water?

I mean what will be the situation inside? All water vaporized, Equilibrium, Temperature-pressure situation.. boiling point increase/decrease? Thanks for your time.
4
votes
4answers
310 views

Slit screen and wave-particle duality

In a double-slit experiment, interference patterns are shown when light passes through the slits and illuminate the screen. So the question is, if one shoots a single photon, does the screen show ...
0
votes
1answer
428 views

Heisenberg's principle in Quantum Cryptography

In quantum cryptography why do we need the Heisenberg uncertainty principle? Edit: I only know the statement of the Heisenberg uncertainity principle. As I know that if Eve tries to know the ...
6
votes
1answer
392 views

Is there an explanation for the 3:2:1 ratio between the electron, up and down quark electric charges?

I understand that the NNG formula relates $Q$, $I_3$, and $Y$ and can be derived in QCD; does this unambiguously predict the electric charge ratios without making assumptions about the definitions of ...
3
votes
2answers
387 views

AdS/CFT correspondence and M-theory

Three questions: What can be some applications of AdS/CFT correspondence on M-theory? For example, would it be possible to represent 11-dimensional world using 10-dimensional surface? It seems that ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Why can't a single photon produce an electron-positron pair?

In reading through old course material, I found the assignment (my translation): Show that a single photon cannot produce an electron-positron pair, but needs additional matter or light quanta. ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Any case of a particle seemingly decaying into copies of itself?

Is there any case reported that seems to resemble the following: there is a particle and at some moment, the particle seems to break down into two or more particles that are all identical to the ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Does spin alone have any effect on the physical interactions of particles?

In Hartree-Fock theory the time-independent electronic energy of a single (restricted) determinant electronic wavefunction consists of one electron terms, $h_{ii}$, Coulomb interaction energies, ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Is there analysis library for stress-strain data?

I have three column data that has time-displacement-force from 1D tensile/compression test. Now I would like to get the standard mechanical properties of the material, like Young modulus, yield ...
4
votes
3answers
314 views

Does Helium just naturally display BEC properties at <1K, or does it become a BEC?

I am researching low temperature, near absolute zero, and in particular Bose Einstein Condensate. There is a lot of research information, but it is confusing, and not explained. Technically a BEC is ...
9
votes
3answers
321 views

Why do rain waves form and what is their connection to the texture of the surface they're on?

When it rains and water flows down an inclined street, ripples may form that are carried along with the current. Here's a picture with an example of what I'm talking about I'd like to know what the ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is compressible flow near the choke point so efficient?

Imagine a steady state, one-dimensional, compressible flow in a horizontal pipe of constant cross sectional area. This flow can be isothermal, adiabatic (Fanno), or diabatic (Rayleigh). As an ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are Colors Emitted at Specific Temperatures?

There are quite a few nagging questions I have been having over the years, I do not require a full explanation, just some guidance in my assumptions and pointers if I am very wrong. My basic ...
5
votes
3answers
492 views

How does the shape (form; not cross-section) of a spring impact performance?

Cylindrical compression springs are everywhere and then some applications choose other forms like rectangular or unique polygonal form. What impact does the form of a compression spring have and how ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Where can I find open-source weather forecast software? [closed]

Are there any software packages/frameworks for running weather forecast numeric models on a single PC? I've found at least two instances, but I'm interested to know whether there are more and where I ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

Are there any theories or suggestions for how the multiverse came into existence?

I've just seen a documentary about the multiverse. This provides an explanation for where the big bang came from. But it leaves me wondering: how did the multiverse come into existence? Because this ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Can spatial coherence be maintained in fiber optic cables over time?

I am doing research with a double slit experiment, using a beam splitter and 2 lengths of fiber optic cable, whose ends brought close together form the effective double slit. I notice that the ...
7
votes
4answers
954 views

Astronomy Experiments for Amateurs

Are there any resources online for astronomy experiments that I can perform myself? I am looking if anyone knows any measurements to take while looking for various objects during the evening ...
2
votes
2answers
892 views

What shape is needed to contain a blade made of plasma?

Although this may stray into the subject of fiction, this question requires physics expertise. If one were able to create a strong enough magnetic field to contain a blade of plasma, what shape would ...
5
votes
0answers
149 views

Does it make sense to speak of amplitudes of finite closed boundaries in QFT?

A example of amplitude in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics or specifically in QFT is the amplitude of a field configuration on a space-like hyper-surface of space-time to "lead" to another field ...
21
votes
2answers
5k views

Does a photon exert a gravitational pull?

I know a photon has zero rest mass, but it does have plenty of energy. Since energy and mass are equivalent does this mean that a photon (or more practically, a light beam) exerts a gravitational pull ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Equivalent system in Centre manifold theory

I was studying the centre manifold theory. It says (see Kuznetsov page 155, theorem 5.2) that the system on the left side of the picture is topologically equivalent to the one on the right. $ ...
3
votes
3answers
10k views

All matter has a mass but does all matter have a gravitational pull?

I know that all planets and stars have a gravitational pull but does a simple much smaller object have a gravitational pull for example a pebble?
2
votes
3answers
6k views

How to ‘correct’ reflected image on my telescope?

When viewed using my reflector telescope, the image, for example the moon, is flipped over and upside down (reflected). Therefore I need to do the ‘opposite’ movements when I want to align something. ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

How do I find the Gain of this Transfer Function

I found the transfer function for the spring mass damper system to be $$G(s)=\frac{1}{ms^{2}+bs+k},$$ and now I need to find the gain of this transfer function. I know that the gain is ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Abstract Algebra in Relativity and Cosmology?

Is Abstract Algebra useful in theoretical Relativity and/or Cosmology? If so can anyone give me some examples or point me towards a good book with that emphasis if it is one? Thanks in advance.
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Finding electric power generated using heat transfer

I'm working through an example I have been given to study. Suppose I have a 2m X 4m photovoltaic panel on my roof that is irradiated with a solar flux of $G_s = 700W/m^2$. Given: $\alpha_s = 0.83$ ...
4
votes
2answers
787 views

Can these figures demonstrating the safety of “Archery Tag” arrows be correct?

There is a new sport called "Archery Tag" that involves shooting opponents with foam-tipped arrows fired out of a real bow. The official Archery Tag web site presents data that claims to show the ...
-1
votes
1answer
205 views

Deceleration of Vehicle off pavement

How would I calculate the deceleration of a vehicle (ATV), wheels locked, on dirt? How long would it take to halt? How fast is it decelerating? I used this calculator, but it seems incorrect for a ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

What sort of equipment would I need to take a photo like this?

I'm interested in doing some astrophotography and I'm looking into the equipment needed to get a photo like this: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cscunha1984/6619321531/in/faves-heyvian/ I'm not looking ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Fine Tuned Universe

Is the fine tuning that cosmologists talk about (that our Universe is fine tuned for intelligent life) is the same as the fine tuning of the squared mass parameter of the Higgs in the Standard Model? ...
4
votes
2answers
374 views

What's the classical limit of the pressure of the ultrarelativistic Bose gas

The pressure for the ultrarelativistic Bose gas is $$p~=~U/(3V) ~\propto~ (kT)^4/(hc)^3.$$ It looks to me like it diverges for $h \to 0$. Looking at the derivation, it diverges because $h$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
448 views

Are there good home experiments to get a feel for the behavior of yield-stress liquids?

What common household liquids / foodstuffs show Herschel-Bulkley fluid behavior? I assume tomato soup to be one, since when sloshing it around lightly on a spoon the visible surface moves as one (as ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

What is “surface fluid adhesion energy”?

This is related to my previous question. Pardon me for asking so many questions recently. My physics knowledge is not that good, and some answers are hard to find. In the question in the link, I ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Reference request for the terminology and usage of different types of plasmas

I'm looking into discharge models, specifically for combustion prcesses, and I'm swamped by the number of different types of plasmas and their respective treatments (thermal plasmas, non-thermal ...
12
votes
3answers
900 views

Bell's theorem and why nonlocality is problematic

I generally hear it assumed that Bell's inequality implies violation of counterfactual definiteness, because locality is considered sacrosanct. I understand of course that measurable violations of ...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

How does the Double Slit Experiment work in detail?

What is the best detailed description/visualisation of the experiment available? Describing what is actually measured, how the data is analysed, correlated and interpreted when for example large ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do charges enter the capacitor in the first place?

I have been studying Capacitors for the past year now and the one thing I don't understand is how a charge is stored on the capacitor. Essentially, a circuit with a capacitor is an incomplete circuit ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Areas of research and their transferable skills [closed]

I've noticed that ads for postdoctoral positions emphasize the skill set that one must have for a particular position. That said, what are the areas of research to avoid because they give you few ...
3
votes
1answer
345 views

Does a negative line tension in a 3-fluid immiscible interface make sense?

This question is inspired by this question/answer pair: Is this formula for the energy of a configuration of 3 fluids physically reasonable? Consider three immiscible fluids forming contact surfaces, ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

Decoherence when no one is looking?

I understand that in the single-electron-at-a-time double slit experiment, if a detector is placed before the slit, the interference pattern vanishes. Suppose I left the detector on, but put a bag ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Charge Distribution on a Parallel Plate Capacitor

If a parallel plate capacitor is formed by placing two infinite grounded conducting sheets, one at potential $V_1$ and another at $V_2$, a distance $d$ away from each other, then the charge on either ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Any process or algorithm to estimate color sensitivities or color matching function of a RGB camera? [closed]

CIE defined color matching functions (CMF) for XYZ and thus RGB colors. But of course, each camera has its own color sensitivities for visible spectrum. Is there any way to estimate this function (or ...
4
votes
1answer
795 views

Is all angular momentum quantized?

Angular momentum is definitely quantized in elementary particles and electrons in atoms. Molecules also have characteristic rotation spectra. Is it true that all angular momentum is quantized, ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Gravitating sigma models

I am looking for a review or book on sigma models in (super)gravity theories, which arise from dimensional reduction.
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Is acceleration relative?

A while back in my Dynamics & Relativity lectures my lecturer mentioned that an object need not be accelerating relative to anything - he said it makes sense for an object to just be accelerating. ...
3
votes
2answers
318 views

A question from Weinberg QFT text

In page 71 Weinberg's QFT, $$A\Psi^{\theta }_{a,b} ~=~(a\cos{(\theta )}-b\sin{(\theta )})\Psi^{\theta }_{a,b}.$$ He says that massless particles represented by $\Psi ^{\theta }_{a,b}$ are not ...

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