1
vote
0answers
65 views

Collision Between Two Particles: Writing the Mass As A Function of The Angle [duplicate]

Suppose we have two masses, $m_1$ and $m_2$, where $m_2$ is at rest, and $m_1$ is headed directly towards $m_2$. I would like to write the ratio of the masses as a function of the angle. Using ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Triple points for other substances

Can substances other than H2O have a triple point, where the three usual phases of matter (solid/liquid/gas) can exist?
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Compression and expansion

Why is it that solids on compression [As in striking a hammer etc.] heat up, but liquids and gases on compression [Pressurizing liquids causes them to freeze or gases to liquify] cool down? Can ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What is empirical mean of centripetal acceleration

We have this formula for centripetal acceleration - $a = v \frac{d\theta}{dt} = v\omega = \frac{v^2}{r}$ but in case of usual acceleration i know that speed in $t_1 = v_0 + a \cdot (t_1 - t_0)$ but ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Vector Equilibrium

I'm trying to understand more about this 'vector equilibrium' apparently coined by R.Buckminster Fuller. In this site (http://cosmometry.net/), it claims: "The Vector Equilibrium, as its name ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

A draft makes people feel cold. How can that be measured?

On some days our office feels very cold to the point at which we find it difficult to type because our hands have gone numb. But our facilities manager insists it is the same temperature as always. ...
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Weird assumption in free body diagram problem

The assignment is to eventually calculate the forces on the BD beam of this picture: My issue is that on the solution sheet, the professor drew a free body diagram (FBD) for just the beams, with ...
6
votes
3answers
875 views

Why is a proton assumed to be always at the center while applying the Schrödinger equation?

Why is a proton assumed to be always at the center while applying the Schrödinger equation? Isn't it a quantum particle?
2
votes
0answers
87 views

gravitational field as a spin 2 particle using gauge invariance [closed]

can someone help me prove that a gravitational field corresponds to a spin 2 particle using gauge invariance. i know about the tensor formulation of GTR and the gauge invariance in electrodynamics ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Crash course how cosmologists develop mathematical model for the Big Bang theory [closed]

First of all, probably it might be useful to introduce me. I have sufficiently good enough mathematics and physics knowledge but only in bachelor level in engineering course. I am extremely ...
-1
votes
2answers
1k views

Best calculus book for physics [duplicate]

Are spivak and apostol calculus book good even from a physics point of view for learning calculus? I have a basic understanding of calculus but want to learn in depth more physics and for this I ...
1
vote
2answers
312 views

Can we have a physical interpretation for a time independent Schrodinger equation of this form?

I am interested in a time independent Schrodinger equation of this form. $$F*\psi - \frac{\hbar^2}{2m} \frac{\partial^2{\psi}}{\partial{x^2}} = E\psi$$ Here the product $V\psi$ is replaced by the ...
1
vote
2answers
318 views

Does gravity exert more “power” when an object is traveling faster?

So, this question arose when I was pondering the meaning of horsepower and torque in cars. I thought of the following question: There is a 1 kilogram weight on planet M. Planet M has no atmosphere ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Entanglement entropy of 1D chiral Fermion

I was told that the entanglement entropy $S_E$ on the ground state of a (1+1)D conformal field theory (CFT) follows the logarithmic behavior $S_E=\frac{c}{12}\ln L$ where $L$ is the length scale ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

General relativity in terms of differential forms

Is there a formulation of general relativity in terms of differential forms instead of tensors with indexs and subindexs? If yes, where can I find it and what are the advantages of each method? If ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

is this heat calculation equation correct?

If I have a line of copper wire (lets say $\textrm{1 meter}$ long, $\textrm{1 mm}$ thick) and one end is a flattened disk of copper about the size of a quarter, and I apply a lot of heat to it (I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
544 views

How is the current for the Dirac equation derived?

Why is it that the derivative of the current $j^\mu$ is the difference between the Dirac equation and its adjoint?
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why would the environmental lapse rate be slower near the ground?

I have data taken from over 2300 ascents through the atmosphere at various locations around the world, for every 500 meters vertically upwards I have averaged the temperature and plotted it: Its ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Vacuum polarization of dark matter candidates

Can a dark matter particle (axions, for instance, but the question applies to any valid candidate for dark matter) induce QED vacuum polarization effects even if being electrically neutral and with no ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Time-Independent Gravitational Equation?

Is it possible to calculate gravitational induced position change without requiring the use of time (and therefore, acceleration) anywhere in the equation? If such an equation were to be discovered, ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Noether's theorem for more interesting transformations of the time co-ordinate

According to Wikipedia, Noether's theorem (for the mechanics of a point particle) says that if the following transformation is a symmetry of the Lagrangian $$t \to t + \epsilon T$$ $$q \to q + ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

What groups of symmetry are most suited for filling uniformely a spherical 3D space, whilst possessing the lowest possible surface-to-volume ratio?

I am looking for the closest known approximate solution to Kelvin foams problem that would obey a spherical symmetry. One alternative way of formulating it: I am looking for an equivalent of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How is NASA's mod II Stirling engine so powerful yet so small?

Is it because of the temperature difference? I just don't understand how it can propel a car. Here's the link to the engine: ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How effectively does heat flow through copper wire?

If I have a line of copper wire (lets say 1 meter long, 1mm thick) and one end is a flattened disk of copper about the size of a quarter, and I apply a lot of heat to it (I'm talking 800 Celsius) will ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is using water in a charcoal smoker less efficient than not using water?

I have a charcoal smoker that uses water. My understanding is that the water serves as a buffer and as a way to add moisture to the cooking environment. Some say that using water wastes fuel because ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Normalization for QFT single particle destruction operator

I don't understand a particular statement in the QFT book by Klauber. The particular page I'm having difficulty on is page 67 of chapter 3 (PDF link). The big picture is that the author wishes to ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Regulating an infinite sum in the $bc$ CFT

The EM tensor of the $bc$-CFT is $$ T(z) = \colon \partial b c \colon - \lambda \partial \colon b c \colon $$ After expanding in a mode expansion, we find $$ T(z) = \sum_{m} \frac{1}{z^{m+2}} \sum_n ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

Large deflection of cantilever beam

How can I find the amount of point force at the end of a cantilever plastic beam that produces e.g. 45° slope at the end of the beam? Is this the right equation: $$F=\frac{2EI\theta ^2}{L^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Question about the refraction of Fresnel lenses

If you line up the suns rays parallel to a Fresnel lens, the light is concentrated, and the focus directly underneath. However, what happens if the sun is off to the side, making the light hit at an ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Friction on an object moving with momentum over a surface

I'm familiar with the equations for friction for a static object and an object moving at steady speed over a surface from high school physics. But we never learned how an object moving only due to ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Does the Casimir Effect violate the Quantum Inequalities?

Does the Casimir Effect violate the Quantum Inequalities? From what I understand, the Casimir Effect is able to produce negative energy densities for an indefinite amount of time, or is that wrong?
2
votes
0answers
76 views

A question about polarization in quantum mechanics

We start our question we a definition A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if \ $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Photon number conservation during scattering

I was reading this writeup on the Kompaneets equation and the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. On page 3, section 2 the author states There is no way to increase the mean energy of a planckian ...
2
votes
1answer
757 views

Does the temperature at which water evaporates influence the amount of chalk left behind?

I believe the title is straightforward. Evaporating water leaves behind chalk. Assuming you evaporate the same amount of (the same type of) water, does the temperature at which this happens (and so ...
1
vote
4answers
876 views

Pressure in fluid mechanics of incompressible liquid

Most liquids can be approximated to be incompressible, since the Mach-number is much smaller than 1. That means that the density variations are negligible and from the relation between pressure p and ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Loop corrections to propagator (QFT of Srednicki)

Perhaps this is a very basic question. In chapter 14 of Srednicki's QFT textbook (2007), $O(g^2)$ loop corrections to the propagator of $\phi^3$ theory is discussed. However, I don't know how to ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Second law of thermodynamics and motion

The second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of an isolated system never decreases, because isolated systems spontaneously evolve toward thermodynamic equilibrium—the state of ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

How do I know if an object comes from the Solar System or not?

I'm told that if the total energy of an object near the Sun is negative, then it comes from the Solar System; if positive, it is extrasolar. I don't understand why. Can someone please explain this?
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Is the spin-rotation symmetry of Kitaev model $D_2$ or $Q_8$?

It is known that the Kitaev Hamiltonian and its spin-liquid ground state both break the $SU(2)$ spin-rotation symmetry. So what's the spin-rotation-symmetry group for the Kitaev model? It's obvious ...
4
votes
1answer
8k views

How do I predict volume loss due to evaporation when boiling water?

Suppose I have a pot with diameter $D$ containing a volume of water $V$, being heated by a flame under it. If the ambient air temperature is $T$ and relative humidity is $R$, how can I calculate the ...
3
votes
2answers
678 views

Noether's theorem and time-dependent Lagrangians

Noether's theorem says that if the following transformation is a symmetry of the Lagrangian $t \to t + \epsilon T$ $q \to q + \epsilon Q$ Then the following quantity is conserved $\left( ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Why will an accelerated electron emit a photon? [duplicate]

Why will an accelerated electron (or a charge) emit a photon? For example normal matter even if it accelerate or not will emit a photon.
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Is the real scalar remained real after analytical continuation in imaginary time formulation?

I am studying thermal field theory. I am being confused while studying analytical continuation of time coordinate made in the real scalar field theory at finite temperature. Apparently it occurs to me ...
0
votes
2answers
292 views

Debye temperature for the steel?

I'm looking for data on Debye temperature of steel (ideally with a known carbon concentration, structure, and set of phases), but find only data on elements. Do You happen to meet the data in papers, ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Why would an electron in an orbit be accelerating continuously and would thus radiate away its energy and fall into the nucleus in a classical model? [duplicate]

I was reading this answer by madame anna v: You are right, the planetary model of the atom does not make sense when one considers the electromagnetic forces involved. The electron in an orbit is ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

Realistic calculation of heat loss for pipe

Good day everyone, I am new on this site and I hope to find here help, since I am not going anywhere with the literature I have found. I try to calculate realistically the heat loss of a hot, ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

How to calculate cost of AA accumulator charge? [closed]

I would like to calculate how much it will cost to change AA accumulator. Is it really cheaper than usage of batteries (don't consider ecology question as of now)? Let's say I have the following ...
3
votes
2answers
896 views

Rocket/Thrust/Gas/Free Expansion of Gas

We know, the rockets in space use Newton's 3rd law to increase their velocity and hence move. What I don't understand is how it is possible in space aka vacuum-state without air? From what I know, ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the percentage of stars with planetary systems

We have discovered quite a number of exoplanets to date. The Kepler spacecraft has examined 150,000 stars and found 1,059 exoplanets. We know that Kepler, as well as all other exoplanet searches to ...
-5
votes
1answer
141 views

From where we can view earth moving?

Earth moves with a speed around $100000 \,\,km/h$, which will be amazing, but from where we can see that moving speed? If we far away from earth (outside of earth gravity) then can view its moving? is ...

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