0
votes
1answer
228 views

Units in cgs system

How do I find the dimensions of this quantity (in $cgs$)... $$\frac{4\pi me^2}{h^2n_o^{1/3}}$$ where $m$ is the mass of electron $e$ is the magnitude of electronic charge $h$ ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Is the minimum radius of a positronium system of the order of compton wavelength or less than that?

Since from electron-positron annihilation energy and uncertainty principle,the minimum radius of positronium comes out as half of the compton radius.
2
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the difference between Raman scattering and fluorescence?

What is the difference between Raman scattering and fluorescence? Both phenomena involve the emission of photons shifted in frequency relative to the incident light, because of some energetic ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Acceleration/tension of object. 1 on horizontal surface one hanging

A 5.00-kg object placed on a frictionless, horizontal table is connected to a cable that passes over a pulley and then is fastened to a hanging 9.00-kg object, as in Figure. Find the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do electrons repel?

I understand the basics, protons have a positive charge, neutrons have no charge, and the electron has a negative charge. But looking at the lines of force from a proton, they flow outward and push ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Newton 2nd Law: Does vertical force (mass) affect the horizontal acceleration?

I learnt before that if 2 forces are perpendicular to each other, they should not affect each other. However in a recent experiment setup (asked in another question): I believe the theoratical ...
3
votes
2answers
312 views

Is the Lagrangian “math” or “science”?

I've seen in class that we can get from Lagrangian to derive equations of motion (I know its used elsewhere in physics, but I haven't seen it yet). It's not clear to me whether the Lagrangian itself ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Determine acceleration from experiment (Newton 2nd Law)

I have done a physics experiment (setup below). And was asked to determine the experimental and theoretical acceleration. The data I've got Ok, am I right to say Experimental acceleration ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

Tried to do the double slit experiment, failed. Why?

I tried, and failed, to do the double-slit experiment. I thought I had a good experiment setup, but obviously I was wrong. Can anyone offer some insight in what I might have done wrong? Most of ...
1
vote
1answer
370 views

Is $w=mg$ the right way to calculate mass?

How can you find the mass of an object by using a weight and a gravitational acceleration from another planet then earth? I was given $5.8\text{ N}$ and an acceleration of $4.0\ \mathrm{m/s^2}$. The ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Energy is quantized

How can energy be quantized if we can have energy be measured like in 1.56364, 5.7535, 6423.654 kilo joules, with decimals? Thanks Also isnt it quantization means energy is represented in bit ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Percentage increase in the length of pendulum

I'm struggling with a physics question : What should be the percentage increase in the length of the chord of a pendulum for the period increased by 1%? The answer is 2%. I tried with $w = 2 \pi/T ...
0
votes
2answers
810 views

Center of gravity of vehicle and vehicle performance

I am interested to know how does CG of vehicle plays role in the Fuel economy and the vehicle performance. Does CG of vehicle has anything to do while accelerating of your vehicle. I am a student, ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Proof of Yang's theorem

Yang's theorem states that a massive spin-1 particle cannot decay into a pair of identical massless spin-1 particles. The proof starts by going to the rest frame of the decaying particle, and relies ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

How do you do an integral involving the derivative of a delta function?

I got an integral in solving Schrodinger equation with delta function potential. It looks like $$\int \frac{y(x)}{x} \frac{\mathrm{d}\delta(x-x_0)}{\mathrm{d}x}$$ I'm trying to solve this by ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

What is crystal field anisotropy or effect ? It forces the magnetic moment to point in particular local direction..

Can you give a basic explanation of what is crystal field anisotropy ? What is the reason to arise ? In spin ice it forces the dipoles to point in the local 111 direction. For partially filled rare ...
7
votes
1answer
698 views

How does nuclear war look like from space?

As today's the 29th anniversary of possible Armageddon, had Mutual Assured Destruction taken place, with the USA and USSR exchanging most of their nuclear arsenal, what would someone In low earth ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

Store up cheap electricity to use later?

My utility company charges me more for electricity in the summer. Is there any way I could "save up" non-summer electricity (eg, a giant battery?) and then use it during the summer, saving myself ...
8
votes
1answer
494 views

Clarification on “central charge equals number of degrees of freedom”

It's often stated that the central charge c of a CFT counts the degrees of freedom: it adds up when stacking different fields, decreases as you integrate out UV dof from one fixed point to another, ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Generic features, semi-heuristic derivations [closed]

Einstein was able to make some predictions before GR was fully formulated. e.g. gravitational time dilation. Such predictions before the full theory are referred to as "semi-heuristic derivations" ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How is Gauss' Law (integral form) arrived at from Coulomb's Law, and how is the differential form arrived at from that?

On a similar note: when using Gauss' Law, do you even begin with Coulomb's law, or does one take it as given that flux is the surface integral of the Electric field in the direction of the normal to ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Is an electric lamp a transducer? [closed]

Silly thought. A transducer, by definition, is a device that converts variations in one form of energy to another. An electric lamp converts electricity into visible light - the brightness may vary ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Rigid body/moment of inertia problem

I have a homework assignment about rigid body dynamics. Take a disc of radius $r=2m$ with uniform mass density $\rho=1$ $kg/m^2$ in the x-y plane, resting in an inertial frame. At some instant, a ...
2
votes
3answers
637 views

What is a good non-technical introduction to theories of everything?

I'm not a physicist but I'm interested in unified theories, and I do not know how to start learning about it. What would be a good book to read to start learning about this topic?
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to make something charged using electricity?

If I had a piece of metal and i wanted it to be negatively charged. How can I do that?
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Are all static solutions of Einstein's equations spherically symmetric?

Is it true that all static solutions in GR are also spherically symmetric? Is there a proof of this? Similarly, are all stationary solutions axisymmetric?
0
votes
1answer
274 views

Proving $t=(1+\sqrt{1+2hg/v^2 } ) (v/g)$ for a thrown ball [closed]

If we throw a ball from the hight point $h$ from the earth, with initial velocity $v’$, how to prove that the time it takes the ball to reach the earth is given by: ...
1
vote
2answers
290 views

How is the singularity in Newtonian gravity resolved?

In Who's afraid of a Black Hole? at time ~20:38, Michio Kaku makes a claim that $1/r$ when $r=0$ equals $\infty$ and when physicists see the $\infty$ they see a monstrosity. Coincidentally, Newton's ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How did Einstein derive general relativity?

How did Einstein derive general relativity (GR)? Did he use: the equivalence principle? The principle of least action? Anything else? Note, I'm not looking for a full mathematical derivation of GR! ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

An accelerating and shrinking train in special relativity

Suppose when a train is at rest, it has a length of $L$. Let the position of the back of the train at any time be $A$, and let the position of the front of the train at any time be $B$. Now assume ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Where to go to minimize tidal forces?

Suppose you design an experiment where you need to minimize the effects of tidal forces. Where would you go? There are a few possibilities, and the choice depends on how much effort you are willing to ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What kind of cooling mechanism could be used in outer space?

This question arises out of this question on Quora - Apollo 11: 1969 Moon Landing: Did Neil Armstrong really land on the moon? I'm convinced with most of the explanations provided in the first ...
2
votes
4answers
204 views

What is the simplest system that has both, discontinous and continous phase transitions?

I am looking the simplest system that has both discontinous phase transition and a continous phase transition between the same phases (you can change one parameter). discontinous transition: first ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it possible to create only a magnetic wave?

I want to know if its possible to create only a magnetic field,which i can direct to a certain chosen object?
0
votes
1answer
353 views

How is there a connection between energy and information?

http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2010/nov/19/information-converted-to-energy In the last part of the third paragraph of the above article it says: "In fact, Szilárd formulated an equivalence ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Black hole entropy

Bekenstein and Hawking derived the expression for black hole entropy as, $$ S_{BH}={c^3 A\over 4 G \hbar}. $$ We know from the hindsight that entropy has statistical interpretation. It is a measure ...
2
votes
2answers
408 views

Meaning of subscript in $V=\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{d^2 V}{{dq_i}{dq_j}}\right)_0$

This is probably a simple question, but what does the subscript $0$ mean in the following expression? $$V=\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{d^2 V}{{dq_i}{dq_j}}\right)_0$$
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Am I making the right assumption about a jump discontinuity in the acceleration?

A train heads from Station A to Station B, 4 km away. If the train begins at rest and ends at rest, and its maximum acceleration is 1.5 m/s^2 and maximum deceleration is -6 m/s^2, what's the least ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

If a people happen to be fall into the ocean from 50m high, then would the diving pose in the olympiad make less percussion

If a people happen to be fall into the ocean from 50m high, then would the diving pose in the olympiad make less percussion then the leg going first into the water so that the body receive less ...
0
votes
1answer
311 views

Does the mass of the damper affect the transfer function in a vertical mass-spring-damper?

Usually in system dynamics, I dealt with horizontal mass spring dampers. Now in my advanced class I am dealing with vertical mass spring dampers. So a spring is hanging from the ceiling with a mass ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How Lyman transition (to the ground state from higher excited) happens ? The dipole selection rule is +/- 1?

How are the lyman series observed when the dipole selection rule is +/-1 in l change for hydrogen atom ?
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the principle of least action a boundary value or initial condition problem?

Here is a question that's been bothering me since I was a sophomore in university, and should have probably asked before graduating: In analytic (Lagrangian) mechanics, the derivation of the ...
1
vote
1answer
882 views

Overcoming Friction

Let's say a box is moved by attaching a rope to it and pulling with an applied force at a certain angle. Now, let's say that this is being done on an inclined ramp. How would I find the acceleration? ...
5
votes
2answers
782 views

Why is there a factor of 1/2 in the interaction energy of an induced dipole with the field that induces it?

In this paper, there's the following sentence: ...and the factor 1/2 takes into account that the dipole moment is an induced, not a permanent one. Without any further explanation. I looked ...
4
votes
2answers
462 views

Magnitude of New Comet C/2012 S1 (ISON)

A new comet (magnitude 18.8) has been discovered beyond the orbit of Jupiter. Comet ISON will get within 0.012 AU of the Sun by the end of November 2013 and ~0.4 AU from of Earth early in January ...
2
votes
0answers
446 views

propeller flying physics for the layman

I'm starting a (quad?)copter build, and i can find plenty of knowledge about stabilizing the craft and things related to gyroscopy. but there's absolutely zero information on things that help me ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

How is explained the lower ionization potential for atoms compared to closed shell nobel atoms?

Why adding just one electron changes tremendously the ionization potential from any of the nobel atoms ? If it is the screening why adding a second electron increases the ionization potential ? ...
0
votes
1answer
337 views

What is the reference spectrum?

What is the reference spectrum? I need to know how to calculate the reference spectrum of a wavelength 500nm.
0
votes
2answers
818 views

Why 2s state is lower in energy that 2p state in atoms?

The s orbital have higher probability to be closer to the core and feels larger attraction than the p orbital and on average is further away and in addition p has repulsive potentilal l(l+1)h^2/2mr^2. ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

Decomposition of elastic constants of a crystalline material

I have performed a calculation the tensor of elastic constants (or stiffness tensor) for a given crystalline material. From there, I calculated various elastic properties, such as Young’s modulus, ...

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