-1
votes
3answers
122 views

I wonder why I cannot charge a capacitor with alternating current?

Why can't I charge the capacitor with AC? How do the plates block the flow of electrons with DC but not with AC. Somebody told me that the DC is blocked by the capacitor, so the capacitor gets charge,...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Why do we perceive a colour?

White/yellow light hits a red case, and the red color is reflected into our eyes, since other wavelengths are absorbed. My question is: since both the paint on the case and the white light have ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Could $\int (\ddot\phi + \mu\dot\phi^2)d\phi$ ever be negative? How to show it?

I am working on the following problem: Given a mass $m$ at rest at the base of an incline surface shaped like 1/12th of a circle with radius $R$. The mass is pulled up the incline by a rope that ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Estimating the rotational speed of DC motor

What is the best strategy to roughly estimate the RPM of a simple DC motor as seen in this video?. I want to estimate the max possible rotation of the coil that has $n$ number of turns and has moment ...
0
votes
0answers
390 views

Projectile under quadratic air resistance force

So here's the problem background: A projectile of mass m is shot straight up with initial velocity $v_0$ and feels a quadratic air resistance force of the form $F = −kv^2$, where $k ≡ mg/u^2$. ($k$ ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Was Tesla familiar with Helmholtz, Maxwell, and Hertz (or vice versa)? [closed]

Was Tesla familiar with the theories or experiments of Helmholtz, Maxwell, and Hertz (or vice versa)?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Definition of short range entanglement

When studying Symmetry Protected Topological phases, one needs to define what a short range entangled (SRE) states means. But there appears to be different definitions that are not equivalent to each ...
2
votes
0answers
301 views

Stimulated emission and coherence

For a significant part of my life I have been taught that, if a photon of the "correct" energy meets an excited atom, the atom will then (with a certain probability) undergo transition to a lower ...
2
votes
2answers
229 views

Where can I find the datasets from LHC?

I know that most of the datasets from ATLAS or other particle physics experiments are terabytes, but I was just curious is there any place where one can find them to download? And one more question, ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Asymptotic freedom in QCD

From renormalization group equation $$ t \frac{d \bar{g}(t , g)}{dt} = \beta (\bar{g}(t , g)), \quad \bar{g}(1 , g) = g $$ (here $t$ is momentum scale factor, $g$ is initial coupling constant and $\...
3
votes
1answer
895 views

What are the principles behind foam formation?

We know that while pouring water in a glass, there is close to no foam, but if pouring beer, there is much foam (unless pouring "slowly"). So, can the most prominent factors that contribute to foam ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

What kind of transformation can be applied to qubits?

I have a doubt on what kind of transformations can be applied to qubits. I understand that the transformations need to be reversible , but they also have to preserve the norm: that's why the ...
5
votes
1answer
345 views

Directional derivatives in the multivariable Taylor expansion of the translation operator

Let $T_\epsilon=e^{i \mathbf{\epsilon} P/ \hbar}$ an operator. Show that $T_\epsilon\Psi(\mathbf r)=\Psi(\mathbf r + \mathbf \epsilon)$. Where $P=-i\hbar \nabla$. Here's what I've gotten: $$\begin{...
-1
votes
2answers
69 views

Is $V= V_1 + V_2$? horrible question but im confused [duplicate]

So yeah , the answer seems true but i'm very skeptical about it since D3 is in the middle
-1
votes
1answer
256 views

Direction of radial acceleration same in circular motion?

I have a big confusion. There is a question in my book which basically says that a ball is tied to a string and rotated. and it asks me to tell whether the following statement is true of false. ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

$V = V_1 + V_2$ confusion? Why is my “proof ”incorrect? [closed]

Why isn't $V= V_1 + V_2$? $V=V_a - V_c = V_a - V_b + V_b - V_c$, $V_a - V_b= V_1$ and $V_b - V_c = V_2$ Doesn't that prove that $V = V_1 + V_2$? Regardless of $V_3$, If i'm wrong , is there a way to ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

A James Clerk Maxwell Disproof

One of my favorite physicists to learn about was James Clerk Maxwell, for the fact that he unified the study of E&M in physics and he would often disprove theories that did not work as a ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What happens to ice cream when you stir it?

I hope this is the appropriate forum for my question. I also considered posting it in the chemistry forum. When I eat ice cream I often stir it into a texture similar to that of soft serve. During ...
4
votes
2answers
643 views

Acceleration: A ball sliding down the inside of a semicircular bowl

Edit: To clarify, this is a homework question. But I couldn't care less about getting the answer to this specific question as it's not even assigned yet. It looks interesting and I want to understand ...
1
vote
0answers
187 views

Simplest Hamiltonian for 2d wave equation with periodic boundary conditions

I want to use the 2d wave equation ($\frac{\partial^2u}{\partial t^2}=\frac{\partial^2u}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2u}{\partial y^2}$) with periodic boundary conditions as a simple toy model of a ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Numerical tests of Titius–Bode formula for artificial planetary orbits [duplicate]

Titius–Bode law is an empirical formula stating that positions of planets in Solar system is described by: $$a=0.4+0.3 \times 2^m [AU],$$ where $m$ are natural numbers. All planets, with exception ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Charge outside Gaussian Surface doesn't contribute to Flux?

I roughly understand the explanation for this: any electric field line that enters the surface, must leave it, since field lines can't terminate abruptly in space. My question is, what if you have a ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Net Electrostatic Field inside a Conductor is $\vec{0}$

I've heard an explanation for this, and my professor wasn't really able to clarify my questions, so I was hoping someone could help: Suppose there is an electrostatic field $\vec{E_{net}}\ne\vec{0}$, ...
2
votes
3answers
431 views

A question on quantum computing and de Broglie's pilot wave theory

I don't know much about quantum computing except what I have read about on wiki and popsci. I have been reading about the de Broglie-Bohm pilot wave theory and how they describe quantum mechanics in ...
2
votes
4answers
269 views

Nature of Fields in QFT

I'm not exactly an expert in quantum physics, but this seems to be a simple question, and I can't find an answer anywhere! There are specific types of fields used in physics: scalar fields (i.e. as ...
0
votes
2answers
243 views

Definition of pressure in Bernoulli's principle

I have a difficulty to understand Bernoulli's Principle which states increased fluid speed decreases the pressure. But in a wind tunnel when we measure the pressure with a pitot tube, both the ...
0
votes
1answer
575 views

Why the bulb does not glow in this configuration of batteries?

I connected a bulb to a battery positive terminals with positive and negative terminals with negative . It glows as it should but when i connect the positive terminal of the same bulb to the positive ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Velocity of satellites greater than required velocity

We often find velocity required to keep a satellite in orbit by the formula $v=\sqrt{\frac{GM}{r}}$ where $v$ is perpendicular to the gravitational force. It is very intuitive that the object will go ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

First variation of the action in relativistic notation - Landau & Lifshitz “Classical theory of fields”

In Landau & Lifshitz's book, Classical theory of fields, the action for a free particle is defined as: $$\tag{8.1} S= \int ^b _a {-mc \ \text d s}=0,$$ where $$\text d s=c\,\text d t\sqrt{1-\...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is energy since the big-bang still here in the present?

Based on the concept that energy can never be destroyed and is only transferred. Does it mean that energy since the formation of literally everything still here today?
0
votes
0answers
160 views

Confusion regarding a method of writing constraint equations

I came across a method for writing the constraint equations known as "The Virtual Work Method".I am quoting the exact language of the text(well,not exactly the exact)- Consider the atwood machine ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Electrohydrodynamics: How will electric potential develop in a fluid when potential is applied from ends

Lets say, I have a fluid in a rectangular enclosure (2D). I apply electric potential $U=U_1$ at left boundary and $U_2$ at right boundary. In the lower and upper boundaries, the potential varies ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Use of the term first order dependency

In a question I am doing it says: Show explicitly that the function $$y(t)=\frac{-gt^2}{2}+\epsilon t(t-1)$$ yields an action that has no first order dependency on $\epsilon$. Also my textbook ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

If water evaporates at below 100 degrees then why not stone?

I have asked this question recently: Why does evaporation take place? and I got a satisfactory answer, that temperature is macroscopic and is the average temperature of the object. That said, why ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

What causes destruction in the first few seconds of a bomb explosion?

When a bomb explodes (or a grenade, mine, etc.), what is it that causes the most damage in the first 1 or 2 seconds of the explosion and culminates in the destruction of nearby objects? Is it the high ...
0
votes
2answers
949 views

Parallel and series circuit problem

When two resistors, each of resistance 4.0 ohms, are connected in parallel with a battery, the current leaving the battery is 3.0 A. When the same two resistors are connected in series with the ...
2
votes
0answers
290 views

How to derive the scale factor for special conformal transformation? [closed]

By definition a conformal transformation of the coordinates is an invertible mapping $x\rightarrow x'$ which leaves the metric invariant upto a scale factor: \begin{equation} g_{\mu\nu}'(x') = \...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

Why is commutation relations the first step in quantization?

Why is commutation relations the first step in quantization?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Orientation of large water drops break-up

I have observed that if you pour small globs of water from a considerable height (let's say more than 20 meters), the globs will break up. This is not surprising at all since the amount of water ...
-1
votes
1answer
75 views

Can quanta have different energy levels? [closed]

The energy of a wave is h*f. How i imagine this is each cycle consisting of 1 quanta. I sometimes hear people say the energy of a photon is equal to h*f which makes it sound like each cycle has a ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Can you choose the variables of a state function?

I'm confused. I was first introduced to entropy as a state function of internal energy and volume $$S(U,V) \Rightarrow dS = C_v\frac{\mathrm{d}T}{T} - p\frac{\mathrm{d}V}{T} $$ wich is the ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Giant leap of the space goat

This problem was inspired by this Math.SE post and similar problems involving tethered animals. A space goat is tethered to the north pole of a spherical asteroid of uniform density and radius $a$ ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What is the current in a circuit with two voltage sources in series? [closed]

What happens? We have 2 voltage sources and 2 currents. When I2 and I3 come together (they have opposite sides), what happens? I tried writing down the voltage relations but I'm stuck because I don't ...
0
votes
2answers
212 views

Why Can You Only See Direct Light In Water From a Lighthouse

Whilst observing a lighthouse, I noticed that I could only see the cone of light reflected in the water when the lighthouse light was directly pointed at me. At all other points, I could just about ...
2
votes
2answers
605 views

The purpose of auxiliary lens in microscope

Can someone explain me the purpose of auxiliary lens in microscope. The specification says: ...
5
votes
1answer
423 views

Strange definition of microcanonical partition function

I always thought that the microcanonical partition function would measure the number of states that correspond to some fixed energy. Despite, I found in this paper (equation 3.4) that we integrate ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Why do we exclude the $(i,i)$ case when summing over internal forces?

In the majority of the literature and lectures I see when a system of particles is involved, I usually see the following expression (or similar) for the total force on particle $i$: $$\vec{F}_i = \...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Conditions for characterizing a wave as plane wave

Given a wave equation, say for example $\Psi(x,y,z,t) = a \cos\left(\omega t -\vec{k}\cdot \vec{r} \right)$, what conditions should be met for $\Psi$ to represent a plane wave?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

How does the physical motion of atom lead to photon emission?

It's known that what we call a temperature is in fact molecular motion at microscopic scale. But at which point the emission of photons happens due to this physical motion, so that we can talk about ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Explicit degeneracy in SPT phases

In the wikipedia article on symmetry protected topological phases the author states: If the boundary is a gapped degenerate state, the degeneracy may be caused by spontaneous symmetry breaking and/...

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