6
votes
3answers
1k views

What should a physics undergrad aspiring to be a string theorist learn before grad school?

The question I guess is pretty clear. I am a physics undergrad wishing to pursue research in quantum gravity(string theory?). What are the subjects I should learn other than the usual compulsory ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Fields of Steady Currents Using Electrostatics

Suppose you have a uniform ring charge rotating at constant angular velocity so that you also have a uniform ring of steady current, and thus you can use the Biot-Savart Law to compute the magnetic ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

Improved energy-momentum tensor

While still dealing with this issue, I've stumbled upon this answer to a question asking about the conserved quantity corresponding to a scaling transformation. It mentions that in accordance with ...
8
votes
3answers
906 views

Why does inverting a song have no influence?

I inverted the waveform of a given song and was wondering what will happen. The result is that it sounds the exact same way as before. I used Audacity and doublechecked if the wave-form really is ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

classical dynamics on group manifold SU(2)

I am trying to understand how to formulate classical dynamics on group manifold SU(2). This will be an exercise for me to the more advanced subject of path integral on group manifold. Does someone ...
2
votes
2answers
718 views

Force applied perpendicular to direction of motion, static or kinetic friction?

Let's assume we have a 1 kg cube on a flat uniform surface. The coefficients of friction between them are $\mu_k = 0.25$ and $\mu_s = 0.50$. This cube is moving at 1 m/s in the y direction, with ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Direction of friction on particle placed on a rotating turntable

If a particle is placed on a rotating turntable then the particle has a tendency to slip tangentially with respect to the underneath surface... So the friction should act tangentially to the ...
52
votes
10answers
6k views

Is time continuous or discrete?

While working on physics simulation software, I noticed that I had implemented discrete time (the only type possible on computers). By that I mean that I had an update mechanism that advanced the ...
4
votes
1answer
698 views

representation of SU(2)

The question is regarding SU(2) group and SU(2) algebra. The SU(2) group can be generated by exponentiating the generators of SU(2) algebra $X_a$ as $exp(i t_a X_a )$ with $t_a$ being three ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

How is an ideal mirrored box of photons distinguishable from massive particles?

Suppose you have an ideal mirrored box that contains enough photons as to have a relativistic mass equivalent to the [rest mass + kinetic energy] of an electron. In other words, the two systems have ...
1
vote
1answer
435 views

How does Doppler effect differ between EM -waves in Electrodynamics and Sound -waves?

I have an electrodynamics -course that contains doupler -effect but unfortunately with little explanations. Is it the same thing as the classical doppler effect for example with sound, more here, or ...
6
votes
3answers
176 views

why nontrivially space-like connected event horizons do not respect unitarity?

I want to understand the assertion that the gluing between distant event horizons is forbidden by unitarity. What is exactly the argument that unitarity will necessarily forbid topological nontrivial ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a difference between a postulate and a principle in physics?

Is there a difference between a postulate and a principle in physics? Both seem unproved statements taken as true. If thats correct, why the different names?
12
votes
2answers
530 views

How can we define BF theory on a general 4-manifold?

(I have rewritten the question some, with new understanding) 4d BF theory is classically presented as the TFT arising from the Lagrangian $B\wedge F$, where $B$ is an abelian 2-connection (locally ...
0
votes
1answer
456 views

Inductance of loop to a square wire? What is the induced current and the induced $\bar E$?

I am practising for the elementary-physics -course Tfy-0.1064, this puzzle is a simplified version of the problem 3A here (sorry not in English). My basic idea here is to understand a scenario with ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

A large rock falls on your toe. Which concept is most important in determining how much it hurts?

A) The mass of the rock B) The weight of the rock C) Both the mass and the weight are important. D) Either the mass or the weight, as they are related by a single multiplicative constant, g. ...
-1
votes
2answers
420 views

Mass vs. weight on a spring-loaded bathroom scale

You stand on a spring-loaded bathroom scale in a bathroom. The scale "reads" your mass. What is the scale actually measuring? Similarly, you stand on a spring-loaded bathroom scale in an elevator ...
4
votes
3answers
441 views

If I go to the church of the greater Hilbert space, can I have Unitary Collapse?

Actually, unitary pseudo-collapse? Von Neuman said quantum mechanics proceeds by two processes: unitary evolution and nonunitary reduction, also now called projection, collapse and splitting. ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

How does the curiosity rover get it's power? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Mars Curiosity Power System I found a web page that said it uses Plutonium. I am sure it's not based on fusion or fission. What is the basic idea on which the power ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Do we live in a world with 4 or more dimension?

A NOVA show have told the audience that we are live in 3 dimensional world, the world we lived in is compose by 3 element: the energy, matter, space. By the time Einstein have invented the ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Where does the heat flow in the Earth's crust switch from primarily solar to geothermal?

Ok, maybe more of a geology question than physics, but maybe somebody has been involved in modeling these heat flows? Essentially I'm asking if we know what sort of depth the heat source becomes ...
1
vote
1answer
637 views

Solving by using Gauss law [closed]

Task: find the vector $ \mathbf E $ in the center of the sphere with radius $R$, which has charge volume distribution $\rho$ , $$\rho = \mathbf a \cdot \mathbf r ,\qquad \mathbf a = ...
2
votes
3answers
995 views

Buoyancy in gases

If buoyancy is caused by pressure gradient and if the pressure of a gas is same everywhere in its container, which means there's no difference of pressures on surfaces of the lighter-than-air object, ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

scaling laws for density and temperature of high-energy explosions

I'm wondering if there are heuristic ways to derive how the peak density and temperature of nuclear explosions scale with the amount of fissile/fusible material. Does it matter what the explosion ...
0
votes
2answers
257 views

Simplifying the explanation of a low-entropy Big Bang

The claim that the young universe was in a low-entropy state seems at odds with maximal entropy being thermal equilibrium, and the young universe being in thermal equilibrium. I've looked at some ...
1
vote
2answers
566 views

Practical issues with Superconductivity

Well, Is it really possible to maintain such low temperatures required for super-conductors (taking High-temperature superconductivity into account) over large distances? What I say is - Even if we ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Calculation of Commutation in constraint analysis

During analysis the constraint from a theory, suppose my canonical Hamiltonian is $$H_c=P^A\dot{A}+P^B\dot{B}-L$$ where $P^A=\frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot A}$ and $P^B=\frac{\partial L}{\partial ...
0
votes
2answers
23k views

Formula for a ball rolling down an Inclined Plane

Suppose we set up an experiment where we have an inclined ramp, and a spherical basketball. If we were to assume the ball to be perfectly round, and rolls down in a vertical manner and the situation ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Is it proven that all “solar” neutrinos are coming from the Sun direction?

In "Observation of 8B solar neutrinos in the Kamiokande-II detector" (Phys.Rev.Lett., 63, 16(1989), http://prl.aps.org/pdf/PRL/v63/i1/p16_1) the Figure 2 shows that only small percentage of registered ...
2
votes
3answers
824 views

is lightning attracted to pointy objects?

Advice I was given when growing up: in a thunderstorm, stay away from tall, pointy things. It's pretty obvious why lightning would prefer to strike tall objects, but pointy ones? Is there any truth ...
0
votes
3answers
257 views

3 inertial frames compared in STR

Suppose an event is observed in 3 inertial frames K, K' and K''. The coordinates in K are $(x,t)$ in K' are $(x',t')$ in K'' are $(x'',t'')$. The K' and K'' coordinates are then Lorentz-transformed to ...
3
votes
3answers
797 views

Is it possible that QM is just GR?

The more I learn about General Relativity, the more it seems like it isn't fully understood. It seems that before it's full consequences were exhaustively understood, not 10 years after its discovery, ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

dynamical operator and $SU(n+1)$

I want to know precisely by example what is dynamical operator? what is the relationship between dynamical operators and the $SU(n+1)$ How to show all the eigen states of a dynamical operator form ...
2
votes
0answers
383 views

What is effective mass approximation

Currently i am studing about quantum confinement in semiconductors and came across effective mass approximation.but i am unable to understand this concept. what is the use of effective mass ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Observable universe does it account for farther away galaxies measure of the observable universe?

From our planet we can only see so far on any direction. If a galaxy farther out than ours had a planet would its view extend beyond our measurements?
0
votes
1answer
186 views

uncertainty principle of spin in (super)string theory

In quantum mechanics, uncertainty principle states that we can only measure the quantity of spin in one axis but not others. Then what about in superstring theory? As quantum mechanics is basically ...
2
votes
2answers
297 views

How seriously do string theorists take the “landscape”

The string theory landscape seems to this outside observer to be an intermediate step in the intellectual progress toward a more robust theory that explains why our one universe has the particular ...
4
votes
4answers
454 views

Spontaneous radiation

The usual explanation of spontaneous radiation is that the energy eigenstates are perturbed by QED interaction, so that the eigenstates obtained from single-particle QM are no longer eigenstates of ...
0
votes
2answers
832 views

Calculating two particle position and velocity with each other?

I've calculated the displacements and average velocities of both particles. $A$ average velocity $= 1.1180m/s$ displacement is $11.1803m$. $B$ average velocity $= 0m/s$ displacement is $0m$. ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Is carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What experiments prove the greenhouse effect? I am seeking for a proof that CO2 is a greenhouse gas. I posted this on Skeptic.SE recently but found no help in seeking ...
4
votes
3answers
165 views

If the universe started again with exactly the same conditions… would it be the same?

Sorry if this is a basic question but I can't find anywhere to ask else to ask it: If the universe was created again and exactly the same conditions where in place at the beginning, would everything ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Would it be possible for geophysicists/geoengineers to develop an artificial way of trapping carbon in the ocean?

There's a mechanism by which the southern ocean sequesters carbon from the atmosphere. It happens when strong winds displace a large slab of surface water, accumulating in a specific region where the ...
1
vote
3answers
623 views

Extract energy from magnets

Is it possible to "extract" energy from a magnet, making it lose its magnetism? Or, to put in another way, is magnetism a form of energy? (I am not talking about potential energy in a magnetic field). ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Is a 1D vector also a scalar?

A vector in one dimension has only one component. Can we consider it as a scalar at the same time? Why time is not a vector, although it can be negative and positive (when solving for time the ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

Is the gravitational constant G a minimum value in some sense?

Assume a central body of mass $M$, and call $a$ the acceleration of a test body at a distance $r$ due to any interaction whatsoever with the central body. Is is correct to say that the ratio $a r^2/ ...
1
vote
2answers
230 views

What is the Schechter luminosity function's domain of support?

I'm trying to fit a Schechter luminosity function to some data points, but it's not clear from this definition what the domain of support of the PDF should be. I'm familiar with the standard Pareto ...
7
votes
3answers
336 views

why there is no accuracy of the measured value of $G$?

With the advancement of Modern Technology still there is no accuracy of the measured value of $G$ Gravitational Constant, why!?
2
votes
2answers
971 views

What the difference between “orbital” and “orbit”?

What's the difference between "ortibal" and "orbit"? Which one should be used in physics? In quantum mechanics, is "atomic orbital" or "atomic orbit" used? And what about in classical mechanics? A ...
1
vote
3answers
195 views

In Copenhagen, can this idea preserve locality for Bell inequalities?

Generate an entangled pair of qubits. Send to Alice and Bob far away from each other. Both measure along basis in one of two possible orientations. The result is sent to Charlie at some later time, ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Optical laser pumping and reflectors

Let's say we are building Nd:YAG laser. It is optically pumped by some linear xenon flash lamps, it absorbs light around 750nm and 800nm, and emitted light is at 1064nm. The question is why doesn't ...

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