4
votes
2answers
186 views

5D Ricci Curvature

As part of a hw problem for a class, we're supposed to be deriving the equivalence given in equation 2.3 of this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1107.5563. I was wondering if there is some special ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Voltmeter forming a closed circuit

A battery is connected to a 10Ω resistor as shown in Figure 2. The emf (electromotive force) of the battery is 6.0 V. When the switch is open the voltmeter reads 6.0 V and when it is closed it ...
5
votes
3answers
556 views

Why does quantum cryptography give us uncrackable codes?

Why does quantum cryptography give us uncrackable codes? What makes it 'uncrackable'? Articles in for example pop science magazines always claim QC produces uncrackable coded, however I highly doubt ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Origin of interaction in inelastic neutron scatting

In solid state physics, inelastic neutron scattering is a commonly-used experimental technique for probing the energy spectrum of phonon and magnon excitations. This technique relies on the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Diagonal matrix in k-space

I'm having some trouble with an integration I hope you guys can help me with. I have that: ${{\mathbf{v}}_{i}}\left( \mathbf{k} \right)=\frac{\hbar {{\mathbf{k}}_{i}}}{m}$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Some sort of conservation equation

As far as I know, in General Relativity, an expression of the kind $\nabla_{\mu} X = 0$ states that, associated to $X$, there exist a charge which is conserved. The first example that comes to mind is ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

What is the derivation for the exponential energy relation and where does it apply?

Very often when people state a relaxation time $\tau_\text{kin-kin}, \tau_\text{rot-kin}$,, etc. they think of a context where the energy relaxation goes as $\propto\text e^{-t/\tau}$. Related is an ...
6
votes
3answers
15k views

How does an earthen pot keep water cool?

I understand that evaporative cooling takes place thanks to small pores contained in the pot and that allow some water to go through and evaporate. However I couldn't understand clearly whether water ...
2
votes
1answer
296 views

What are the implications of the Nesvizhevsky experiment and followup experiments with ultracold neutrons?

I remember reading about the groundbreaking experiment by Nesvizhevsky (et al. 2001) some 12 years ago using ultra-cold neutrons which showed the first experimental evidence of quantum gravity. It is ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Topological vs. non-topological noetherian charges

What (if any) is the relationship between the conserved (non-topological) noetherian charges and topological charges? Namely, is there any "generalization" of the Noether's first theorem that includes ...
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Gravitational redshift of Hawking radiation

How can Hawking radiation with a finite (greather than zero) temperature come from the event horizon of a black hole? A redshifted thermal radiation still has Planck spectrum but with the lower ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Do laser beams interfere noticeably with each other?

I want to arrange some red lasers along a 90 degree arc of a circle, aimed towards the center of the circle. When their beams hit the opposite side of the circle, will I notice any interference ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Air pressure in balloon

I have to calculate the air pressure inside of an hot air balloon. After some searching I found out that I can use the ideal gas law: PV = nRT (from Wikipedia) So to get the pressure in the balloon I ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

Question on the Hagedorn tower in Type I string theory

In a previous question (Mass spectrum of Type I string theory), I had asked about the mass spectrum of Type I string theory. I got a response saying that it is a Hagedorn tower. However, my source ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How Special Relativity causes magnetism

So my physics teacher assigned us an article about how special relativity causes magnetism in a wire with a current, even with the low drift velocities of electrons in a current. It seemed that the ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

The most general entropy

What is the most general (likely non-extensive) entropy allowed/realized in Nature and its symmetry group of transformations? We know Shannon-Gibbs-Von Neumann entropy, Tsallis entropy, ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

Superluminal particles with causality

What kind of CLASSICAL theories would allow to true (non-apparent) superluminal particles (beyond speed of light, BSOL) agreeing with causality to exist? I mean, are causal superluminal classical ...
-1
votes
2answers
131 views

Proof $\left[ {\hat H,{{\hat p}_i}} \right] = - \frac{\hbar }{i}\frac{{\partial \hat H}}{{\partial {{\hat q}_i}}}$ [closed]

I have a problem with the Hamiltonian, I don't think anything to solve it!! So could you give me some hints! Knowing that: $$\left[ {{{\hat p}_i},{{\hat q}_k}} \right] = \frac{\hbar }{i}{\delta ...
-2
votes
2answers
6k views

what is the density of natural gas at 293K and 700 kPa? [closed]

I am trying to calculate the density of natural gas to define the amount of natural gas flow through an orifice. I am coming up with 5.45 kg/m3 Is this correct?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why doesn't soda fizz at high pressure?

In this video, a can of soda is opened in an underwater station at 2.5 atm. The demonstration is that shaking the soda doesn't cause it to explode like it would at normal pressures. Why does this ...
2
votes
2answers
619 views

How do we measure velocity field?

How do we measure velocity field u(r,t)? i know that how to measure ordinary velocity. $v=\frac{dr}{dt}$ but what about velocity field? what is difference between them?
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Gyro vs Accelero : Why is that assessment false?

Can we say that the Accelerometer's values are somewhat the integral of the Gyroscope's values ? I think that because I know that the velocity is the derivative of the position with respect to time ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Relativistic canonical transformation

What is relativistic canonical transformation? I need every piece of information about it. Does anyone know a reference or an article about relativistic canonical transformation? For example, in ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Potential energy sign conventions

Almost every book on physics that I read have some weird and non-clear explanations regarding the potential energy. Ok, I do understand that if we integrate a force over some path, we'll get a ...
3
votes
3answers
310 views

Precision of Coulomb's law

Up to which precision has the coulomb law proven to be true? I.e. if you have two electrons in a vacuum chamber, 5 meters appart, have the third order terms been ruled out? Are there any theoretical ...
-1
votes
1answer
128 views
0
votes
3answers
120 views

Why is the void devoid of an electric field?

For a region devoid of charge, maxwell's equation yields $\nabla \cdot \mathbf{E} = 0$ which still allows a constant field. So why is in electrostatics for the vacuum always $\mathbf{E} = 0$ assumed? ...
6
votes
1answer
733 views

Theta parameter of QCD: Very small, periodic in $2\pi$ or both?

I've been learning about the theta parameter of QCD and I'm confused about the fact that it's supposed to be very small but at the same time some sources say that the Yang-Mills theory should be ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Does inertia increase with speed?

I have heard that when the speed of the object increase, the mass of the object also increase. (Why does an object with higher speed gain more (relativistic) mass?) So inertia which is related to ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Speed of air through valve

Right now I'm working on a hot air balloon in Physics formulas. At the moment it's flying up like it should, but once it is at a certain height we want it to go back down. After some research about ...
2
votes
6answers
728 views

Centripetal Force Acceleration

In uniform circular motion, acceleration is $\frac{v^2}{r}$ and time which it acts $\rightarrow 0$. So $\Delta v = 0$, but then why/how does direction change, when the acceleration should be ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

How can we detect X-rays?

I know that X-rays can be detected by various ways, like ionizing of air particles. Is there a way to detect X-rays,which are photons, by detecting? Can something absorb the energy of the X-rays and ...
1
vote
1answer
361 views

Physics of the point of contact for a spinning top

I understand how spinning tops don't tip over, cf. e.g. this and this Phys.SE questions. What I'm more interested is in identifying the factors that determine the direction the spinning top moves to? ...
9
votes
1answer
830 views

Why doesn't a bus blow due to internal pressure?

When one travels in a bus, if he's sitting at any window, he will feel that the air is coming inside. If someone is standing at the open door of the bus, he'll also feel that the air is coming ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Currents and the Speed of Light

Why is it that currents don't flow at the speed of light, but rather significant ratios of the speed of light. I don't have any formal reasoning as to why they would flow at the speed of light-I just ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

How large of a solar sail would be needed to travel to mars in under a year?

I'm attempting to approach this using the identity $$F/A = I/c$$ I can solve for Area easily enough $$A = F(c/I)$$ and I know the distance $d$ is $$d=1/2(at^2)$$ But I'm having difficulty trying to ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

In tennis, why does topspin serve bounce higher than flat serve?

When receiving servers (while playing tennis), I've noticed that the tennis ball seems to bounce up higher on me when the server uses a topspin serve than when the server hits a flat serve. Why is ...
3
votes
1answer
315 views

Capacitance of a conducting disk

I'm reading this(PDF) derivation of the capacitance of a thin conducting disk. The surface charge density of such a disk can be shown to be: $\sigma(r) = \frac{Q}{4\pi a\sqrt{a^2 - r^2}}$ (in ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Energy in Electromagnetic Waves

Looking at diagrams of Electromagnetic Waves, it would appear to me that at certain times the waves have zero amplitude, and consequently zero energy. Indeed, substituting in the sinusoidal terms into ...
1
vote
1answer
945 views

Derivation of the Poynting Vector without the Poynting Theorem

My professor worked out the Poynting Vector without using the Poynting Theorem-I can't remember how. I can't seem to figure out where the cross product would come in.
12
votes
3answers
6k views

What happens in electron-electron collisions?

What are the results of high energy electron electron collisions? Are other particles created?
6
votes
3answers
16k views

Why does increasing the temperature of a thermistor decrease it's resistance?

Surely, upon an increase in temperature, the atoms within the thermistor would vibrate with more energy and therefore more vigorously, hence making the electrons flowing through the electric circuit ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Are electrons simple? Do they have any inner structure? [duplicate]

The plank length is far smaller than the classical electron radius. Could the electron have structure?
1
vote
1answer
248 views

What's the criteria for black hole thermodynamically stability? (And dynamical?)

It looks like usual criteria (positivity of Hessian; what geometrically means a cancave of entropy) is no useful, becouse entropy is not additive and not extensive for black hole. Then what is the ...
7
votes
1answer
114 views

What is the physical meaning of fact, that Reissner-Nordstrom black hole is thermodynamically unstable?

It is known, that Reissner-Nordstrom black hole is thermodynamically unstable [1]. Does it mean, that there is no Reissner-Nordstrom black hole in physical world? Does it mean, that there may be ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Falling through the ground [duplicate]

I do not know much about physics but I know that according to Newtons third law of motion when we walk we are pushing the ground down but the ground is pushing us up. What force is making the ground ...
7
votes
1answer
293 views

Setting of renormalization scale in field theory calculations

In dimensional regularization an arbitrary mass parameter $\mu$ must be introduced in going to $4-\epsilon$ dimensions. I am trying to understand to what extent this parameter can be eliminated from ...
7
votes
1answer
929 views

Is it 11% hotter today than it was yesterday?

Yesterday the temperature outside was 0.5 °C. Today, the temperature is 30 °C. 30 is 5300% more than 0.5, but today is obviously not 5300% hotter than yesterday. In Fahrenheit, the temperatures are ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Killing vector argument gone awry?

What has gone wrong with this argument?! The original question A space-time such that $$ds^2=-dt^2+t^2dx^2$$ has Killing vectors $(0,1),(-\exp(x),\frac{\exp(x)}{t}), ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Why Planck scale is so important?

I know that Planck scale is the scale where both, gravity and quantum effects are relevant simultaneously. Are there more reasons?

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