All Questions

1k views

How do I find the magnitude and angle of the velocity?

I'm confused about the following problem. A ball is shot from the ground into the air. At a height of $9.1\text{ m}$, its velocity is $v = (7.6\hat{\imath}+ 6.1\hat{\jmath})\text{m/s}$, with ...
381 views

Does special relativity unify the two phenomena at the base of Faraday's flux law (was Feynman wrong in this case)?

Consider Faraday's flux law for the EMF generated in a conductor loop: $$\varepsilon = - \frac{d \phi}{dt},$$ where $\varepsilon$ is the EMF, and $\phi$ is the magnetic flux through the loop. ...
303 views

Is there a maximum amount of photons that can exist in a certain amount of space?

If you have a set amount of space, lets say 10 cubic centimeters, and you would be able to trap photons in there. If you would then add more and more photons to that space, could you then go on ...
163 views

Correct expression for D'Alembert operator in $c=1$ units

In QFT texts with $c=1$ units (most of them), D'Alembert operator is written as: $$\Box ={\partial^2 \over \partial t^2} - \nabla^2$$ For pedagogical purposes, however, some texts don't set $c=1$, ...
67 views

Why is there no aberation of a static electric field, but there is aberation for EM radiation?

So consider the case where there is a particle and a moving telescope: If the particle is located at position 1, and the telescope is moving horizontally as shown, the EM radiation appears to be ...
327 views

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What does net mechanical efficiency mean?

I often see the term "net mechanical efficiency" used in literature, but I am not quite sure what it means, and what the difference is between it and "normal" efficiency. Take this sentence for ...
1k views

Irreversible process

I have this problem. I have an ideal gas that goes through an irreversible adiabatic decompression. I have the initial state (P,T,V), and the final pressure, and I have to calculate the entropy ...
166 views

How is the physical Lagrangian related to the constrained minimization Lagrangian?

If we're minimizing an energy $V(q)$ subject to constraints $C(q) = 0$, the Lagrangian is $$L = V(q) + \lambda C(q).$$ I have fairly solid intuition for this Lagrangian, namely that the energy ...
5k views

Vibration as a means of passing through solid objects?

First of all, I think this is a weird question but I still want to know whether it's possible. There is a character in a cartoon network series who is really really fast. Sometimes he lets his own ...
157 views

How is North Korea planning to test a nuclear device underground? [closed]

I am reading the news about North Korea planning to test a nuclear device underground, and while fascinating, I have no idea what this phrase actually means. Could somebody explain, in absolute ...
312 views

Do partial derivatives commute on tensors?

Do partial derivatives commute on tensors? For example, is $$\partial_{\rho}\partial_{\sigma}h_{\mu\nu} - \partial_{\sigma}\partial_{\rho}h_{\mu\nu}=0$$ correct?
1k views

How photons move along with EM wave?

So the wave moves like. a wave, it moves up and down, up and down. But how do photons move? Do they follow the same path or do they just go straight forward without oscillating?
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What exactly is the spin of a particle? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is spin as it relates to subatomic particles? I'm having a hard time grasping the concept of spin, my textbook describes it very vaguely: Stable matter contains ...
433 views

Does the electromagnetic field “spin”?

Due to electron "spin", a small magnetic field is produced. Maxwell's equations imply that magnetic fields are due to changes in electric fields. Is the magnetic field produced then because the ...
1k views

How can you calculate (or convert) the Wh of a capacitor whose energy is given in Farads

When trying to compare the energy in a battery to the energy in a capacitor, the units don't match up. How can one compare a battery whose Ah are 10 and Voltage is 3 (for a total of 30 Wh) to a ...
32 views

Run with speed of light with a mirror in hand [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Reflection At Speed of Light Imagine you are able to run with the speed of light holding a mirror in your hand. Now will you be able to see yourself in the mirror?
2k views

Why should the Fermi level of a n-doped semiconductor be below the one of a p-doped?

In a pn-junction, the difference in Fermi level between the p doped and the n doped regions causes the apparition of a built-in electric field at equilibrium. This electric field goes from the n to ...
494 views

Relativistic basic question - four vector, Lorentz matrix

I have heard relativistics only very compressed during my student time. Now I looked up the definitions again and a question comes into my mind: A contravariant vector is transformed like this: ...
327 views

Propagating degrees of freedom of graviton

What is the best way to see that the number of propagating degrees of freedom or gravitons in 3 dimensions is $0$ ? By graviton I mean the metric and NOT some topologically massive graviton that one ...
The radiance equation is $$L = \frac{d}{dA} \frac{2(\phi)}{dW cos(\theta)} (watt/srm^2)$$ where $\phi$ is the flux. I am thinking, should not be the cosine term on the numerator instead of the ...