2
votes
0answers
47 views

Could a fundamental particles electric charge or spin be 'given' to them by bosons?

I understand the statement "The Higgs Boson gives particles their mass" is not entirely true, but at least captures the spirit of the idea. What I find curious about it is that mass is an almost ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What is “trivial” about the trivial topological superconducting phase?

Once more I am stuck on my favorite word: "trivial". I am reading a bunch of stuff about topological superconductors at the moment and people keep talking about having to distinguish between the ...
1
vote
4answers
164 views

Statistical physics and momentum conservation

In statistical physics one usually looks at energy as a conserved quantity and e.g. in the canonical ensemble assumes a constant average energy of the ensemble. Now why don't we usually do this for ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Using GPS Satelites as dark matter detectors

Recently, two scientists have proposed a new way of detecting dark matter, using GPS Satellites. A part of the article is posted online: Hunting for topological dark matter with atomic clocks. Can ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Isolate an electronic drum from the ground

Please note that I know nothing about this part of physics, so sorry if I make some mistakes. Drum is an awesome instrument, yet it can easily make your neighbours very angry.The vibrations caused by ...
9
votes
1answer
334 views

Why isn't the path integral defined for non homotopic paths?

Context In the Aharonov Bohm effect, there is a solenoid which creates a magnetic field. Since the electron cannot be inside the solenoid, the configuration space is not simply connected. Question ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Force acting on a simple rigid body in space

so this is the question that's been bothering me: Say you have a simple rigid body in space that is at rest or travelling with only translational motion at a constant speed. Say that the body is ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Poynting vector plane wave

I'm calculating the poynting vector for a plain wave and I have some doubt. $$ \bar S = \frac 1 2 \bar E \times \bar H^* = ... = \frac {| \bar E|^2} {2 \zeta} \hat i_k $$ Now if I consider a ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How is expansion of the Universe consistent with the speed of light? [duplicate]

I have a question that I believe is related to @PetTaxi's question here: How far has a 13.7 billion year old photon travelled, but I didn't want to hi-jack it. My issue is this. I'm assuming the ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Equations for displacement

I have a pendulum which is manually operated and so does not slow down. It is going at a frequency of 10Hz. It has a maximum angle of 25 degrees and length 10 cm. What are the equations of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

About partially polarized light and the degree of polariztion

When I was taking Optics course, I found there were several questions about polarization of light. I use the textbook of Hecht. It seems that the definition of degree of polarization may be not so ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

How do scientists estimate elemental-abundance in the universe?

I understand how cosmological observations can estimate the amount of 'baryonic matter' in the universe, but what I don't understand is how scientists can estimate the abundance of a particular ...
5
votes
1answer
414 views

Do partial derivatives commute on tensors?

Do partial derivatives commute on tensors? For example, is $$\partial_{\rho}\partial_{\sigma}h_{\mu\nu} - \partial_{\sigma}\partial_{\rho}h_{\mu\nu}=0$$ correct?
1
vote
1answer
132 views

How to determine velocity of two objects after they collide? [closed]

Let's say an object of mass 1 kg is moving 10 m/s. A second object of mass $m_2$ is at rest. When the two objects collide, they stick together and move 8 m/s. what is $m_2$? I understand how to solve ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

How to convert cc to bar?

In astronomy/astrophysics, medium density is often given in cc, particles per cubic centimeter. Also, the temperature of the medium is usually given, in Kelvins. For some materials the melting point ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Larmor Precession of a macroscopic number of electrons

I know that there are some similiar questions out there, but I'm still quite puzzled by the following problem. Say i have a box full of interacting electrons ( I'm not sure if it would change anything ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

How is the image in a mirror created? Are there infinitely many light rays?

How is the image in a mirror created? Are there infinitely many light rays? My motivation for the question is from image processing. We work with images as discrete 2D functions, as matrices. Spatial ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Design a quantum circuit from a matrix

I have unitary matrix and I would find the quantum circuit associated. There are 3 qubits input so it's a 8x8 matrix but it's not a simple operation. The number of gates is not specified. Is there a ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

The color purple in a rainbow

In a rainbow the colors order is red then orange (made from red and yellow, thus making sense that it appears in between them) the yellow followed by green after which comes blue (again green formed ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

Do consciousnesses get “scattered” across the many worlds of the MWI?

According the many worlds-interpretation (MWI) of quantum mechanics, following a decision with possible outcomes $A$ and $B$, with respective probabilities $p_A=P(A)$ and $p_B=P(B)$, a proportion ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Stop CO2 laser firing through holes in glass

How would you prevent a CO2 laser with interlocks used to mark glass from firing if there were holes in the glass. Usually the interlocks prevent the laser from firing unless it is pressed against ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

1-particle non-interacting Green function

At $T=0$ in the non-interacting case the $1$-particle Green function for an electron in the excited state $\lambda$ (empty band) is of the form \begin{eqnarray} G^{(0)}(\lambda,t-t') = -i \theta(t-t') ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

What is divergence?

What is divergence? I was learning about Maxwells equations and don't understand the divergence part of it. Can someone give an intuition of what divergence is in relation to maxwells equation. To ...
0
votes
1answer
258 views

Want to know about divergence [duplicate]

Can anyone please explain how to know whether a vector field has divergence or not by seeing its diagram? I have read that a vector field must change for having divergence but why is divergence zero ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

Ideas for physics-related simulations to code up as weekend (or monthly) projects [closed]

What are some good ideas for simulations that I could try to implement/code in my spare time just for educational purposes? I'm thinking that it would be a good way for me to delve into the underlying ...
-1
votes
1answer
159 views
10
votes
2answers
203 views

Quasiparticles in Bohmian mechanics

My questions are about de Broglie-Bohm "pilot wave" interpretation of quantum mechanics (a.k.a. Bohmian mechanics). Do quasiparticles have any meaning in Bohmian mechanics, or not? Specifically, is ...
5
votes
2answers
988 views

Regarding time dilation and particle entanglement

I have a question regarding time dilation and particle entanglement. As I have read a few forums and questions here, I am aware both aspects do not contradict each other. Still, a question that I am ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Does the $\bf{1+3}$ representation of $SU(2)$ also represent $SU(2)\times SU(2)$?

I'm a bit confused about this following issue concerning representations of $SU(2)$. Denote by 1 the 1-dimensional representation of the group $SU(2)$ (=the spin 0). Similarly, denote by 2 and 3 the ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

What is really interacting in weak interactions?

Only particles with chirality $-1$ do interact weakly. The corresponding eigenstate in the Dirac basis is $ \Psi_L = \begin{pmatrix}f \\ -f \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix}u_r {\mathrm{e}}^{-imt} \\ ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

Spacetime, space observables and time observables

It appears to me that the concepts of space and time play a privileged role in Physical Theories. If we look at classical non-relativistic theories such as point particle mechanics, rigid body ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Why are flight feathers asymmetric?

I've always heard that flight feathers were asymmetric because the shape generates lift, like an airplane wing airfoil shape. But, the feathers are not oriented with the shaft perpendicular to the ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

Measurements from inside conductors

We have known for some time now that when electric field is applied across any conducting shell, then electric field inside it would be zero. It also has some fantastic applications such as ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Which is the “roundest man-made object”: Gravity probe B rotor or the Avogadro project sphere?

The Avogadro project is part of the efforts to replace the artefact-based standard kilogram with a definition based on naturally reproducible objects. The main challenge is to make a very precise ...
1
vote
3answers
403 views

Testing my understanding of QM - The Double Slit Experiment without the slit

First off, sorry to throw in another question from someone who hasn't studied the maths. I'd like to see if I have a correct (if very basic and non-mathematical) understanding of the wave and ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Why can the twin plane be uncoincide with the composition plane in reflection twin?

In the book Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, p67, I found the following sentence: In the case of a reflection twin, the composition plane may or may not coincide with the twin plane. But I think ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

Work-Energy theorem vs conservation of mechanical energy? [closed]

Bodies A and B are moving in the same direction in a straight line with constant velocities on a frictionless surface. the mass and the velocity of A are: 2kg and 10m/s. The mass and the velocity ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Light emitted from galaxies receding faster than $c$

I'm wondering how it is possible that light cannot reach us, even all the way out there where metric expansion is making the distance between our galaxy and their galaxy increase at greater than $c$. ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Is it more difficult to create higher energy photons, given there is excess available energy?

Im not talking about pair production, I mean a single photon created from an energy transition between two electron shells. I'm studying K(alpha) and K(beta) fluorescence transitions in metals, and ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

How does my hand amplify an FM radio signal?

I have a gizmo that broadcasts an FM radio signal from my phone's headphone socket to my car's radio antenna. Sometimes, there's another station on the same frequency with a stronger signal and my ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Example of a state which is positive but its partial transpose is not positive

Could any one give me an example of a state whose density matrix is positive semidefinnite but partial transpose is not positive semidefinnite?
1
vote
2answers
700 views

Vacuum to hold an object

How can i check and calculate if a certain vacuum pump can hold an object that weights X kg? By "hold" I mean not let that object fall to the floor due to gravity
1
vote
2answers
89 views

A question over the reality of $\sin x$

Harmonic functions are in widespread use in physical descriptions of natural real phenomena. I am just wondering therefore how we can define $\sin(x)$ to be part of a real physical quantity (with ...
11
votes
1answer
885 views

Why is (von Neumann) entropy maximized for an ensemble in thermal equilibrium?

Consider a quantum system in thermal equilibrium with a heat bath. In determining the density operator of the system, the usual procedure is to maximize the von Neumann entropy subject to the ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What are Quarks made of and will they ever decay to this? [duplicate]

What is it that quarks are actually made of? Will they decay into this substance? As the up and down quarks are the lightest type of quark do they not decay? I was thinking that if this could happen, ...
3
votes
3answers
638 views

Quantum explanation of Newton's Third Law of Motion

Newton's law states that for every action there is equal and opposite reaction. This law explains how rockets fly in space and accounts for the the majority of the lift action generated by a ...
0
votes
0answers
149 views

Books on special and general relativity? [duplicate]

I have idea about all the theories related to space and time and stuff. But I wanna dig deep into it and understand all the theories like special and general relativity to begin with for now. Can ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization for different potentials

Let's have Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization for one-dimensional case: $$ \int \limits_{a}^{b} p(x)dx ~=~ \pi \hbar (n + \nu ). $$ Here $p(x) = \sqrt{2m(E - U)}$, $a, b$ are turning points, and the area ...
22
votes
7answers
7k views

Where on Earth does the mass of 1 kg actually produce a 1 kg reading on a digital scale?

Gravity on Earth varies by about 0.1% between poles and equator. If someone was buying/selling something mass critical e.g. gold, where is the standard place on Earth where a 1 kg mass produces a 1 kg ...

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