0
votes
0answers
297 views

If we put diamagnetic material under strong electromagnet.Would the opposing magnetic fields strong enough to attract ferromagnetic materials?

Suppose we put a diamagnetic material (such as Bismuth or Pyrolytic Carbon) under a strong magnet (see image below). It would create opposing magnetic fields. Would the opposing magnetic field be ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Why do the quarks constantly change colors?

In a hadron the quarks constantly change colors.They,then exchange gluons to remain color neutral.For example a red quark becomes blue by emitting a red and anti blue gluon and then the blue quark ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

Selection rule of Kaon decay to pions

in Peskin QFT page 611, he said the isospin change for $${K^0} \to {\pi ^ + }{\pi ^ - }$$ is 1/2, while isospin change for $${K^ + } \to {\pi ^ + }{\pi ^0}$$ is 3/2. Why? If ${I_3}({K^ + }) = 1/2$,$...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How do mirrors work?

My physics professor explained to me that electromagnetic waves are consisted of two components - electric and magnetic - which cause each other. Which part of the mirror actually reflects the wave? ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

How can the universe by infinite when it has known start and finite time since? [duplicate]

Just watched the 'How Big is the Universe?' TV program and it indicated that the universe is believed to be infinite in size. They used an approach involving measuring the internal angles of triangles....
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Whether Newton's 1st law is true to solitary electron or proton? [duplicate]

Newton's first law: "every body maintains a state of rest or uniform motion as long as the action of external forces will not force him to change this state." Whether this law is true to solitary ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? [duplicate]

Is the Big Bang instant considered a beginning of all the coordinates of our universe? If we consider the BB to be the Beginning of of our universe, can we call this the Origin of all of the 3 ...
2
votes
2answers
340 views

Moving between degenerate vacua?

In spontaneous symmetry breaking, moving round the circular valley of Mexican hat potential doesn’t cost energy. These angular excitations are called Goldstone bosons. But doesn't the angular ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Why are electromagnetic waves called waves even though they don't travel through a medium?

If waves are defined as the oscillation of a medium, why are electromagnetic waves called waves as they do not need a medium to travel through?
0
votes
1answer
113 views

How do photons mediate (or create) a force? [duplicate]

Is there a somewhat intuitive explanation as to why the exchange of a photon between two particles causes a force between those particles? Is there a difference in the way massless and massive ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

What is the potential field of an ion near the Bohr radius?

I figure that at large enough distances, the potential field of an ion is just the Coulomb potential for its net charge. But what happens at scales comparable to the ion's Bohr radius? Could there be, ...
1
vote
4answers
763 views

How eddy current brakes function

Take the following example: where a rectangular sheet of metal is entering a constant magnetic field at $v \dfrac{m}{s}$. Due to Faraday's law of induction + Lenz's law, we can state that an eddy ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Why would a photon striking an electron “make both recoil”? [duplicate]

Why would a photon striking an electron "make both recoil" as I read in an answer to another question. If the photon is massless, how can it make an electron change momentum?
0
votes
2answers
66 views

I'm having trouble interpreting the Lorentz transformations

There are two frames which I will call O and O'. Suppose I'm someone in O. Are the lorentz transformations a means by which to calculate coordinates on O' in a way that only frames like me would ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

What are the alternative explanations for the indirect evidence of gravitational waves? [duplicate]

Even though the consensus is that gravitational waves almost definitely exist, it has been well documented that there is no direct evidence. My question; what are the alternatives to gravitational ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How often does nuclear fusion occur within the human body?

I'm just curious. I figure atoms fuse occasionally just by chance, like quantum tunneling or rogue waves. Is this true? If so, any idea how often?
0
votes
3answers
365 views

Center Of Mass Troubles

I understand the concept of Center Of Mass(com), but I am having a difficult time interpreting the equation of the simplified case of one-dimension. The book I am reading defines the position of the ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Dynamics inside a rotating spaceship

I have been thinking about this question for a long time and I din't find an explanation in the web for it lets say that we a rotating spaceship in the shape of cylinder, that is rotating in an ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

What can happen when 2.3*10^28 positrons collide with 2.3*10^28 electrons? [closed]

I'm interested in this question after a writer friend asked me what happens when a human gets bombarded with positrons. Didn't want to post this under scifi because I want more "scientific" answers... ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

Basic question about angular momentum

I've learned that the angular momentum of an object rotating about a fixed axis is $I \omega $. Also, in absence of external torques, $I_1 \omega_1 = I_2 \omega_2 $ (meaning, two different events). I ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

What is Minkowski spacetime?

I was browsing through an article on spacetime when I caught the words Minkowski Spacetime. A Wikipedia search brought me an article too complex for me to totally understand. So what is Minkowski ...
1
vote
3answers
14k views
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Are all properties entangled when one property is entangled?

When one or more particles are quantum entangled by say their spin property, do their other measurable properties (e.g., momentum, polarization, whatever?) become entangled as well?
11
votes
4answers
3k views

How do neutron stars burn? Is it decay or fusion or something else?

What makes a neutron star burn, and what kind of fusion/decay is happening there? What is supposed to happen with a neutron star in the long run? What if it cools, then what do the degenerated matter ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

What is the phase-amplitude numerical method?

What is the phase-amplitude numerical method? I heard its used to calculate long range interactions numerically, but I cannot find any papers discussing its method of implementation.
1
vote
0answers
196 views

Delta correlated white noise

I am studying Brownian motion, specifically Langevin equation. This equation includes a force expressed by a white noise, say $\xi(t)$. One of the hypothesis is that it is $\delta$-correlated (since ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Force of tension on both sides of one string- 2 questions

Here's something I want to ask you guys about: Many times downward N1 and N2 are ignored in exercises. Why? If forces of tension are balanced by each other, why won't objects just fall? Cheers
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Moving a block up a ramp

Would this be a valid way to approach this? Find the force needed to push a block of mass 5kg to the top of a ramp whose length is 1m and makes a $30^\circ$ angle with the ground. $$W_{grav} = -...
1
vote
2answers
507 views

Is thermodynamic equilibrium static or dynamic?

Suppose, two parts of a system $A$ & $B$. They were at varying temperatures and hadn't achieved mechanical equilibrium. After the relaxation time, $A$ & $B$ were at thermal and mechanical ...
-1
votes
1answer
111 views

What are the coordinates of the center of rotation of our galaxy, relative to ourselves?

So standing outside in the garden, can we physically point to the center of rotation of the galaxy? I understand that from our viewpoint on Earth, it would be a moving point, so allowing for Earth ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

What exactly happens at the second-order phase transition of the 2D Toric code?

For a 2D Toric code specified by $$H = -J_s\sum_{s} \prod_{j\in s} \sigma^x_j - J_p\sum_{p} \prod_{j\in p} \sigma^z_p - h_x\sum_{l} \sigma^x_l - h_z\sum_{l} \sigma^z_l$$ where $s$ denotes stars, $p$ ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Would a black hole's rotational axis precess in orbit around the sun?

The earth rotates, and its axis of rotation precesses due to the gravitational pull of the sun and moon and other planets upon the mass of the earth. If an earth-sized, rotating black hole was in ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

How can a moving frame transmit energy (a fighter plane shoots a bullet)? [duplicate]

This question shows that a bullet shot from a flying plane receives a large amount of energy from the plane, even much more than the energy from the propellant of the bullet. But I wonder how can the ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Potential difference and voltage

Is potential difference between two points the voltage? (or) Is voltage the potential difference between two points? (or) Are they both the same?
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What's the Relation between Potential of mechanics and electricity?

As we know that for a conservative force field, there is associated a Potential with the force. But we know there is a potential in electricity (That's voltage). My question is that is there any ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Flow of alternating current in an ac circuit [duplicate]

I know that it the frequency of an alternating current is 50Hz.It changes its polarity 50 times. So in a circuit does the polarity gets changed these many times. It seems that it is well applicable in ...
0
votes
1answer
796 views

Electric field and charge density outside two coaxial cylinders

I am working on a problem of electrostatics, and I am having troubles in trying to figure out one part of it. It consists of an inner solid cylinder of radius $a$ with a voltage $V_A$, and an outer ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Does $\delta W=pdV$ hold for non-ideal gases

I have that for quasistatic processes, $$ \delta W= \textbf{f}\cdot d\textbf{x} $$ so for a gas $\delta W=pdV$. Does this only hold ideal gases or will it hold for van der waal's gas?
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Do all thing move against gravity with -9.8 meter per second squared acceleration?

If I throw a ball to height h above the earth's surface and then shoot a bullet that reaches the same height but would there be same quantity of acceleration produced in both?
0
votes
1answer
170 views

What is dark matter composed of? [duplicate]

They say that about 80% of the matter in the universe is dark matter -- some unknown substance that has mass. But what is this matter expected or speculated to be composed of? For example might it ...
6
votes
4answers
10k views

Real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant vs refractive index?

So for a complex dielectric constant $\epsilon = \epsilon_a + i\epsilon_b$, the wave vector and index of refraction are related to it through $k = \frac{\omega}{c}n$ and $n = \sqrt{\frac{\mu \epsilon}{...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Is Energy said to do work on the body it is stored in?

Assume a boy on top of the hill, his $potential$ $energy=mgh$. He mostarts to move without pedalling the cycle so is that work being done on it due to the conversion of Potential into Kinetic Energy ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Is there any relation between single crystal elastic constants and plastic deformation?

The elastic constants are the tensor coefficient in Hook's Law. Which are valued only in elastic region.But, we are using elastic constants to find the hardness.The hardness is the measure of the ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Static electricity experiment

My teacher always asks me to do the experiments on static electricity in winter. I don't know why? What will happen if I conduct the experiment in monsoon?
0
votes
4answers
66 views

Who is said to do Work, me or the body?

If I subject my force to a body and it is displaced then the work is said to be done. What is that work done by? Is it said to be done by me or that body?
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Why do dispersive waves get wider?

Consider the two waves $$y_1=Acos(\omega_1 t+k_1 x), \tag{1}$$ $$y_2=Acos(\omega_2 t+k_2 x), \tag{2}$$ where $\omega_i=k_iv(k_i)$ for $i=1,2$ so we have a dispersive medium. Then if we take their ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Discernible “frequencies” of magnetic fields that do not affect each other

Two magnets secured to a surface close to each other in a fashion such that their constant attraction to one another is counteracted by the normal force of the securement of each. Is there a way to ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Can an excited atom have multiple electrons in excited states?

For an excited atom, is it possible for the atom to be excited twice, having multiple electrons in higher energy levels than for the atom in its ground state? If it is indeed possible, what is the ...
0
votes
1answer
442 views

Special Relativity & QuickSilver from X-Men

In the movie X-Men: Days of Future Past, the mutant character Quicksilver possesses the ability to move very fast. A particularly memorable scene in the movie is one where he runs around very quickly ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Below what temperature does a semiconductor stop behaving intrinsically?

I understand that for an intrinsic semiconductor $n=p$ where $n$ is the electron carrier concentration and $p$ is the hole concentration.My question is how to calculate the temperature at which the ...

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