5
votes
4answers
5k views

Torque vs Moment

I was wondering, why in Newtonian physics torque is called "torque" while in static mechanics they call it "moment"? I prefer by far the term "torque", for not only it sounds strong, but also ...
3
votes
2answers
787 views

Why did Schrodinger never budge on the meaning of $|\Psi|^2$

Schrodinger believed that the phisical interpretation of the wavefunction $\Psi$ was the vibration amplitude and $ |\Psi|^2 $ was the electric charge density. While no-one disagrees with his ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

A wonky gravitational potential and its critical points

I have tough problem I am not sure how to solve: For this question, we are confined to a plane. Consider a gravitational field that is proportional to $\frac{1}{r^3}$ instead of $\frac{1}{r^2}$, and ...
8
votes
2answers
469 views

Is eternal inflation and the multiverse compatible with causal patch complementarity?

The argument for eternal inflation is we have some patch of metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant, and so it expands exponentially a la de Sitter. Most of the patch decays to something ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are infinitesimal rotations commutative, whereas finite rotations are not?

Infinitesimal rotations commute and every finite rotation is the composition of infinitesimal rotations which should logically mean they also commute; but they don't. Why?
2
votes
2answers
256 views

The shape of the earth$\ldots$

....is an oblate spheroid because centrifugal force stretches the tropical regions to a point farther from the center than they would be if the planet did not rotate. So we all learned in childhood, ...
5
votes
2answers
49 views

Does Mercury have a balmy spot?

From Wikipedia: Although the daylight temperature at the surface of Mercury is generally extremely high, observations strongly suggest that ice exists on Mercury. Does that mean there could be a ...
13
votes
2answers
322 views

Normalization of the Chern-Simons level in $SO(N)$ gauge theory

In a 3d SU(N) gauge theory with action $\frac{k}{4\pi} \int \mathrm{Tr} (A \wedge dA + \frac{2}{3} A \wedge A \wedge A)$, where the generators are normalized to $\mathrm{Tr}(T^a ...
0
votes
2answers
344 views

Combined Translation and Rotation of a disk possible? material and references?

I am considering building a robot that can rotate and move at the same time. Since it's just a theoretical idea at the time and I need read up material, I thought I would ask here. I am thinking of a ...
8
votes
4answers
505 views

Using supersymmetry outside high energy/particle physics

Are there applications of supersymmetry in other branches of physics other than high energy/particle physics?
11
votes
1answer
194 views

Majorana-like representation for mixed symmetric states?

Is there a generalization of the Majorana representation of pure symmetric $n$-qubit states to mixed states (made of pure symmetric $n$-qubit)? By Majorana representation I mean the decomposition of ...
8
votes
3answers
774 views

Is mass-energy conversion in chemical reactions experimentally observable

This is a common point of argument on internet forums. I think it is fairly well established theoretically that there is a very small amount of mass converted to energy in an exothermic chemical ...
5
votes
1answer
457 views

Gauge invariance and Feynman path-integrals

Let me look at the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in a plane in a constant magnetic field ($\vec{B}$) pointing upwards - then in usual notation it is, $$\hat{H} = \frac{1}{2m}\biggl(\hat{p} + ...
17
votes
1answer
261 views

What proof techniques have failed for solving the SIC-POVM problem and what new insights have been gleaned from them?

The SIC-POVM problem is remarkably easy to state given that it has not yet been solved. It goes like this. With dim($\mathcal H$) $=d$, find states $|\psi_k\rangle\in\mathcal H$, $k=1,\ldots,d^2$ ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Hypercharge for $U(1)$ in $SU(2)\times U(1)$ model

I understand that the fundamental representation of $U(1)$ amounts to a multiplication by a phase factor, e.g. EM. I thought that when it is extended to higher dimensional representations, it would ...
4
votes
3answers
999 views

Why is time order invariant in timelike interval?

Why do two observers measure the same order of events if we are inside the light cone? (e.g. if $ds^2 > 0$ time order is preserved according to the classical mechanics book I am reading, but it ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Mass converted to energy in a common fire?

In a common wood fire such as a campfire, is matter converted to energy or is it simply an exothermic chemical reaction and all the mass can be accounted for in the ash and soot?
3
votes
3answers
883 views

Why does an octave on a piano have the divisions of 8 white keys and 5 black keys?

An octave corresponds to a doubling or halving of the frequency. Each octave on a piano and in classical music score is broken downs into 8 white keys and 5 black keys. Is there a physics explanation ...
7
votes
0answers
363 views

What is the 2-point correlation function of the electron field in QED?

The Feynman propagator for the free electron field is the Fourier transform w.r.t. $y$ of the time-ordered 2-point VEV $\left<0\right|\mathcal{T}[\hat\psi(x)\hat\psi(x+y)]\left|0\right>$, taking ...
12
votes
1answer
147 views

Explicit construction for unitary extensions of CPTP maps?

Given a completely positive and trace preserving map $\Phi : \textrm{L}(\mathcal{H})\to\textrm{L}(\mathcal{G})$, it is clear by the Kraus representation theorem that there exist $A_k \in ...
7
votes
1answer
306 views

Melting point, is it determined only experimentally?

I am interested in the underlying physics of the concept of a melting point, a temperature at which an object tends to gain enough energy to break the bonds that hold it together and be in a liquid ...
6
votes
1answer
524 views

Is there a concise-but-thorough statement of the Standard Model?

I’m a grad student in high-energy physics. I’m familiar enough with the Standard Model, but I’ve always wondered whether there existed a canonical statement of, effectively, “what we talk about when ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Force as gradient of scalar potential energy

My text book reads If a particle is acted upon by the forces which are conservative; that is, if the forces are derivable from a scalar potential energy function in manner $ F=-\nabla V $. I ...
2
votes
2answers
375 views

why egg cooks slowly in mountains?

A quick Google tells me "Because water boils at a lower temperature at high altitudes". But I am not being able to understand this answer and fill-in the gap. Like, how does an egg cook in the first ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

How do we perceive hotness or coldness of an object?

Some objects, especially metallic ones, feel cold on touching and others like wood, etc. feel warm on touching. Both are exposed to same environment and are in their stable state, so some kind of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

“Dark” quantities

I don't know much about the so-called dark matter, apart from what has been described in popular descriptions of the reasons for it being postulated. My question is, is there dark momentum, dark ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Net work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero?

I'm little confused here. Work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero, because according to work energy theorem, change in kinetic energy of the body is zero. So, the net ...
12
votes
2answers
710 views

Literature on fractal properties of quasicrystals

At the seminar where the talk was about quasicrystals, I mentioned that some results on their properties remind the fractals. The person who gave the talk was not too fluent in a rigor mathematics ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Work done by the Magnetic Force

The magnetic part of the Lorentz force acts perpendicular to the charge's velocity, and consequently does zero work on it. Can we extrapolate this statement to say that such a nature of the force ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

What shape is formed by the set of all raindrops which create a rainbow to specific observer?

What shape is formed by the set of all raindrops which create a rainbow to specific observer? Maybe it's easier to narrow this down and consider it this in parts: what's the set of positions from ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Pull Force of an electromagnet

How do I calculate the pull force of a cylindrical electromagnet to Iron as a function of distance? Is there any difference betweeen magnets and electromagnets?
-5
votes
1answer
147 views

Confront Order Of magnitudes

Is it correct to say that 9.0 is one order of magnitude smaller than 10.0? Has anyone a link/source about confronting order of magnitudes, apart from wikipedia?
1
vote
0answers
236 views

Flattening rate of a parabola

If you have a piece of paper that is furled and unfurled so that it's in the shape of part of a parabola, and knowing that if you leave it, it'll flatten itself after time, would it flatten faster if ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

What determine whether the dynamical equations are tensor equations or vector equations?

Newton's 2nd law which is central to Newtonian dynamics, is a vector equation $\sum\textbf{F}_{external}=m\textbf{a}$ Same with Maxwell's equations in the covariant form. On the other hand, ...
2
votes
1answer
644 views

scattering theory problem

I am studying scattering theory right now in my QM class, and I'm attempting the Griffiths problem 11.4 as an exercise (it's not for homework). The problem is: Consider the case of low-energy ...
2
votes
3answers
288 views

Why every galaxy is moving away from every other galaxy on astronomical scale? because of an explosion or because of creation of space?

Why galaxies move away from each other in general on the astronomical scale? Which answer is correct of the following? It is because of the big bang theory, everything is just moving away from ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

If Earth Were Filled with a Compressible Fluid and Spun Really Fast, What Hollow Would Form? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What nonlinear deformations will a fast rotating planet exhibit? This is really a basic physics question that I wanted to check myself on because I'm not entirely sure ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the static gauge pressure of a free jet always atmospheric?

Let's say I have a free jet of air leaving a pipe into the atmosphere. I know that the static gauge pressure at the pipe exit is equal to the atmospheric. But what about the static gauge pressure 10 ...
1
vote
2answers
788 views

Inverted Harmonic oscillator

what are the energies of the inverted Harmonic oscillator? $$ H=p^{2}-\omega^{2}x^{2} $$ since the eigenfunctions of this operator do not belong to any $ L^{2}(R)$ space I believe that the spectrum ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Is decoherence due to coarse graining or coupling with the environment?

In the literature, sometimes one reads that decoherence is due to the coupling of the system to the external environment, and sometimes one reads that it is due to coarse graining over the microscopic ...
5
votes
1answer
395 views

Chance of “macro tunneling”?

We know that subatomic particles can and do tunnel through barriers, so it is theoretically "possible" somewhat that a grain of sand could tunnel through a paper, but Id like to get some perspective ...
8
votes
1answer
682 views

Why does Jupiter emit more energy than it receives?

I hear that Jupiter and Saturn emit more energy than they receive from the Sun. This excess energy is supposedly due to contraction. Is this accepted as fact (or is it controversial)? Does this ...
5
votes
1answer
633 views

Arnold´s Math Methods of Classical Mechs - a question on Newtonian Mechanics

There is the following question/answer on Arnold´s book Mathematical Methods of Classical page 10. Arnold's Question A mechanical system consists of two points. At the initial moment their ...
3
votes
3answers
460 views

Braking distances on a rainy road

I am curious to find the braking distance for a car on a road. In attempting to find this out, I found that the braking distance for a car (on a flat road) is $$ d = \frac{v^2}{2\mu g} $$ where ...
5
votes
2answers
908 views

Critics of Mannheim's Conformal Gravity Theory?

I'm looking for more articles/reactions/critiques/support for Philip Mannheim's recent conformal gravity theory. See here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1101.2186v1 Any ideas on where to start?
4
votes
1answer
224 views

what is the probability distribution for the angle of an approximate laserbeam

I'm trying to simulate the light distribution characteristics from a Gaussian laser beam, but having difficulty with the angular distribution. I need to generate a large number of points on an x/y ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

What does this infinitesimal Eulerian change describe?

This is a question I originally posted in math.se which received an answer that was far too mathematically sophisticated for what I wanted; given that basic multivariable calculus was used through out ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the E-cat by Andrea Rossi et al. for real?

Does this thing really do what they say? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhvD4KuAEmo If it does, it looks like this will probably be the biggest breakthrough in science ever :)
5
votes
2answers
555 views

Are there 'higher order moments' in physics?

This may be a rather noob question but please let me clarify: I'm struggling to understand the use of the word 'moments' w.r.t., probability distributions. It seems after some research and poking ...

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