2
votes
0answers
104 views

Line-shape asymmetry in undergraduate Hydrogen-Deuterium experiment

I'm working as an LA (undergraduate TA) for an undergraduate physics laboratory experiment where students test the Bohr model and use reduced mass to determine the approximate mass of the neutron. In ...
3
votes
2answers
201 views

Bertrand's theorem

I found in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics that the condition for closed orbits is given by $\frac{d^2 V_{eff}}{dr^2}>0$.(bertrand's theorem). Can somebody explain to me, how this inequality is ...
0
votes
2answers
836 views

How can I solve a circuit of resistances with both a voltage and a current-source in between them?

If I have a circuit that consists out of multiple non-parallel/serial resistances with current/voltage sources in between them like the one below How can I solve a system like that (in this case for ...
25
votes
7answers
6k views

What is the difference between a white object and a mirror?

I was taught that something which reflects all the colors of light is white. The function of a mirror is the same, it also reflects all light. What's the difference? Update: But what if the white ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Reflectance of Titanium as Function of Thin Film Thickness

As far as I know, transmittance equals $e^{-\alpha x}$, where $\alpha$ is absorption coefficient and $x$ is thin film thickness($100-300\,nm$). My team and I have engineered a way to find absorption. ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Explanation of Superconductivity

I can't get a definitive explanation of why superconductivity happens and I am getting mixed explanations from my textbooks. I will tell you what I know and hopefully you can correct any ...
12
votes
17answers
3k views

Can pure maths create new theories in physics or does the “idea” ALWAYS come before the math?

I am in a debate with a friend about the value of string theory in physics. He is concerned that we are wasting valuable intellectual and financial resources on a path that is fanciful and can't ever ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Does distance really exist at least for observer which moves at the speed of light? [duplicate]

To our time a light year is the distance that light travels in a vacuum but if we consider time of observer which moves at speed of light we found for light time and distance doesn't really exist. ...
0
votes
3answers
12k views

Static Water Pressure vs Height [closed]

OK, so I have water at a known pressure, lets say 12psi. I have 2 pipes, installed vertically, one 2" diameter, the other 1/2" diameter. To what height (in feet) will the water raise to in each case? ...
8
votes
1answer
467 views

Dimensional regularization: removing more than just logarithmic divergencies?

I have followed two courses on QFT, which both involved renormalization by dimensional regularization. My confusion is that one of the professors claimed that dimensional regularization can only be ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Electromagnetic field to cool a substance?

I saw somewhere that an electromagnetic field would cause a substance to let off thermal energy, ultimately resulting in the substance to cool really quickly. If this is possible, does the strength ...
8
votes
2answers
548 views

Why do neutrinos propagate in a mass eigenstate?

I am aware that flavor $\neq$ mass eigenstate, which is how mixing happens, but whenever someone talks about neutrino oscillations they tend to state without motivation that when neutrinos are ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Uncertainty in path integral formulation

In Feynman's path integral formulation, in order to calculate the probability amplitude, we sum up all the possible trajectories of the particle between the points $A$ and $B$. Since we know ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Energy Spectrum of pair of spin-1/2 particles with general Hamiltonian

I found this problem, and so far I am stumped. I was wondering if anyone wanted to solve it with me, or help me calculate eigenvectors, or just give insight on my questions. Consider a system of ...
5
votes
0answers
155 views

Saturn V F-1 engines and beyond

I read that the F-1 engine from the 1st stage of the Saturn V rocket is the most powerful engine ever created by mankind, delivering ~200 gigawatts of power. Thus, I have got two questions: Will ...
0
votes
1answer
432 views

Explanation of a proper time (an add)

I have read on web that: Proper time $\tau$ is a time interval measured by a clock which at rest relative to the observer. But lets consider this problem: The plane is flying with a speed ...
0
votes
1answer
348 views

Composition of solar spectrum

I read some where that there are three types of UV and infrared rays namely UV-A, UV-B, UV-C and near infrared, mid infrared and far infrared. Which is the most abundant among the the three in ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

IR divergence and renormalization scale in dimensional regularization (part 2)

This is in continuation of my previous question, IR divergence and renormalization scale in dimensional regularization. Lubos gave a nice answer there but I want to get to a very specific example ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Blocking electro-magnetic waves between two near field antennas

Its been a while since I studied physics, so pardon my ignorance. I have two near field antennas. The range of the antennas is about 2-3 cm. I am looking for a way where I can block and unblock the ...
0
votes
1answer
446 views

Calculate vector forces on object being affected by wind

I am wondering how you calculate the vector forces of the wind on an object? The information I have is the bearing direction of the wind and the speed of the wind. So how do I calculate the x and y ...
9
votes
1answer
345 views

Integral representation of Thomas-Fermi Equation

The Thomas-Fermi equation with dimensionless variables is identified as; $$ \frac{d^2\phi}{dx^2} = \frac{\phi^{3/2}}{x^{1/2}} $$ with the boundary conditions as $$ \phi(0) = 1 \\ \phi(\infty) = 0. $$ ...
0
votes
2answers
312 views

Effect of space time relativity on the age of the universe?

So we all heard about the twins paradox to explain einstein's time space relativity. Wikipedia Quote :" In physics, the twin paradox is a thought experiment in special relativity involving identical ...
2
votes
1answer
303 views

Dynamic simulation of surface tension [closed]

Is there any substantial body of work in physics on dynamically simulating effects of surface tension on liquids? The texts i found so far on fluid dynamics all seem to ignore surface tension, ...
-3
votes
1answer
149 views

How to multiply Celsius and kilograms? [closed]

I have something like this: $$\frac{0.04\,\text{kg} \times 90\,^{\circ}\text{C} + 0.06\,\text{kg} \times 50\,^{\circ}\text{C}}{0.1\,\text{kg}} = T_k$$ Where $T_k$ is a temperature, in Celsius. But ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Online physics diagram tool

What is a suitable tool for drawing physics diagrams online? I would love to know if there is a program like the excellent schematic drawing tool that is integrated into the electrical engineering ...
14
votes
1answer
386 views

What is the evidence for the super-rotation of Earth's inner core?

What are the geophysical observations that support (or contradict) the hypothesis that the Earth's inner core rotates at a faster rate than the Earth's mantle? Summary of Answers: 1) Studies of ...
5
votes
3answers
275 views

Why does light seem to occlude objects in front of it

My question: why does light seem to occlude an object in front of it, especially when viewed from a distance? E.g. imagine a grid-like structure (for example an empty gasometer) viewed from a ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

can we break the speed of light [duplicate]

I know this is impossible but I just want to know where I went wrong. here's my proposal: Let us imagine that we have a source of light and a switch that are far one light year from us. so it would ...
-5
votes
2answers
3k views

Do radio waves go faster than the speed of light? [closed]

My science teacher used to say a lot of weird stuff, but I'm just making sure on this one.
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Physical interpretation of Poisson bracket properties

In classical Hamiltonian mechanics evolution of any observable (scalar function on a manifold in hand) is given as $$\frac{dA}{dt} = \{A,H\}+\frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$$ So Poisson bracket is a ...
4
votes
2answers
438 views

Classical Limit of Commutator

In Dirac's book Principles of quantum mechanics (4th ed., pgs 87-88), he seems to give a very elementary argument as to how the commutator $[X,P]$ reduces to the Poisson brackets ${x,p}$ in the limit ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

The correspondence between Poisson bracket and Commutators in Quantum Mechanics

I don't understand canonical quantization. In passing from classical to quantum, one replaces the Poisson brackets with the commutators. I don't really understand this. How can we generally show that ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

On a bicycle, why does my back tyre wear so much more quickly than the front?

This question is cross-posted from Bicycles.SE, but it is really one for those that know a bit about physics. Why does the back tyre of a bicycle wear out quicker than the front tyre? I have my ...
-2
votes
1answer
288 views

Why strong and weak forces are short range? [closed]

Why are the strong and weak nuclear forces short range? Are quarks confined or welded together? Why are elementary particles confined at short range? Or is color confinement color welding? the ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

What is a set of minimal assumptions needed to interpret general relativity?

Next semester, I am going to lecture about (the mathematics of) general relativity and I am still thinking hard how to organize and even more importantly how to motivate all the stuff. I am wondering ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

What is the volume of electron? [duplicate]

I know that electron has mass , and that is particle( a body which has only mass and whose size is negligible) but can we ever calculate the volume of the electron . if yes how much it is . if no why? ...
-3
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the $\delta$ in fluctuation model [closed]

I found this formula : $G-G_0=\frac{-nkT}2\delta^2$ on this Site and I'd like to ask what does the $\delta$ stand for?
-1
votes
1answer
165 views

What is volume * mass be called? [closed]

I need a denotation for a rather unusual unit. $$ \frac{m}{V} $$ is called density. So what is $$ m \cdot V $$ called? Is there a denotation for it? I'd like to get a denotation that could somehow ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Can massive fermions have zero modes?

I'm confused about fermion zero modes in relation to instantons. I understand that instantons can create fermion zero modes, but it's not clear to me when a fermion has a zero mode. For example, ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Computing $\Delta m$ in $\beta^-$ decay

$\require{mhchem}$What is the energy $Q$ released when $\ce{^131_53I}$ decays and $\ce{^131_54 Xe}$ is formed? The atomic mass of $\ce{I}$ is $130.906118~u$ and the atomic mass of $\ce{Xe}$ is ...
7
votes
3answers
386 views

How much choice did Einstein have in choosing his GR equations?

General relativity was summarised by Wheeler as "Spacetime tells matter how to move; Matter tells spacetime how to curve". I have a fairly good mental picture of how the first part works. However, I ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why Silver atoms were used in Stern-Gerlach experiment?

For the Stern-Gerlach experiment done in 1922: Why were silver atoms used? Silver atoms contain many electrons in different shells (with different angular momemtum quantum numbers. Why are those not ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Superconductor: What form of paramters (like London penetration depth) to use?

I am dealing with thin film and LN2 temperature, and am trying to calculate values such as the Pearl Length, but am trying to find clarification as to which value of $\lambda_L$ to use in this case. ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Time required for water to freeze

recently I was wondering if there is any specific formula in order to calculate how long it takes for certain liquids to freeze (especially water). I know this depends on: the volume of the liquid, ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Electron Spin Resonance and Free electrons

When performing an experiment to observe electron spin resonance, we use DPPH molecules as they contain an unpaired electron on one of the N atoms. My question is, why cant free electrons be used in ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

does matter radiate energy? [duplicate]

Since we know that all accelerated charges radiate energy and we also know that all matter is made up of protons and electrons which are all the while doing accelerated motion.So from this can i ...
1
vote
2answers
603 views

What makes radio waves refract?

What materials cause radio waves to refract? What are the radio IOR's of these materials?
-2
votes
1answer
187 views

Is there a heuristic explanation for the derivation of Heisenbergs Uncertainty Principle from String Theory?

Heisenberg famously derived his uncertainty principle by considering the disturbance that a measurement would have on a small enough system. Of course in the mathematical formalism of Quantum ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Is this a Fata Morgana?

I took this photo. Above the horizon there is a thick layer that looks like a cloud, but it surely isn't. Is this a Fata Morgana? What do you think? EDIT: I think the more appropriate name is ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

Electron in Magnetic Field can lead to non-Hermitian Hamiltonian?

Consider a charged quantum particle in a magnetic field. The Hamiltonian can be written using minimal coupling: $$ H = \frac{1}{2m} \left( \mathbf{p} - \frac{e}{c} \mathbf{A}(\mathbf{x}) \right)^2 $$ ...

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