0
votes
1answer
105 views

Black Holes and Einstein Field Equations

I recently watched a video where Michio Kaku argues that there must be something fundamentally wrong with the theory of General Relativity because it gives time t=0 as a solution at the centre of a ...
8
votes
1answer
514 views

Tesla coil arc in air - where is it going?

here is a picture of a Tesla coil with a discharge that seemingly terminates in the air. What completes the circuit at the end of the streamers?
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Formula connecting Force and Power

Is there such formula? There probably is of course, but i would like a very concise description of how to derive it, in order to better understand myself. Thank you in advance.
0
votes
2answers
108 views

how current flows in a parallel circuit as the potential difference is same?

Since we know current can not flow in a wire if there is no potential difference in its two terminals. How current flows in a parallel combination where each load has equal potential difference in ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Fourier expansion and transform - what about the phase of the waves that i am adding?

Say we have a wave on the surface of the water and we want to describe it as a sum of other waves. So we use Fourier expansion to add waves of different wavelengths. For simplicity, say we have to ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What happens when length of antenna >> lambda

Length of a dipole antenna according to antenna theory should be lambda/2 for best reception. I am just curious about the outcome when length of dipole antenna >> lambda. Impedance will be zero in ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What is the definition of the “stellar angular diameter” in stellar astronomy?

(Following the definitions here: http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0509535.pdf ) What is the "stellar angular diameter", as measured by astronomers specializing in stellar astrophysics? Using the ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Eigenvalue of Hamiltonian under gauge transform of Bloch state

$H = \sum_{k} V(q) a_{k4}^{\dagger}b_{k3}^{\dagger}b_{k2}a_{k1}$ where $q$ is the transfer momentum, $a$ $b$ are two orbits or two sublattice sites. Will the eigenvalues of the above Hamiltonian ...
2
votes
3answers
157 views

Motion of a rigid body: Why is motion only a compostition of two forms: rotation and Translation?

If you are in a 2-D space the motion of any rigrid body is composed of 2 different things, namely rotation and translation. If you are in 3-D space the motion of any rigrid body is also composed of 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Rate of interaction of free electron with photons from sunlight

How many photons does a free electron (in sunlight say) interact with per second? I did a rough calculation assuming the electron interacts with any photon that enters through an area the size of ...
1
vote
1answer
593 views

What would the sky look like if the sun was a different type of star?

Barring, of course, all other issues that wold naturally arise from the following question - if we made the sun a cooler, red star or a hotter, blue star, what impact would that have on the colour of ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

Is there an example of a situation where you need a continuous spectrum?

If you had a hydrogen atom you could say that you want to be able to ionize them. But if you then add the potential due to the earth, e.g. $$V=\frac{-Gm_eM_\oplus}{\sqrt{(x_e-x_\oplus)^2+(y_e-y_\oplus)...
5
votes
4answers
114 views

How can we explain the difference in change of kinetic energy, due to different frames of reference?

Imagine a ball ($m= 1\,{\rm kg}$) moving at a velocity $2\,{\rm m}/{\rm s}$ towards a wall. When it hits the wall, it suddenly stops, thereby liberating all its ${\rm KE}$ as heat. Here, the initial ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Non-extensivity in a few body system

Thermodynamics finds application in many areas of physics, many of them sharing the feature of fluid-like or many-body like behavior. However, small systems or few body systems have been studied too ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Toroidal compactification and number of susy

In case of Tordial compactification, reference states page 13, A.Font et al, Introduction to string compactification, it does not reduce the number of real supercharges. I wonder why this happens. ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Does the frame of reference change the behavior of a particle

"Behavior" word in the title is not very correct. I'm in a train at a railway station and on the platform there is a glass case (the mass of case is 5 kg and if it gets hit with a velocity of 10 N ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

Why does the sun make me feel warm?

For a while I thought that the reason I felt warmth from the sun was because my skin was being hit by photons, but then I realized that photons also hit me when I take an X-ray, but I don't feel any ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Modeling incoming solar radiation

I want to write a model for estimating incoming solar radiation for a specific latitude on earth but I am struggling to find an appropriate source which shows the required equations for doing so. ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Angle between acceleration and velocity

Problem: A particle is constrained to move in a circle with a 10-meter radius. At one instant, the particle's speed is 10 meters per second and is increasing at a rate of 10 meters per second ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Diamagnetic Sphere Moving through Solenoid

I've seen the videos of frogs being levitated due to diamagnetism. What happens if the frog (or another diamagnetic object) enters a solenoid with an initial velocity? Specifically, consider a ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Would condensed matter physicists need more than three dimensional calculus? [closed]

The difference between "multivariable" and "vector" calculus, as stated on Yale's website, is that multivariable would only go through 2 or 3 dimensions, and so would rely heavily on geometric ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Can QKD nodes use a constantly evolving key?

In QKD we know that we can generate random secret keys using quantum entangled photons, measuring their qubits and then using noise reduction to negotiate probably similar bits between Alice and Bob. ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Do relativistic electrons have more charge?

Gauss's law tells us that the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed divided by the permittivity. When a charged particle is moving close to the speed of light it'...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Exciton in semi-conductor

I don't understand why an exciton describes only the interaction between an electron hole and an electron in the conduction band? How is this interaction different from the interaction between an ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Does spaghettification really happen with conditions found close to a black hole?

This website tries to explain why the term spaghettification doesn't actually occur when something gets close to a black hole. The argument of the author is that the equations we use to predict the ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Can you have more than two entangled particles? [duplicate]

Given the diagram on the wikipedia page for Quantum Entanglement we a beam of photons hitting a crystal which splits the beam into to entangled particles. Is it possible to split the beam into four ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

How easily can we pick up radio signals from outer space

I've always wondered about the concept of listening to radio signals from space to try and look for alien life - how accurately can we distinguish "man"made radio signals from other forms of radiation ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Why can xenon gas stay ionised after the “trigger voltage” is removed?

From my understanding of a Xenon flash circuit, a storage capacitor and a trigger capacitor are charged up to about 240V (both with similar RC values, but less capacitance is needed for the trigger ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

What is Z3 exciton?

I am searching and studying excitons and I confronted with a term named Z3 exciton. What is it? And what is its difference with, for instance Z1 or Z2 exciton?
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Decay of excited electron from Schrödinger equation?

I'm currently studying for a quantum mechanics exam. I found some old exams which has the following question I'm trying to solve. Please tell me if my reasoning is wrong. Can you see from the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Trying to give a (non-rotating) black hole an electric dipole

Suppose there is a Schwarzschild black hole. You add positrons to the north "pole" and electrons to the south "pole". From an external observer, objects that you add end up "stuck" to the horizon. ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Would a Theory of Everything allow us to calculate the constants of physics?

I have heard several times in the past that a Theory of Everything would allow us to calculate (as opposed to measure) the fundamental dimensionless physical constants. What I mean is, e.g., the fine ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Spiral galaxies and gravity lenses

Spiral Galaxies must have a great deal more mass than elliptical galaxies of the same size in order to account for the flat velocity curve. I've seen references of eight to ten times the visible mass....
-1
votes
1answer
68 views

How to model matter in code [closed]

I've always had a passion for science, understanding and programming. Given my interests, I thought a cool thing to do would be to model real world theories in code (with visuals) so that others may ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Time Dilation In Between Two Objects

Suppose an object A is exactly halfway in between two identical objects B and C, so the magnitude of the cumulative acceleration on object A is $0$. Objects A, B, and C have no velocity relative to ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Can one detect a single photon through measuring its impulse/momentum on a mirror?

Can one detect a single photon through measuring its impulse/momentum on a mirror? If the answer if YES or theoretically possible, photon path and interference fringes can be detected simultaneously ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Are relativistic spacecraft slowed down by oncoming gamma ray photons?

I recently read that a proton having an energy of ten billion GeV can travel across our galaxy in about 5 minutes from the frame of the proton. From the Earths frame we would see it take roughly 100,...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

Photon energies and attenuation [closed]

I hope you can help. I am trying to understand which attenuation effect (photoelectric, compton scatter and pair production) is dominant at which level of photon energy and why. The levels are 10keV, ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Pressure-Velocity relation at a point in a flow

How can we relate pressure and velocity at the same point in a fluid flow? Why does pressure decrease with increase in velocity?
5
votes
3answers
5k views

That 10km/day error predicted if GPS satellite clocks not corrected for relativity

Some authorities have stated publicly and without explanation that if the theories of Special and General Relativity were not taken into account in the design of the GPS (by building the satellite ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Does background noise while strumming a string affect the frequency recorded?

Does the interference of the waves cause instances of destructive interference where there is no amplitude. Technically the wave is still there although its amplitude is 'cancelled' out but those ...
0
votes
1answer
542 views

Question on an unbalanced Wheatstone bridge

Let, P/Q = R/S in the usual sense of a Wheatstone bridge where PQRS are resistances. Then we know that the potential between midpoints of PQ and RS are equal and there's no potential difference ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

How can I estimate CO2 emissions for a vehicle travel distance

How can I properly estimate CO2 emissions for a given travel distance (of a private vehicle)? I found the following formula, but I'm not sure that it's correct: ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Difference in resistance between two configurations

Given a spherical shell of a conducting material with radius $a$, surrounded by a poorly conducting material between it and another conducting shell with radius $b$, you can calculate the resistance ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

What if electric force was independent of the distance?

The electric force between two charged particles becomes weaker with increasing distance. Suppose instead that the electric force were independent of distance. In this case, would a charged comb ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Will charge transfer without friction

I know rubbing two objects of different materials together will result in a negative charge on whichever material has a higher electron affinity. However, I was wondering if a negatively charged ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Using stellar spectroscopy to measure stellar parameters, why is it log g?

Stellar spectroscopy can in principle measure the stellar surface gravity, radii, effective temperature, and stellar rotation. Why is it that surface gravity g is ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Children of entangled particles

Theres a photo on the wikipedia page Quantum Entanglement there's a image of a photon being split into two entangled photons via crystal. I used this picture to demonstrate the scenario below. ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

What justifies adding phasors' vertical components

I learned that, when superimposing two waves on top of each other to calculate the resulting wave's amplitude, it's helpful to use phasors. From what I gathered, phasors are vectors originating at the ...
0
votes
1answer
474 views

Fermi Level: chemical potential vs. electrochemical potential

In solid-state physics it is understood that the Fermi-Level is the electrochemical potential. The Fermi-Level is defined to: However, in thermodynamics this formula is referred to as the ...

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