1
vote
1answer
50 views

How might I show that an operator is, by definition, an 'observable'? [on hold]

Here is my problem: I understand what is meant by 'observable' but don't have a formal definition at hand. How do I 'show' it?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is the Electric field around a loop on conducting wire always constant?

If a wire is subject to some arbitrarily changing magnetic flux inducing an electric field within, what is the E-field equal to? $\oint \vec{E} \cdot \vec{dl} = -\frac{d}{dt} \int \vec{B} \cdot ...
-5
votes
0answers
30 views

Posibility of time travel/multiple realities/time phase shifting [on hold]

Sounds odd and unlikely, but let me explain the situation. Going on the de ja vue ideal, which we probably have all experienced, I believe things of such a matter are possible. Just today when I ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Calculating Kryptonian speed in the movie “Man of Steel”

This is my first question, so I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask but: How would you go about calculating the speed of Kryptonians in the movie Man of Steel (2013)? Specifically, I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Force needed to roll wheel over edge [on hold]

I'm looking to find F. See image below. What we know: Mass of the wheel: $ m = 14 $ kg Wheel radius: $ r = 0.32 $ m What I've tried so far: $$ mg + N + \sin(38.7)k = 0 $$ Once the wheel ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Picking a guitar string of fixed length to get any nth harmonic, is it possible?

In physics textbook, we can calculate the nth harmonic of a vibrating string of a fixed length. How can we do this in a real guitar? For example, if I just pick a single open string, how can I get ...
8
votes
2answers
514 views

How do tracking detectors in particle accelerators create the pretty pictures we see?

I have read several sources about tracking detectors used in particle accelerators like LHC, but still have not found a more detailed source that can still be understood by a layperson like myself. I ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Relativistic Decay of Particles (Questions about Landau's derivations) [on hold]

I'm currently reading Classical Theory of Fields by Lifshitz & Landau. In §11 "Decay of Particles" I can't really understand the solution to Problem 1: I have several questions: 1) How can one ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Problem in deriving the second term in perturbation expansion the quantum ising model

So I'm trying to derive the perturbation expansion for one particle states in the quantum ising model (Sachdev 2011 QPTs which this is derived from ) $$ H_I= - J g \sum_i \sigma_i^x - J ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Why is what Heisenberg's uncertainty principle describes true?

As I understand it, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (HUP) states that the more precisely we know the location of an electron, the less precisely we know its momentum, and vice versa. However, I've ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Permeability drop

I'm doing some experiments with Transponder coils with unknown ferrite core. Is there any place I could find Permeability-temperature graphs for all ferrites? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
5 views

Does polarization take place in non polarized solid?

According to polar - non polar division polar substances like H2O have dipole moment but unpolarised matter like O2 doesn't have dipole moment I.e. Dipole moment = 0. But my question is does ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Minimal phase space volume $h^3$ out of Heisenberg's principle

So the explanation in my text book is this: we have a phase space volume $\Delta x\Delta y\Delta z\Delta p_x\Delta p_y\Delta p_z$. Now they state that Heisenberg's uncertainty principle states $\Delta ...
5
votes
1answer
374 views

Does “finite” include zero?

Infinity, is clearly not finite. But there is some dissent on whether or not zero is finite. I have seen authors use "finite" to indicate the value of $0$ is excluded as well as infinity. Is there ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Electric potential at the wings of a plane

PROBLEM: A plane with wing span 70 meters is flying with a speed of 100 m/s in a uniform magnetic field B = 5 T that is directed vertically with respect to the wingspan. What is the emf produced ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Force acting on a wheel of a two-wheeled self balancing bot

Proceeding further with my work on a self-balancing bot as posted here: http://bit.ly/1FfI6LK I've gotten stuck at the following equation: n = Gear ratio $K_t$ = DC motor torque constant $i_l$ = DC ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Demand for computational physicists: outlook in grad school [on hold]

Is there actually a demand for computational physicists in academia or is that just a phoney reason departments use to justify having a mix of physics, math and programming? Question background ...
-3
votes
0answers
29 views

How to calculate the gravitational force from Earth to Moon? [on hold]

I know the $G$ constant and the distance. Also I tried with Mass of Earth.
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Does the principle of stationary action always work? [duplicate]

Give some Lagrangian we use the principle of stationary action to find the desired euqations of motion for something (e.g. a field). A lot of modern physics seems to be based on the principle of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Problem understanding Lorentz invariance [duplicate]

So they usually started with "...This is obviously Lorentz invariant, because of the 4-vector character of the quantity,..., (and after a two page long derivation) another quantity is also obviously ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views
+50

Link between Hawking-Bekenstein Black hole entropy and entanglement entropy

I'm currently doing a project on two sided Ads-Schwarzschild black holes in the context of Ads/CFT. I want to show that the entanglement entropy between the two CFTs corresponds approximately to the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Getting to spins of arbitrary direction

Let me rephrase this question: Let us assume we know that symmetry transformations always look like this: $$U(s)=e^{iKs} $$ with a hermitian Operator K. This tells us that for very small $s$: ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Resonance peak broadening due to losses: physical reason

I wonder why when losses are present in a oscillator, the width of the resonance peak is broadened. More precisely: why, when losses are present, can the amplitude reach nearly the maximal one (the ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is plasma an intermediate stage of matter? [duplicate]

Can it truly be called a stable state? Fire is stable while it has fuel but isn't it really just a transition point for solid to gas?
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Greater momentum than initial?

The question is : Heavier object A, initially at rest, is struck by lighter object B. Is it possible for object A to have a larger final momentum than the initial momentum of object B? The ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Isothermal Atmosphere

I was taught that for isothermal atmosphere: $\frac{dP}{dz}=-\rho g$ How come the equation is only true for isothermal atmosphere? I suppose $dP$ can be caused by changed in temperature as well?
1
vote
2answers
56 views

if singularities can be observed from the rest of spacetime, causality may break down

if singularities can be observed from the rest of space-time, causality may break down, and physics may lose its predictive power,i don't understand how it will happen?we don't have any idea what will ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

pascals law of liquids in terms of kinetic theory of molecules

Suppose a cylindrical container of base area A filled with water is carrying a piston on top. If the piston applies no force on the liquid, assume the pressure is P for a point located on the boundary ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Why isn't any current induced in a rectangular loop when it is moved in a uniform magnetic field with constant velocity?

It is said that the magnetic flux passing through the coil remains constant. But when the rectangular loop is moved out of field with constant velocity,then the magnetic flux decreases. Thus current ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

How to explain this to my sir

We all know that $f = ma$. But for finding displacement, we always use: $$ s = s_0 + ut + \tfrac{1}{2} a t^2 $$ My sir, i don't know why for some reason uses this weird method: $$ F = ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Can antimatter becomes black hole? [duplicate]

I know it seems unlikely to accumulate sufficient amount of antimatter to let it collapse under its own weight to become a black hole(maybe the gravity works differently I don't know) since they will ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Uniform field through a disc

Let us say that we have a magnetic field of the form $B_0 \sin(\omega t) \hat e_z$ in all space. Now let us say we put a conducting disc within this field. I want to find the electric field within ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

The spring of air: Why does a piston undergo SHM when it is displaced lengthening the air-column inside a cylinder filled with air?

Let there be a cylindrical tube, closed at one-end, with a well-fitting but freely moving piston of mass $m$. [. . .] The piston has certain equilibrium position. If the piston is moved a distance ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What equation do we use to measure the energy level of a string, to determine it's “particle correlation”

If string theory happened to be correct, and a point-particle is replaced with a string, there is a direct correlation between the vibrating frequency of the string and the particle it produces. I was ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

How to mute Sliding Friction

I solve rubik's cubes and do it a lot. However, a lot of people around me get annoyed when I do it because it gets really scratchy when I go fast. I know this is because of the sliding friction ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Do EM waves need a medium to propagate? [duplicate]

The official theorie says that they don't need a medium, it states that: EM waves are a disturbance in the field First of all, what field?? An electromagnetic one ? I mean, I consider that field as ...
40
votes
3answers
5k views

Why do electric sparks appear blue/purple?

Electric sparks tend to appear blue or purple or white in color. Why?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Wetting the surface for soaking Nylon fabric in metal

I'm trying to create metal covered lace. My sister would use it as an artistic material. An interesting material A relevant point is that the mechanical rigidity of the metal is used, so it is not ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

If the speed of light is constant in all reference frames, why does the mirror clock experiment show light travelling on an angle?

I was recently looking for answers as to why time slows down the faster you travel and regularly came across the mirror clock experiment. This experiment has a beam of light bouncing between two ...
4
votes
5answers
270 views

Resolving General relativity and Newtonian mechanics to a computer [on hold]

I know this is considered an old subject long ridiculed by many as the folly of layman. But I work in the field of computer simulation, specifically in producing fully functional 3D interactive ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Does my mass really affect objects on the other side of the universe?

I remember hearing back in school that each object is attracted to every other object in the universe. Of course this has to be taken with the understanding that most of those objects have very very ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Why does aluminium foil spark in the microwave? [duplicate]

I don't understand fully why aluminium foil sparks in a microwave oven? I think what is happening is the oven sets up an electric field, and the field induces a current in the foil (how?), and ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

what is the charge and current density in system K2? [on hold]

Consider there are two inertial reference of frames K1 and K2 in which K2 is moving with the boost velocity of V in direction of X2. If someone at the rest in system K1 finds the charge density $ \rho ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

If a liquid is compressed enough, would it become solid?

If a liquid were to be compressed so tensely that the particles had no room to move, would it then become a solid? Also, would the same happen with a gas?
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Looking for full equation for radar cross section of corner reflector

There's a well-known formula for the RCS of a corner reflector (aka corner cube), to wit $ \sigma \varpropto \frac{L^4}{\lambda^2} $ . I've found several sources which cheerfully say "...valid for $ ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Increased pressure of Liquid Pitch and Limestone (Bitumen/Asphalt) @ approximately 300 degrees Fahrenheit

If liquid pitch and limestone (20/80 mostly limestone) is pumped (appx. 5 gpm) out of a nozzle that restricts the flow compared to the flow that would be achieved straight out of the pump ( no ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

PM-IRRAS Equidistant Fringes in Spectrum

What is the cause, and best method to prevent / minimize, fringes in one's FTIR (PM-IRRAS) spectrum on samples deposited on a thin metal film? The fringes look as though they are spaced out by a ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

If you fall in a black hole, when do you go past the event horizon? [duplicate]

Say I fall into the event horizon of a black hole. As I cross the black hole, I would appear to outside onlookers to freeze in time, and would never move from that point again. In my perspective, time ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

What's in the empty space between a nucleus and the electrons? [duplicate]

I was thinking the other day about how the empty space in an atom is relatively huge, but I was wondering, is it really empty space? Originally I just assumed it was a vacuum and that was it, but that ...

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