3
votes
1answer
109 views

1D Finite potential well: solutions with $\sinh$ and $\cosh$?

So I am studying the (one dimensional) quantum mechanical finite potential well defined by: $$ V(x) = \cases{0, &|x|>a\cr -V_0, &|x|<a} $$ where $V_0>0$ is a real number. I know ...
4
votes
3answers
99 views

Forces on objects orbiting a black hole?

Firstly, please excuse my elementary knowledge and lack of eloquence when writing about astrophysics. I am a dentist, who occasionally thinks about the how the universe works. I'm both fascinated and ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What does this depiction of a black hole in the movie Interstellar mean?

I was expecting a whirlpool in 3D and the matter glowing from friction as it nears the center, as I expected a event horizon to be negligible visually. How does this depiction work? How big is the ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What does $σ$ equal to zero mean?

Consider the Laplace transform of an RC filter. For those who can't immediately summon it, refer equation (46) at this link: http://web.mit.edu/2.151/www/Handouts/FreqDomain.pdf for a refresher. In ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

What are the Correlations for the Super-compressability Z factor?

I am studying the course TPG4145 Reservoir fluids in NTNU and specifically the supercompressability factor $Z=\frac{V_{\text{real volume of the system}}}{V_{\text{ideal volume of the system}}}$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Equivalent tensor order parameters of nematic liquid crystals?

I found in the literatures two different definitions of the tensor order parameter of nematic liquid crystals. One is $$ Q_{ij}=\frac{S}{2}(3n_{i}n_{j}-\delta_{ij}), $$ where $S$ is the scalar order ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Can we draw analogy between em power flow through free space and ac power flow through a transmission line?

Knowing that the free space has a characteristic impedance (which is purely resistive, measured in ohms) I was wondering if I can model the free space as an infinitely long transmission line- ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Will this sail-based moving system work? Why? [duplicate]

So simple: Will this sail-based moving system work? Why?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Restrictions on Bell-type inequalities

While deriving and proving Bell-type inequalities of the form $|E(a,b)-E(a,b')|+|E(a',b)+E(a',b')|\leq 2$ I know that the conditions on the operators $O_a$ and $O_b$ are that they must be bounded ...
8
votes
5answers
455 views

What makes the stars that are farther from the nucleus of the galaxy go faster than those in the middle?

It has no sense that stars that have a bigger radius and apparently less angular speed($\omega$) goes faster than the ones near the center.
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Spontaneous symmetry breaking of SHO

Spontaneous symmetry breaking refers to the solution of a system loses some symmetry in its Lagrangian. Consider a Simple Harmonic Oscillator, its lagrangian is time translationally invariant but its ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Pressure and variation in pressure due to depth

In my class, we were shown the following problem: Using the equation $P_1$ = $P_0$ + $\displaystyle\rho$gh, where $P_1$ is the pressure at Superman's mouth and $P_0$ is the pressure at the surface ...
-2
votes
1answer
148 views

Explanation for the minus sign in $\Omega_3$ in the Kappa symmetry of the Green - Schwarz formalism for F1 strings

Just so that there can be more higher - level physics questions here, let me post this question + answer. Also because I'm a bit sad that there are almost no questions on the Green-Schwarz ...
17
votes
3answers
279 views

How to optically rotate images in small increments (for eyeglasses)?

As the result of an accident, one or more nerves that control the rotation of my left eye were damaged. The result is that my left eye views the world rotated clockwise several degrees, compared to my ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Trigger supernova artificially [on hold]

Is there a way to artificially trigger a given star to be supernova? Is this theoretically possible? I would appreciate fast ways. For instance, preference will be given for ways that doesn't take ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Calculating rotation using moment of inertia [on hold]

I have an object A. I know its theoretical moment of inertia. I have a string wrapped around object A. I then apply a certain tension to that string, causing the object A to spin for a certain amount ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Atom in a box and collapse of the wave-function

Suppose I have an atom trapped in an optically transparent box. I'm assuming the atom is bouncing off of the walls and not bonding, i.e. the center of mass of the atom experiences a square well. Now ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

what is causing gravitational pull in between massive bodies? [duplicate]

what is causing gravitational pull in between massive bodies? according to books, what i learnt is graviton particle & some books are saying quantum field is the cause, so which is causing ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Ground influence on 434 MHz radio signal

I have read in a paper that ground acts as reflector for radio signals in 434 MHz band. Why is that the case?
8
votes
3answers
585 views

Electromagnetic waves should stop while encountering a conducting shell?

I am a high school student who has just started reading elementary electromagnetism and am a completely beginner in this subject. I have read in books that EM waves are nothing but sinusoidal ...
8
votes
0answers
70 views
+50

Are the orientations of spin-axes and binary/planetary orbits random or is there any relationship with the Galactic plane?

In an answer to another question, a claim has been made that orbit/spin orientations are random (at least within our own Galaxy), except perhaps towards the Galactic centre. I have dabbled in this ...
8
votes
6answers
720 views

Why does a conservative force return the work done against it by a body to that body?

Newton's 3rd law of motion: Newton's third law of motion or the law of action and reaction implies that there is no isolated force in nature. Whenever there is any force at all , there must be ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Diameter of aluminium ring after it expands [on hold]

An aluminium ring has diameter $200.00$ mm at $25.00^0C$. What would be its diameter at $325.00^0C$? $\alpha$ for aluminium is $7.500 \times 10^{-5}K^{-1}$. Thanks for your help.
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Point group symmetries and unit cell

I was wondering if the unit cell (of a given lattice) had to have every point group symmetries of the lattice it defines ? I guess there is no unique way to define a unit cell and that it may not have ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Sound - what happens with the particles when a wave passes

I'm having some problems in understanding the principles of sound propagation. The wave propagates though air (for example) exerts compression, which is followed by rarefaction. I think I got than ...
4
votes
3answers
85 views

Is acceleration caused by curvature or space or time or both?

I'm trying to get a hold of the idea of gravity in general relativity and spacetime. I've seen plenty of demonstrations of the rubber mat analogy to describe gravity and spacetime curvature. Is this ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Gravity at event horizon [duplicate]

To find the gravity at Schwarzschild radius of a black hole, I used the below equations. Assuming escape velocity at event horizon is speed of light c and M is the mass of the black hole $$ v_e = ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Does dispersion take place in our eyes? [duplicate]

What do we see if a single ray of white light falls in to our eyes ? Doesn't it undergo dispersion ?
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Does the pressure in a pressure tank depend on the amount of air?

I have a pressure tank which is filled with water and air. What want to know is: if I change the ammount of air in the tank would the ammount of water that leaves the tank, when pressurized, change? ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why is it that friction apparently decreases with speed? [duplicate]

Whilst thinking of a trick where a magician pulls a tablecloth directly from under a full set dinner (a classic) I wondered why friction doesn't increase as speed does. I get that they use a pretty ...
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Why do power lines buzz more when it is low-humidity outside?

I have observed that the power lines buzz louder when there is less moisture in the air. Why is this? If it will help the lines are located on the foot hills of a nearby mountain.
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Image Formation (Convex-Convex lenses)

I'm given with these data: Lens 1 and lens 2 are convex lenses with different focal lengths Distance of object from lens 1: 50 mm Distance between lens 1 and lens 2: 100 mm Distance of final image ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

How does the Moon stay in orbit?

How does the Moon stay in orbit? The Moon has not reached escape velocity from the Earth, then how does the Moon stays in orbit?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How to use specific heats and temperature change in a system to calculate mass?

In a system where multiple liquids and solids are mixed together with different specific heats at different initial temperatures, reaching an equilibrium temperature, how do all of these things relate ...
27
votes
2answers
1k views

Why the galaxies forms 2D plane (or spiral-like) instead of 3D ball (or spherical-like)?

Question: As we know, (1) the macroscopic spatial dimension of our universe is 3 dimension, and (2) gravity attracts massive objects together and the gravitational force is isotropic without ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

Why is the fact that our universe is fine-tuned to life [on hold]

Why is the fact that our universe is fine-tuned to life not convince most people enough that the multiverse is real. we have to choose to believe now since it can't be proved directly forever. I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What are the boundary conditions for EM waves normally incident on the interface between two dielectric media?

An EM wave, amplitude $E_0$, frequency $\omega_0$, is incident upon a material with relative permittivity (dielectric function) $$\varepsilon \left( z \right) = \left\{ \begin{gathered}{\varepsilon ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

What role does the Higgs Field play in the universe?

The Higgs field is known as a physical field that covers the entire universe, giving particles their mass. However, that got me thinking if the Higgs field not only gives mass to other particles, but ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Irreversibility of the nuclear decay process: is there a rigorous proof?

Consider an unstable nucleus that emits an alpha particle. For describing the process we solve the Schrodinger equation using a complex energy, and obtain a Gamow state. The mere fact that we use a ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

to find work from that question kindle give some idea [on hold]

A set of friction less wheels are attached to the bottom of a box, which is then measured and found to have a mass of 6.0 kg. The box is placed on the floor, and a student of Physics uses a brief ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Cohen Tannoudji solutions to exercises

Does anyone know where to find the solutions to the exercises of Cohen-Tannoudji's Quantum Mechanics? I am gonna try to do all of them and would like to check.
7
votes
4answers
542 views

How to rebut denials of the existence of photons? [duplicate]

Recently I have encountered several engineers who do not “believe in” photons. They believe experiments such as the photoelectric effect can be explained with classical EM fields + quantized energy ...
1
vote
2answers
19 views

Understanding a graph of energy conservation with bounded and unbounded motions?

This graph is from the physics undergraduate text "Classical Mechanics by Douglas Gregory". Above this graph was the statement: What I didn't understand is- as stated in the under [*paragraph], ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Do bad clocks measure proper time?

It has been claimed several times e.g. here, and here, also here, or (outside PSE) there that Clocks measure proper time. Or equivalenty: proper time is just the time that would be ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Is there any physical quantity that does not have uncertainty?

I saw this video and I got a thought: Is there any physical quantity that does not have uncertainty? Basic models are: for lenght for time end energy (so for mass too) and I realized that ...
5
votes
0answers
70 views

Is Physics really a rigorous subject? [on hold]

Though I can't give a precise definition of the term rigor (or better to say mathematical rigor) but intuitively in case of mathematics one may note that when we say that 'the proof is rigorous' we ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Understanding Poynting's Theorem intuitively

I understand that, broadly speaking, Poynting's theorem is a statement of conservation of energy. Energy density of a volume of current and charge decreases proportionally to work done on charges ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Is it possible to project black light? [duplicate]

A thought passed by me and I wondered if projecting black light was possible. We can make lights with many other colors, but I'm not so sure about black. So, is it possible? Has it been done?
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Confusions in the 'Adhesion Theory of friction.'

While reading about the Adhesion theory of friction on this site, I came to some points which I couldn't understand. I have highlighted them: ...Adhesion approach is based on the partial ...
1
vote
2answers
20 views

why only surface of water get frozen in polar countries?

why only surface of water get frozen in polar countries? but if i kept glass full of water in fridge then not only surface, whole water turns frozen ,why?

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