1
vote
1answer
73 views

Derivation of temperature-volume relationship for a reversible adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas

We start with $\delta q = 0$ and $dU = C_{V}(T)dT = \delta w$. Why can we take the heat capacity at constant volume, when this process is an expansion so volume increases?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Research papers readable by first years? [on hold]

This coming Spring I'll be running a Mechanics I lab for freshman (as a teaching assistant) and I'll have some say as to the way I do it. So I was thinking it would be nice if I could find some ...
-3
votes
1answer
36 views

Jets of equal height from a pipe

Lets say I have a pump that delivers some flow and pressure to a horizontal pipe with holes at different location. Let's say L=0.5 m, 1m, 2m etc... The question is: What should the diameters of these ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Dielectric boundary

I am trying to determine why electric field may be confined to a certain region if there is a large difference in the permitivity for example if electric field flows through water and then reaches a ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

Entropy / Structure Relations

I want to check on the validity of the following objective definition of order. Is it correct? Is there a more rigorous statement of this concept? The further a system is from its maximum ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

What are the most frequently cited textbooks in the physics literature? [on hold]

What are the most frequently cited textbooks in the physics literature? Note: I am not looking for guesses, but answers supported by citations data.
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Thermal Conduction with multilayered system

Sorry this question probably has a really simple answer but I have been looking and I can't figure out how to solve this problem. I know that the equation for power loss through conduction is ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Moment of inertia from torque and angular acceleration measurements

I tried to calculate the moment of inertia of a quadcopter along its roll axis using two different methods and the results do not match. Method 1: measuring the period of a bifilar pendulum, I obtain ...
3
votes
1answer
487 views

Ephemeris calculations: Light time correction of the moon

I am currently trying to calculate apparent positions from raw JPL data. I've got it pretty much figured out, but there is one thing that's bugging me: Has the light time correction of the moon to be ...
2
votes
10answers
338 views
+50

How far can light go?

When a ray of light is projected, (say) from the surface of Earth to outside in space. The condition is that, there is no obstruction to it till infinity (it travels only in vaccum). My question is ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Flow velocity out of a pipe

For a compressible homoentropic gas is the flow velocity out of the pipe the same as the velocity into the pipe?
-5
votes
0answers
56 views

Energy manipulation [on hold]

Haha, I don't want to offend anybody, but I want to make a superhero that can control all forms of energy. From what I've heard you can do a lot like, manipulate time and space, open blackholes, ...
4
votes
2answers
171 views

Coarse graining on measurement vs phase space (second law)

I've followed Leonard Susskinds series on "the theoretical minimum". In the entropy/reversibility episode in statistical mechanics, he explains (at least one way of) how the apparent paradox of ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Symplectic notation proof?

Hello I am trying to work through a little proof of the symplectic condition for Hamilton's equations for a classical mechanics course. I am trying to understand the meaning of the relation ...
3
votes
3answers
115 views

Derivation of the speed of light using the integral forms of Maxwell's Equations

Having just finished physics 2, I've been (slightly) exposed to showing that light is a wave with speed $1/\sqrt{\mu _0 \epsilon _0 }$ using the differential forms of Maxwell's equations, though this ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Center of mass finding question [on hold]

Find the center of mass the rod in the figure if λ (the mass per unit lenght) varies with $x$ according to $\lambda=dm/dx=\beta x^2$, where $\beta$ is a constant. Sorry for quality of picture. I am ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Is there a textbook which covers QM via Geometric Algebra (GA)?

There is at least one good book on classical mechanics using Geometric Algebra (GA): New Foundations in Classical Mechanics by David Hestenes. Likewise there is at least one good book on classical ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Why are nonrelativistic methods used in binary pulsar systems (gravitational waves)?

Although gravitational waves are a subject of the General Relativity, why do most books use Newtonian equations of motion for power radiated and rate of change of eccentricity calculations? In most ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Question about global internal $SO(n)$ symmetry

I have the following Lagrangian (density) for bosons $$L = \partial_{\mu} \phi^i \partial^{\mu}\phi^i+ m^2\phi^i \phi^i$$ and I am trying to understand why this Lagrangian is invariant under ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How fast would a 60 km diameter moon ring rotate to simulate 1 G? [on hold]

After seeing this answer regarding increasing mass for greater weight on the moon, my eyes caught the first comment about centrifuges in science fiction. Naturally, the thought of putting Elysium on ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

H-theorem and Boltzmann equation applied to Boltzmann distribution

Using the Boltzmann equation: $$ \frac{dH}{dt} = \int_0^{\infty} dr \int_0^{\infty} ds W(r,s)[p_r - p_s][\ln{p_r} - \ln{p_s}],$$ and assuming $p_r = e^{-\beta r}$, the equation looks like $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Avalance diode -looking symbols with two triangles in the case of backpressure pump? [on hold]

I cannot understand the symbols where you have some q terms, some arrows and white triangles. It is related to managed pressure drilling (MPD) of the system where the system is different to ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Heisenberg picture with creation annihilation operators

In the Schrodinger picture, states are time dependent and operators time-independent. So expected values look like: $\langle s_1,t|\hat{A}|s_1,t\rangle$. If we go over to the Heisenberg picture the ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Mechanism/derivation of Rayleigh scattering

I have a question that might just show my lack of understanding of the border/interaction of classical field theory and quantum effects (or might have a much more mundane answer). In a basic course ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Using couple channel plus imaginary potential as against only imaginary potential in nuclear reactions

In some situations coupled channel calculation incorporating inelastic scattering and imaginary potential produces results comparable to experiments for elastic scattering rather than using an ...
-3
votes
1answer
54 views

How possible is it that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) on its second try, could disrupt the gravity of Earth?

How possible is it that the Large Hadron Collider, on its second try, could disrupt the gravity of Earth?
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Quantum fluctuation

According to the quantum fluctuation concept, a particle and its corresponding antiparticle appear out of nothing only to annihilate and emit some energy in the form of electromagnetic waves. Does ...
3
votes
4answers
74 views

Can antiprotons make stable bounds with halogens?

Halogens are known for being highly electronegative. That means their electron dipole moment are high enough that they want to share other atoms electrons. I'm wondering If two Halogen atoms could ...
6
votes
2answers
80 views

Is there any chance we could eventually observe the supernova of the first (Population III) stars

In an answer to my previous question about the first stars it was stated they probably formed at Z=20 to Z=60 and may have had a mass between tens to 100s to 1000s of times the mass of the Sun. Given ...
0
votes
2answers
186 views

Derivation of (2.45) in Peskin and Schroeder

I'm having trouble understanding the step $$\left[\pi (\vec{x},t),\int d^{3}y ~(\frac{1}{2} \pi (\vec{y},t)^{2}+\frac{1}{2}\phi (\vec{y},t)(-\nabla^{2} +m^{2})\phi (\vec{y},t)) \right]$$ $$ =\int ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Isn't the Coulomb interaction a photon interaction between two charges?

Isn't the Coulomb interaction a photon interaction between two charges? if yes then what does the following text mean? (Many-particle Physics by Gerald D. Mahan.)
0
votes
0answers
10 views

If we rub glass particles with paper , will there be any charge induction in glass particles?

If we rub glass particles with paper , will there be any charge induction in glass particles ? I know if you rub with silk they do get charged, but i want to know specifically for glass and paper.
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How much will a round tube deflect under load? [on hold]

I'm trying to determine the materials I need to complete a hobby project, and I'm having trouble estimating how much flex a given steel tube would have under different configurations/loads. My setup ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Relativistic Kill Vehicle

What would happen if a significantly supra-molecular object (say ranking from grams to low kilotons) would be accelerated to relativistic speeds (>.10 c) such that its worldline would intersect with a ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Why is responsivity quoted as a figure of merit?

Lately I have been investigating the physics literature on proposed photosensitive electronic devices made of graphene. Often I see responsivity values quoted as if they suppossed to impress, and ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

How to compute volume flow rate of water being sucked up in a straw?

If I know the pressure on one side of the straw (atmospheric) and the pressure inside the mouth, can I compute the volume flow rate? This is first disregarding the transient rise and fall and only ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Parallel Universe Moving Backwards in time [duplicate]

We know that different parallel universes- if they truly exist - are governed by different sets of laws. But, Could there be a parallel universe that is moving back in time (?) - in different ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Confusion about the Kronecker delta symbol

I am not sure I understand what the short-hand anti-symmetrization means. I.e. I know that $$\delta_{cd}^{[ab]} ~=~ \frac{1}{2}(\delta_{c}^{a}\delta_{d}^{b} - \delta_{c}^{b}\delta_{d}^{a})$$ but how ...
8
votes
6answers
493 views

Newton's third law and punching a glass or a feather

According to Newton's third law, action force equals reaction force in terms of magnitude. When I punch a glass, the glass punches me back. If I exert a greater force on the glass, it will break. ...
-4
votes
7answers
1k views

Does Newton's third law apply to momentum or to forces?

I read all the previous answers concerning the 3rd law and I have seen that it is definitely not universal, (Edit: but conservation of momentum is. If it is not universal it should be not a problem to ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What does “downshear” mean?

I occasionally read descriptions such as "downshear of the vortex" in meteorological publications. What does this mean?
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Do virtual photons have a frequency?

Real photons do have frequencies, which is directly related to its energy. So, can virtual photons that take part in EM interactions have frequencies too? When my hand is pressed up against a glass ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

How do I calculate the most probable orbital an electron is in?

If I saw a snapshot in time of an electron near a proton (Hydrogen), then the electron can be in any orbital as long as it doesn't lie on a node of the wave function. So how would I determine which ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Spectral properties in Solid state physics

So assume we have a periodic 1d Schrödinger operator $$- f'' + V(x) f(x)= \lambda f(x)$$ and we want $V$ to be periodic. Now if we assume that we are on a finite interval and that we have periodic ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Can LIGO measure anything?

LIGO, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, is a large-scale physics experiment aiming to directly detect gravitational waves. The device measures the phase shift laser beams. If I ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

why the illumination in fluorescence microscope is cylinder shape?

I know that in fluorescence microscope, because the filament of the lamp is kind of cylinder shape, so in the Kohler Illumination setup, it has a image plane of the filament at the rear focal plan of ...
13
votes
1answer
976 views

A Christmas Story question!

since the Christmas season is here, I would like to ask a question about the movie, "A Christmas Story." In one of the subplots of the movie, Ralphie's friends were betting each other that their ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Origin of band Gap

I know that in the Kronig Penney model there are values of the energy $E$ for which solutions to the Schrodinger equation don't exist. I understand that these forbidden values of $E$ form the band ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Newton's Bucket

Newton's Bucket This thought experiment is originally due to Sir Isaac Newton. We have a sphere of water floating freely in an opaque box in intergalactic space, held together by surface tension and ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How does a non-diffracting beam form from a converging ring of illumination?

I am trying to intuitively understand the basics of the supplementary text of a recent publication from Eric Betzig's group on lattice light sheet microscopy (1). I am confused by the explanation of ...

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