3
votes
5answers
251 views

Does coordinate time have physical meaning?

I have always been a little confused by the meaning of the "$t$" which appears in spacetime intervals or metrics in general relativity. I concluded that $t$ was just a mathematical thing which allow ...
7
votes
1answer
164 views

Sound Propagation using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) considering wind effects

I am trying to plot the propagation of sound from a fixed source in a 2D environment using Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) Method taking into account the effects of the wind velocity. I came ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Best coordinate system for Projectile motion [on hold]

What is the best coordinate system for describing the projectile motion? Rectangular coordinate system or n-t(normal and tangential) coordinate system.
9
votes
3answers
2k views

How are physics and computer science getting united? [on hold]

How is theoretical computer science getting united with physics? Phenomena like Quantum Computing uses Quantum Mechanics to be able to compute things, how are computers helping not just to model our ...
-4
votes
2answers
31 views

Find the total current supplied to the circuit [on hold]

I tried but could not manage to find the correct equivalent resistance. Please tell the process. The answer is 3A
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What does “Standard Model” really refer to?

I am reading the arXiv published paper by Frank Wilczek called "Physics in 100 Years". Apparently, this paper is the printed form of a talk given at Brown University earlier this year (2015). Right ...
7
votes
2answers
70 views

What is the curve described by the water of a wet spinning tennis ball?

I'm looking at this picture from this site and I'm curious about what is the curve described by the water. The involutes $$x=r\left[\cos(\theta+n)+\theta\sin(\theta+n)\right]\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Ohmic Heating in Wires

please could someone tell me why Ohmic losses are always referred to as $I^2 R$ losses? Here is my problem. If the power coming from a power station is fixed then you can either deliver this power as ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Optical path difference

Hello, i have question about calculating optical path difference. $\Delta L = (BC+CD)*n2 - BF*n1$ - why calculating path difference here we are substracting $BF$ segment?
2
votes
3answers
181 views

What does $m^*>m_e$ imply? (the effective mass of electron is larger than its rest mass)

From what I understand, the concept of effective mass is just something people come up with to make electrons and holes obey the equation of motion $$ \vec{F}=m^* \vec{a} $$ without dealing with the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Example for System Given Hilbert Space

What are some concrete examples of physical systems such that their corresponding Hilbert space is given by $\mathbb{C}$? Also, what is the physical difference between a system whose corresponding ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

How does this youtube video demonstrate quantum entanglement? [on hold]

The following is an experiment that shows "spooky action at a distance" of quantum entanglement; that is, when we measure some properties of two entangled photons, we find that measuring property of ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

Dimension of vector resulting from tensorial product

I'm quoting what I found in a book about quantum computation: Individual state spaces of $n$ particles combine quantum mechanically through the tensor product. If $X$ and $Y$ are vectors, then ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Find the equivalent capacitance

On the plane capacitor below, the surface of the boards is $A$ and the distance between the boards is $d$, the dieletrics constants are $k_1$ and $k_2$. Find the capacitance of the capacitor in ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Why Does Moving a Cup of Coffee Up and Down whilst carrying it Make it less Likely to Spill?

Sometimes I have a Very Full Mug of Coffee and I am trying to carry it without it spilling. I noticed that if I moved the Mug up and down when carrying it, it seemed to settle the coffee and make it ...
3
votes
3answers
382 views

Feynman paths of FTL velocity have imaginary momentum?

In this Phys.SE answer it is discussed that Feynman path integrals sums amplitudes for all possible paths, including those that are not time-like. If you take the momentum-space path integrals, I ...
-2
votes
0answers
19 views

Is it possible that gravity is created by the empty space in all matter? [on hold]

Everything is made up of atoms, which are made up of 99% empty space. Thus, everything is made up of 99% empty space; furthermore everything has gravity. Given this, is it a plausible theory to ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Are magnetic hysteresis losses relevant to alternating currents flowing in a wire?

Say we have an AC in a magnetically lossy material, like iron. Because of iron's relatively high permeability, skin effect will be more pronounced than it is in say, copper, so this iron wire isn't so ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Reduction of Nambu Goto action to true degrees of freedom

First consider the particle $$S=m\int\sqrt{-\dot{X}^2}d\tau$$ if you choose the static gauge $\tau=X^0$ and replace it in the action you get $$=m\int\sqrt{1-\dot{X}^j\dot{X}^j}d\tau$$ So now, you ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Where does this relation between gamma, energy and mass come from?

I am doing a course that has used this relation a few times now: \begin{equation} \gamma = \frac{E}{mc^2} \end{equation} It makes sense physically, when $E = mc^2$ the particle is at rest and ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Find the molar specific heat for each gas [on hold]

A mixture of two ideal gases, the first one atomic and the second two atomic are put in normal conditions in a calorimeter with volume 1 liter hermetically closed. After it is given 10J thermal energy ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Find the time needed to warm the water to a temperature [on hold]

An electrical resistence has a power of 1 kW. It is put inside a container that has 10 liters water. The water is in temperature 20C with pressure 1 atm. Find the time to warm the water to the ...
2
votes
3answers
7k views

Rotating a stone with a string

Suppose we are given a stick and a stone tied to the stick by a string. Now if we rotate the stone around the stick the stone rises in height (see picture below). My question is which force accounts ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Where does the center of mass torque come from?

When calculating the torques about a pivot point, there is a torque that comes about if you aren't rotating about the center of mass- where does this torque physically come from? For instance, given a ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

Pipe in a flowing river problem

I'm working on a certain problem in fluid mechanics, which isn't really my strongest area. The problem is as follows: Curved pipe is partially submerged in a flowing river so that one end is pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Expression for the heat capacity of an ideal Bose gas

I've been desperately looking to solve this problem through various mathematical tricks but it seems that there's something that I'm missing here. Consider an ideal Bose gas. If one notes the ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

What about negative Pressure?

Here is something I see : Let's say the ideal fluid(water here) of density $\rho$ is drawn from a source by a motor and thrown upwards with a velocity $v$. Now we take the power of motor be ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

Inserting metal into parallel plate capacitor

The plates of an isolated parallel plate capacitor with a capacitance C carry a charge Q. The plate separation is d. Initially, the space between the plates contains only air. Then, an ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Charge inside conductor

I know that the $E$ field inside a conductor is zero. What happens if I put a source of charge inside the conductor? Say the conductor was spherical centered on the origin and there exists a charge ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Faraday's law - does the induced current's magnetic field affect the change in flux?

I've had this conceptual problem with Faraday's law and inductance for a while now. Take the example of a simple current loop with increasing area in a constant field (as in this answer). So ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Holding magnet near CRT monitor damages the screen?

Few days ago I tried keeping my magnet in front of my CRT monitor screen and it was showing some cool effects like showing so many different color but then when I removed it ,that blurr effect was ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is it possible to express continuous growth without using transcendental numbers? [on hold]

Continuous growth is typically expressed using some variant on $A = Pe^{rt}$, I understand where $e$ comes from in general, it is the amount something grows in a given time interval, when continuously ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

In general terms, what key elements are necessary for resonance to exist in a physical system?

I found a related question An Analogy for Resonance, and John Rennie gives a good explanation using description of the harmonic oscillator. But I'm really looking for an accurate and complete list of ...
-1
votes
1answer
25 views

Why air conditioner, dehumidifier, and heater all can lower the relative humidity?

I think so far I understand it this way: why is humidity in Asia 75%, and humidity in California 82%, but California feels dry, and Asia feels humid. It is because there is something called Dew ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Electron-Positron Annihilation: How is charge conserved at the verticies?

How is reaction possible? The verticies do not conserve charge. Also, why is the arrow for the positron pointing downwards when as time increases, the positron should move towards its vertex? Sorry, ...
0
votes
1answer
333 views

Compute convective heat transfer coefficient for a condensing steam

I have a question about convective heat transfer coefficients. I am trying to figure out how much steam I can condense in this specific heat exchanger. Steam at 9 MPa is condensed in a 1 shell pass, ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Decomposition of a tensor under transformations

To illustrate my question I'll take an example from theory of relativity: An arbitrary 4-tensor $A^{ik}$ changes under a general coordinate transformation: $$ A'^{ik} = C^{i}_mC^{k}_n A^{mn} $$ ...
3
votes
5answers
203 views

$F=ma$, so if acceleration is zero the force must also be zero?

I was just pushing a huge rock which I couldn't move at all. Given that the acceleration was zero as a result of my efforts, since $F=ma$, doesn't this mean that the force must also have been zero? ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Why does decay of correlations imply absence of order?

In a few articles I have read, a two-point correlation function $\langle g(x)g(y) \rangle$ is shown to decay with increasing distance of $x$ and $y$, and this is then taken to imply an absence of the ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

What is the fraction of the incident intensity passing through polarized sheets?

Unpolarized light is incident on a set of three polarizing sheets as shown in the figure at right. The polarizing directions of the sheets make angles 10°, 55° and 85° to the vertical. What fraction ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Extreme temperatures, relativity and kinetic theory

According to kinetic theory, average kinetic energy is proportional to temperature. Supposing $k_BT/2$ per particle, can we use relativity and kinetic theory to calculate, e.g., the temperature and ...
-2
votes
2answers
39 views

Finding the initial velocity of projectile [on hold]

What is the formula for calculating initial velocity of projectile using the conservation of energy given the mass, height, angle ?
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Are $Q1$ and $Q2$ attracted or repelled to the sphere shown in the figure below? [on hold]

Can you tell from the image below if Q1 and Q2 are attracted or repelled. Will Q2 only be attracted to the sphere if Q2 is enough bigger than Q1? Will the positive charge inside the shell attract ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Projectile, air resistance and wind

So for my school project I am working on a projectile simulator and air resistance. So I have looked at this. Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account? ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Soliton solution for a diffusive system [on hold]

With a simple model for bacterial diffusion, I get this partial derivative equation : $$\frac{\partial n}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial^2 n}{\partial x^2} + d_1 n -d_2 n^2$$ where $n(x,t)$ is the ...
7
votes
3answers
174 views

What is the exact meaning of homogeneity in cosmology?

I understand that, in general, homogeneity is the physical attribute of being uniform in composition (" of the same form at every point"), but I'm slightly confused when it is used in cosmology as ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Confusion about two forms of connection coefficients

I am new to GR. In one book I found that the connection coefficient expression is given by $$ \Gamma^\mu_{\nu\lambda} = -\frac{1}{2} g^{\mu\rho} (\partial_\nu g_{\lambda\rho} + \partial_\lambda ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How does humidity affect the path of a bullet?

Background Last night, I was reading the FM 23-10 (The U.S. army official field manual for sniper training), and I've noticed that they're potentially teaching snipers incorrect information. ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Graphene and relativistic dynamics

Is it possible to rewrite the Lorentz-transformations (for quantum particles) in terms of effective mass m* known from condensed matter physics? "From pencil lead to relativistic quantum physics" "A ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Travelling at a relative speed greater than the speed of light [duplicate]

I've wondered about this since I was a kid. I've been told the speed of light is a constant ($c$), which would mean that light always travels at the same velocity. Now, here's what interests me: if ...

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