4
votes
1answer
81 views

Engineering new particles

I am not a physicist, but I have a somewhat philosophical question regarding particle physics. In chemistry, and biology, there is a notion of synthesis, which has led to the creation of novel ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

solution of a problem using divergent series [on hold]

are there examples of a physical problem whose solution is a divergent series ? i know CASIMIR EFFECT but i was thinking on aphysical problem so when you find the solution to this problem the result ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Why does the Earth rotate on its axis?

I know that the earth moves around the sun because of the gravity force, because the spacetime around the sun is curved. But why does the earth rotate on its axis, and which parameters can affect ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Can a Storm make the day longer/shorter?

I've read that changes in jet streams can affect the speed that the Earth rotates on its axis, thus making the day longer or shorter?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

how to specify eigenfunctions(eigentensors) of Lichnerowicz operator?

Lichnerowicz operator is an operator which acts on transverse trace-free symmetric tensors. If this statement is correct, my question is that any transverse trace-free symmetric tensor is an ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to describe the motion of a box initially at rest on a table rotating with an increasing angular speed? [on hold]

Consider the following diagram. A box is on a table that can move circularly and the box is connected by a string attached to the fixed bearing. At $t=0$, the box is at rest, the string of length ...
11
votes
4answers
559 views

How Earth protected from the gamma rays generated by Sun?

Sun is generating energy by nuclear fusion. And nuclear fusion will emit energy in the form of gamma rays. Normally earth's ozone filtering the Ultraviolet radiation. And magnetic fields of earth ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Scintillator Length Calculations

This is sorta homeworkish, yet it still relates to my understanding of the physics behind it as well. Does anyone know how you determine t_98 (aka the length to contain 98% of the energy) for a ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Why the current decreases with increase in voltage in transmission lines? But according to Ohm's law current should increase with Voltage

Is the Ohm's law violated here? And also why is electricity generated at 11,000 V in India?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Bell's inequality

For a project, I'm planning to study Bell's inequality, which as far as I can gather is taken to rule out hidden variable theories of QM. I'm looking for recommendations of decent sources which derive ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

How Should I Think About the Dirac Equation?

In Weinberg's QFT Vol. 1 he says the Dirac equation is not a true generalization of Schrodinger's equation, that it does not stand up to inspection when viewed in this light. He says it should be ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Doesn't the second postulate of special relativity imply the existence of “luminiferous ether”? [on hold]

Einstein expressed his Second Postulate in On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies as: light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity $c$ which is independent of the state of ...
4
votes
2answers
455 views

Can a box on a frictionless rotating table rotate?

I am trying to digest the following problem. Suppose a block of mass $m$ lying on a horizontal, frictionless turntable is connected to a string attached to the center of the turntable, as ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Diffraction to be explained without Huygens principle

Can we explain diffraction without using Huygens principle?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Teeter Todder force of uplift [on hold]

What is the force of a 200lb man jumping from a three foot high elevation onto a four foot long teeter-todder with a four inch pivot point with a one hundred and thirty pound ma on the opposite ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Draw a Schematic Diagram of Ammeter Connected in Parallel to explain difference between the diagram of a parallel and series connection

I know that voltmeters are commonly in parallel and ammeters are commonly in series. I believe that the voltmeters in diagrams 2 are actually in series. How am I wrong? In Diagram 4, I don't ...
-2
votes
0answers
10 views

Electrostatics and Current Electricity [on hold]

A ball of mass 9 × 10^-5 kgs carries a charge of 5 micro coulombs. What must be the charge in another ball placed directly 2cm above the given ball such that they are held in equilibrium.
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Building blocks of particles in different theories

If I understand it correctly, in most theories in physics we exploit the notion of point, i.e. we have e.g. point-like particles. In string theory, we don't have points, but a notion of string. What ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Self-replication of gravitons in string theory [on hold]

How does the self-replication of gravitons work? Edit: Red Act says that prof. Luboš Motl could have meant self-interaction and not self-replication.
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Relation between size of obstacle, wavelength and diffraction

"If the boundary is merely an obstacle implanted within the medium, and if the dimensions of the obstacle are smaller than the wavelength of the wave, then there will be very noticeable diffraction of ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How does EM radition depend on the reference frame?

In special relativity, magnetism is electrostatics in a different reference frame. This is how we explain the magnetic field being produced by moving charges (aka currents). Charges that move produce ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Looking for a reference of integral involving product of four spherical harmonics [migrated]

We know $$\int d \Omega Y_{l_1m_1}(\theta,\phi) Y_{l_2 m_2}(\theta,\phi) Y_{l_3 m_3 } (\theta,\phi) = \sqrt{ \frac{ (2l_1 + 1)(2 l_2+1)(2l_3+1)}{4\pi} } \pmatrix{ l_1 l_2 l_3 \\ m_1 m_2 m_3 } ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Direction of Induced Electric Field in a coaxial cable?

I was working through Griffith's book when I came across this problem: An alternating current, of the form $I(t) = I_0cos(\omega t) $ flows down a long straight wire, and returns (loops back) along a ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Here is a question I am trying to solve. Sorry for the highlighting, it is not relevant [on hold]

Thermodynamics initial pression,= 5 bar final pression= 2 bar The steam expand adiabatically PV^(1.120)=C providen initial volume= 3.64x10^(-4metres cubes) diameter piston= 50 mm= 0.05 m a) ...
2
votes
3answers
618 views

While finding escape velocity, does human mass counts as the mass of Earth?

Escape velocity depends upon the mass of earth. my doubt is whether human mass adds into it or not? If it add then Earth's escape velocity would be increasing!
0
votes
1answer
41 views

What would be the dynamics of a double-planet system, similar to Earth / Moon, but with both bodies nearly Earth-sized?

Researching a sci-fi story involving a "twin-planet" system. Is such an arrangement (however unlikely) physically possible? And if so, must they be tidally locked with each other, similar to the Moon, ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Motion in a straight Line [on hold]

A stone is projected from a height of 300m and at same time another stone is projected vertically upwards with a velocity of 100m/s Find when and where the two stones meet
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Which wavelength of light can reflect easiest on any material?

What I know is, when wave has long wavelength it tend to penetrate matter. While a short wavelength tend to be absorbed So what is the medium value of wavelength has most probability to reflect? And ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How to learn the scientific method for the “hard” sciences as an autodidact? [on hold]

The science section personnel at a massive London bookshop did not have or know of any book to learn the scientific method as it applies to the hard sciences (there were plenty on qualitative ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

A bullet is fired horizontally from the top of a building, and at the same instant a second bullet [on hold]

A bullet is fired horizontally from the top of a building, and at the same instant a second bullet is dropped from the same height. Ignore air resistance. Which bullet hits the ground first?
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Can anyone tell me what's this equation?

Can anyone tell me what's this equation?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Calculating entropy (heat exchange) [on hold]

This is a homework question. Suppose 30 gram of metal gallium melts at 36°C. The melting temperature is 29.9 °C and specific heat of fusion is 80.3 kJ/kg. Is the total change of entropy simply ΔS = ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Poisson brackets for constrained system

Let's have some Hamiltonian which involves the set of first class constraints $\varphi$ and set of constraints $\kappa $, which play role of canonical conjugated momentums for $\varphi$,. They're ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Calculating Boltzmann constant using semiconductor

My task from the latest laboratory exercise in physics is to calculate Boltzmann constant from known temperature, current and voltage. We were given this circuit: By changing the resistor value, I ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Potential energy given to an electron in a time-varying electric field

Given a general electric field $\epsilon(t) $ directed in the z direction, how would we calculate the potential energy given to an electron as a result of this field?
3
votes
0answers
48 views

How do I treat the Lagrangian in the case of a rigid body?

Here's Exercise 1.11 from Goldstein's Classical Mechanics 3rd edition (the first one after having derived the Lagrangian basically): Exercise 1.11: Consider a uniform thin disk that rolls without ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What happens when I reverse an electrical generator?

I am trying to find out whether I could run a generator in reverse as well as forward. It will be a wind generator converted to run from a different power source. This is a new invention to which I ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Show the equivalence of two electrostatic energy

$$U = \frac{1}{2}\iint_{all space}^{ } \frac{\rho(1)\rho(2)}{4\pi\epsilon_{0}r_{12}}dV_{1}dV_{2} $$ and $$U = \frac{\epsilon_{0}}{2}\int_{allspace}^{ } \vec{E} \cdot \vec{E} dV.$$ In the left ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

In SUSY, why do fermions and gauge bosons in the same multiplet both transform in the adjoint representation of the gauge group?

I'm trying to understand a certain point about supersymmetry. We are dealing with a N=1 (i.e, one supersymmetric flavour), massless, four dimensional theory. Then the vector multiplet consists of a ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

In the analogy of turning car wheels related to bending of light while entering glass through air, does that imply that two photons are “connected”?

There's a famous analogy that explains the bending of light when it enters glass from air. But doesn't that imply that two photons, represented by the adjacent wheels of the car, are connected by ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Reality of “electrical explosion”

I have often heard people who have been electrocuted refer to the "explosion" and how they were "thrown back" by the "blast". Sometimes the force of the blast is reported to throw people many metres. ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Why does “closing speed” $>c$ not violate relativity's second postulate? [on hold]

Why does closing speed $>c$ of a particle and photon or photon and photon not violate relativity's second postulate? Einstein expressed his Second Postulate in On the Electrodynamics of ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What would be the best way to explain color confinement in quarks? [duplicate]

To someone who is not so experienced in advanced physics, how do you explain or teach them why something as complex as color confinement prevents us from being able to see or prove that there are any ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Why the emf of a battery doesn't depend on distance between the two electrodes?

I have read that resistance of a conductor is directly proportional to its length...So ,the emf of a conductor(electrolyte of battery) should increase with increase in length/distance between the ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

How do I determine the best fluid dynamics jet-nozzle design [on hold]

I understand the difference between an orifice and a nozzle in fluid dynamics, but what determines the optimum performance for a jet and what is the relationship between jet diameter and jet length?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Why Nitrides have internal polarization?

Why GaN has internal polarization? I know that in wurtzite crystal structure, the atomistic bonds are not equivalent and as a result there appears a net dipole and consequently a polarization. But ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Applicability of Fano resonance

I know that Fano resonance$^{1,2}$ can be applied for the interaction between a discrete excited state, $|\phi_0\rangle$, and a continuum of excited states, $|\phi_E\rangle$. These are related to ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Newton's 3rd Law and Equilibrium [duplicate]

What is the difference between Newton Third Law and equilibrium?
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Newtons Third Law [duplicate]

In Newtons Third Law, it states that for every action, there is an equal but opposite reaction. So that means tat for every action, there will be a reaction to cancel it out. So if that is the case ...
3
votes
3answers
116 views
+50

Why does a conservative force return the work done against it by a body to that body?

Let a body move and a conservative force oppose its motion. Therefore, by Newton's third law of motion, the body will also exert reactive force on the conservative force which eventually will cause ...

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