0
votes
0answers
20 views

What's the difference between particle's helicity, spinor's helicity and chirality?

What's the difference between particle's helicity, spinor's helicity and chirality ? I read a saying that right-handed spinor correspond to the left-handed positron, right-handed spinor correspond to ...
0
votes
3answers
51 views

Help getting my head around frames of reference in special relativity

OK, so my textbook says that in time dilation and length contraction, the proper time and the proper length is "That which is in the frame of reference of the observer at rest relative to the event". ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How do I overlap this two-particle symmetric wavefunction?

Suppose we have a symmetric wavefunction that composed of a two-particle system: $$ \psi_s = \frac{1}{\sqrt 2} \left(|u,A\rangle|v,B\rangle + |v,A\rangle|u,B\rangle\right)$$ where $u_{(x)}$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is a “charged order parameter”?

In condensed matter physics, especially in the context of superconductors, if an author uses the phrase "charged order parameter", what does it refer to? Since the superconductor has a close relation ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Unbroken Supersymmetry and the higgs mass

Supersymmetry should cancel the radiative corrections to the Higgs mass and solve the hierarchy problem. If Supersymmetry would be unbroken, would the higgs mass be 0?
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Is the molecule of hot water heavier than that of cold water?

We know that the molecule of hot water($H_2O$) has more energy than that of cold water (temperature = energy) and according to Einstein relation $E=mc^2$ ,this extra energy of the hot molecule has a ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How do I get around the fact that boundary conditions don't apply in the equation's region of validity?

A tight string lies along the positive x-axis when unperturbed. Its displacement from the x-axis is denoted by $y(x, t)$. It is attached to a boundary at $x = 0$. The condition at the boundary is ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Why the generators of boosts transform like a vector under rotation?

$$\left[J_i,J_j \right]=i\epsilon_{ijk}J_k$$ $$\left[J_i,M_j \right]=i\epsilon_{ijk}M_k$$ $$\left[M_i,M_j \right]=-i\epsilon_{ijk}J_k$$ where $J_i$ is the generator of rotation of Lorentz group, $M_i$ ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Effect of CO2 on the environment, besides greenhouse effect and ocean acidification [on hold]

What effects does the raising level of CO2 in the atmosphere have, besides being a greenhouse gas and responsible for the increased acidity of the oceans? What other environmental damages does it ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

Eigenstate of field operator in QFT

Why don't people discuss the eigenstate of the field operator? For example, the real scalar field the field operator is Hermitian, so its eigenstate is an observable quantity.
2
votes
3answers
176 views

Can a wave possess spin?

Since a matter wave is associated with a particle in quantum mechanics, does the wave spins? I mean, can we visualize the spinning of wave or is it possible that the wave spins?
1
vote
0answers
27 views

'hypersurface orthogonal' component of covariant derivative of normal vector

I believe that answer to my question is rather trivial but I can't seem to get my head around it. In context of ADM formulation of gravity (or any other differential geometry context, I guess) the ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Calculate analytically the time until two spheres meet due to gravitation [duplicate]

Imagine you have two homogeneous spheres with the same diameter of $d=0.1 m$. They have the same mass $m = 1 kg$. The distance between the centers of mass is $r= 1 m$. Their electrical charge shall be ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Stern Gerlach Experiment

Since l=0 for a valence electron in 5s state of silver, L=0 and therefore magnetic dipole moment is also 0 which means that the beam should not have deflected at all. So, we introduced the property of ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Truss Analysis with multiple moments creates linear combinations

So in my engineering statics course we have been doing a great deal of work with trusses and machines, and a part of the physics behind it has really been confusing me. Just as a note, I also have ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Numerical Tools to find Braiding Statistics of Quasiparticles

While certain classes of systems that exhibit topological order can be solved exactly (such as the Toric Code, Abelian FQH Edges, etc.) there also exist systems (think of perturbed versions of the ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Characteristic polynomial of a Matrix

In fact, this problem is more likely to be a math problem. When I read a paper(http://arxiv.org/abs/0707.2875), the author includes the characteristic polynomial for a type of matrix $A_k$ with ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Calculate energy from vacuum electromagnetic-field action

I'm reading Rubakov's "Classical Theory of Gauge Fields", and I'm having a little bit of trouble with problem 7, p 15: Using an expression of the type $E = \int d^{3} x \frac{\delta L}{\delta ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

An electron in $s$ state

If an electron is in $s$ state, for example in 1s state for Hydrogen or 5s state for Silver atom, $\ell=0$. So,its total angular momentum $L$ is also equal to 0. So, what is electron actually doing in ...
8
votes
1answer
75 views

What precisely does the 2nd law of thermo state, considering that entropy depends on how we define macrostate?

Boltzmann's definition of entropy is $\sigma = \log \Omega$, where $\Omega$ is the number of microstates consistent with a given macrostate. If I understand correctly, this means that it only makes ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What is angular speed after 2nd collision? speed of block? time? [on hold]

Question with graph: For a) I got that the mass for rod must equal to block for the block to stop immediately after the collision (perfect velocity transfer) so the initial speed for rod after ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Is the moment of a force the same about any point?

I know that when a body is is equilibrium There is zero resultant force in any direction, i.e. the sum of all the components of all the forces in any direction is zero The sum of the moments about ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Electrons Orbiting Sphere Magnet in Crooke's Tube

Were I to assemble a Crooke's Tube and insert a spherical magnet, with the poles of the magnet perpendicular to the electron stream, would the electrons begin to orbit the poles of the magnet as in ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Height and pressure in atmosphere [on hold]

Assuming an atmosphere will obey the hydrostatic equation dP/dz = -pg and the ideal gas law P = (p/uM)kT where M is the mass of a hydrogen atom, u is the mean molecular weight of the atmosphere, p is ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Has this boundary condition been used in fluid flow?

I would like to know whether anyone has seen a boundary condition used in a fluid flow problem, of the following type. Suppose viscous incompressible fluid is to the left of a plane $x_1=a$, so the ...
-4
votes
0answers
29 views

Electromagnetic induction problems [on hold]

1 What will happen to the illumination of the lamp (increase/decrease/remains constant) when decreasing the resistance R. 2 In the given figure a long wire is carrying a current of 5A, what is the ...
-4
votes
0answers
18 views

Electric current problems [on hold]

1 Calculate the equivalent resistance Ans: 8/3 Ω 2 Calculate the equivalent resistance Ans: 5Ω I've posted the answers for these problems to prove that this isn't some sort of homework,all i ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Powered Aquarium Siphon [on hold]

I have an idea for a simple aquarium fill/drain construct made of PVC. Here is a basic diagram of my idea. When it is filling the fill valve, which is attached to a kitchen sink, is open and the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Classical Scattering of Slow Neutrons by a Diatomic Molecule [on hold]

Consider an experiment in which slow neutrons of momentum $\hbar k$ are scattered by a diatomic molecule; suppose that the molecule is aligned along the $y$ axis with one atom at $y=-b$ and the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Calculating kWh from time series of kW

I have a time series of kW where each sample is measured at regular intervals (10 seconds). Could anyone explain to me how could I calculate the total power consumed (kWh) over an hour? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Why the crest of water absorb more light than the trough of water?

I have done my experiment using water ripple to study the behavior of waves. I know that the crest will absorb more light than the trough so that the image created on the white paper sheet appeared to ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Relationship between the fall time and projected area

I am investigating the relationship between the fall time of a paper tray and its projected area. In this investigation I have been using the following variables: Controlled Variable: The air ...
-3
votes
0answers
32 views

Quantization of linear momentum in 'particle in a box' problem [on hold]

I am new in Quantum Mechanics. I am 2nd year UG (Physics Major). I had few conceptions to clear.. I was going through particle in a box problem ...So while deriving that we used the time independent ...
8
votes
2answers
104 views

Why do clouds fly? [duplicate]

I know it's probably the most stupid question there is, but why do they fly are the clouds lighter than air? What's keeping those tiny ice structures floating miles about the ground? I've been looking ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

What is meant by incompressible flow?

What is meant by incompressible flow? The density of the fluid is a constant, $\rho = constant$ The density of a fluid has a spatial dependence but remains constant in time, $\rho = ...
2
votes
3answers
71 views

Probability distribution in phase space and Liouville's theorem?

We can define a probability distribution over phase space (say 1D) $\rho(x,p)$ such that, for example, $$\langle x\rangle = \int x \rho(x,p) dxdp$$ etc. It can be shown here that such a distribution ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Who was the R. Dolen behind Dolen-Horn-Schmid duality? [on hold]

Can you provide biographical information for R. Dolen, known for Dolen-Horn-Schmid duality?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Why isn't the $\lvert\phi(x)=0\rangle$ Fock eigenstate the vacuum state?

If, in a QFT of a scalar field $\phi$, a Fock space $n$-particle position eigenstate $\lvert x_1\cdots x_n\rangle $ is given by $$ \lvert x_1\cdots x_n\rangle ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Show the Lie algebra is the same for $SU(2) \times SU(2)$ and Lorentz group

So I know: $$[\sigma_{I},\sigma{j}] = 2i \epsilon_{ijk} \sigma_{k}$$ So two products of this should give us the Lorentz group: $SO(4) = SU(2) \times SU(2)$ Where $SO(4)$ has 3 Lie algebra which can ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What is clock or phase adjustment in projectors? Why its proper setting eliminates strange behaviour of 1px lines/ [on hold]

I'm doing experiments that require using a big, thin, contrast grid, for example 1 black pixel and then 1 white pixel alternately. I've met with a few DLP projectors and in each of them I had to ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

what will happen when you attached your hand to a two 220 volt wire of their phase defference by 120 degree? [on hold]

What will happen when you attached your hand to a two 220volt wire with their phase difference by 120 degree?
-2
votes
0answers
156 views

Is this picture of the universe valid? [on hold]

Universe as a whole has zero entropy. Since entropy does not grow, the universe has no time arrow. It does not change over time, at best it only fluctuates. Since following Holographic principle the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

First Order Time Depenent Perturbation theory of particle in magnetic field

So I am dealing with the following hamiltonian, and the following perturbation: $$H=-\mu B_0\sigma_z$$ $$V=\mu B_1(\cos(\omega t)\hat x-\sin(\omega t)\hat y)\cdot{\bf \sigma}$$ I am asked for the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

What is the Electric field of an infinite line charge while on the same axis [on hold]

Consider a line of charge (w/ charge per unit length lambda(L)) which extends along the x-axis from $x = -\infty$ to $x = 0$. (a) Find the electric field at any point along the positive x-axis (b) ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Spin connection in higher dimension

I have a problem regarding computation of spin connection in the case where One or more dimension is compactified. For example if we take a $D+1$ dimensional bosonic string action and write the $D+1$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

What happens to an Electron when its charge is transferred elsewhere [on hold]

I am vastly uneducated in the areas of physics and chemistry. I am aware that electrons do have a mass, and that they carry a charge. I think that when an electron gains energy it becomes excited and ...
0
votes
3answers
56 views

Why don't the kinematic equations agree with calculating velocity one second at a time?

A car is moving at a velocity of $10 \, \text{m}/\text{s}$. After point $A$ no acceleration is provided. By simple measurement, the acceleration is found to be $-1 \, \text{m}/\text{s}^2$. Using ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Sum of forces with liquid in rotation

It's not homework (I'm teacher). I would like to compute sum of forces on this study : The shape is symmetrical like that I'm sure the center of gravity is in the center of the shape. I compute ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Distance travelled given velocity at various moments of time [on hold]

I am trying to solve a problem where I need to find the distance travelled at the end of the nth second and my input data contains only velocities at different time instances. Say for instance I ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

A graphical proof that the $SU(2)/\mathbb{Z}_2$ vortex is non-orientable

The text, see [1], compares the vortex solutions of a spontaneously broken symmetry $U(1) \rightarrow 1$ and $SU(2)\rightarrow U(1) \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_2$. The vortices can be classified by ...

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