-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Imagine I'm on a spacecraft that was accelerated to 1.0$c$ could I only move backwards? [duplicate]

Imagine I'm in a sapcecraft1 that is moving with 1.0$c$ or at least is so close to that speed that a few miles per hour would just be left to reach $c$. So when I'm traveling now in the direction ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Building a solid foundation for Quantum Information [on hold]

For the student with a keen interest in Quantum Information, what would be a sound course/set of prerequisites(possibly along with a few good resources) in Math, Physics, Computer Science, Electronics ...
5
votes
2answers
56 views

How much mass must Earth lose to lose its Moon?

Maybe I am wrong about the basic concept here, but for my curiosity: how much mass would need to leave the Earth (like satellites and rockets) to create an imbalance between the Earth and Moon so that ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

What is the cause of the minor mass difference between the proton and the neutron?

As known, the proton is from two up and a single down quark, while the neutron is from a single up and two down quarks. The down quark is a little bit more massive and the up, and so the neutron is ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

What exactly were the “asymmetries which do not appear to be inherent in the phenomena” in Einstein's 1905 SR paper?

The first ¶ of Einstein's "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" says (my emphases): It is known that Maxwell's electrodynamics—as usually understood at the present time—when applied to moving ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Spin half particle Magnetic field oriented along y-axis

I've been looking over past papers for an upcoming QM exam and have had a few issues wrapping my head around this question. I can follow the common example as seen in Griffiths where the field is ...
6
votes
2answers
145 views

Why hermitian, after all? [duplicate]

This question is going to look a lot like a duplicate, but I've read dozens of related posts and they don't touch the subject. Here we go. Why are observables represented by hermitian operators? ...
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

Luminiferous æther = quantum's “vacuum”? [on hold]

How is the luminiferous ether, which relativity theory disregarded, different from and similar to what in quantum mechanics is called "the vacuum"?
3
votes
2answers
23 views

Force applies to sphere not on center of mass?

Is this true: When force is applied to a sphere NOT on center of mass (COM) then the sphere will move the same way as when force is ON center of mass, because the sphere is symmetric in every ...
-3
votes
1answer
38 views

Who will feel more pain when jumping from a height, a tall man or a short man?

Whether the impact on a tall man is greater than a short man when he jumps from a height?
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Does QFT modifies Quantum Mechanics? [duplicate]

The basis of Quantum Mechanics is contained in the postulates which tell us how to describe quantum systems (below I disconsider possibly degenerate spectra just for simplicity): To describe a ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

How does an hydraulic ram pump work?

Hydraulic ram (wikipedia)(youtube) uses the water hammer (wikipedia) to pump water. Please help me understand how it works. I understand that the check valve catches the pressure from the water ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Distortion of interference pattern at LIGO

Does the vibration due to the earthquakes distort the interference pattern of LIGO's interferometer?
4
votes
1answer
48 views

How to define the distance between two points in a conformal transformed space?

Consider a particular conformal transformation $x^\mu\rightarrow x'^\mu$, and the metric of a flat space transforms in the following way, $$\eta_{\mu\nu}\rightarrow g'_{\mu\nu}=\Lambda^2(x)\eta_{\mu\...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Derivation of differential governing equation of Hartnell governor? [on hold]

I tried to derive the differential governing equation using energy conservative method and newton's second law, but I came up with very large and complex equations, even with assumption of small angle ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What does coherent superposition mean?

There is only one coherent state: $$|\alpha\rangle=e^{-\frac{|\alpha|^2}{2}}\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{\alpha^n}{\sqrt{n!}}|n\rangle $$ Also, a pure state does not mean a coherent state. But when does ...
-2
votes
3answers
57 views

What is acceleration of A and how to approach such accelerating pulley problem [on hold]

As shown in figure A and B are free to move pulley and rope are mass less, there is no friction at all between any two. Now my question is because of tension in rope, A will move left but how will B ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Spin structure for SOC spin-1/2 system

It is well known that we have a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ extension of any symmetry group acting on a half-integer spin fermion system. Now if we also have spin-orbit coupling, what is the spin structure that we ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Interpreting conical intersection in quantum adiabatic evolution

Recently, I have studied a particular quantum adiabatic algorithm. When I plot the eigenvalues of the ground and first excited state against normalized time $s$, there appears a conical intersection. ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Analytical calculation for focus deviation

How can I analytically calculate the deviation in focus or focal length variation in a situation as shown in figure. When the Sensor is parallel to the face of the lens/ light; its easy to calculate. ...
-3
votes
0answers
19 views

Electric circuit [on hold]

The galvanometer reads 1A full scale means a current of Ig= 1A produces a full scale deflection of the galvanometer needle. The needle deflection is proportional to the current Ig. If you want the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

How can a sinusoid be a steady current? [duplicate]

As far as I understand it, a steady/stationary/constant current is defined to have $dJ/dt=0$ (i.e., no explicit time dependence). So I would say that sinusoids cannot produce steady currents, yet ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Why in plasma physics usually is given the refractive index of electrons but not for ions?

What is the refraction index of ions in plasma ? And why people do not discuss it in books ? Is it that it is not important for plasma phenomena ?
0
votes
2answers
40 views

In quantum double slit experiment what is the state vector or density matrix of the electron after the electron passes through the two slits?

Also I would like to confirm my thinking on quantum double slit experiment. Before it passes through the two slits (slit 1 and slit 2), is the electron state vector $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\left|...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Macroscopic quantum coherence in classical electromagnetic field [duplicate]

In quantum coherence wikipedia article "Regarding the occurrence of quantum coherence at a macroscopic level, it is interesting to note that the classical electromagnetic field exhibits macroscopic ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

At what rate does a wet clothing decrease the temperature of a human body?

The question is required for my project, but it is frankly too hard for me... The variables that I consider are: Human Body: 36.5(C) Air: 20(C) Sunlight Intensity: 1,368(W/m^2) Wind Speed: 20(km/hr) (...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

State vector after quantum eraser

Suppose I have a particle in a two-slit setup. At the slits, it's in state $|\psi\rangle = |x_1\rangle + |x_2\rangle$ I entangle it with some detector: $|\psi'\rangle = |x_1\rangle|d_1\rangle + |...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why Does the Dirac delta Function Fix the Normalization of the Basis Vectors in Infinite Dimensions? [duplicate]

On page 60 of Shankar's intro to QM at the very bottom he says that the Dirac delta function fixes the normalization of the basis vectors with an infinite amount of dimensions. I don't understand why ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do many people link entropy to chaos?

I understand that, in thermodynamics, entropy has a precise definition (the infinitesimal change of entropy being the infinitesimal heat transfer divided by the temperature), and that in statistical ...
4
votes
3answers
120 views

Why do we hear better during the night? [duplicate]

At night, we hear weak and far sounds approximately clear, while during the day we cannot. My high school physics teacher was saying that “this is because of interference of sound waves. During the ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Is the top of an iceberg floating above the waterlevel equal to the expanding of the whole iceberg?

When water freezes it expands and is getting less dense. But is this expansion of the total iceberg equal to the top of an iceberg floating just above sealevel?
-2
votes
0answers
27 views

The Largest Air Burst on Earth [on hold]

On June 30, 1908, the remote Siberian region of Tunguska made headline news when an explosion knocked down 80 million trees in an area of only 770 square miles. The mystery was that there was no ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Bohr frequency of an expectation value?

Consider a two-state system with a Hamiltonian defined as \begin{bmatrix} E_1 &0 \\ 0 & E_2 \end{bmatrix} Another observable, $A$, is given (in the same basis) by \begin{bmatrix} 0 &a \...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Zeeman effect - eigenstates and its degeneracy - with and without magnetic field

Consider a hydrogen atom in a homogeneous magnetic field $\vec{B}=B\vec{e_z}$. Using the coulomb gauge ($\nabla \vec{A}=0$) we can take $\vec{A}=\frac{1}{2}\vec{B}\times \vec{r}$ as a vector potential....
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How much realistically usable energy can be obtained from matter/antimatter interaction?

The high energy density of a matter/antimatter system is well known. However, depending on the nature of the material, most of the energy from the interaction is released in the form of photons (...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Out-of-plane electronic band structure for 2D materials?

There's been much recent interest in 2D materials since they can form monolayer-thick films. Since their crystal structure is periodic along the in-plane directions, the electronic band structure ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Non-diagonalisable system of ODE from structural mechanics

Consider a basic mechanical system driven by the second order ODEs $$ \mathbf{M\ddot{x}+D\dot{x}+Kx=0}$$ where the mass matrix $\mathbf M$ is positive definite; no specific assumptions other than ...
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Why must $v$ be $< c$ in the Lorentz transformations? Do these equations not apply to light? [duplicate]

I was trying to understand how things look from the perspective of light. Looking at the Lorentz transformations, it seems that the universe would contract along the direction of movement into a plane,...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Earthing, neutral and Earth's conductivity

Ok so this is gonna be a lot of mini-questions. What exactly is the neutral wire? How does earth conduct electricity for a live AC mains even though its just dirt and stones (it should be an ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Is this watering with gravity concept possible with physics?

I was thinking of putting together a auto watering scheme for my plants. Main objective is to just have one place to fill water, and it will disperse to several cups equally. I might have the physics ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is it possible in this Universe to communicate a bit of information with energy that scales sub-linearly with distance?

If we look at all the ways that people do communicate information, they all seem to have a cost "at least linear in distance." For example, communicating over a wire has attenutation, so the energy ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Why don't air cool over time?

Say you have a balloon full of a type of gas, it is completely isolate from everything else. Let the temperature of the gas be 20 degrees (or any temperature, it doesn't matter) Now, the ballon is ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Which is better conductor silicon or germanium and why and also which has more band gap and why and what affects the band gap in material?

want to know on what factors energy band gap depends upon.as per me it is due to electron-proton attractive forces but according to this germanium should have higher gap than silicon but germanium has ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Solid state physics: When do I use classical laws?

Let's say I am given the dispersion relation for nearly-free electrons: $$ E(k) = \frac{\hbar^2}{2m}(k^2+c\,k^4)$$ Where $c$ is a small constant of appropiate dimension. How do I calculate the ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Does QED have engineering applications?

QED is certainly important for understanding the physical World; I'm wondering though, does it has any practical, engineering applications? For example, is it sufficient for development of lasers to ...

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