1
vote
1answer
154 views

How to calculate the photoelectric effect with photon efficiency?

I am not sure exactly where to go with this problem. The problem states: "A $1.3 \, \mathrm{mW}$ laser ($\lambda = 545 \, \mathrm{nm}$) shines on a cesium photocathode ($\phi = 1.95 \, \mathrm{eV}$). ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Will 1 gram of matter moving at relativistic speeds completely annihilate a larger quantity of stationary antimatter?

This is a question about the relativistic mass concept which I am having trouble understanding, mainly because of the scenario below. Simple scenario: Suppose 1 gram of matter is accelerated to 99% ...
2
votes
3answers
830 views

How can I find the potential created by spherical capacitor with dielectric material?

If we have a spherical capacitor with inner radius or r1 and outer radius of r2, with charges (+/-)q on them and there is a dielectric material (with constant e) in between them with. What kind of a ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Force responsible for increasing a spiraling object's tangential velocity

Suppose we have a small mass attached to a string that has been fed through a hole in the friction-less table on which the mass is rotating. Pulling the string downwards thus decreases the radius of ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Bar magnet dropped through coil

If you have drop a bar magnet through a coil so that it goes all the way through I was told the graph of emf induced in the coil vs time looks something like this: (emf induced is on y axis, time ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What's the status of Cosmic Inflation after the BICEP2 debacle?

I've read that the gravitational waves supposedly discovered by the BICEP2 observatory last year (and touted as evidence for cosmic inflation) weren't actually gravitational waves, but some sort of ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Do these symmetrical looking B field problems have the obvious answer?

I am struggling with two questions whose answers both appear to be trivially zero by symmetry arguments, when I was expecting more derivation to be required. Problem A), An infinitely long wire ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Do the electric and magnetic components of an electromagnetic wave really generate each other?

Frequently when EM waves are taught, it is said that the change in electric field causes a change in the magnetic field, which then causes a change in the electric field, and so on and so forth. But ...
3
votes
5answers
258 views

Two clocks along different worldlines

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What happens when an anti-proton and an electron collide with each other?

The vice versa case is also of interest (proton and positron). Are both processes actually symmetrical?
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Conducting rod moving through magnetic field

If a conducting rod moves through a magnetic field which way do its electrons move? In my revision guide it shows the following picture (more or less, but the following is my drawing of it -- I ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Making sense out of covariance and contravariance

I just read about co- and contravariant vectors and I am not sure that I got it right: If we imagine that we have a n-dimensional manifold $M$ then a tangent space is spanned by the vectors ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Locomotion of deformable bodies at low Reynolds number

I've been studying some approaches with gauge theory to some problems in Mechanics and I've found the problem of self propulsion at low Reynolds number a quite complicated one. The approach I'm asking ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Speed of light and perception

So I'm reading a book called "The Elegant Universe" and here is a part of it Imagine two countries that have been at war are sitting down to sign a treaty ending hostilities while traveling aboard a ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Why does one call $B$ the magnetic induction?

When one studies electrostatics we have the electric field $\mathbf{E}$. This object usually is introduced as a field produced by a configuration of charges such that the force on another charge $Q$ ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

Does space between objects contract?

I had a question, let us assume a coordinate system where there is 2 objects moving at relativistic speeds (at same velocity) for the observer therefore the observer will observe the length ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Is graphene on a sticky tape strong enough to compete with my hand stretching it?

As we know we can make graphene using sticky tape so after we make graphene on a sticky tape will that thin sheet of graphene on a sticky tape be strong enough to compete with my hand trying to ...
9
votes
1answer
227 views

How can a planet gravitationally capture objects?

I would expect that any asteroid or other object originating far away but passing near a planet would pick up speed and energy as it approaches, but unless it comes into contact with the atmosphere ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Dark energy and exotic states of space-time

So far as I know attempts to detect new particle that responsible for the nature of dark matter/energy are not successful. And there are reasonable explanation for this, like energy levels we can get ...
54
votes
10answers
5k views

Quantum Entanglement - What's the big deal?

Bearing in mind I am a layman - with no background in physics - please could someone explain what the "big deal" is with quantum entanglement? I used to think I understood it - that 2 particles, say ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Faraday and Lenz's laws

in my revision guide it gives the equation for Faraday's law as $$\text{induced emf} = N\frac{\Delta \phi}{\Delta t}$$ while the one for Lenz's law is given $$\text{induced ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Navigating a Time Machine

Notes: The background for this question is working out details of a sci-fi story. Answers to the effect of "time travel isn't possible" or "FTL isn't possible" are therefore not helpful. I'm looking ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Absoluteness of Simultaneity?

Here is a very good proof that simultaneity is absolute, not relative. The question: Is this proof wrong, or is Einstein? Can you prove it? What is the mistake in the proof, if any? If there is none, ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Why are the backs of airplanes curved?

I get the front part, but why is the back curved too? I do not see a problem with the back being flat.
2
votes
1answer
19 views

What is flux linking?

In my revision guide it says, "flux linking is when emf is induced by changing the magnitude or direction of the magnetic flux." I'm slightly confused here because earlier on the page it defines ...
4
votes
3answers
349 views

Are negativity of the Wigner function and quantum behaviour equivalent?

I've read the following question: Negative probabilities in quantum physics and I'm not sure I understand all the details about my actual question. I think mine is more direct. It is known that the ...
2
votes
3answers
44 views

Force Body Diagrams of object sliding down ramp

So I think I am confusing myself about forces. I know that when something is sliding down a ramp that it will have the force of gravity, normal force and force of friction acting on it. But for an ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Variational principle perturbation

I am trying to learn 2D SHO and free particle variational principles. However, I came across a perturbation like so: $Ax^2y^2$. The particle is simple harmonic in $x$ and a free particle in $y$? I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

Numerically solving 2D poisson equation by FFT, proper units

The 2D Poisson equation is: (1)$$\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dx^2}+\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dy^2}=-\frac{\varrho(x,y)}{\epsilon_0\epsilon}$$ And in $k$-space it is in form of: (2)$$(k_x^2+k_y^2) ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

transient condition from bodies subjected to condective boundary conditions

I would like to request you that please solve my queries about two questions. What type of conduction, Transient or steady state, should i consider during heating of water in a closed container ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

How did the Moon survive next to the Earth since earth and Moon came into existence?

What mechanism(s) prevented the gravitational effect of the earth on the moon from shattering the moon when it was closer to the earth than the Roche Limit some 4.5 billion years ago?
0
votes
2answers
428 views

How to find the amplitude of magnetic field of this plane wave

Because my previous question was short and confusing, it was put on hold. This is my new question, which getes straight to the point. I have an electromagnetic plane wave which has wavelength $λ$ = ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Finding current in the circuit 4 [on hold]

When switch is at position 1, current occur in circuit. After a while current increases and time=t, switch is at position 2. What is the current at time t?
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Lightning Conductor Working

During a thunderstorm charges collect on clouds until a field which is more than the air's dielectric strength is created. Because now there is a potential difference between the ground (0 Volts) and ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Can you determine acceleration from positions and velocities only?

I just began reading the Landau and Lifshitz book on classical mechanics. It states on the first page of Chapter 1 that: Mathematically, this means that, if all the coordinates $q$ and velocities ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Is the exact form of the Higgs potential known?

Usually the Higgs potential is given as $$ \frac{1}{2}\mu^2\phi^2 - \frac{1}{4}\lambda^2\phi^4 $$ but I never quite understood if this just serves to give us an idea of how symmetry breaking works, or ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is possible to create water? [on hold]

Theoretically is relatively easy to create water, because it is formed by only the hydrogen and one oxygen molecules. I know that the oxygen and hydrogen is highly flammable, and to union the ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Buoyant force on a certain object

Sometimes a certain body is completely immersed in water, but it does not sink deeply, it is stuck in the middle... In this case, is the buoyant force equal to the weight of the body? Why?
5
votes
2answers
281 views

Gaussian integral of a function with nonzero mean (generalizing Wick theorem)

From the wikipedia article, for a Gaussian integral of an analytic function we have that This is equivalent to the Wick theorem when f(x) is a polynomial. Now I'm trying to obtain a similar ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

A few questions on wave packets and uncertainty relations

According to Cohen-Tannoudji the wave-function for a one-dimensional free particle can be written as $$ \psi (x,0)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi}} \int g(k) e^{ikx} dk.$$ While $g(k)$ is not specified, there ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Common CCDs and photons

Is it possible to capture single (refracted?) photons with a CCD in a typical digital camera? Are these more likely due to coatings, etc? I have minimal knowledge of physics, but am curious.
1
vote
1answer
10 views

Bimolecular recombination in few words

I'm making a short seminar about VERY broad topic of fullerenes in photovoltaics, but I'd like it to be educational (not just full of words hard to audience to make them think I'm smart). In one of ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Is it possible to pass electric current through magnet without affecting it?

Suppose we have a row of $5$ electromagnets, with a copper wire connecting them. Is it possible to create magnetic field in the $4^{th}$ magnet without affecting the $1^{st}$,$2^{nd}$,$3^{rd}$ and ...
20
votes
8answers
2k views

Is it foolish to distinguish between covariant and contravariant vectors?

A vector space is a set whose elements satisfy certain axioms. Now there are physical entities that satisfy these properties, which may not be arrows. A co-ordinate transformation is linear map from a ...
0
votes
2answers
773 views

How to calculate the coefficient of restitution for 2 bodies?

I have 2 rigid bodies (from different materials) in a collision. As you know I should have the coefficient of restitution value to get the velocities after collision. What is the information/values ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Notation Comprehension - Magnetic Field vector

While studying I've come in touch with a question about Magnetic Momentum, Torque and Loops. In it the following picture was given: During the calculus of the Torque, the intensity of the field and ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Cavendish Laboratories Photo, 1939 [migrated]

I appreciate this isn't the normal type of question asked here, but I thought I'd try anyway! So this photo of the Cavendish Laboratory is from 1939, and I was wondering if anyone knew any more about ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Interacting magnetic fields

Is there a reason why two magnetic fields perpendicular to each other do not interact? If they are parallel or at a non-90 degree angle they interact. Is it because magnetic field lines can be viwed ...
6
votes
1answer
542 views

Why do you hear an acute sound when you rub your shoe on the floor?

Sorry for the silly question, but I've been wondering about this for quite some time. After raining when I get home I rub my shoe's wet outsole on the floor and I hear an extremely acute (high pitch) ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

How do you find the projection operator onto an eigenspace if you don't know the eigenvector?

I was working on exercise 2.60 of Nielsen-Chuang which is as follows: Show that $\vec{v}\cdot\vec{\sigma}$ has eigenvalues $\pm 1$, and that the projectors onto the corresponding eigenspaces are ...

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