0
votes
0answers
37 views

minimum rope stiffness to keep person from touching ground(hooke's law) [on hold]

I thought a lot about this problem (However it's must be very easy ) At first, i would write the statement of problem and then my wrong solution. statement: Find the minimum stiffness of rope,so ...
0
votes
3answers
59 views

Is there a limit to the frame rate achievable with a high-speed camera?

A high-speed camera is a device used for recording fast- moving objects as a photographic image(s) onto a storage medium. A normal motion picture is filmed and played back at 24 frames per second, ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
4
votes
2answers
741 views

Jupiter Core is Solid Hydrogen

I was watching a show on the science channel about gas giants; there is something I do not understand. I am not a scientist, so this may be obvious to some. I learned that there a three states of an ...
7
votes
2answers
102 views

Could you theoretically map the internal distribution of mass in a black hole using hawking radiation?

Assuming you could measure the qualities of the radiation emanating from all around a black hole, could this be used to determine the internal geometry or makeup of the mass inside?
7
votes
3answers
114 views

How can a particle in a medium ever travel faster than light? [duplicate]

In some media, mass-carrying particles can go faster than light: Cherenkov radiation, ... is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle... passes through a dielectric medium at a ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

Why does gravitational lensing bend light rather than absorbing it?

I've read that gravitational lensing bends the light; I am a little confused about black holes and why lensing produces different results. Black holes absorb light whereas lensing should have also ...
6
votes
9answers
1k views

What is entropy really?

On this site, change in entropy is defined as the amount of energy dispersed divided by the absolute temperature. But I want to know: What is the definition of entropy? Here, entropy is defined as ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

What kind of free energy do we use for a superconductor in a magnetic field?

My reasoning is as follows (using Gaussian units): Start from the second law: $$dU=TdS+dW,$$ where $dW$ is the work done by the magnetic field. To derive $dW$, we consider a solenoid with current ...
6
votes
1answer
125 views

Caldeira-Leggett Dissipation: frequency shift due to bath coupling

I am trying to understand the Caldeira-Leggett model. It considers the Lagrangian $$L = \frac{1}{2} \left(\dot{Q}^2 - \left(\Omega^2-\Delta \Omega^2\right)Q^2\right) - Q \sum_{i} f_iq_i + ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Canonical ensemble, energy, heat bath

I am studying through the book Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics by Walter Greiner and I’ve got a couple of doubts when I was reading about the classical ensembles, specially the Canonical ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

How to design windy area - what variables?

When you're walking around malls or parking structures, or a building corner, you'll sometimes notice areas with consistent windiness. I was wondering what positions, angles, wind direction, ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

A universe from nothing [duplicate]

The more time you spending in measuring your experiment (thus standard deviation will become smaller) the more precisely you will measure energy of this system.... energy time uncertainly principle ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Torque between Nematic Disclinations

I am looking at a liquid crystal system in 2 dimensions well in the nematic phase. Say the system has been quenched rapidly or is confined on some geometry due to which there are disclinations ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How to find the electric field of a charged tube?

Let's say there is a charged tube(cylinder with no top or bottom) with radius $a$, length $l$ and charge $q$ and a point which is collinear with the centre of the charged tube. Anyway, since we can ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Deriving functional form of the momentum field using the field commutation relations [on hold]

The other day I was trying to convince myself that the quantum field commutation relation $[\hat{\phi}(x), \hat{\pi}(x')] = i\delta(x-x')$ would imply that in the field representation the momentum ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Calculate surface pressure due to forced vibrating plate using wavenumber space [on hold]

My problem lies in the field of acoustics. I have a given complex velocity distribution. The velocity is the velocity in the normal direction to a rectengular simply supported vibrating plate. I now ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Secondary constraints leads to the value of lagrange multiplier

From Lagrangian I got two primary constraint $\phi_i$ and $\phi$. And my Hamiltonian in presence of the constraints becomes- $$H_p=p\dot q-L+\lambda_i\phi_i+\lambda\phi$$ here the $\lambda_i$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
164 views

Is time nothing but the speed of light (or the light itself)?

With regard to relativistic effects on time, all the examples and explanations revolve around light and its speed. Especially in explanatory situations that explain this using photon clock, it seems ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Finding power in series circuit

A resistor of resistance 12 ohms is connected in series with a cell of negligible internal resistance. The power dissipated in the resistor is P. The resistor is replaced with a resistor of resistance ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Projection Method in Hubbard model

This is a question from Altland and Simons book "Condensed Matter Field Theory". In the second exercise on page 64, the book claims that if we define $\hat P_s, \hat P_d$ to be the operators that ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

When I dissolve sugar in my cup of tea/coffee, does it become a liquid or gas, or neither? [migrated]

When I dissolve sugar in my cup of tea/coffee, does the sugar go from being a solid to being a liquid or a gas, or neither? Related: What keeps the sugar suspended in the tea?
2
votes
3answers
124 views

Can two single particles interfere with each other?

Groups of particles can interfere with one another; In the double slit experiment when measuring single photons at the screen each one arrives at the screen in a random manner and they only show the ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Particle acceleration at magnetized shocks by convective electric fields?

Let us assume we have a flow of charged particles in a quasi-neutral state (i.e., a plasma) convecting at some speed, $\mathbf{V}_{sw}$ = V$_{sw}$ $\hat{x}$, and the particles have species-dependent ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the functional shape assumed by a flexible rod?

Be L a flexible rod. Say that it is very difficult to significantly stretch it, so that we can uniquely identify a point on it by a parameter $l \in [0, L]$ where $L$ is its length. Be $C$ a set of ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Material for moisture moderation

Do you know of any material that can moderate the level of moisture of its local environment? Example: if the desired moisture level is 30% and the local environment of the material is at 6% the ...
22
votes
8answers
3k views

Is there an intuitive explanation for why Lorentz force is perpendicular to a particle's velocity and the magnetic field?

The Lorentz force on a charged particle is perpendicular to the particle's velocity and the magnetic field it's moving through. This is obvious from the equation: $$ \mathbf{F} = q\mathbf{v} \times ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Tensor notation

I'm trying to understand the Maxwell Stress tensor notation. I'm given that each element in the tensor is given by ...
2
votes
4answers
317 views

Is a causal relationship implied by Newton's 2nd Law? [on hold]

Throughout my time learning physics I have been imbued with the notion that forces cause accelerations, period. Accelerations don't cause forces, and they aren't merely correlated phenomena. By ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Efficiency of Stirling engine and Carnot's theorem

I want to calculate the efficiency of this Stirling cycle for an ideal gas $pV = nRT$ The mechanical work is $$ \Delta W_{12} = - \int_{V_1}^{V_2} p(V) \mathrm{d}V = -nRT_2 \ln \frac{V_2}{V_1}\\ ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Force applied at the moment of hit

I have been thinking of this problem quite long time, but couldn't find the solution: Assume that we can measure only the velocity, v, of an object with mass, m, when it hits a rigid and stationary ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Potential that is proportional to distance

Does anybody know of a treatment of the case where a potential field is proportional to the distance, i.e. in 3 dimensions: $$V(\vec{r}) ~\sim ~ |\vec{r}|~?$$ Essentially the question is: What are ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Expectation value of number operator $\hat{n}$

I'm studying for my quantum mechanics test and I've stumbled on this problem. They want the expectation value of $\hat{n}$, $\langle \hat{n} \rangle$, with this given $\psi$ at $t=0$: $$ \lvert ...
4
votes
4answers
990 views

Does the observer or the camera collapse the wave function in the double slit experiment?

Ok so if we setup a camera before the slit we will find a single photon and will follow through accordingly, likewise by having a camera setup after the slit, we can retroactivly collapse the wave ...
0
votes
1answer
417 views

Proof of equality of the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation

Just curious, can anyone show how the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation is equivalent? (While it is conceptually obvious, I am thinking rigorous mathematical proof may be useful in ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Appearance of the recomposition of a given spectrum? [duplicate]

Given a visible spectrum, i.e. a function from the set of visible wavelengths into the set of intensities, I would like to see the color having this spectrum decomposition. Question: How can I do ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How do I find the moment of inertia of a regular $n$-gon? [on hold]

Of a regular $n$-gon with radius $R$ and mass $M$. Any hint to solving would also be acceptable. The result I'm looking for is $$I_{CM} = (1/2) MR^2 (1 - (2/3) \sin^2(\pi/n)).$$
-4
votes
0answers
29 views

Can human body survive a negative acceleration of $ 250m/s^2$ [on hold]

Can the human body can survive a negative acceleration trauma accident because of a sudden stop if the magnitude of the acceleration is less than $250m/s^2$. If you are involved in an automobile ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Picturing Feynman's argument about perpetual motion

So, there is a certain paragraph in Fenyman's book that I'm struggling with for quite some time. It says: "We imagine that there are two classes of machines, those that are not reversible, which ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Please tell me the way to solve the following question [on hold]

Question - Consider a box that is divided into two indentical parts of equal volume. The right half contains a gas of $N$ (=100, 500, 1000) particles and the left half is empty. A small hole is ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Reducing the distortion of transmitted light through a prismatic array

I'm wondering if there is a way to reduce the distortion of light transmitted through a prismatic array (without touching the surface of the prisms). The obvious thing to try is a corresponding ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Application of Kirchhoff's laws in circuits with inductors

As we know,the Kirchhoff circuit laws are applicable for conservative electric fields. Now it is applicable for circuits where inductors are present but the field there is not conservative. So how ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views
+100

What methods exist to calculate the density of states in the continuum of a molecule?

Say I have an arbitrary molecule in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, and furthermore say that I can approximate the molecule as having only one active electron. What methods exist to calculate the ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Norton's dome and its equation

Norton's dome is the curve $$h(r) = -\frac{2}{3g} r ^{3/2}.$$ Where $h$ is the height and $r$ is radial arc distance along the dome. The top of the dome is at $h = 0$. Via Norton's web. If we put ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Ellipsometry measurments

Why it is good to measure on a wavelength range in ellipsometry instead of using a single wavelength. I understand this that the measured data (ψ and ∆ ) plotted against wavelength and if we have ...
8
votes
3answers
302 views

How did Pauli and Fermi deduce the existence of the neutrino? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: The neutrino was postulated first by Wolfgang Pauli in 1930 to explain how beta decay could conserve energy, momentum, and angular momentum (spin). In contrast to Niels Bohr, who ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Mathematical approximation to physics

Why is it often said that any mathematical theory is just an approximate theory of the universe? Wouldn't there be accurate mathematical structures repressing the physical entities of the universe ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

What happens to the temperature when an ideal gas is compressed?

I am rather confused about this. I know from Charles' law that under constant pressure, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature i.e. $$\frac{V_1}{T_1} = ...
0
votes
2answers
174 views

On deriving Schrodinger Equation

I do know that one can't actually derive any axiom, but here is my serious attempt to explain Time Independent Schrodinger Equation with minimum preliminary knowledge. In the following $f$ is ...

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