1
vote
0answers
84 views

entropy and dispersion

If I know the positions and the speeds of each particle in a box over the time, how can I compute the entropy ? (I`m making a simulation where I want to show that the disperion of the particles over ...
30
votes
6answers
6k views

Is there any aspect of an explosion resulting from a nuclear weapon test that cannot be simulated using super computers?

This Washington Post news article states that with the advent of computer simulation of nuclear tests, live tests are no longer needed. Generally speaking there are 3 aspects of an explosion ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Force on an electric or magnetic dipole

The formulae for the force on an electric dipole and the force on a magnetic dipole seem to be closely related: $$\mathbf{F}_{e} = (\mathbf{p} \cdot \mathbf{\nabla}) \mathbf{E}, $$ $$ \mathbf{F}_{m} ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Tunnelling from a normal metal into a superconductor

a similar question has already been asked in the forum but unfortunately I cannot yet comment and still think that some things left unanswered. My question is in general concerning the tunnelling ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Equation of string as hamiltonian field equations

I am using Hamiltonian field theory for the first time and I struggle with some final steps. The task is to derive the equation of vibrating string using Hamilton's field equations. Here is what I ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Energy in dynamical variational principle

In quantum mechanics we use variational principle in order to find approximate expression for the ground state. Lets assume our probe wavefunction $|\Psi\rangle$ can be expanded in orthonormal basis $...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Is angular momentum conserved for a mass fixed to a horizontal guide

I have the system shown below. Mass 1 confined to a vertical guide, and mass 2 confined to a horizontal guide joined together by a spring. My question is very simple: is the total angular momentum ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

What happens when a field turns on or off?

Short Setup I am curious about the the mechanics of fields, whether electromagnetic, gravitational, etc. So as a specific example in order to simplify (hopefully) how to ask this question, consider ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Capacitative energy of a general concentric shape of short separation

Consider a surface $\partial \Omega$ whose enclosure describe a three-dimensional shape $\Omega$ of characteristic length $L$. On this surface resides an inhomogeneous surface charge density $+\sigma(\...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

What mechanism explains the effect of a hot surface on hydrogel balls?

Adding little hydrogel balls to a hot surface has an interesting effect as seen in this video. Hydrogels (as the name suggests) contain a lot of water but rather than melt or burst, the little balls ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Special Relativity in water

If there are 2 observers in water moving relative to each other as well as to water, they measure different speeds of light. So does time dilation occur for them? (since Time dilation is based on ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Bernoulli Principle and pressure function

I have read in several places now that for compressible flow the Bernoulli equation $$ \frac {v^2}{2}+ P\ + \Psi = \text{constant}$$ requires: $$P=\int {dp\over \rho(p)} $$ But I don't get ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Object Falling on spring

This is problem #23 from the 2015 F=ma contest: A 2.0 kg object falls from rest a distance of 5.0 meters onto a 6.0 kg object that is supported by a vertical massless spring with spring constant k ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Crest in Light Doppler Effect

The way it is explained in wiki Doppler effect in sound happens because waves of particles with biggest density called crest hits our eardrums more often if object is moving towards us (increased ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Books about non-uniform magnetisation

I need to study non-uniform magnetisation and the only book where I found this was Berkeley Physics Course Vol.2. Is there other book's options to this issue?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

A rope between Earth and Moon - Length and Speed of Light [duplicate]

An earlier question was asked on what would happen if a rope was attached between Moon and Earth, but the question was more about the impacts in terms of geology. We keep the same experiment setup : ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Finding diffeomorphism given vector fields [closed]

Given a vector field how do you find the associated diffeomorphisms? Say I am given a vector field in Minkowski space $$\xi = x \frac{\partial}{\partial t} + t \frac{\partial}{\partial x}.$$ How do ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Sticky physics of pasta mixture [duplicate]

When you mix cooked noodles or other "prevailing 1D pasta" like spaghetti with other ingredients like olives, pieces of meat (not minced) etc. you will probably experience the fact, that the mixture ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum…or not?

This is my first post on physics stack exchange, but I thought the question was more appropriate than on that of math.stack. I'm currently designing a crude model of the sun-earth orbit (which I have ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

A fast object (0.8c) getting overtaken by another fast object (0.9c): why don't times agree?

I'm trying to work on an exercise in Wolfgang Rindler's book "Introduction to Special Relativity" and I'm stuck on the following exercise: Two particles move along the x-axis of S at velocities 0....
0
votes
0answers
32 views

When can we just look at just the partial derivative of energy?

I am reading a text about fluid mechanics and in the chapter about the (zero viscosity) Wuler equation this showed up: We consider now the kinetic energy and the internal energy of the system and ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Particle-Hole transformation in Superconductor

The Bogoliubov - de Gennes equation has a emergent particle-hole symmetry: $$ \mathcal{P}H\mathcal{P}^{\dagger} = -H\text{.} $$ My question is now what happen to the Nambu spinor: $$ \mathcal{P}\...
0
votes
2answers
175 views

Is Coulomb's law valid if the electric charge is not constant in time?

If the electric charge is constant the law of Coulomb says that: $E(r) = kQ/r^2$. The question is, if $Q = Q(t)$, can I consider that: $E(r,t) = kQ(t)/r^2$? Update: It appears that the first ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How to determine rotational energy of gas molecules

For an arbitrary polyatomic molecular gas, what is the expected behavior of $U_{rot}(T)$, the rotational kinetic energy of the atoms, in the two limits T high and T low? So far, I have written an ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is the CMB Cold spot growing or shrinking?

What do we know about the nature of this region of the sky? is that region entirely devoid of galaxies? Could it be a bubble void, and we are simply unable to see the galaxies that are on the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can we see the moon while it's between the Earth and the Sun?

I know this sounds like (and probably is) a stupid question, but I can't figure it out. As far as I know, the crescent shape of the moon is when the moon is on the sunny side of the Earth, but that ...
0
votes
0answers
242 views

Exact (quantitative) definition of “knee” and/or “cut-in” voltage?

Sort of a 2-part question: 1) I know they are used interchangeably but are the "knee" and "cut-in" voltages of a diode actually the exact same thing? I had thought that the "cut-in" voltage was ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Energy release on impact

I was watching this video from a video game showing a space ship travelling towards a planet at 22% the speed of light. The ship system pulls the ship out of this "quantum travel" just in time to ...
-1
votes
4answers
155 views

Which is more mechanically efficient, a bicycle or a unicycle?

Human physiology aside, I wonder which device is more mechanically efficient, a bicycle or a unicycle?
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Expectation value of two spin 1/2 particles where particle 1 along z axis and particle 2 along another axis?

We are supposed to show that for a two spin 1/2 particles, the expectation value of $\langle S_{z1} S_{n2} \rangle$ is $-\frac{\hbar^2}{4}\cos \theta$ when the system is prepared to be in the singlet ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How to escape freeze-out effects of semiconductors in very low temperature

In very low temperature, semiconductors suffer from freeze-out effects. I did see that degenerately doping eliminates freeze-out, but degenerate semiconductors behave like metals. Is/can there ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Momentum in quantum harmonic oscillator with step up and step down operators [closed]

I'm hitting a wall in my understanding of the momentum operator in a quantum harmonic oscillator. I've showed that $p = (a^\dagger - a)\sqrt{\frac{m w \hbar}{2}}i$ where $a^\dagger$ and $a$ are the ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Temperature of ideal gas in a cylinder

Why is option A and C wrong or correct? My attempted answer : A :A is plausible as if the piston is suddenly moved inwards, the gas molecules bounce off the piston at higher speeds Since Temp ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Direction of Resultant velocity

So we know that an object undergoing horizontal circular motion, has a angular velocity with direction perpendicular to the plane of motion, and also a linear velocity tangential to the circular path. ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Why did the big bang happen when it did?

Was there time before the big bang? I assume there wasn't, so is it even logical to ask if there was anything before the big bang? If there was time before the beginning of the universe, what happened ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Conflicts between Bernoulli's Equation and Momentum Conservation?

The well known Bernoulli's equation states that $P+\frac{\rho V^2}{2}=c$ However, a simple momentum conservation considering $P_1$ and $P_2$ acting on two sides, and velocity changes from $V_1$ to $...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

How does order of scalar $\phi$ interaction impact feynman diagrams?

On page 60 of srednicki (72 for online version) for the $\phi^{3}$ interaction for scalar fields he defines $Z_{1}(J) \propto exp\left[\frac{i}{6}Z_{g}g\int d^{4}x(\frac{1}{i}\frac{\delta}{\delta J})^...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Total reflection in a solar collector?

So, I was wondering how radiation is kept inside a solar thermal collector? The sun light (or its photons) penetrates through the glass and is then absorbed by the absorber layer. In turn, the ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Photon behaviour [duplicate]

What happens when a photon hits a mirror? Does the photon decelerate instantaneously to zero and then accelerates instantaneously to the velocity of light when it is reflected from the mirror? How do ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Bending moment in composite beam with internal “active” stress

I am looking at a problem of a bending composite beam with a symmetric cross -section, $A(s)$. Above the neutral axis $s$ is material $U$ and below the neutral axis is material $L$. $U$ has an ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What happens to the wave function of a particle immediately after measuring its energy?

For this question, I will be adhering to the Copenhagen interpretation (since that's what I've learned in university so far). For the sake of brevity/clarity, also, assume the Hamiltonian here has ...
4
votes
2answers
76 views

Valence sea quarks parton distribution functions

There's somethin from Thomson (Modern Particle Physics) that I am a little mythed by. Section 8.4.3, eq. 8.3 is given as $$ \frac{F^{\mathrm{en}}_2(x)}{F^{\mathrm{ep}}_2(x)}=\frac{4d_{V}(x)+u_{V}(x)+...
2
votes
3answers
148 views

Has this double slit experiment been performed with electrons?

I don't know if we have the technology yet. Double slits, one electron at a time. The moving electron should produce a magnetic field. Can we detect such a weak magnetic field and tell which slit ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Pseudoscalar current of Majorana fields

Consider a Majorana spinor $$ \Phi=\left(\begin{array}{c}\phi\\\phi^\dagger\end{array}\right) $$ and an pseudoscalar current $\bar\Phi\gamma^5\Phi$. This term is invariant under hermitian conjugation:...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Why is the galaxy's dark matter halo a sphere instead of a disk? [duplicate]

I understand that the galaxy is disk shaped because it has a substantial total angular momentum (if that's the right term). If the dark matter halo is a sphere, does that mean that its total angular ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Gibbons-Hawking Variation

I know there already exist some questions about this and some very good answers. However, I am still having trouble understanding one part of the calculation. The GHY term is given by $S_{GHY}=-\frac{...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

What is the sum of the angles of a triangle on Earth orbit?

Gauss went out and measured triangles made up of mountain peaks to show that the angles sum up to 180 degree. However, general relativity leads to non-Euclidian space and I would like to get a better ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

How to measure $\mathbb{L}^2$ and $L_z $ simultaneously

What does an experiment look like, in which both quantities are measured simultanously?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Can a magnetic ball “diffract” around a metal object?

Consider a magnetic ball falling through a copper pipe. It falls slower than it would if it wasn't near any copper. We can use this to determine that the closer a magnetic ball is to copper, the ...
0
votes
3answers
170 views

Derivation of momentum operator

From a video lecture on quantum mechanics at MIT OCW I found that you didn't need to know Schrödinger's equation to know the momentum operator which is $\frac{\hbar}{i}\frac{\partial}{\partial x}$. ...

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