1
vote
0answers
28 views

Why in SQCD $R_{\psi}= R_{\phi}-1$?

In SQCD = suspersymmetric QCD, in 4 dimensions and with one SUSY generator how do we determine the $R$-charge of the $U(1)_R$ symmetry of the various operators in a chiral supermultiplet? Say for ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How have the duration of the martian day changed in the past?

There is a panspermia theory which claims that life might have begun on Mars and I currently read a post that the human circadian rhythm is closer to the martian day length (about 25h) than the day ...
3
votes
5answers
389 views

How do we know that time dilation applies to objects other than light?

Here is a traditional derivation of time dilation: There's a train with a lamp in the ceiling, moving at velocity v with respect to an observer. In the frame of the observer, the path taken by the ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Is it possible to calculate neutron half-life theoretically?

Is it possible to calculate neutron half-life theoretically? For example, from lattice QCD or something?
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Gravitational coupling of tachyons

Can General Relativity stress-energy tensor be extended to include contributions from imaginary mass tachyons? what would be the expected gravitational coupling between tachyons and tardions?
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Reversibility in classical mechanics

I am watching Susskind's 'Theoretical Minimum' videos. At one point in his course on classical mechanics (2nd video if I remember correctly) he affirms that Netwon's second law of motion makes ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

What will happen if I remove a nail which stops a plank from moving on a smooth floor because of a solid sphere pure rolling on it?

What will happen if I remove a nail which stops a plank from moving on a smooth floor because of a solid sphere pure rolling on it?The plank has it's upper surface which is in contact with the sphere ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Exoplanet Mass-Radius Diagram

I'm currently studying the following diagram: But I'm not entirely sure I understand what's going on. Is it just, that most exoplanets discovered, is pretty much made up of Hydrogen and Helium ? ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

Thought experiment about fluid mechanics (reductio ad absurdum)

In an interview a philosopher said: "Suppose I cut the handle off your coffee mug leaving two holes. Would the coffee flow out of one hole faster than the other? If we tried to figure this out by ...
2
votes
2answers
354 views

Why is the Luminiferous aether theory wrong? [closed]

I saw on this page about the constant speed of light that there are two ways of interpreting this constant speed: General relativity The Luminiferous aether theory I understand why the theory of ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

black body simulation

black body radiation is typically understood from Planck's argument of light resonance in a box, from which the density of states is computed. Now, suppose I want to simulate a black body ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

Many-worlds interpretation

Regarding many-worlds interpretation as an alternative explanation to Copenhagen. If we take the generation or possibility of alternative universes as an explanation for the collapse of wavefunction ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Charge on the remaining atom after Alpha decay

In radioactive alpha decay, a helium atom is shown to be released. However, I was told that only thing released is a helium nucleus. If so, then it should leave two of its electrons in the atom ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Water level of ice in cup [duplicate]

Since ice is less dense than water, it floats on it, we all know this. Now suppose, if ice is floating in a glass cup, when the ice melts there should be some change at water level in the glass cup. ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Transmissibility

An extract from a school maths mechanics textbook reads: To deal with cases in which the body is not rotating freely under gravity, we need to take into account also the work done by other ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Resemblance between Coriolis force and magnetic part of Lorentz force

If we interchange velocity with charge and omega that is rotation of a system with $B$, magnetic field, we get the same thing. Is there any deeper meaning to this same mathematical form?
1
vote
2answers
304 views

Do all isotopes have a half life? [duplicate]

I understand that some isotopes of an element have a shorter half life, and decay more quickly into other elements. Other isotopes are described as stable and no half life is stated. For elements that ...
0
votes
3answers
174 views

Expected value of $xp$ in harmonic oscillator [closed]

I wanna find out the expected value of the $xp$ operator for the $n$-th excited state of the harmonic oscillator, i.e. calculate the value $\langle n|xp|n \rangle$. I express the position and momentum ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

What's the physics origin and meaning of $\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$

The projection tensor $P_{ij}\equiv\delta_{ij}-k_ik_j/k^2$ happens frequently in fluid mechanics or field theory. What's the physics origin of this structure and what's the meaning?
0
votes
1answer
110 views

A Theory of Almost Everything? [closed]

Before I present this theory, I ask that you take the time to read this disclaimer. I do not claim to have an excellent knowledge of physics, it is actually rather limited. Therefore, I am not ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

London equation and Maxwell equation

I am reading Tinkham's Introduction to Superconductivity (2nd ed) (Amazon link). On pages 4-5, they state that:" The second London equation 1.4, when combined with the Maxwell equation ${\rm ...
3
votes
0answers
150 views

How do you explain special relativity to a 3 year old child? [closed]

I've been on multiple threads that attempt to explain this celebrated theory, but I have come across some rather complex threads that is very good if you are a physicist, but no one even attempts to ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Geodesic approximation and Euclidean continuation

I recently read many articles in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondance in which the geodesic approximation is used (see for example section 3.5 here). The correlator between two boundary operators ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

What makes Sun's light travel as parallel beams towards earth?

Sun's light appear to travel as parallel beams towards earth $_1$. Sun produces electromagnetic radiations through pp chain and other reactions in Photosphere $_2$. I don't see whether these ...
0
votes
3answers
587 views

What is the difference between Newton's first & third law?

Newton first law states that object stays in fixed state, unless external force is applied. Newton third law states that: if there is action then there will be opposite & equal reaction. So if ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why is the Earth self-rotating? [duplicate]

What drives this happen? Would it be the internal energy or by an external force? I did try to Google the answer, but could not find a good one.
0
votes
0answers
49 views

What is the best laser wavelength to melt a certain material to the point of 'welding' together

Assume the material is enough of a heat sink that you can hold the torch to the material and the spread of the red-hot metal is not moving - is stabilized, but you can still melt the material in the ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

thermodynamics poisson's ratio of mixtures

air consists of 79% nitrogen and 21% diatomic gas(say) . to perform calculations on ΔH on adiabatic expansions, instead of taking as parts , can i take it as a uniform gas with some γ(poission's ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Is there a well-defined partition function of 4d Yang-Mills?

So I've looked everywhere to find a resource on 4 dimensional Yang-Mills partition functions, but have only managed to find examples using supersymmetry. Is there a resource describing the partition ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Electrons and Magnetism

Electron at rest generates Electric field. Electron moving without acceleration produces electric and magnetic field. Electron moving with acceleration produces electromagnetic waves. Please explain ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

Simplest way to analytically determine whether a claimed heat transfer process obeys the second law of thermodynamics?

I want to find the simplest method to determine whether a proposed heat transfer process violates the second law of thermodynamics. Specifically I am looking for a method that meets the following ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you find the length of a pencil without a ruler or clock?

Edit: Assume you do have access to all sorts of instruments, but they are all shrunk in proportion. My real question is: If you are shrunken (or expanded) by a constant factor and put in a room ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Size of particle so small that it covers large volume?

An electron's "cloud" covers more volume than a proton does due to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Δmv*Δx > h an electron has less mass than a proton, so its position is less determinate. ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

flux quantization in super conductor

Magnetic force is a centripetal force. By that, we can make $$B = (h / \lambda r q) \, .$$ Is this flux quantization in superconductor ($h/q$)? If it is, is the wavelength of an electron the ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

If earth stopped spinning how much heavier would 1kg feel [closed]

My girlfriend seems to think if the earth stops spinning we will all fall off However, she did spark my imagination, due to centripetal force things must feel lighter then they otherwise would on an ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Variable Resistance

We know that the resistance increase with temperature or for exemple in an AC circuit, the resistance is superior to the same resistor for DC current due to skin effect. But my question is for a same ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Weinberg Chapter 19.5, pion scattering amplitude derivations

I've been reading through Weinberg's Chapter 19, and am somewhat confused about how he manages to derive equations 19.5.25 and 19.5.29, which read: ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

The arrow of time and the cosmology of a black hole interior

When solving the Einstein field equations in Schwarzschild metric for an observer falling into a black hole the radial coordinate r of the black hole and time t switch roles in the equations when ...
-2
votes
1answer
54 views

Physics Riddle - Know Plant Earth [closed]

I hope it's OK to ask here, because it's pretty much as basic as physics can get. So here it is: I have a hot air balloon that can rise to any altitude I'd like, a precise watch, a sandbag, a weigh ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Is time depending on the observer in string theory?

I heard that in the theory of relativity the time of an action is depending on the observer. But in string theory, is the time also depending on the observer? Are strings acting according to the ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Explicit demonstration of the relativistic invariance of the Weyl equation

It can be demonstrated explicitly that the Dirac equation is relativistically invariant. This is a proof (borrowed from Peskin & Schroder, see the unnumbered equation after the eqn. 3.31): ...
4
votes
3answers
437 views

A sees B's clock running slow and B sees A's clock running slow? [duplicate]

This paradox is very common it seems, in which A sees B's clock running slow and B sees A's clock running slow. Here is the question a little more concretely. Let's say B flies by A's spaceship. If ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Conservation Of Angular Momentum of a falling stone

I am currently stuck on the following question. A stone is dropped from a stationary helicopter 500m above the ground, at the equator. How far from the point vertically below the helicopter does it ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Magnetic quantum numbers - axes correspondence

We know that the magnetic quantum number describes the space orientation of an orbital within an atom. For the $p$-orbital, the magnetic quantum numbers can be -1,0,1 (one for every axis). We have ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Why are the quantum numbers $n$ and $\ell$ denoted with those letters?

We have 4 quantum numbers: principal, azimuthal, magnetic and spin (denoted $n$, $\ell$, $m$ and $s$ respectively). I assume $m$ and $s$ are simply the initials of 'magnetic' and 'spin'. Is there any ...
0
votes
3answers
378 views

What is gravity and what causes objects to act against it?

So I understand the concept of gravity, in that it's not actually a force, but more of a displacement in the spacetime grid. An object with a big enough mass will bend the spacetime, causing smaller ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

The fine structure constant - can it genuinely be a random variable?

The question Does it make sense, and are there physical reasons to think about the fine structure constant as a (very concentrated) probability distribution rather than a single real number? ...
11
votes
1answer
410 views

QCD and QED with unlimited computational power - how precise are they going to be?

My question is about quantum algorithms for QED (quantum electrodynamics) computations related to the fine structure constants. Such computations (as explained to me) amounts to computing Taylor-like ...
0
votes
3answers
81 views

About Kepler's Law

When Earth goes near the Sun, its velocity increases and when it goes far from the Sun its velocity decreases. Then why according to Kepler's law is the time period $T^2 \propto a^3$, where $a$ is the ...

15 30 50 per page