0
votes
1answer
44 views

Plausibility of the distance estimation in a cycle ergometer gym exercise

A friend of mine pedaled for an hour on a cycle ergometer, a stationary bicycle in a gym. At the end of the ride the cycle computer reported a distance of $40\:\mathrm{km}$ and an average power of ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Why sphere minimizes surface area for a given volume?

I was studying surface tension recently. Rain drops or bubbles of any kind which form are always of a spherical shape. This is because the liquid tries to minimize the surface area as the molecules ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

Looking at past events by observing sky? [duplicate]

Since solar system (and our galaxy) is constantly in motion at a great speed, is it possible that we can look at our own image as it was sometime ago? Since the light of that age takes sometime to ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Can I control distance of surfaces with a magnet? [closed]

Does the magnetic force on a surface changes when the electric current in the surface is changed?
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Need to know height of wave generated by spherical object falling into water [duplicate]

Working with an architect at present.I need to know the height of wave/ripple that would be created by a spherical object weighing approximately 10 tonnes and measuring 42 metres in diameter falling ...
-2
votes
3answers
39 views

How gravitational force works for higher mass body with distance

$$F= \frac{G(m_1m_2)}{r^2}$$ This is the newton's universal gravitation law. Here, I want to ask how does a very very higher mass body affect the smaller body, whereas they are far away from each ...
0
votes
3answers
315 views

How to prove the average velocity formula without calculus

I often see the formula: $$ \overline v = \frac {v + v_0}{2} $$ in physics textbooks, to describe the average velocity for an object moving with constant acceleration. This formula is often ...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

Can we find a vector if its dot product and cross product with another vector is given?

If I have two vectors $\vec{b}$ and $\vec{v}$, and I know that $$ \vec{b} \times \vec{v} = \vec{c} $$ and $$ \vec{b}\cdot\vec{v} = \lambda $$ can I find the $\vec{v}$ vector in terms of the $\vec{c}$ ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

intensifying a light source

When trying to intensify a beam of light by refracting it through a lens, (as in a lighthouse fresnel system or similar railroad style switch lamp from years past), is the beam intensity increased by ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Measuring spin with Stern-Gerlach apparatus

I have a beam of electrons prepared in the state $|\Psi\rangle = cos(\theta/2)|+\rangle_z + sin(\theta/2)|-\rangle_z$ passing through a Stern-Gerlach apparatus which is free to rotate along the ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Infrared light and heat

I know that mid wave IR, long wave IR, and far IR are all infrared light that we feel as heat. Often, even when it is cold and windy, if I face the sun in a sunny spot it feels like it is 80 degrees F ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

A book containing a large subset of known exact solutions to the EFEs

I am looking for a good book which contains the known exact solutions to the EFEs. A "library" of sorts. I am aware that it's not really possible to get all of them in a single book, but at least one ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Methods for Obtaining Which Path Information in a Quantum Eraser Experiment

In all of the quantum eraser experiments I have heard of, polarization is used as a means for identifying the path of a photon. Is this the only method, or do other methods exist for obtaining which ...
16
votes
8answers
4k views

Is time travel possible? Is it possible to go back in time?

I read somewhere that according to relativity, black holes and other space related stuff it is possible to jump into past. Is it possible for anything to go back in time either continuously or by ...
-6
votes
1answer
117 views

Traveling through time, reaching the past - POSSIBLE? [closed]

I was obsessed in studying the "faith" and I've made several great discoveries. I don't want to publish anything yet, but I have a semi-proven (proven partially) / theories / so I am curious on bones. ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

The entanglement of a two dimensional particle and the one of two one dimensional particles

Case 1: Usually, entanglement is a correlation between more than one particles. For example, the momentum $p_1$ of the particle $1$ and the one $p_2$ of the particle $2$ have the relation that ...
30
votes
3answers
5k views

Mathematically-oriented Treatment of General Relativity

Can someone suggest a textbook that treats general relativity from a rigorous mathematical perspective? Ideally, such a book would Prove all theorems used. Use modern "mathematical notation" as ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

Entropy and Gibbs Free Energy

I've been struggling with the notion of entropy and gibbs free energy for almost three days now. Different sources on and off the internet say different things about entropy. Gibbs Free Energy is ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Vacuum solutions to the EFEs

I was wondering if there are any papers in which authors have compared cosmological observations to those phenomena predicted by vacuum solutions to the EFEs? Obviously there is matter in the ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Can light have zero wavelength?

As you increase the energy of a photon it's wavelength shortens. Is it theoretically posible for light to not have a wavelength? Like a still pond?
2
votes
4answers
351 views

What exactly is temperature in the Gibbs free energy?

In equation of Gibbs free energy change $(\Delta G) = (\Delta H)-T(\Delta S)$, is $T$ the system's or surrounding's temperature? Edit:Oh sorry I am not clear earlier now I get clear question.I know ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Can the use of a magnetic compass be inconsistent with Galileo's Relativity Hypothesis?

I just read Galileo's Relativity Hypothesis from this website: http://physics.ucr.edu/~wudka/Physics7/Notes_www/node47.html It states that - "any two observers moving at constant speed and direction ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Why trajectories approach to origin tangent to the slower direction?

I am reading non-linear dynamics from Strogartz. Suppose, I have two solutions of a non linear system: $x(t) = x_0e^{at}$ and $y(t) = y_0e^{-t}$, where $a\in \mathbb{R}$. Now it is clear that,for ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Is Gibbs free energy really a true energy that can be used to do work?

Gibbs energy came from the relation $$\Delta S_\text{universe}= \Delta S_\text{surroundings}+\Delta S_\text{system}\ge 0.$$ By little algebra, we can arrive at $$\Delta S_\text{universe}= ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

How does this spool have an angular acceleration opposite to its acceleration?

Consider this spool. It rests on a rough horizontal force. The green lines are the ground, and a line parallel to the ground. The spool is pulled without sliding by the thread (with tension T), with ...
4
votes
2answers
53 views

Inconsistency with electrostatic energy formulas

The energy of point charge configuration can be written as: $$W = \frac{1}{2}\sum_{i=1}^{n}q_{i}V(r_{i}) \, ,$$ which can take both positive and negative values. However, when we integrate the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How much work can the human body do before dying of exhaustion [closed]

If we could assume: We don't increase our energy from absorbing food. Our human example in scope isn't starving or suffering from malnutrition. I mean how much work can we do until the body would ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Neck size of wormholes in shape dynamics

As far as a dilettante like me knows, in shape dynamics, black holes are really wormholes. What it the expected diameter of the necks of such wormholes (both for regular holes resulting from the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Spinning rubber ball with equatorial ridge

I have this rubber ball with something like a very slight equatorial ridge (sort of like Saturn's moon Iapetus) which I often spin around on my desk. I keep noticing that no matter the inclination of ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Clarification on factors of $c$ in the Lorentz' force

I was told that Lorentz' force is given by $${\bf F}= q{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ But I have read that it is given by $${\bf F}= \frac{q}{c}{\bf v} \times {\bf B}.$$ Why have these two relations ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Constant $c$ in Lorentz force [duplicate]

I met some of examples of force in studying classical dynamics, and Lorentz force was represented as $$ \mathbf{F}=\frac{q}{c} \mathbf{\dot{r}} \times \mathbf{B} $$ I've searched for meaning of $c$, ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

How to understand particle decoupling in the early universe?

We often say that when the rate of some interactions, say the beta decay and electron capture, are slower that the rate of universe's expansion, then the corresponding particles, say neutrinos, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Help to find a simple setup for optical surface topography

I'm looking for some help from someone expert in optics to create an inteferometry based setup to map the surface of a small object. This is for a small lab project so I'm not looking for a really ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

Oil Lamp Dynamics

Here is a photo of an oil lamp I am making. I am facing a few problems.first how its made. Its a glass bulb with a custom fit plug made out of aluminium.The bulb balances by way of a neodymium ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

Is electricity instantaneous?

My question is basically what exactly is electricity? I've simply been told before that it's a flow of electrons, but this seems too basic and doesn't show that electricity is instant. What I mean is ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Safest place to store a laptop in a car? [closed]

I sometimes drive my younger brother to his robotics club meetings and he brings a laptop to work on. He weighs about 70 lbs (32 kg) and is about 5'3" (1.6 m) tall. The laptop weighs about 20 lbs (9 ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

What subatomic particle is a blackhole composed of?

In a black hole, what is the "state" in which the mass that is present is in? Are they there as tightly packed neutron or soup of quark or are particles broken down into 10D strings and coiled as ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Explicit Ewald equations for dipole-dipole interaction in a simulation

I'm starting to work with spin ice simulations and I found that it is usual to use the Ewald method for the long-range interactions computation (dipole-dipole in this case). Although I've been reading ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Calculation of Entropy of Debye Solid at High T

I am calculating the kmolar entropy of a Debye solid at low temperature ($T << \theta_D$) and high temperature ($T >> \theta_D$). For the low temperature, I use $U = U_0 + \frac{9 k_B ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Two-Band k.p Model is not Hermitian for imaginary wavevectors

In E. O. Kane's original work on Zener Tunneling, he uses a two-band $k\cdot p$ model for the semiconductor bandstructure: ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What is beam confinement?

In the context of the propagation of an electromagnetic wave and optical vortex solitons, I came across the term "beam confinement". Particularly, beam confinement requires the amplitude of the ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How are neutron refractive indices calculated?

I have been informed of the fact that neutrons refract similarly to light in accordance to Snell's Law. How would one calculate the refraction index for a neutron?
8
votes
1answer
768 views

The final parsec “problem”

Many and perhaps all galaxies seem to contain supermassive black holes of about $10^7 M_\odot$ at their centres. Determining their origins is of great astrophysical interest. In what I understand to ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Dielectric field in a homogenous electric field

I'm working through my workbook right now and currently am stuck on the chapter about dielectrics. The term $\vec{E}=\frac{3}{\epsilon_r +2}\vec{E_0}$ was introduced without a proper proof. Instead ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Poynting Vector of wave in different transmission mediums

We learned in class that the poynting vector of a wave (sine waves in a rope) is the same in all transmission mediums. I'm trying to prove this to myself using the tools we learned in the undergrad ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Finding the eigenstates and eigenvalues of a system of three not interacting electrons

I am trying to solve a problem on identical particles where there are three not interacting electrons. It's known that the Hamiltonian of a particle $h_{0}$ acts only on the orbital variables with non ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

how to analyze the collision of two photons with four-momentum vector? [closed]

Q: If two photons with energies $E_1$ and $E_2$ collide, with their trajectories making an angle $\theta$. Is the following right about individual initial 4-momentums and total initial 4-momentum? and ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the DAMA dark matter detector reporting and why does no-one else believe them?

I understand DAMA is a dark matter detector but I don't understand how it works, and what it's seeing. They claim to have a seasonal variation in their signal which is supportive of a certain type of ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Current status of nonextensive statistical mechanics

A version of the maximum entropy principle is the following. $$\max_{P}~~~ -\sum_i p_i\log p_i$$ subject to all probability distributions $P=\{p_i\}$ satisfying $$\sum_i p_i \epsilon_i = U.$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Given the 1st Postulate of SR, doesn't the 2nd Postulate go without saying? [duplicate]

i've been looking over possible duplicates of this question and haven't found one yet. so, using Wikipedia as the textual source: The Principle of Relativity – The laws by which the states of ...

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