0
votes
0answers
61 views

How to solve the Poisson equation?

Does anyone know how the author in http://gravitationallensing.pbworks.com/w/page/15553257/Strong%20Lensing found the equation $$ \kappa(\theta)=\frac{\kappa_{0}}{2\theta} $$ after solving the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Flip of polarisation of light

Consider an optical experiment with photons or light pulses. Is there an optical element that acts in the polarisation degree of freedom like the unitary $$ U = \frac 1 {\sqrt 2} \begin{pmatrix} 1 ...
-1
votes
2answers
58 views

The correspondence of potential energy with reality

I'm a bit in doubt about whether the concept of potential energy has any correspondence to the real world. Real world entities can't change their magnitude in an instant, nor without being affected ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Magnetic force storage or amplification question

all forms of energy can be stored or amplified for example : capacitor , hydraulics ,laser , pulley , etc.. what is the equivalent to that for magnetic force ? can magnets be connected in series or ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

Harmonic oscillator :Two masses are attached to one unfixed spring from both sides (vertically) [closed]

while ($t<0$) the system is still ($\Sigma$ F=0). Mass $m_2$ is held while $t<0$. Mass $m_1$ is located $h_0$ meters above the ground and the spring is currently stretched $L$ meters. The ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Induction equation in a rotating frame

In his book, Tom Cravens refers to the induction equation (perfectly conducting limit) in a rotating frame, the Sun. See link below: ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Ligth clock with spaceships side-by-side

In the reference frame of an observer, two spaceships travel in a straight direction (e.g. x axis) at a very high velocity and side-by-side; the distance between them is always d (km) = c (km/s) x 0.1 ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Forces acting in a system of a bar suspended by two rods [closed]

So, say I have a bar with a mass of $350 kg$ and it is being suspended by two beams (AC and BD). All joints; A, B, C & D are hinged. At a particular instance, a horizontal force of $1500 Newtons$ ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

Does a body always rotate purely about its center of mass? [duplicate]

For example : A rod is held stationary in vertical position on a smooth horizontal ground and then released. Now the center of mass has velocity and acceleration and every point of the rod has some ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Calculating the output current and voltage of series and parallel connected solar panels

I have two solar panels, one is rated as $I=2A$ (current) and $V=20V$ (voltage) and the other as $I=3A$ and $V=15V$. If I connect them in parallel, how to calculate the current and voltage of the ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

Why metric system uses kilogram as a basic SI unit?

SI system uses all (that I know) measurement basic units as 1 (single) instance: meter, second, ampere, etc, except the KILOgram. It already defined with 1000 multiplier (kilo). It prevents from ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Why is gravity sensitive to absolute energies?

In QFT absolute energies play no role in the physical set-up, only relative energies (i.e. energy differences) are important. However, in general relativity this doesn't appear to be the case, I've ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

A real 'two line' (non-interference pattern) when observed

I have seen many interference patterns from double slit experiments but I have never seen a real 'two line' pattern when observed. Does this actually exist or is it only a conclusion? if there is an ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

spin independent observable [closed]

Let's consider a spin independent observable $O$ (the terms of the operator don't depend upon the spin operator). If we are interested to find an eigenfunctions' basis of the wave-functions' space, ...
1
vote
4answers
112 views

How would the twins paradox be affected by wormholes?

The famous twins paradox where one twin travels to a distant star and returns to find an aged brother can be resolved with general relativity pretty easily, but I was wondering about this: If the ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the Optimal Separation Length for the Tines of a Tuning Fork?

I'm building tuning forks (for fun... why not?), and among one of the design decisions is how far apart should I place the tines (the two long prongs) from each other. I'm not entirely certain whether ...
27
votes
3answers
4k views

How many X-rays does a light bulb emit?

I read somewhere that most things1 emits all kinds of radiation, just very few of some kinds. So that made me wondering whether there is a formula to calculate how many X-rays an 100W incandescent ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Bound states and corresponding elementary fields

Let's have some bound state, like positronium or meson. I need to calculate an amplitude of process which involves bound state in in- or out-state. Is it necessary to introduce corresponding ...
3
votes
5answers
19k views

In famous Einsteins Photoelectric effect, Why does intensity of light doesn't raise the kinetic energy of the emitting electrons?

The work function of any metal is no doubt constant for it is related to electromagnetic attraction between electrons and protons. However on increasing the intensity of any light source the kinetic ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Which physics quantities are real and which just a tool in the Newtonian apporach?

Assuming all frames are inertia, and considering an inelastic collision. In which the answers suggested K.E. difference is frame dependent. but I have done calculation and found K.E. difference ...
7
votes
1answer
421 views

Alcubierre warp bubble effect on gravity and space

I read the question Faster-than-light communication using Alcubierre warp drive metric around a single qubit?, and these questions came to mind: What kind of impact would an Alcubierre warp bubble ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How large or small can frequency in the EM spectrum get?

The largest frequency range is gamma rays, but does the EM spectrum 'stop' somewhere? Like is there a limit to how large a frequency can get? Or how small frequency can get? Is it one of those things ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Can a light element with excited nucleus undergo internal conversion

Internal conversion occurs when an excited nucleus ejects a low level electron from the first 2 low energy shells such as a k shell electron instead of emitting gamma when returning to ground state. ...
5
votes
2answers
64 views

Is there a proof that space expanding produces observers at all points that see what we see?

I know that galaxies are moving away from us, and so can see that it's intuitive that if space was expanding, then the astronomical observations from Earth would be the same as at all other points in ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Second order pole in Feynman diagrams

Hi, I am calculating density-density correlation function for a homogeneous electron gas. The Green's function for one of three first order connected diagrams(see attached figure) is, $$ ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Impossibility of time travel due to energy conservation?

I just watched the movie Terminator Genisys (It wasn't as bad as people say) and started pondering time travel. While pontificating and stretching my limited remembrance of AP Physics, science ...
-4
votes
2answers
82 views

Is special relativity true? [closed]

Is the special theory of relativity true? http://www.npr.org/2014/03/20/291408248/einsteins-lost-theory-discovered-and-its-wrong
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Are Fe56 or Ni56 the fission products of any binary reactions?

I'm curious as to if there is some combination of a fusion and fission event simultaneously occuring that would only produce 56 nucleon number nuclides. Such that the net energy out of the fusion ...
5
votes
4answers
588 views

Why does objects with zero acceleraton move?

My question is, if we apply a force on an object to move it with a constant velocity, of course it will move. But what I don't understand is, why will it move? From Newton's law F=ma and in this case ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

What does gravitational mass mean if (weak) equivalence principle invalid? [closed]

As equivalence principle states Mass and weight are locally in identical ratio for all bodies. --Newton This implies that the gravitational mass does only depends on its inertial mass. Suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

When do we use LQR controller and LQG controller?

I have to conceive a controller to my mechanical system to delete the problem of vibrations, but I don't know when we use LQR controller and LQG controller.
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Can I disperse a droplet with electromagnetic fields?

If I have a droplet of water, can I apply an electromagnetic field in order to disperse the droplet into smaller subdroplets (tiny vapor) and fill a space with them? The same way that magnetic dust ...
14
votes
5answers
4k views

Does there exist a free good molecule / atom simulation software?

I'm looking for a software or software package (for example C/C++) that can simulate a lot (say thousands at least) of molecules in action (ie. in movement or attached to say static walls). I have ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

What really is the significance of the resonant frequency in terms of “ease of vibration”?

I was studying the concept of resonant frequency and I've read quite a few articles and notes on it. What I have understood from what I have read is that the resonance frequency of an object is its ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How does permanent magnets attract each other if the $B$-field can do no work? [duplicate]

How can two permanent magnets do work on each other? If you put two magnets with opposite poles facing each other they will attract each other. If you put them with the same poles facing each other ...
-3
votes
2answers
110 views

The Simulation Hypothesis As A Theory Of Everything [closed]

I have long found the Simulation Hypothesis to be better-able to answer questions that I have regarding the universe than the string theory and the quantum field theory. What I believe is that the ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What is the total velocity/force on a particle in fluid?

I am now facing a fluid-particle interaction problem. I would like to simulate particle motion in a fluid. I do know the external force acting on a particle (dielectrophoretic force in this case) ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Adjoint Fokker-Plank operator

In Zwanzig's book "nonequilibrium statistical mechanics" he defines the Fokker-Plank equation for a probability distribution $f$ and with it an operator $D$: $${ \partial f(a,t) \over \partial t} = ...
1
vote
3answers
162 views

Is the Earth round?

Imagine you are a common man and want to prove that the Earth is Round, how would you prove it without any mathematical derivation or without the theory of the ships.
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Black plastic balls on reservoir to reduce evaporation - why black?

The story is here It states: The balls sit on top of the water and block the sunlight from hitting it, helping to reduce water evaporation as well as natural contamination and certain ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Is Magnetic field inside solenoid dependant on volume of its shape?

There are two types of solenoids: one cylindrical, one spherical. Let's assume the dimensions of the cylindrical solenoid are set such that its base radius is that of spherical solenoid $a$, and the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Good broad review of agent-based modeling?

Trying to find some good review of agent-based models and networks, covering opinion dynamics, correlated behavior, phase transition analogies, etc. Are there any articles or books that cover major ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Why isn't spent nuclear fuel used as a heat source? [closed]

We all know spent fuel rods taken out from a reactor core keeps generating tremendous amount of heat and needs to be kept cool by running cool water. It is also known that if cooling system fails ...
1
vote
0answers
3k views

Joule-Thomson effect of Van der Waals gas

I'm supposed to calculate the inversion pressure $p_i$ of a Van der Waals gas. The state equation of the Van der Waals gas is: $$(p + \frac{a}{V^2})(V-b) = RT.$$ To get a hold of the inversion ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Reflection of EM waves

In reflection of e m waves at the boundary, to show the reflected magnetic fields we put negative sign in the unit vector, example, if the B is along z direction we put (-k) in he reflected wave, ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Rocket thrust over time [closed]

I have calculated the thrust of a rocket, and it's burn time for an orbital manoeuvre. I need to know how much force is applied on the rocket every half-second. How would I go about doing this? ...
0
votes
0answers
144 views

Definition of Hamilton operator

The Hamilton operator is by definition a self-adjoint operator $H\text{: }D\left(H\right)\to\mathcal{H}$ with $D\left(H\right)\subset\mathcal{H}$ a dense linear subspace of the Hilbert space ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What type of matrices do we mean by $I_{D2}$ and what is Chandrasekhar decomposition?

Suppose that $A_{2\times 2}$ is a hermitian matrix, so it has real eigenvalues $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_2$ and corresponding orthonormal eigenvectors $\underline u_1$ and $\underline u_2$ and we know ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Why is the effective action $\Gamma[\phi_c] \propto -(VT)$ (spacetime volume)?

I'm asking about equation $(11.50)$ in Peskin and Schroeder where they state that the effective action evaluated at the classical field is given by $$\tag{11.50}\Gamma[\phi_c] = -(VT)\cdot ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

What is the covariant basis around a Schwarzschild black hole? [closed]

First of all, I'm not interested in time for this question. So lets consider a 3-manifold whose metric is the spatial part of the Schwarzschild metric, so it has the event horizon and the singularity ...

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