5
votes
1answer
159 views

Why is there ambiguity of the field energy?

I was reading Field Energy & Field Momentum of Feynman's Lectures on Physics Vol.II. There he deduced energy density $u$ & Poynting's vector as $$u = \frac{\epsilon_0}{2} \mathbf E\cdot\mathbf ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

why is intensity of wave is directly proportional to area of slit?

we know that intensity is power delivered per unit area.therefore intensity shall be inversely proportional to area of slit but it is not so. I= Power delivered/area
3
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the difference between translation and rotation, in the Lagrangian/Hamiltonian frameworks?

This sounds like a daft question, but I'm serious. Translation and rotation are clearly different -- the symmetry between them is broken by Newton's Laws. But in the Lagrangian/Hamiltonian ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

Getting the length of an open tube with only a frequency and temperature given? [closed]

I've got a rather strange question here. I need to find the length of an open tube (silver flute), but I have only been given the frequency of the note that it is playing and the outside temperate (as ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Newton's 3rd law applied to friction

I'm confused about how Newton's 3rd law applies to friction. If you slid an object across a table then the particles you are sliding against would exert the same force back, but wouldn`t this mean ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Voltage and Current in an Electromagnet

I'm having a little bit of trouble with electromagnets. I know that a magnetic field is induced by current flowing through a conductor, but what role does voltage play? Does it have an effect on the ...
2
votes
4answers
754 views

Do all forms of energy have the ability to do work?

According to this definition of energy: it is the ability to do work. That is $F×s$. But except for K.E. and M.E, no other energy form can do work. So why is this definition in Physics? Lets take an ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How would I simulate 3 moving bodies as 16 (or 24) quauntum states? [closed]

I am looking at doing something cool with these rings of LEDs sold by adafruit. https://www.adafruit.com/products/1463 Initially, I thought that a cool thing to do would be to simulate three ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Why use coherent state path integral? What is its motivation or goal?

In almost all textbooks of quantum field theory for high energy, they insert the position and momentum eigenstate to formulate the path integral. While in condensed matter field theory, they insert ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Does a permeable core increase flux or only concentrate what's already there?

I understand that that introducing a high-permeability core (say iron) into an air-core coil (having some current running through it) increases the flux density $B$ in the core. Does the iron core ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Will all linear band inversions of non-degenerate bands change chern number by one?

I have learned from literature that band touching is the source of chern number.In three dimensional material, any non-degenerate linear band crossing will form a weyl point which is a monopole of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Representation of AC through vector

Is there any difference if we use rms value or peak value of sinusoidal wave of AC in phasor (vector representation)? i.e for the length of vector we are allowed to chose one of these,is there any ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

entanglement of different types of particles possible?

Perhaps this question makes no sense physically, but is it theoretically possible to entangle a photon with an electron, for example? I know that entanglement links a specific property of particles, ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Modification of Non-relativistic Schrodinger Equation [closed]

Why the non-relativistic schrodinger equation should be modified to address Bosons and Fermions ?
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Torque and Angular Momentum

An ice skater is spinning in a circle with an angular velocity, $\omega$, and rotational inertia $I$. Let's say that the skater then pulls his arms directly inwards at a constant rate over a time of $...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

What kind of torques cause an object to precess?

In studying precession, my textbook (Taylor's Classical Mechanics) makes the assumption that a top spinning about its symmetric axis, but tipped at an angle $\theta$, will precess nicely so long as ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Possible fate of our universe? A point in the future where the expansion remains a constant and the universe is just energy dominated.

What if The universe is ever expanding, but slows down at a continuous exponential rate, let's say (e), but continues as an asymptote. Is that liable? Would you say that, when it reached to an ...
0
votes
3answers
200 views

Why is alcohol less dense than water?

Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is less dense than water, and it's boiling point is lower. But this molecule is more complex and bigger than the simple H2O. How can a substance with a higher molecular size ...
1
vote
6answers
136 views

How is momentum conserved when is is only dependent on mass and velocity, and so many other factors come into play?

I've been trying to get a good grip on the difference between conservation laws. Momentum is particularly tricky, I don't understand how quantities like $m\mathbf v$ can be conserved when other things ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Gravitational field of thin 2D ring - numerical simulation

I'm aware of Newton's Shell Theorem, which states that inside of a thin ring of uniform density, the gravitational force exerted on a point mass should be zero. I wrote a quick field simulation to ...
22
votes
1answer
413 views

What, to a physicist, are instantons and the Donaldson invariants?

I study gauge theory from a mathematical perspective. To me, one of the most fundamental ideas is the notion of an instanton on a 4-manifold. To be precise, I have a Riemannian 4-manifold and a ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Angular current in torus

I'm trying to find the magnetic field due to a torus anywhere in space. I'm approximating it as a circular current loop. What I'm having a hard time with is the current in the theta direction, that is,...
3
votes
3answers
348 views

Second quantization and Hamiltonian diagonalization

So I want to diagonalize my Hamiltonian (it is bosonic hamiltonian) which is: $H=(E+\Delta)a^{\dagger}a + 1/2\Delta(a^{\dagger}a^{\dagger} + aa)$ My class didn't cover this material so I don't ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Self Study Textbook Progression from Griffiths QM to QFT? [duplicate]

Hello Physics StackExchange! I will put the TL;DR in the beginning: I need a self contained, relatively hand-holding sequence of textbooks that covers up from the end of Griffith's Intro to QM to ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Globally defined solutions in bc CFT system

Consider $bc$-system which is 2-dimensional CFT of fermions: $S = \int_\Sigma d^2 z \ b \bar{\partial} c + h.c. $ where $\Sigma$ - 2-dimensional manifold of genus $p$, fields $b, c$ have ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Real and relative velocity formula

What i need is a thing more complicated than the usual relative velocity formula. Imagine a radar. You are at the center, moving at some angle, but lets make it clear, you are always at the center. ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How is the Born rule consistent with unitary evolution?

Consider a system $|\Psi_T \rangle_{t = 0} = |\Psi_E \rangle \otimes |\Psi_S \rangle$ where $|\Psi_S \rangle$ is a system that collapses into an eigenstate upon measurement. $|\Psi_E \rangle$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Self Study Textbook Progression from QM to QFT? [duplicate]

Hello Physics StackExchange! I will put the TL;DR in the beginning: I need a self contained, relatively hand-holding sequence of textbooks that covers up from the end of Griffith's Intro to QM to ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Energy of classical ideal gas in the grand canonical ensemble

The canonical partition function for an ideal gas is $Z(N,V,\beta) = \frac{1}{N!} (\frac{V}{\lambda^3})^N$ where $\lambda = \sqrt{\frac{\beta h^2}{2 \pi m}}$ is the thermal De-Broglie wavelength. It ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

Feynman amplitude for electron-positron annihilation and $W^{\pm}$ production

I'm working with this interaction Hamiltonian density $$ H_{int}(x) = ig\bar{\Psi}_{\nu_e}(x)\gamma^\rho P_L \Psi_e(x)V_\rho(x) + igV^\dagger_\rho(x)\bar{\Psi}_e(x)\gamma^\rho P_L \Psi_{\nu_e} $$ ...
2
votes
4answers
163 views

Why current loses its energy?

Can someone explain or give a link to explanation why current looses its energy? For example in simple circuit with lamp. I understand that the energy is spent for heating and lighting. But how ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Energy of Falling chain

Can someone explain this solution for the motion of a falling chain? My Question is based on the above mentioned question on PSE. Suppose we have a chain attached on one end, while the other end is ...
4
votes
4answers
107 views

About the uniqueness of the displacement current

In the Maxwell-Ampère equation, i.e.: \begin{equation} \nabla\times\vec{B} = \mu_0 \vec{J} + \mu_0\epsilon_0 \frac{\partial \vec{E}}{\partial t} \end{equation} the $\vec{J}_d$ term: $$ \vec{J}_d := \...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Why doesn't gravity have charges?

All other forces have some kind of charge system, electromagnetism has positive and negative, weak force has hypercharges, and strong force has colors. Why doesn't gravity have anything like these?
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Angular acceleration of a car door [closed]

http://imgur.com/F3eAF9F Edit: i uploaded to the site but it came out really blurry so heres the imgur link I don't get the solution at all, where does the -ma r cos theta come from? (Sorry on my ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Can a dynamical system have an infinite critical points? [closed]

I have studied the cosmological evolution of dark energy modeled as a scalar field. I want to make an extension to link and I have arrived at a system of differential equations on the following form $...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

State variables and state space models

If I want to model a system: For example a very simpley spring/mass system: What are the so called "state-variables"? Just position and velocity? Or acceleration (too)? When is meant by „in this model,...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

In case of pure rolling, does the formula $v=r\omega$ holds only for a small instant of time?

For example, on a rough track when a ball rolls and is under smooth rolling, friction continues to act in the lower portion and so, torque acts along the centre of the ball. As per the formula: $$\...
0
votes
2answers
853 views

Velocity time graph for a ball thrown vertically upwards and falling back down to be caught again by a person

I am currently studying AS level physics and having some difficulty understanding the shape of a velocity time graph that represents the motion of a ball being thrown upwards and falling back down to ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Does the propagation model for a visible light communication system differ based on transmitter?

Would the channel of a visible light communication (VLC) system differ based on the type of the transmitter that is used. in literature I stumble upon reading which explains signal attenuation as a ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Pressure difference along horizontal in accelerated fluids

In accelerated fluids, fluid in a container can orient itself in a direction due to acceleration. In that case, pressure at different heights (at the surface) is same (atm). Then at the same height, ...
4
votes
3answers
245 views

Why is the action dimensionless in natural units?

As I understand it, a natural system of units is one in which the numerical values of $c$ and $\hbar$ are unity, i.e. $c=\hbar =1$. What I find confusing is that they are still dimensionful, i.e. $[...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

F=ma is true in an accelerating coordinate system [closed]

There are plenty of similar topics about the physical or intuitive meaning of the equivalence principle or statement such as ''laws of physics are true in every frame of reference''. Usually answers ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Effect a ferromagnetic object has on the current, voltage and resistance of the coil accelerating it

I've done some research but I'm unsure of what to search or where to look. I would like to know what effect the motion of a ferromagnetic object has on the voltage, current and resistance of the coil ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Do we always have particle-hole symmetry?

If we write the BdG equation for any model, and double the degrees of freedom (e.g. 4N*4N matrix for a N site chain), then we are guaranteed the particle-hole symmetry. Is there any constraints to do ...
-1
votes
2answers
258 views

Torricelli's speed of efflux law

Torricelli's law states that if we make a hole in a container of fluid open to atmosphere, then the speed of the fluid spouting out is: $$\sqrt{2gh}$$ Does this velocity correspond to the horizontal ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

For an object in circular motion, does speed affect the amplitude of sound it creates? [closed]

First of all, I'm sorry if this is a stupid question and I've missed something obvious. I used to have an instrument that was a small drum tied to a piece of wood. When you hold the wood and swing the ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Is it always possible to determine whether or not one is accelerating?

Consider the following two situations: A: You wake up in an elevator that is in free fall in a gravitational field. B: You wake up in an elevator that is floating in a vacuum. Is it possible to ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Bounced ray angle of normal direction? (SOLVED) [closed]

TL;DR whats the position of C. I'm currently programming something and for some reason I having problem figuring this one out, imagine having a ray / or ball bouncing (without mass or gravity etc) ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Is there a relation between complexity of a system and entropy?

Disclamer: I'm not a physics professional, so pardon me if the question is stupid/incomperhensible/generally doesn't make sense. And I've googled it, but didn't find an answer. Getting to the point, ...

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