6
votes
2answers
293 views

Does the general topology of Minkowski space-time change under a Lorentz transformation?

Does the general topology of Minkowski space-time change under a Lorentz transformation? Open balls in $\mathbb{R}^{4}$ (with the standard topology) are not invariant under Lorentz transformations. ...
5
votes
1answer
276 views

What's the relationship between glow and arc discharge?

I'm trying to understand the differences between an arc and glow discharge. Most texts I have found on the Internet only describes the observed differences but doesn't really explain what happens on ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Leaving a stellar black hole's orbit [closed]

Say Earth is orbiting a black hole 1900 km in diameter, 1.5E33 kg in mass, and has a gravitational pull of 110,858,725,761.77 m/s^2. It's around 40 AU away Earth's orbital speed is 129,305.15664 m/s. ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Does the temperature of water determine how much heat will be removed from air used to evaporate it?

This is a question about evaporative cooling as used in residential evaporative cooling appliances. This type of cooling uses the heat in the ambient outside air to evaporate water and remove the heat ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Differences between absorption, transparency, reflection, and emission

Can someone help me conceptualize the differences between a photon's involvement with absorption, transparency, reflection, and emission? To be more specific, my current understanding of the matter ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Does cosmological time expand like space does?

The FRW metric is given by: $$ds^2=-dt^2+a^2(t)\ dr^2$$ where $ds$ is an interval of proper length, $dt$ is an interval of cosmic time, $dr$ is an interval of co-moving co-ordinate distance and $a(t)$ ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Computer parsable table of nuclides

I am looking for an computer parsable (CSV, XML, JSON, since I didn't find anything, I am happy with almost everything) file (or collection of files) that contains the information you can find in a ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Does the weight of an magnet raise when balancing an object?

I was wondering if say I use an magnet which is facing positive and then I expel an another magnet above it which is facing the positive with its positive side and I ensure the magnet does not rotate ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Height of rebound of a projectile from a sphere

My work here is: First, I use conservation of energy: (taking the plane as zero potential) $$\frac{1}{2}m(\frac{2ga}{5})+2amg=\frac{1}{2}mv^2+a(1+\cosθ)mg$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Proof for the Mass gap of non-chiral Luttinger liquids with a Cosine potential

Similar to this post, I believe in condensed matter, people know the mass-gap statement for non-chiral Luttinger liquids with large $g \cos(\beta_{}^{} \cdot\phi_{})$ potential. This is the ...
1
vote
3answers
101 views

How long does it take a magnetic field to join both ends?

My question is: when a electromagnet is activated, the field must take time to form at both ends and stabilize. What is this time? Or, to put it differently, what is the speed at which the magnetic ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

How can opaque black object occur?

I know the fact that a material appeared as black when all wavelength photons were absorbed. I also know that opaque object is the result of reflection and scattering of light wave. Is it right? ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

The relationship between spin and spinor curvature

The identity, $$ -\gamma^b{\mathcal{R}}_{ab} = {\mathcal{R}}_{ab}\gamma^b = \frac{1}{2}\gamma^b R_{ab}$$ is presented in the answer to the question Dirac Equation in General Relativity. How does ...
8
votes
2answers
116 views

Can the hot combustion products from a large flame be in “non-local thermal equilibrium”

Question: Does it take some time for the hot combustion products from a flame to reach local thermodynamical equilibrium (i.e. for the energy state populations to follow the Boltzmann distribution)? ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Is proper time a vector?

Proper time is identical with the spacetime interval of a timelike movement. A spacetime interval is the dot product of two vectors and thus a scalar. Proper time however is always pointing exactly ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

I would like to know, what would happen if a primordial black hole mass of Earth, would impact with the Earth [duplicate]

Sorry for any mistakes, I'm Italian Hello everyone, I'm writing a novel, in which the Earth is devastated by enormous geological cataclysms (something like the end of the world), and to implement my ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Quantum entanglement, principle of locality and speed of light

I know it's a newbie question but I was wondering about how the principle of locality and the speed of light's limit fit with the phenomena of quantum entanglement? I've read that, due to Bell's ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

Shankar's Active/Passive Change of Basis

I'm working my way through Shankar's Quantum Mechanics (7th printing, and I'm doing it alone, so I apologize if I have core concepts completely wrong). He has a section on Active and Passive ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Water Pressure Calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Are diffeomorphisms a proper subgroup of conformal transformations?

The title sums it pretty much. Are all diffeomorphism transformations also conformal transformations? If the answer is that they are not, what are called the set of diffeomorphisms that are not ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Why are the 'color-neutral' gluons confined?

What makes the two 'color-neutral' gluons $(r\bar r−b\bar b)/\sqrt2$ and $(r\bar r+b\bar b −2g\bar g )/\sqrt6$ different from the pure $r\bar r +b\bar b +g\bar g $ ? Why don't they result in long ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Combining ±% with ±dB in measurement uncertainty

Firstly apologies if this is not the correct place to post this but wasn't sure which site would be good to ask regarding about measurement uncertainty calculation. I am trying to calculate the ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Relationship between the Black-Scholes model and path integrals

This question was inspired by some interesting comments by Rod Vance on this answer: Minkowski spacetime: Is there a signature (+,+,+,+)? Could you (Rod), or someone else, expand on these comments ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

What would happen if I was in the centre of the Earth? [duplicate]

If right in the centre of the Earth would be like a hole and I could teleport right there, what would happen to me? Would I explode, implode? My own theory is that maybe I would levitate because since ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Projectile motion - ball hit 180m/s at 45 degrees, what is the hang time? [closed]

Assuming no air resistance etc, how long is the ball in the air for? This is actually part of a longer question concerning the ball trajectory on different planets but I think there must be an easier ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

quarks annihilation process

I am appreciating particle physics and I read about mesons. In quark's model, mesons are pairs of quark-antiquark. Now I think that in general matter-antimatter annihilate and so I don't understand ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Spinor reps in $\mathbb{R}^{1,3}\times{}B$ space-times

I am considering spinors in a space-time which is $\mathbb{R}^{1,3}\times{}B$ being $B$ a compact manifold of $D$ dimensions. I know that in ordinary 4 dimensional space-time spinors are ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Laplacian in 4 spatial dimensions; 4th dimension warped

How can I prove the form of the Laplacian in four spatial dimensions, using the identification $y = y + 2\pi R$ for the fourth dimension and assuming the others as the usual Cartesian ones? I want to ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Meaning of “Grounded”

In my opinion, "grounded" means having the same potential as the potential at infinity, which is usually set to zero. Now if we consider a conductor inside a uniform electric field, what is the ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Finding the equation of motion regarding a block pulling a uniform disk [closed]

My problem is finding the equation of motion for the block. Using Newton's Second Law, I did: $$4g-T-R=4\frac{dw}{dt}$$ But the mark scheme says: $$4g-T-R=0.2*4\frac{dw}{dt}$$ And I don't understand ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

Reasons for choosing $SU(3)$ as the color group vs. $SO(4)$

What are the reasons that $SU(3)$ is used for QCD? Why wouldn't the simpler & smaller group $SO(4)$ make a better candidate?
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Experimental evidence for color-neutral gluons $( (r\bar{r}−b\bar{b})$ and $(r\bar{r}+b\bar{b}−2g\bar{g}) )$

Is there any experiment/measurement that would have a different outcome if one of the following scenarios is applied: The two color-neutral** gluons would not exist Those gluons would have very ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Quick question on convolution - Diffraction through a pair of slits

We know that the fourier transform of the amplitude function (in terms of $y$) gives you the amplitude function (in terms of $\theta$) Consider a pair of triangular slits: Fourier transform of ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Why are string theorists interested in entanglement entropy?

I have been reading some papers by Ryu-Takyanagi but I am not seeing a good explanation as to why entanglement entropy of the boundary CFT is a good observable to probe the possible bulk quantum ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Coarse-graining on a second channel decreases mutual information?

Let $X_1,B_1,X_2,B_2$ and $Y_1,A_1,Y_2,A_2$ and $C_1$ and $C_2$ be binary random variables. Suppose: $I(X_2:B_2|C_2=0)+I(Y_2:A_2|C_2=1) \leq 1$. This can be thought of as a bound on the capacity ...
1
vote
4answers
176 views

Principle of locality

Why does the principle of locality have so such great importance in physics that theory should be consistent with it?
8
votes
2answers
486 views

AdS Space Boundary and Geodesics

I'm new to working with AdS space and am primarily concerned with black holes. I'm just playing round with the metric for AdS$_4$ $$ds^2=-f(r)dt^2+f^{-1}(r)dr^2+r^2d\zeta^2$$ for $f(r)=r^2+m $, ...
1
vote
4answers
390 views

Bouncing ball time problem

I'm studying a problem and I encountered a strange problem: When a ball bounces how much time does the ball spend while touching the floor? To be more clear I suppose that when a ball bounces ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Calculating Pressure in CGS units

calculate pressure in CGS units using following data : $$ \mbox{Specific gravity of mercury},\gamma_{Hg}=13.6\\ \mbox{Density of water}, \rho=10^3{\rm kg/m^3}\\ \mbox{Gravity}, g=9.8{\rm m/s^2}\\ ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Is Michelson-Morley experiment an axiom?

Sorry for my ignorance, but does the result of Michelson-Morley experiment have some explanation? Is there some reason why light speed in vacuum is maximum or we just find it by experiments?
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Does relativistic mass violate the conservation laws?

When an object's speed increases, its (relativistic) mass increases. Are new atoms created inside the object by its increased speed? or is its "gravitational charge" increased by its increased speed, ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Does a surface in front of a radiator (not in contact) have a significant effect on the room's temperature or heating rate?

Does a surface in front of a radiator (not in contact) have a significant effect on the room's temperature or heating rate? Some time ago I had a discussion about it, and despite none of us knowing ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Replacing diode in circuit analysis?

While analyzing circuits containing diodes in reverse bias I replace it with a pure insulator for simplifying things. Similarly can I replace a forward biased diode with a conductor and a varying ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

Does the Anti-Up, Anti-Strange, Anti-Strange Quark combination form a Baryon?

I was using this applet: http://www.lon-capa.org/~mmp/applist/q/q.htm And I saw that the up, strange, strange quark combination formed this Baryon: But the anti-up, anti-strange, anti-strange ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Why cannot wood be fully burnt?

Burning wood emits smoke and black. Provided more oxygen or whatever required, can wood be practically burnt fully like petroleum gasses that emits a blue flame and little smoke and little black.
6
votes
0answers
146 views

Deriving Feynman rules from Renormalized Lagrangian

In the context of Renormalized Pertubation Theory Peskin Schröder says: The Lagrangian $$ \mathcal{L}=\frac{1}{2} (\partial_\mu\phi_r)^2-\frac{1}{2}m^2\phi_r^2-\frac{\lambda}{4!}\phi_r^4 + \frac{1}{2} ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

proportion of solar radiation that reaches the earth surface

I have been following the methods suggested by members of this site to calculate the solar irradiance outside of the earth's atmosphere, see here. I now want to calculate the solar irradiance ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Entropy is constant. How to express this equation in terms of pressure and density?

In hydrodynamics of an ideal, non-compressive flow we use 5 variables: pressure $p$, density $\rho$ and velocity field $\mathbf{v}$. So we need 5 equations. Landau's "Hydrodynamics" states that the ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Factors in predictions for Tolman's Surface Brightness Test?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tolman_surface_brightness_test It says: In a simple (static and flat) universe, the light received from an object drops inversely with the square of its distance, but ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Quantum theory of light

What's the scattering matrix for a PBS (polarization beam splitter)? Is it just unitary? If one polarization never couples into another polarization (then there's a lot of zeroes in that 4x4 matrix) - ...

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