1
vote
0answers
16 views

Binding energy per nucleon dependency

For a given isotope, does the nuclear binding energy per nucleon depend on the presence of electrons? For instance, if an electron was excited by an incoming photon and jumps to a different orbital, ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Static friction and Kinetic friction

I can't seem to find this anywhere on the internet or on stack... Sadly. Very basic question: I have a block that is on a surface. The coefficient of static friction between the two is $0.3$, ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How is a measurement on an electron done?

There are two ways how to change a direction of a qubit - one with Larmor precession, another with a measurement. I am not sure about the measurement one. Let's say I have an electron with spin ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

If the effects of gravity cannot travel faster than the “c”, does this mean we are only gravitationally bound by masses in our observable universe?

I'm 17 and fascinated by the differences and omissions Newton made in his equations of motion. However it makes sense that gravity can't travel faster than light because of the force-carrying ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the correct dual of antisymmetric tensors?

In some books I find the dual antisymmetric tensor $$\tilde{H}^{ab}=-\frac{1}{2}\epsilon^{abcd}H_{cd}$$ and other times I find it with no minus sign. How can I tell which to use? Is this like that in ...
-2
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the speed of the charge in this setup of spherical conductors? [on hold]

Two concentric spherical conductors respectively have radius $r_1 = 0.145\ \mathrm{m}$ and $r_2 = 0.207\ \mathrm{m}$. The inner sphere carries a charge of $-6.00 \cdot 10^{-8}\ \mathrm{C}$ . An ...
-2
votes
0answers
19 views

Classifying solutions of equation of state as functions of temperature

I've got an exam in 2 days and the past papers don't have solutions. I'm given this equation of state: $$ p + a\frac{N}{V} = \frac{Nk_BT}{V-bN}$$ and asked to classify the solutions as functions of ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Infinite bare quantities and dressed quantities confusion

I'm getting very confused. Taking the example of the mass of the Z-boson. Constructing the GWS model using gauge symmetry breaking one finds a lagrangian which is a function of the Z-boson mass: ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Four dimensional Bravais lattice

I am wondering if there are any reference on four dimensional Bravais lattice and their primitive vectors, even an example will help.
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Reflectivity of Metals - real and imaginary part of k-vector and complex dielectric function

De electric field component of an electromagnetic wave that is traveling in the $x$-direction is given as $$E(x,t) = E_0 e^{i(kx - \omega t)} $$ with $E_0$ the amplitude and $k$ the wave vector. From ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Semi infinite parallel conductors [on hold]

Semi infinite parallel conductors separated by a distance of 0.5 m are at the endpoints associated with the resistance R = 4, while according to the two without friction slides bar by weight: 0.1 kg ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What exactly is closed orbit theory and what assumptions go into it?

I am just beginning a research project on the study of closed orbits, specifically as related to hydrogen, and I wanted a little bit more information on what exactly makes something a "closed orbit". ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

The approximation of the potential field of a half wave dipole antenna

I'm currently deriving an approximation of the potential field of an dipole antenna in the far-field in two dimensions, and I have some troubles. Since using two methods give two different answers. ...
-3
votes
0answers
24 views

In the solar system are located planet A and B [on hold]

in The solar system are located planet A and B. A and B are their heliocentric distances distance. A is planet on the outer = 1 a: e: and bypass -Time PA = 365 days. Assuming coplanar orbits. A ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Using metric tensor to contract

Can the metric tensor also contract the indices in the $$\epsilon^{\tau\lambda\mu\nu}~?$$ For example, if we have ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Why isn't $\bar \psi_L \psi_R$ zero?

My book gives this Lagrangian: $$ L = -|\partial \phi|^2 -V(\phi) -\bar \psi_L \not \partial \psi_L -\bar \psi_R \not \partial \psi_R -g(\phi \bar \psi_L \psi_R + \phi^* \bar \psi_R \psi_L) $$ It's ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Influence of spacetime curvature on electromagnetic wave propagation [duplicate]

Classical physics assumes that spacetime is evenly distributed in the sense that Coulomb's Law predicts that a charged particle will create a spherically symmetric electric field around its location. ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

What reasons might one have for thinking that the brownian motion of nanoparticles might improve a nanofluid's thermal conductivity?

I've been reading some papers regarding determination of the thermal conductivity of nanofluids recently. It seems that there is a big debate over whether or not the Brownian motion of these ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Mathematical modeling literature? [on hold]

I'm currently working through my physics bachelor's degree. As many of you know, there is an enormous amount of mathematical models included in thypical physics curriculum. I enjoy learning about ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

what is the temperature (and pressure) of the oxygen inside an oxygen bottle?

In the hospital or in a lab, one can see the huge oxygen bottles. A question is, what is the temperature of the oxygen inside the bottle? And what is the pressure inside? We know the critical ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

Do clocks measure conformal time (new argument)?

Assuming the spatially flat FRW metric for simplicity: $$ds^2=c^2dt^2-a(t)^2(dx^2+dy^2+dz^2)$$ where $t$ is cosmological time, $a(t)$ is the scaling factor and $x,y,z$ are co-moving spatial Cartesian ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Optical path difference

Hello, i have question about calculating optical path difference. $\Delta L = (BC+CD)*n2 - BF*n1$ - why calculating path difference here we are substracting $BF$ segment?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Gauss's law and charge on surface

Consider a cone (not necessarily right cone), with a charge $q$ at its apex. Fix its base, and let the vertex be movable. Now suppose we intend to find the flux through the base. Since the flux ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

Radioactivity, alpha decay [duplicate]

In alpha decay, a $\text{He}$ nucleus is emited along with a daughter nuclide. Now suppose $\text{U}$ with atomic number 92 and atomic mass 238 emits an alpha particle and a daughter nuclide is formed ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Why Does Moving a Cup of Coffee Up and Down whilst carrying it Make it less Likely to Spill?

Sometimes I have a Very Full Mug of Coffee and I am trying to carry it without it spilling. I noticed that if I moved the Mug up and down when carrying it, it seemed to settle the coffee and make it ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What does “Standard Model” really refer to?

I am reading the arXiv published paper by Frank Wilczek called "Physics in 100 Years". Apparently, this paper is the printed form of a talk given at Brown University earlier this year (2015). Right ...
-2
votes
0answers
19 views

Is it possible that gravity is created by the empty space in all matter? [on hold]

Everything is made up of atoms, which are made up of 99% empty space. Thus, everything is made up of 99% empty space; furthermore everything has gravity. Given this, is it a plausible theory to ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Electric Flux through metal plate by uniformly charged wire

Suppose a long uniformly charged wire is placed parallel to a thin uniform metal plate of length l and width w.Distance is r.Then how to calculate the electric flux through the plate if the charge ...
-1
votes
1answer
14 views

Object moving with 2 linear accelerations

Say I have an object moving with an acceleration of 5 m/s$^2$. At a certain point X, due to some forces, the acceleration of the object changes from 5 m/s$^2$ to 2 m/s$^2$. Would this change in ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Example for System Given Hilbert Space

What are some concrete examples of physical systems such that their corresponding Hilbert space is given by $\mathbb{C}$? Also, what is the physical difference between a system whose corresponding ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Find the equivalent capacitance

On the plane capacitor below, the surface of the boards is $A$ and the distance between the boards is $d$, the dieletrics constants are $k_1$ and $k_2$. Find the capacitance of the capacitor in ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Ohmic Heating in Wires

please could someone tell me why Ohmic losses are always referred to as $I^2 R$ losses? Here is my problem. If the power coming from a power station is fixed then you can either deliver this power as ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

How to keep a bucket of water from freezing by only natural means?

Strange question. I am working on a fictional story where a person has to carry a bucket of water for hours during a blizzard. Is there any natural way to keep a bucket of water from turning to ice in ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

One extra conservation equation or angle relation for a relativistic collision

Edit: It seems that the derivation for the center of momentum frame was incorrect, due to the fact that the center of momentum velocity changes after the collision. This is also true for the ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Uncertainty relation and instrumental errors

I was puzzled recently by what I've read in the internets about Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (one probably should never do this). It claimed that in the usual relation $$ ...
-4
votes
2answers
31 views

Find the total current supplied to the circuit [on hold]

I tried but could not manage to find the correct equivalent resistance. Please tell the process. The answer is 3A
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Where does the center of mass torque come from?

When calculating the torques about a pivot point, there is a torque that comes about if you aren't rotating about the center of mass- where does this torque physically come from? For instance, given a ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Expression for the heat capacity of an ideal Bose gas

I've been desperately looking to solve this problem through various mathematical tricks but it seems that there's something that I'm missing here. Consider an ideal Bose gas. If one notes the ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Find the time needed to warm the water to a temperature [on hold]

An electrical resistence has a power of 1 kW. It is put inside a container that has 10 liters water. The water is in temperature 20C with pressure 1 atm. Find the time to warm the water to the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Find the molar specific heat for each gas [on hold]

A mixture of two ideal gases, the first one atomic and the second two atomic are put in normal conditions in a calorimeter with volume 1 liter hermetically closed. After it is given 10J thermal energy ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is it possible to express continuous growth without using transcendental numbers? [on hold]

Continuous growth is typically expressed using some variant on $A = Pe^{rt}$, I understand where $e$ comes from in general, it is the amount something grows in a given time interval, when continuously ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Where does this relation between gamma, energy and mass come from?

I am doing a course that has used this relation a few times now: \begin{equation} \gamma = \frac{E}{mc^2} \end{equation} It makes sense physically, when $E = mc^2$ the particle is at rest and ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Holding magnet near CRT monitor damages the screen?

Few days ago I tried keeping my magnet in front of my CRT monitor screen and it was showing some cool effects like showing so many different color but then when I removed it ,that blurr effect was ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Find the velocity of the escape of the bullet

A gun has a muzzle 0.8 meters long and with a diameter of 0.006 m. A bullet with mass 0.002 kg is initially 0.01 m away from the end of the muzzle. As a result of a gunshot, the pressure of the gas ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Electron-Positron Annihilation: How is charge conserved at the verticies?

How is reaction possible? The verticies do not conserve charge. Also, why is the arrow for the positron pointing downwards when as time increases, the positron should move towards its vertex? Sorry, ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Soliton solution for a diffusive system [on hold]

With a simple model for bacterial diffusion, I get this partial derivative equation : $$\frac{\partial n}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial^2 n}{\partial x^2} + d_1 n -d_2 n^2$$ where $n(x,t)$ is the ...
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

Electric field outside a sphere

The sphere $K\subseteq R^3$ with radius $R$ has a homogeneous charge density $\rho$. Find the electric field E, produced by K outside of, meaning, find the integral ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

What does this equation mean?

So I have just entered 11th grade and started limits on my own but my Physics textbook has an equation which I don't understand, I suspect it uses integration which I haven't learned yet. So can ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

What is the fraction of the incident intensity passing through polarized sheets?

Unpolarized light is incident on a set of three polarizing sheets as shown in the figure at right. The polarizing directions of the sheets make angles 10°, 55° and 85° to the vertical. What fraction ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Specific heat at constant volume

Me and my friend came across this derivation is some lecture notes of our thermal physics module. We have been trying to calculate the partial differential of the internal energy but cannot get the ...

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