0
votes
3answers
55 views

Reconciling Units in Classical System Analogies: Why Does Torque Have Units of Energy?

In classical physics we often cast an analogy between translational and rotational systems Force < > Torque Energy < > Rotational Energy Momentum < > Angular Momentum and considering SI ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

A paradoxical equation in RNS string fermionic part

It is well known for RNS string, $i.e.$, worldsheet supersymmetry formalism, the open string NS sector has worldsheet fermion expansion: \begin{equation} \psi^{\mu}_{\pm} = \frac{1}{\sqrt 2} \sum_{r ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Why is the limit to observe quantum phenomena $k_B T < \hbar \omega_0$ in cavity QED?

In cavity QED you have to cool down the appartus so that quantum effects may be observed in a way that $k_B T < \hbar \omega_0$. I suppose that $\omega_0$ here means the frequency which the cavity ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Magnetic field of magnetic screwdriver?

I wanted to know what is the typical strength of the magnetic field generated by the tip of a magnetic screwdriver, but couldn't find it anywhere on the manufacturers' webpages. So I was wondering, ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Why is voltage multiplied when batteries are connected in series but not in parallel?

As i understand, the different voltage between two object is caused by the total different charged between two object. Thus, the higher extra electron between two opposite charged object, the higher ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Why do corn flakes clump together in milk when stirred? [duplicate]

The Cheerios Effect is the name the scientific community has given to this phenomenon. When cornflakes or oats are mixed with milk and stirred, they tend to clump together. Why does this happen? Can ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Non-invariance of the Interaction term in QED lagrangian

The interaction term in the QED Lagrangian $$\mathcal{L}_{int}=e\bar\psi\gamma^\mu A_\mu\psi$$ changes under a gauge transformation $$A_\mu\rightarrow A_\mu+\partial_\mu\chi$$ Doesn’t it affect the ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

1D Infinite Square Box Discrete Energy levels but Continous Momenta?

In the 1d particle in the box the energy of the particle should be completely determined by the momentum of the particle that you observe correct? So how can you have discrete energy levels and a ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What's the difference between insulators and topological insulators?

What's the difference between insulators and topological insulators? When I asked some people about this, they told me that "because the topological insulators have gapless edge states,...", but what ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Sum of energy for 2 solids in rotation

I would like to compute the sum of energy of the following case: Two solids are turning (disks). Yellow solid is turning at $w1 rd/s$ around its center of gravity and blue solid is turning at ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Speed of sound and Break the sound barrier

What happens when plane exceeds the speed of sound? and What is the interpretation of the conical shape that appears behind the plane?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Recommend books on thermodynamics [duplicate]

I want to take on thermo I will be analysing boilers, gas cycles ,ic engines etc. I want to Analyse all of these by using the basic laws gof thermo on my own (if i could) .I have cengel boles book and ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Metal with the biggest positive and negative charge per atom (ion)

Which metal has the highest positive and negative charge per atom? i know that Arsenic can have a positive charge of +5 and negative charge of -3 but is there any metals that can have more electric ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

What are the different types of beam splitters? [on hold]

I want to know the differences in the various types of beamsplitters, especially amongst the following types: Polarizing Beam Splitter Non-Polarizing Beam Splitter Plate Beam Splitter Pellicle Beam ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Accelerating disk [on hold]

A disk of radius $R$ is accelerating to the right over a plane. At $t=0$ the speed and the acceleration of the axle are $v_1$ and $a_1$ what is the velocity and the acceleration of each point (1-4 ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Is it possible to build an ion thruster jetpack already? [on hold]

s it possible to build an ion thruster jetpack already? If not, what are the current challenges?
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Example of a state which is positive but its partial transpose is not positive

Could any one give me an example of a state whose density matrix is positive semidefinnite but partial transpose is not positive semidefinnite?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Loop quantum gravity- is the critical density sufficient to form a 'black hole'?

I think in loop quantum gravity the rate of expansion of the universe is found from: $H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3}\rho\left(1-\frac{\rho}{\rho_c}\right)$ And I was wondering whether the critical density ...
-3
votes
0answers
29 views

How to calcuate uniform circular motion? [on hold]

Given: Ideally, I maintain a speed of 265km/hr and 285 km/hr. Roughly, 73.6 m/s and 79m/s. I make a turn and experience around 4.5g's to 5.5g's, roughly 45 and 55 m/s^2, for about 7 seconds. I ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

how to find whether molecules will absorb radiation of a particular wavelength or not?

I am trying to understand vertical temperature profile of Earth's atmosphere. We know that different frequencies get absorbed by molecules at certain heights. I want to show this mathematically. For ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Catapult projectile with different mass [on hold]

We have a physics law. We made catapult and we have to launch a water balloon. However before that we have to know where the water balloon will fall. We don't have radars or stuff like that to ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Finding voltage drop in series parallel [on hold]

In this problem, I am asked to find the voltage drop for $R_3$. We are given that the current for one of the branches is 0.55 mA. I am somewhat familiar with Kirchoff's Law for currents and Kirchoff's ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Momentum operator in Dirac formalism

Could you derive the momentum operator as follows: Since $\mathcal{T}(\Delta x)=\exp(-ip_{x} \Delta x/ \hslash)$, if we set $\Delta x=x-0$ then it follows that $\left \langle x\right | ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there some special case where a fermion can mediate a force?

Looking at the comments of this questions Does the gravitino contribute to the gravitational interaction? and even considering that the answers here in this other question Why are all force particles ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

If protons and electrons had similar masses

If electrons and protons had the same mass, would they still be in a stable orbit around their barycenter, or would they eventually collide? Similarly, a positronium(or protonium) only lasts extremely ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Maximum error of number of observations within several certain intervals – Accuracy of variable is known

I have carried out a series of measurements of different thermal comfort parameters from which I have calculated another variable called PMV. My data set consists of hourly measurements (and ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

The differences of R parity and $U(1)_R$ symmetry

I know that we introduce R-parity to avoid proton decay. But some papers introduce $U(1)_R$ Lepton Number, e.g claudia, thomas. I have questions 1.What is the differences of R parity and $U(1)_R$? ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Where does the partial derivative come from in Sakurai's derivation of the momentum operator?

How is the momentum operator derived in Dirac formalism? I am reading Quantum Mechanics by Sakurai and he gives the following derivation. But I don't understand how he goes from the third equation to ...
-3
votes
1answer
42 views

How to calculate magnitute of average acceleration? [on hold]

Given: Starting from rest the acceleration is 500mph, in 1 second. How do I calculate the magnitude of acceleration for this in terms of $g$ as 9.8m/s^2? Starting off 500mph is about 220 m/s ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Increasing matter density in the Friedman equations?

From what I understand, the Friedman equation is $H^2=\frac{8\pi G}{3} \rho$ and the $H$, the Hubble constant, is a measure of the rate of expansion of the universe. What I am confused about is that ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Did these scientists actually detect dark matter?

I came across an article in The Guardian (definitely not the best source for science, but that's why I'm asking this question) that said that a team of scientists may have detected dark matter ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Diffeomorphisms and the Dirac action

I have a question concerning fermions in curved space-time. Please read it to the end before suggesting the spin-connection and vierbein-based approach. I heard that there is a special way of ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is it possible for electrons to carry more than one charge?

Sorry if this has been asked before. Could also be a really basic question (new to electrical study). I am a bit confused about the relationship between electrons and charges. So what I understand is ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Wannier Functions as Discrete Basis

In solid state physics, using Bloch's theorem we know that the one-electron energy eigen-function can be written as $\psi_{\lambda,\vec{k}}(\vec{r})$ where $\lambda$ indexes eigenvalues of $\hat{H}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Why do electrons orbit protons? [duplicate]

I was wondering why electrons orbited protons rather than protons orbiting electrons. My first thought was that it was due to the small amount of gravitational attraction between them that would ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

How much entropy is produced in evaporating water due to irreversible evaporation towards equilibrium (humidity=100%)?

$dS=dH/T_{boil}$ for the increase in entropy by changing a phase at saturation ($T=373\text K$ for $p=1\text {atm}$ for water). However, water also obviously evaporates below boiling point when ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Can we take transport equation of imaginary quantity?

In the RANS equation we approximate the nonlinear fluctuating terms to eddy viscosity times strain rate. Then by using turbulence models like Spalart-Allmaras etc, we take the transport equation of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is spacetime information?

As I understand it, the information in a system is the totality of its properties that make its state uniquely identifiable. Examples I've seen are things such as the spin of each particle within the ...
-2
votes
1answer
27 views

Coulombs Law step by step help

How do you calculate the the magnitude of the total force of three charges and also the angle it makes with the x-axis? Knowing the magnitude and also the 2d co ordinates of the charges. I have ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Problem with formula for parabolic motus

I know that the path made by an object thrown in air with velocity $v_0$ with an angle $\alpha$ is: $$y=x \cdot\tan \alpha - \frac {gx^2}{2v_0^2\cdot \cos^2 \alpha} $$ At school we had to use this ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Engineering new particles

I am not a physicist, but I have a somewhat philosophical question regarding particle physics. In chemistry, and biology, there is a notion of synthesis, which has led to the creation of novel ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

solution of a problem using divergent series [on hold]

are there examples of a physical problem whose solution is a divergent series ? i know CASIMIR EFFECT but i was thinking on aphysical problem so when you find the solution to this problem the result ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Why does the Earth rotate on its axis?

I know that the earth moves around the sun because of the gravity force, because the spacetime around the sun is curved. But why does the earth rotate on its axis, and which parameters can affect ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Can a Storm make the day longer/shorter?

I've read that changes in jet streams can affect the speed that the Earth rotates on its axis, thus making the day longer or shorter?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

how to specify eigenfunctions(eigentensors) of Lichnerowicz operator?

Lichnerowicz operator is an operator which acts on transverse trace-free symmetric tensors. If this statement is correct, my question is that any transverse trace-free symmetric tensor is an ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to describe the motion of a box initially at rest on a table rotating with an increasing angular speed? [on hold]

Consider the following diagram. A box is on a table that can move circularly and the box is connected by a string attached to the fixed bearing. At $t=0$, the box is at rest, the string of length ...
11
votes
4answers
556 views

How Earth protected from the gamma rays generated by Sun?

Sun is generating energy by nuclear fusion. And nuclear fusion will emit energy in the form of gamma rays. Normally earth's ozone filtering the Ultraviolet radiation. And magnetic fields of earth ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Scintillator Length Calculations

This is sorta homeworkish, yet it still relates to my understanding of the physics behind it as well. Does anyone know how you determine t_98 (aka the length to contain 98% of the energy) for a ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Why the current decreases with increase in voltage in transmission lines? But according to Ohm's law current should increase with Voltage

Is the Ohm's law violated here? And also why is electricity generated at 11,000 V in India?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Bell's inequality

For a project, I'm planning to study Bell's inequality, which as far as I can gather is taken to rule out hidden variable theories of QM. I'm looking for recommendations of decent sources which derive ...

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